35- God is the light of the heavens and the earth. The
parable of His light is that of a niche in which is a lamp.
The lamp is enclosed in glass. The glass is like a pear-like
planet. Lit with the oil of a blessed tree, the olive, neither
of the east, nor the west, whose oil appears to light up even
though fire touches it not. Light upon light. God guides to
His light whomever He wills. God sets forth parables for
the people. God knows all things.
24-The Light, 35
We believe that there are implications in the Quran indicating certain
important inventions that were to take place in the future for
mankind. At the time of the Prophet, when these inventions were
beyond human imagination, people could not have imagined them.
How could it be possible to explain to these people what electricity
and the electric light bulb were?
The verse above seems to hint at electricity and the light bulb.
However, I am not claiming that this is its only significance. It is cer-
tain that the scope of it must be larger than that. While the verse
points to a fundamental issue in referring to light, it also seems to
have the connotation of an electric bulb and electricity.
Light (“noor” in Arabic) is described enclosed in a glass. The fuel
of this light within the glass comes neither from the east nor from the
west, as the fuel consumed at the time was olive oil, but the expression here seems to point to a source of energy other than olive oil.
The expression east and west means the entire world. An energy
whose origin is neither the east nor the west must be an unknown
energy. When this fact is seen within the framework of the expression,
“to light up even though fire touches it not,” one generated by an
energy without fire suggests electricity.
This verse certainly has other connotations. But it is impossible not
to think of electricity. At the end of the verse, mention is made of
parables. Recourse to parables is a method used by the Quran to convey information to the public who may not be in a position to understand what is communicated.
The imaginative scene that this verse generates in our mind is the
following: the electric bulb that is lit in a dark room without having
recourse to a flame illuminates the entire medium. Likewise when we
look at the universe around us without our being aware of God’s existence, deprived of all faith, everything will look dark, void and suggestive of despair. Once we take cognizance of God’s existence and are
enlightened by religion, our world will be illuminated just as the dark
room is lit up. An aimless life will become meaningful, despair will
yield itself to hope, and the feeling of being in a void will be replaced
by a sense of existence. That is, the dark will be turned into light.
RAPID TRANSFER OF THINGS
40- The one who had knowledge of the Book said, “I can
bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye.” When he
saw it settled in front of him, he said, “This is a blessing
from my Lord; He tests me whether I am grateful or
ungrateful. Yet if one is grateful, he is grateful for himself,
and if one is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Rich,
27-The Ant, 40
ELECTRIC LIGHT BULB, ELECTRICITY, RAPID TRANSMISSION OF
MATERIAL AND NEW MEANS OF COMMUNICATION
The Prophet King Solomon wanted the throne of the Queen of Sheba
brought to him as soon as possible. Someone came forth telling
Solomon that he would bring it before the King could stand up.
Upon this, the person “who was given knowledge of the Book” promised that he would bring it within the twinkling of an eye, and granted Solomon’s wish.
Emphasis is made here to the knowledge of the person who performs this feat. It is not said that this so-called miracle was the doing
of the Prophet or due to the jugglery of a jinn. What is of particular
importance here is the fact that if one has the true knowledge of
something, it is possible to convey it at a very high speed.
Thanks to the state-of-the-art science and technology in our age,
the sound and image of a material in any part of the world can be
transmitted at a speed almost equal to the one expressed in the verse.
This is not the transportation of the matter itself, though. Could the
transfer of matter itself be possible one day?
As a matter of fact, scientists have made some progress. For example,
in 1993, researchers from Innsbruck University in Austria were able to
transfer photons from one spot to another. They dreamed of conducting
the transmission of atoms and molecules using the same method. In the
future, even the teleportation of the human body is speculated.
The attitude of Solomon in the verse quoted must set an example
for all scientists. What he saw led Solomon to realize that he was being
tried as to whether he was ungrateful or grateful, and thus he decided to turn toward God, in thanks. A scientist should take cognizance
of the fact that whatever he discovers or invents is due to the brain,
eyes and hands given to him by God, within the laws He has laid
down, and give thanks to Him.
NEW MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION
8- And the horses, the mules and the donkeys for you to
ride and for splendor. Additionally, He creates what you do
16-The Honeybee, 8
While enumerating the means of transportation of the past, God predicts that man will use other means in the future. We, who know how
comfortable it is to travel by airplanes, trains, cars, etc., can easily
understand the reason for the drawing of our attention to means of
transportation unknown at the time.
When the universe was created, all scientific discoveries existed
potentially. All the natural laws, materials used in the manufacture of
a car, the possible shapes and designs and configurations of the materials in question, as well as the energy needed, like petroleum, to run
the car were already there. The Creator of the world had arranged
everything beforehand. Therefore it is incumbent upon us to give
thanks to Him and not to be ungrateful.
6- Truly man is to his Lord ungrateful.
100-The Gallopers, 6
The author has mentioned two ahaadith in this chapter.
(195) Hadith 1
Aisha radiyallahu anha says, “The drink most liked by Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam was that which was sweet and cold.”
