Quran and Modern Science ::LIKE LOCUSTS

7- They will come out of the graves with downcast eyes like
an expanding swarm of locusts.
54-The Moon, 7
In the verse above, unbelievers are reminded that they will be resurrected and that it will be a difficult day for them. Imagine, billions of
men rising from the dead, coming out of their graves! Confusion, perplexity, fear, remorse… Everybody on his own… The only help is from
God. The day when high offices, families, riches and possessions have
no value- the day of no return…
The resurrected are likened to locusts; why particularly locusts?
Recent research benefiting from micro cameras conducted by a systematic observation of insects have given us an idea about the reason
for the selection of locusts as an example. To begin with, swarms of
locusts, billions of them together, give the impression of a vast rain
cloud without end, a black mass stretching far and wide many kilometers! Locusts bury their eggs in the earth and their larvae spend
some time under the ground before they eventually emerge to the surface.
Take for instance the locusts, part of the fauna of New England,
USA; in the month of May of the year in which they attain their 17th
year, these insects emerge from under the ground where they have been
living for years and years. Suppose, you tell a man: “We’ll shut you up
in a dark cell without a wristwatch and you’ll have no contact whatsoever with the outside world and you’ll be released at the end of the 17th
day.” it is very doubtful that he will be able to know exactly the time
when he will be let out. There is a similarity between the rebirth of
locusts and man’s resurrection.

-After a long time
-Under the ground
-Altogether
-Densely crowded
-They rise to the surface of the earth
The parables and metaphors in the Quran are many. These figures of
speech are to help us to understand better the meanings of the verses.
43- And such are the parables We set forth for the people,
but only those understand them who have knowledge.
29-The Spider, 43
27- We have put forth for the people every kind of parable
in this Quran that they may take heed.
39-The Throngs, 27

THE MIRACLES CONTAINED IN THE QURAN
ARE EVIDENCE PROVING THE COMING OF
THE HEREAFTER
A great deal of space is reserved for the description of life Hereafter in
the Quran. Next to the existence of God, the most important message
is that there is an afterlife and that man will receive recompense or retribution there. 1400 years ago, the Quran elaborated on physics,
embryology, geology and zoology. There was no inaccuracy or misreckoning in any of the information supplied in it. Everything is perfectly expressed in the most unambiguous way.
The greatest claim of the Quran is the declaration of God’s existence and the fact that no partner should be attributed to Him. The
Quran reflects the Omnipotence and Omniscience and Artistry of
God: the One, the Eternal and the Absolute. The messages it contains
enables masses of people to choose the right path, the path of the chosen. It has saved many people from perdition, idolatry and atheism
while confirming the Scriptures and prophets that preceded it. In
short, those who comprehend the importance of the question whether
God exists or not, will also appreciate the importance of the Quran,
since it provides a conclusive answer to that question:

