When Dhul-Qa’dah month approached towards the close of the seventh year A.H., the Nabi Pakﷺ in ordered his people, and the men who witnessed Al-Hudaibiyah Truce Treaty in particular, to make preparations to perform ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage). The Nabi Pakﷺ left ‘Uwaif bin Al-Adbat Ad-Dailami to, or Abu Ruhm Al-Ghifari come in charge of Madinah, and proceeded with 2000 men besides some women and children, and 60 camels for sacrifice, to visit the Holy Sanctuary in Makkah. The Muslims took their weapons with them fearing the treachery of the Quraishites, but left them with a party of two hundred men at a place some eight miles from Makkah. They entered the city with the swords in their scabbards, with the Nabi Pakﷺ at their head on his she camel, Al-Qaswa’. while the surrounding Companions attentively focusing their look on him, all saying: “Here I am! at Your service O Allâh!” The Quraishites had left the place and retired to their tents on the adjoining hills. The Muslims performed the usual circumambulation vigorously and smartly; and on recommendation by the Nabi Pakﷺ they did their best to appear strong and firm in their circumambulation as the polytheists had spread rumors that they were weak because the fever of Yathrib (Madinah) had drained their strength. They were ordered to run in the first three rounds and then walk in the remaining ones. The Makkans meanwhile aligned on the top of Mount Qu’aiqi’an watching the Muslims, tongue-tied at witnessing their strength and devotion. When they entered the Holy Sanctuary. ‘Abdullah bin Rawahah Radiallahu anhoo walked before the Nabi Pakﷺ reciting:
“Get out of his way, you disbelievers, make way, we will fight you about its revelation, with strokes that will remove heads from
shoulders and make friend unmindful of friend
After ritual walking and running between the two hills of Makkah, Safa and Marwah, the Nabi Pakﷺ with the Muslims halted at the latter spot to slaughter the sacrificial animals and shave their heads.
The main body of the pilgrims had now performed the basic rites of the ‘Umrah, but there remained those who were entrusted the charge of the weapons. The Nabi Pakﷺ had these relieved, and they went through the same devotions as the others did.
On the morning of the fourth day, the notables of Quraish asked ‘Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib AlaihisSalam to tell the Nabi Pakﷺ to leave Makkah along with his Companions. He, of course, could not consider the violation of the terms of Al-Hudaibiyah Treaty, therefore he ordered his men to depart for a village called Sarif where he stayed for some time.
It was during this visit of the Nabi Pakﷺ mention to Makkah for pilgrimage that his uncle ‘Abbas Radiallahu anhoo offered the hand of his sister-in-law, Maimunah SalamUllahAlaiha – the daughter of Harith, to him. The Nabi Pakﷺ was kind enough to accept this offer since it was an effective step towards cementing the ties of relationship between the Nabi Pakﷺ and the influential men of Makkah. The wedding took place in Sarif.’
Narrators attached different designations to this ‘Umrah. Some called it the compensatory ‘Umrah, performed instead of that incomplete during the incidents of Al-Hudaibiyah; and the other one, given preference by jurists, is the ‘Umrah consequent to certain terms of a treaty already agreed upon.
On the whole, compensatory, judicial consent, retribution and reconciliation are all terms applicable to that visit.
Some military operations, directed against still unyielding bedouins, took place at the conclusion of the lesser pilgrimage, of which we could mention:
- A platoon of 50 men led by Ibn Abul-‘Awja’ Radiallahu anhoo was dispatch by the Nabi Pakﷺ to the habitations of Bani Sulaim inviting them to embrace Islam, but all the words fell on deaf ears. Fierce fighting took place between both parties during which the Muslim leader was wounded, and two of the enemy were captured,
- Ghalib bin ‘Abdullah Radiallahu anhoo at the head of 200 men was dispatched to Fadak where they killed some rebels and a lot of booty fell
- Banu Quda’ah had gathered a large number of men to raid tre Muslim positions. On hearing the news, the Nabi Pakﷺ dispatched Ka’b bin ‘Umair Al-Ansari rent at the head of 15 men to deal with this situation. They encountered the army, and called them to enter into the fold of Islam but the rebels gave a negative response and showered the Muslims with arrows killing all of them except one who was carried back home later seriously wounded.’
- There was also an insignificant clash that occurred in Rabi’ulAwwal 8 A.H. Shuja’ bin Wahb Al-Asadi Radiallahu anhoo, along with 25 men, marched towards Bani Hawazin tribe where they encountered no resistance but managed to gain some booty.