1- The Quran’s most important message is God’s uniqueness and
oneness. The Quran has guided millions of people in the right path.
2- The predictions it contains have no precedent. This very fact proves
that its original source is God, and confirms that its messages are true.
All these miracles and the mission that the Quran has assumed
prove that it is the word of God and that one should put his complete
trust in it. The Quran’s greatest message, next to that of the existence
of God, is the existence of the Hereafter. Every miracle evidencing the
reliability of the Quran is also a proof of the existence of the Hereafter
and the Day of Judgment.
RE-CREATION
The evidence of a life after death or a Hereafter are many. One of the
main signs is man’s aspiration for immortality. God has provided
water for the thirsty and food for the hungry. If He did not want to
give, then He would not give the desire to want. It is again He who
has created in man the aspiration for immortality. Since He has done
so, His promise shall be fulfilled. God’s promise is sure to be gratified.
The most important and self-contained evidence of the existence of
the Hereafter is God’s promise. Is it possible that God would disappoint the believers who trust God, dedicate themselves to God and
seek the Hereafter in their actions, while justifying disbelievers who
deny the Hereafter, who disregard His messages, who fabricate lies
about Him and mock those who are in the right path? Lies are a proof
of imperfection, while everything is perfect with God.
Both during the Prophet’s time and thereafter there have been
doubts about the possibility of the end of the universe and of the
Hereafter. The Quran is categorical and explicit about this.
77- Does not the human being see that We created him
from a tiny drop? Then he turns into a profound enemy.
78 – And he makes comparisons for Us and forgets his own
creation. He says, “Who can resurrect the bones after they
are rotten?”
79- Say, “He who created them the first time. He has
knowledge of every creation.”
36-Ya-Seen, 77-79
Creation of a life in the Hereafter is the easiest thing for God. To
begin with, it is His promise. The very fact of creation should convince us that re-creation is not difficult for Him.
49- They said, “After we turn into bones and fragments,
shall we be resurrected as a new creation?”
50- Say, “Even if you turn into rocks or iron.”
51- “Or any kind of creation that you deem impossible to
resurrect.” They will then say, “Who will bring us back?”
Say, “The one who created you in the first place.”
17-The Children of Israel, 49-51
The Hereafter is not a problem for God. In the first place, it has
been promised by God. Moreover, we all have need of it. The
Hereafter is repeatedly emphasized in the Quran. And it is clear that
creation is a very simple act for God.
3- “What! When we die and become dust? This returning is
most far-fetched.”
4- We know what the earth consumes of them; with Us is a
protected record.
50-Qaf, 3-4
God has recorded even in a single DNA molecule all the information related to the human body. While the Quran gives us an
impression of an afterlife through creation, it directs our attention to
the process to which God had recourse in creating us. The cells in
our body die and are immediately replaced by new ones. Today, the
cells that constitute our body are not the same as those we were
made of initially. The food we consume is continually transformed
into a part of our system. The atoms of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen,
oxygen, and phosphorous flow in our body and are consumed, to
finally return to dust. What remains unchanged is the essence we call
“self” or “soul.” Even when we are of this world God creates us
every moment anew. Since He has promised to re-create us there is
no doubt that He will.

33- Do they not realize that God, Who created the heavens
and the earth and did not tire creating them, is able to
revive the dead? Yes, verily He has power over all things.
46-The Dunes, 33
Creations in endless space, the greatness in the number of species
and creatures make it evident that re-creation for God is as easy as the
creation.
28- The creation and resurrection of all of you is the same
as that of one person. God is Hearer, Seer.
31-Luqmaan, 28

LET’S GET READY TO DEPART
There are many subjects explicitly given in the Quran; however,
the things that our five senses may fail to perceive are presented in
metaphors (3- The Family of Imran, 7). In the description of paradise
and hell, allegory is made to figures of speech (2- The Cow, 25).
Blessings and rewards in the life Hereafter are described succinctly by
metaphors. The exact rendering of the objects will take place when
man is transferred there. Allegories made must not be taken fully literally. Bliss in heaven and remorse in hell are evident, although they
will be understood in the Hereafter more clearly.
The scope of the account related to the Hereafter is far beyond
what is said about paradise and hell. The description of a single
province like the Bahamas would take a whole book thicker than the
Quran itself. Had all the details of paradise and hell been given, they
would have filled an encyclopaedia of many volumes. Only the clues are
given. The fact that only a few names of some fruits are mentioned
does not mean that is all that paradise contains. The mere mention of
the fact that everything that a human being may aspire to shall be
there is enough. (21-The Prophets, 102; 42-Consultation, 22; 43-
Vanity, 71; 50-Qaf, 35.)
In this brief earthly life of ours, the wisest act for us is to direct ourselves to God.

185- Every soul shall have to taste death, and you will get
your recompense in full on the Day of The Resurrection.
The one who is saved from the fire and admitted to paradise has attained a great triumph. The life of this world is
no more than goods and chattels of deception.
3-The Family of Imran, 185
7- Those who disbelieved claim that they will not be resurrected! Yes indeed, by my Lord, you will be resurrected,
and then informed of what you have done. And that is easy
for God.
64-Mutual Blaming, 7

Forty Hadith on Hazrat Ali AlahisSalam part 2

img-20210614-wa00272611202024807303151.jpg

Sixth Hadith
Jābar related that ‘Ali carried the gate
on the day of Khaybar, until the
Muslims climbed on it and conquered
Khaybar. They tried to pick up the
door afterwards and it was only
possible for forty men to carry it. [Ibn
abi Shaybah, Al-Khatib, al-Bayhaqī and
Ibn ‘Asākir]

Seventh Hadith
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqās said
that the Messenger of
Allah, salallāhu ‘alayhi
wa ālihi wa sallam, left
‘Ali ibn abi Tālib
behind when he went
for the expedition of
Tabuk. ‘Ali inquired,
“O Messenger of Allah,
do you leave me with
women and children?” The
Messenger of Allah, salallāhu ‘alayhi wa
ālihi wa sallam, said, “Are you not please
with being unto me like what Aaron
was unto Moses, except that there
would be no prophet after me?” [This agreed upon; this is the wording in
Sahih Muslim]

Eighth Hadith
Zirr related that ‘Ali, Allah be well
pleased with him, said, “I swear by the
One who splits the seed and wheat,
that the unlettered Prophet, salallāhu
‘alayhi wa ālihi wa sallam, told me that no
one loves me other than a believer and
no one hates me except that he is a
hypocrite.” [Muslim, Nasā’i
and Ibn Hibbān]

Ninth Hadith
‘Ali said that the
unlettered Prophet,
said to me, that no
one loves me other
than a believer and no
one hates me except that he
is a hypocrite.” [Tirmidhī]

Tenth Hadith
Umm Salamah, Allah be well
please with her, reported
that the Messenger of
Allah salallāhu ‘alayhi
wa ālihi wa sallam,
used to say, “A
hypocrite does not
love ‘Ali and a
believer does not
hate him.” [Tirmidhī,
Abū Ya’la and
Tabarānī]

CHAPTER 34 ON THE LAUGHING OF SAYYIDINA RASOOLULLLAH SALLALLAHU ALAIHE WASALLAM

WhatsApp Image 2021-05-19 at 6.34.48 PM

(216) Hadith 1
Jaabir ibn Samurah radiyallahu anhu says, “The calf of the leg of Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam was slightly thin. His laugh was only that of a smile. Whenever I visited Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam, I thought he used kuhl on his eyes. Whereas he had not at that time used kuhl.”

Commentary
Verily the eyes of Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam was like that which had kuhl on it.
back

(217) Hadith 2
Abdullah ibn Haarith radiyallahu anhu reports, “I did not see anyone who smiled more than Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam.”

Commentary
A question arises from this hadith, that in that last hadith of the previous chapter, it is stated that Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam always remained in deep thought and sorrow. This seems to contradict that hadith. Two explanations are given to the hadith. The first is that the meaning of the hadith is that Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam smiled more than he laughed. No other person was seen, whose smile was more than his laugh. In a further hadith which is reported from that same Sahaabi, this has been clearly elucidated. The second explanation is that Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam besides being naturally worried, smiled and appeared cheerful so that the Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum might feel at ease and comfortable. This is the pinnacle of humbleness and good character. In the fifth and sixth hadith of this chapter, Sayyidina Jarir radiyallahu anhu says that whenever Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam saw me, he met me with a cheerful smile. There now remains no contradiction with the first hadith. Many times it so happens that a person is sad and worried, but to keep others happy, or for some other reason one has the opportunity to meet them cheerfully. Those who have in their hearts a mark of love, experience this many times.
back

(218) Hadith 3
Abdullah ibn Haarith radiyallahu anhu relates, “The laugh of Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam was but a smile.”

Commentary
That means he smiled more often. There were fewer occasions where he laughed.
back

(219) Hadith 4
Abu Dhar radiyallahu anhu says, “Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, “I know that person well who will enter Jannah first and also that person who will be the last one to be taken out of Jahannam. On the Day of Qiyaamah a person will be brought forward to the court of Almighty Allah. It shall be commanded that all the minor sins of that person be put forward to him and the major sisn be concealed. When the minor sins are disclosed to that person, he will accept that he had committed them, as there will be no room for refuting them. (He will begin to tremble and say in his heart that these are only the minor sins, what will happen when the major sins are exposed.) During this happening it shall be commanded that for every sin of that person he be given the ajr (thawaab-reward) of a good deed. Upon hearing this person himself will say I still have many sins left to account for, that are not seen here.”
Abu Dhar radiyallahu anhu says, “Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam while narrating the words of that person began laughing until his mubarak teeth began to show.” (The reason being that the person himself disclosed the very sins he was frightened of.)

Commentary
This person whose case is being narrated in detail is the same person of whom it was first described in brief that he will be the last one to enter Jannah, or it may be another person. The person who will enter Jannah last is the one whose incident is mentioned in the seventh hadith of this chapter.
back

(220-221) Hadith 5 & 6
Jabir ibn Abdullah radiyallahu anhu says, “After I accepted Islam, Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam never prohibited me from attending his assemblies. Whenever he saw me he laughed.”
In the second narration it is stated that he smiled.

Commentary
The second narration is mentioned because it may be known that by laughing as mentioned in the first hadith, it is meant that Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam smiled. This smile is to show happiness, as to meet one cheerfully makes one feel at ease. I have observed that my elders at times met visitors with such happiness and cheerfulness that the visitor may feel that happiness is being felt by our coming.
back

(222) Hadith 7
Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu said, “I know the person who will come out last from the fire. He will be such a man who will crawl out (due to the severity of the punishment of Jahannam he will not be able to walk). He will then be ordered to enter Jannah. He will go there and find that all the places therein are occupied. He will return and say, ‘O Allah the people have taken all the places.’ It will be said to him. ‘Do you remember the places in the world?’ (That when a place gets filled, there remains no place for a newcomer. And a person that arrives first occupies as much as one pleases, there remains no place for the ones that arrive later. The elders have translated it in this manner. According to this humble servant, if the meaning of it is taken as follows, it seeems more appropriate, that do you remember the vastness and plentiness of the world and how big the world was. He is being reminded, because an announcement is going to be made that a place that is ten times greater than the world shall be given to him. After imagining the vastness of the world once, it may be assesed how great this gift is?). He will reply, ‘O my creator, I remember well.’ It will be commanded to him. ‘Make your wish in whichever way your heart desires.’ He will put forward his desires. It shall be commanded. All your desires are fulfilled and in addition ten times the size of the world is granted to you. He will reply, ‘Are you jesting with me O my Allah, and You are the King of the Kings? (There is no place in Jannah and You are granting me a place ten times greater than the world).” Sayyidina Ibn Mas’ood radiyallahu anhu said, “I saw Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam laugh till his mubarak teeth showed, when he related this portion of the man’s reply.”

Commentary
The laughing of Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam was due to his happiness on granting His Mercies and Bounties on a person who is the last to be taken out of Jahannam. From this it is clear that the person was the most sinful (Muslim). Yet he was so greatly rewarded in this manner. What about the general Muslims, and especially the pious, what great Mercies and Bounties shall be showered on them? The more bounties the Ummah will receive, the more it becomes a reason for Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam to become happy. It is possible that Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam laughed, because that person, who after experiencing the great hardships and punishment, came out of Jahannam. Yet he had the audacity to express his desires and also say that Allah was joking.
back

(223) Hadith 8
Ali ibn Rabiah radiyallahu anhu says, “I was present when a conveyance (A horse or something) was brought to Hazrat Ali radiyallahu anhu (in the period of his khilafah). He recited Bismillah and put his leg in the stirrup. After he had mounted he said Alhamdulillah and recited this dua:
Translation: Glorified be He Who hath sudued those unto us, and we were not capable (Of subduing them); And lo! Unto our Lord we are returning. (Surah Zukhruf 13-14)
(The ulama say that a conveyance could be a means of death. Therefore subjugation of a conveyance with gratitude towards Allah for His Mercy, and death are mentioned together. After all a person has to return to Allah after death). Ali radiyallahu anhu then said Alhamdulillah three times, Allahu Akbar three times, then recited:
Translation: Glorified be Thou! Behold, I have wronged myself. So forgive thou me. Indeed, non forgiveth sins but Thou.
Then (Sayyidina Ali radiyallahu anhu) laughed (smiled). I said to him, ‘What is the reason for laughing, O Ameerul Mumineen?’ He replied, ‘Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam also recited these duas in this manner and thereafter laughed (smiled). I also inquired from Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam the reason for laughing (smiling) as you have asked me. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, ‘Allah Ta’ala becomes happy when His servants say, ‘No one can forgive me save You.’ My servant knows that no one forgives sins besides Me.”

(224) Hadith Number 9
Aamir bin Sa’d radiyallahu anhu says, “My father Sa’d said, ‘Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam laughed on the day of the Battle of Khandaq till his teeth showed.’ Aamir radiyallahu anhu says, ‘I asked why did he laugh?’ he replied, ‘A Kaafir had a shield, and Sa’d was a great archer. The kaafir protected himself by swaying the shield from side to side covering his forehead. (Sayyidina Sa’d radiyallahu anhu was a famous marksman, but the kaafir did not let the arrows get him). Sa’d radiyallahu anhu took an arrow (and kept it ready in the bow). When the non believer removed the shield from his head, he quickly aimed at the kaafir and did not miss the target, i.e. the (enemy’s) forehead. The enemy immediately fell down, his legs rising into the air. On that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam laughed till his mabaraak teeth showed.’ I asked, ‘Why did Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam laugh?’ He replied, ‘Because of what Sa’ad had done to the man.’

Commentary
It may be doubted that Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam laughed because the man’s feet were raised in the air, hence the satr (private parts) was exposed. Therefore the reason for laughing had to be asked. Sayyidina Sa’d radiyallahu anhu replied, “No, but because I, although a good marksman, the non believer protected himself. He was clever to move his shield from side to side. But Sa’d thought of a plan, and aimed at him in such a way that he did not have a chance to protect himself and fell down.”

Hadith Translation of Sahih Bukhari ::Belief

cropped-image21-1024x341

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 7:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle.

2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.

3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) .

4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca)

5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 8:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Faith (Belief) consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya (This term “Haya” covers a large number of concepts which are to be taken together; amongst them are self respect, modesty, bashfulness, and scruple, etc.) is a part of faith.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 9:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr:

The Prophet said, “A Muslim is the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands. And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) all what Allah has forbidden.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 10:

Narrated Abu Musa:

Some people asked Allah’s Apostle, “Whose Islam is the best? i.e. (Who is a very good Muslim)?” He replied, “One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue and hands.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 11:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr:

A man asked the Prophet , “What sort of deeds or (what qualities of) Islam are good?” The Prophet replied, ‘To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you do not Know (See Hadith No. 27).

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 12:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 13:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

“Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hands my life is, none of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father and his children.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 14:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said “None of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, his children and all mankind.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 15:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith:

1. The one to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anything else.

2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake.

3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 16:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Love for the Ansar is a sign of faith and hatred for the Ansar is a sign of hypocrisy.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 17:

Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit:

who took part in the battle of Badr and was a Naqib (a person heading a group of six persons), on the night of Al-‘Aqaba pledge: Allah’s Apostle said while a group of his companions were around him, “Swear allegiance to me for:

1. Not to join anything in worship along with Allah.

2. Not to steal.

3. Not to commit illegal sexual intercourse.

4. Not to kill your children.

5. Not to accuse an innocent person (to spread such an accusation among people).

6. Not to be disobedient (when ordered) to do good deed.”

The Prophet added: “Whoever among you fulfills his pledge will be rewarded by Allah. And whoever indulges in any one of them (except the ascription of partners to Allah) and gets the punishment in this world, that punishment will be an expiation for that sin. And if one indulges in any of them, and Allah conceals his sin, it is up to Him to forgive or punish him (in the Hereafter).” ‘Ubada bin As-Samit added: “So we swore allegiance for these.” (points to Allah’s Apostle)

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 18:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah’s Apostle said, “A time will come that the best property of a Muslim will be sheep which he will take on the top of mountains and the places of rainfall (valleys) so as to flee with his religion from afflictions.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 19:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Whenever Allah’s Apostle ordered the Muslims to do something, he used to order them deeds which were easy for them to do, (according to their strength endurance). They said, “O Allah’s Apostle! We are not like you. Allah has forgiven your past and future sins.” So Allah’s Apostle became angry and it was apparent on his face. He said, “I am the most Allah fearing, and know Allah better than all of you do.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 20:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste the sweetness of faith:

1. The one to whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else.

2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake.

3. Who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 21:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

The Prophet said, “When the people of Paradise will enter Paradise and the people of Hell will go to Hell, Allah will order those who have had faith equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed to be taken out from Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they will be blackened (charred). Then they will be put in the river of Haya’ (rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as to which is the right term), and they will revive like a grain that grows near the bank of a flood channel. Don’t you see that it comes out yellow and twisted”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 22:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah’s Apostle said, “While I was sleeping I saw (in a dream) some people wearing shirts of which some were reaching up to the breasts only while others were even shorter than that. Umar bin Al-Khattab was shown wearing a shirt that he was dragging.” The people asked, “How did you interpret it? (What is its interpretation) O Allah’s Apostle?” He (the Prophet ) replied, “It is the Religion.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 23:

Narrated ‘Abdullah (bin ‘Umar):

Once Allah’s Apostle passed by an Ansari (man) who was admonishing to his brother regarding Haya’. On that Allah’s Apostle said, “Leave him as Haya’ is a part of faith.” (See Hadith No. 8)

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 24:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said: “I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle, and offer the prayers perfectly and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform a that, then they save their lives an property from me except for Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done by Allah.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 25:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle was asked, “What is the best deed?” He replied, “To believe in Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad). The questioner then asked, “What is the next (in goodness)? He replied, “To participate in Jihad (religious fighting) in Allah’s Cause.” The questioner again asked, “What is the next (in goodness)?” He replied, “To perform Hajj (Pilgrim age to Mecca) ‘Mubrur, (which is accepted by Allah and is performed with the intention of seeking Allah’s pleasure only and not to show off and without committing a sin and in accordance with the traditions of the Prophet).”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 26:

Narrated Sa’d:

Allah’s Apostle distributed (Zakat) amongst (a group of) people while I was sitting there but Allah’s Apostle left a man whom I thought the best of the lot. I asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah I regard him as a faithful believer.” The Prophet commented: “Or merely a Muslim.” I remained quiet for a while, but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. And then asked Allah’s Apostle, “Why have you left so and so? By Allah! He is a faithful believer.” The Prophet again said, “Or merely a Muslim.” And I could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. Then the Prophet said, “O Sa’d! I give to a person while another is dearer to me, for fear that he might be thrown on his face in the Fire by Allah.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 27:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr:

A person asked Allah’s Apostle . “What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are good?” He replied, “To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you don’t know.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 28:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet said: “I was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who were ungrateful.” It was asked, “Do they disbelieve in Allah?” (or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, “They are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favors and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees something in you (not of her liking), she will say, ‘I have never received any good from you.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 29:

Narrated Al-Ma’rur:

At Ar-Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a similar one. I asked about the reason for it. He replied, “I abused a person by calling his mother with bad names.” The Prophet said to me, ‘O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother with bad names You still have some characteristics of ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his command should feed him of what he eats and dress him of what he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them.’ “

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 30:

Narrated Al-Ahnaf bin Qais:

While I was going to help this man (‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib), Abu Bakra met me and asked, “Where are you going?” I replied, “I am going to help that person.” He said, “Go back for I have heard Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘When two Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, both the murderer as well as the murdered will go to the Hell-fire.’ I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! It is all right for the murderer but what about the murdered one?’ Allah’s Apostle replied, “He surely had the intention to kill his companion.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 31:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

When the following Verse was revealed: “It is those who believe and confuse not their belief with wrong (worshipping others besides Allah.)” (6:83), the companions of Allah’s Apostle asked, “Who is amongst us who had not done injustice (wrong)?” Allah revealed: “No doubt, joining others in worship with Allah is a great injustice (wrong) indeed.” (31.13)

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 32:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “The signs of a hypocrite are three:

1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.

2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise ).

3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keep something as a trust with him, he will not return it.)”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 33:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr:

The Prophet said, “Whoever has the following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives it up.

1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays.

2. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.

3. Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous.

4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent, evil and insulting manner.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 34:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever establishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not to show off) then all his past sins will be forgiven.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 35:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “The person who participates in (Holy battles) in Allah’s cause and nothing compels him to do so except belief in Allah and His Apostles, will be recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty (if he survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is killed in the battle as a martyr). Had I not found it difficult for my followers, then I would not remain behind any sariya going for Jihad and I would have loved to be martyred in Allah’s cause and then made alive, and then martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in His cause.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 36:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said: “Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 37:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 38:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the mornings, the nights.” (See Fath-ul-Bari, Page 102, Vol 1).

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 39:

Narrated Al-Bara’ (bin ‘Azib):

When the Prophet came to Medina, he stayed first with his grandfathers or maternal uncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he wished that he could pray facing the Ka’ba (at Mecca). The first prayer which he offered facing the Ka’ba was the ‘Asr prayer in the company of some people. Then one of those who had offered that prayer with him came out and passed by some people in a mosque who were bowing during their prayers (facing Jerusalem). He said addressing them, “By Allah, I testify that I have prayed with Allah’s Apostle facing Mecca (Ka’ba).’ Hearing that, those people changed their direction towards the Ka’ba immediately. Jews and the people of the scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facing Jerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction towards the Ka’ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of it.

Al-Bara’ added, “Before we changed our direction towards the Ka’ba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had been killed and we did not know what to say about them (regarding their prayers.) Allah then revealed: And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers of those Muslims were valid).’ ” (2:143).

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 40:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If any one of you improve (follows strictly) his Islamic religion then his good deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 41:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Once the Prophet came while a woman was sitting with me. He said, “Who is she?” I replied, “She is so and so,” and told him about her (excessive) praying. He said disapprovingly, “Do (good) deeds which is within your capacity (without being overtaxed) as Allah does not get tired (of giving rewards) but (surely) you will get tired and the best deed (act of Worship) in the sight of Allah is that which is done regularly.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 42:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Whoever said “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said: “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said, “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of Hell.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 43:

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:

Once a Jew said to me, “O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed as a day of celebration.” ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, “Which is that verse?” The Jew replied, “This day I have perfected your religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (5:3) ‘Umar replied,”No doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at ‘Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 44:

Narrated Talha bin ‘Ubaidullah:

A man from Najd with unkempt hair came to Allah’s Apostle and we heard his loud voice but could not understand what he was saying, till he came near and then we came to know that he was asking about Islam. Allah’s Apostle said, “You have to offer prayers perfectly five times in a day and night (24 hours).” The man asked, “Is there any more (praying)?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “No, but if you want to offer the Nawafil prayers (you can).” Allah’s Apostle further said to him: “You have to observe fasts during the month of Ramad, an.” The man asked, “Is there any more fasting?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “No, but if you want to observe the Nawafil fasts (you can.)” Then Allah’s Apostle further said to him, “You have to pay the Zakat (obligatory charity).” The man asked, “Is there any thing other than the Zakat for me to pay?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “No, unless you want to give alms of your own.” And then that man retreated saying, “By Allah! I will neither do less nor more than this.” Allah’s Apostle said, “If what he said is true, then he will be successful (i.e. he will be granted Paradise).”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 45:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “(A believer) who accompanies the funeral procession of a Muslim out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s reward and remains with it till the funeral prayer is offered and the burial ceremonies are over, he will return with a reward of two Qirats. Each Qirat is like the size of the (Mount) Uhud. He who offers the funeral prayer only and returns before the burial, will return with the reward of one Qirat only.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 46:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

The Prophet said, “Abusing a Muslim is Fusuq (an evil doing) and killing him is Kufr (disbelief).” Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit: “Allah’s Apostle went out to inform the people about the (date of the) night of decree (Al-Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men. The Prophet said, “I came out to inform you about (the date of) the night of Al-Qadr, but as so and so and so and so quarrelled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) and maybe it was better for you. Now look for it in the 7th, the 9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the month of Ramadan).”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 47:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

One day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and asked, “What is faith?” Allah’s Apostle replied, ‘Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection.” Then he further asked, “What is Islam?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan.” Then he further asked, “What is Ihsan (perfection)?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you.” Then he further asked, “When will the Hour be established?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents.

1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.

2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the construction of higher buildings. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah.

The Prophet then recited: “Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour–.” (31. 34) Then that man (Gabriel) left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back, but they could not see him. Then the Prophet said, “That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion.” Abu ‘Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith.

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 48:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas:

I was informed by Abu Sufyan that Heraclius said to him, “I asked you whether they (followers of Muhammad) were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing. And in fact, this is the way of true Faith till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his (the Prophets) religion (Islam) became displeased and discarded it. You replied in the negative, and in fact, this is (a sign of) true faith. When its delight enters the heart and mixes with them completely, nobody can be displeased with it.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 49:

Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir:

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 50:

Narrated Abu Jamra:

I used to sit with Ibn ‘Abbas and he made me sit on his sitting place. He requested me to stay with him in order that he might give me a share from his property. So I stayed with him for two months. Once he told (me) that when the delegation of the tribe of ‘Abdul Qais came to the Prophet, the Prophet asked them, “Who are the people (i.e. you)? (Or) who are the delegate?” They replied, “We are from the tribe of Rabi’a.” Then the Prophet said to them, “Welcome! O people (or O delegation of ‘Abdul Qais)! Neither will you have disgrace nor will you regret.” They said, “O Allah’s Apostle! We cannot come to you except in the sacred month and there is the infidel tribe of Mudar intervening between you and us. So please order us to do something good (religious deeds) so that we may inform our people whom we have left behind (at home), and that we may enter Paradise (by acting on them).” Then they asked about drinks (what is legal and what is illegal). The Prophet ordered them to do four things and forbade them from four things. He ordered them to believe in Allah Alone and asked them, “Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone?” They replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” Thereupon the Prophet said, “It means:

1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle.

2. To offer prayers perfectly

3. To pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)

4. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

5. And to pay Al-Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in Allah’s Cause).

Then he forbade them four things, namely, Hantam, Dubba,’ Naqir Ann Muzaffat or Muqaiyar; (These were the names of pots in which Alcoholic drinks were prepared) (The Prophet mentioned the container of wine and he meant the wine itself). The Prophet further said (to them): “Memorize them (these instructions) and convey them to the people whom you have left behind.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 51:

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle, then his emigration was for Allah and His Apostle. And whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 52:

Narrated Abu Mas’ud:

The Prophet said, “If a man spends on his family (with the intention of having a reward from Allah) sincerely for Allah’s sake then it is a (kind of) alms-giving in reward for him.

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 53:

Narrated Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas:

Allah’s Apostle said, “You will be rewarded for whatever you spend for Allah’s sake even if it were a morsel which you put in your wife’s mouth.”

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 54:

Narrated Jarir bin Abdullah:

I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Apostle for the following:

1. offer prayers perfectly

2. pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)

3. and be sincere and true to every Muslim.

Volume 1, Book 2, Number 55:

Narrated Ziyad bin’Ilaqa:

I heard Jarir bin ‘Abdullah (Praising Allah). On the day when Al-Mughira bin Shu’ba died, he (Jarir) got up (on the pulpit) and thanked and praised Allah and said, “Be afraid of Allah alone Who has none along with Him to be worshipped.(You should) be calm and quiet till the (new) chief comes to you and he will come to you soon. Ask Allah’s forgiveness for your (late) chief because he himself loved to forgive others.” Jarir added, “Amma badu (now then), I went to the Prophet and said, ‘I give my pledge of allegiance to you for Islam.” The Prophet conditioned (my pledge) for me to be sincere and true to every Muslim so I gave my pledge to him for this. By the Lord of this mosque! I am sincere and true to you (Muslims). Then Jarir asked for Allah’s forgiveness and came down (from the pulpit).