Apparently cold and sweet water is mentioned here. In the narration mentioned by Abu Dawood and others it is clearly stated, and there also may be a probability that sharbat of honey or nabeedh of dates are meant, as has been mentioned in the chapter on the cup of Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam. Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam did not pay much attention to food. Whatever was available was eaten, but sweet and cold water was given importance. Sweet water was brought for Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam from a place called Suqya, which is a few kilometres from Madinah. Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam also added the following du’aa in the words of Dawood alaihis salaam, that “O’ Allah grant me such love for You, which is more beloved to me than my life, wealth, wife, children, and cold water.”
(196) Hadith 2
Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu reports, “Khalid ibn Waleed and I both accompanied Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam to the house of Maymunah. (Ummul Mu’mineen, Maymunah radiyallahu anha was the maternal aunt of both). She served milk in a vessel. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam drank from it. I was on his right and Khalid ibn Waleed on his left. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said the right of drinking is now yours (as you are on the right). If you so wish you could give your right to Khalid. I replied that I would give no one preference from your left over. After that Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, Whenever Allah feeds one something, this du’aa should be recited:
Allahumma baarik lanaa fihi wa-at’imanaa khayram minhu
(Translation: O’ Allah grant us barakah in it, and feed us something better than it.)
Whenever Allah gives someone milk to drink one should read:
Allahumma baarik lanaa fihi wa-zidnaa minhu
(Translation: O’ Allah grant us barakah in it and increase it for us.)
Sayyidinaa Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu says that after having something Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam made du’aa for something better than it. And after drinking milk he taught to make du’aa for the increase of it, becuase Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, There is nothing that serves both as food and water excepting milk.”
Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam chose to give the milk first to Sayyidina Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu because he was sitting on the right, and Sayyidina Khalid ibn Waleed radiyallahu anhu on the left. As is mentioned in many ahaadith that the cup etc. should be passed from right to left, Sayyidina Rasoollullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam requested the giving of preference to Sayyidina Khalid ibn Waleed radiyllahu anhu, as he was elder. It was also intended to educate Sayyidina Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu that, though it was his right, it is better to give an elder preference. But the love Sayyidina Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu had for Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam naturally made him not give up this right for the left over milk of Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 91:
The Prophet said, “Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people.” (See Hadith No. 409, Vol 9).
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 92:
The Prophet came to Medina and ordered a mosque to be built and said, “O Bani Najjar! Suggest to me the price (of your land).” They said, “We do not want its price except from Allah” (i.e. they wished for a reward from Allah for giving up their land freely). So, the Prophet ordered the graves of the pagans to be dug out and the land to be levelled, and the date-palm trees to be cut down. The cut date-palms were fixed in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 93:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “I have made Medina a sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains.” The Prophet went to the tribe of Bani Haritha and said (to them), “I see that you have gone out of the sanctuary,” but looking around, he added, “No, you are inside the sanctuary.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 94:
We have nothing except the Book of Allah and this written paper from the Prophet (where-in is written:) Medina is a sanctuary from the ‘Air Mountain to such and such a place, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted. And the asylum (of protection) granted by any Muslim is to be secured (respected) by all the other Muslims; and whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted, and whoever (freed slave) befriends (take as masters) other than his manumitters without their permission incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 95:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “I was ordered to migrate to a town which will swallow (conquer) other towns and is called Yathrib and that is Medina, and it turns out (bad) persons as a furnace removes the impurities of iron.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 96:
Narrated Abu Humaid:
We came with the Prophet from Tabuk, and when we reached near Medina, the Prophet said, “This is Tabah.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 97:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
If I saw deers grazing in Medina, I would not chase them, for Allah’s Apostle said, “(Medina) is a sanctuary between its two mountains.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 98:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The people will leave Medina in spite of the best state it will have, and none except the wild birds and the beasts of prey will live in it, and the last persons who will die will be two shepherds from the tribe of Muzaina, who will be driving their sheep towards Medina, but will find nobody in it, and when they reach the valley of Thaniyat-al-Wada’, they will fall down on their faces dead.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 99:
Narrated Abu Zuhair:
I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Yemen will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families, and those who will obey them to migrate (to Yemen) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew. Sham will also be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and those who will obey them, to migrate (to Sham) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew. ‘Iraq will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and those who will obey them to migrate (to ‘Iraq) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 100:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger).”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 101:
I heard the Prophet saying, “None plots against the people of Medina but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 102:
Once the Prophet stood at the top of a (looked out from upon one) castle amongst the castles (or the high buildings) of Medina and said, “Do you see what I see? (No doubt) I see the spots where afflictions will take place among your houses (and these afflictions will be) as numerous as the spots where rain-drops fall.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 103:
Narrated Abu Bakra:
The Prophet said, “The terror caused by Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal will not enter Medina and at that time Medina will have seven gates and there will be two angels at each gate guarding them.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 104:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “There are angels guarding the entrances (or roads) of Medina, neither plague nor Ad-Dajjal will be able to enter it.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 105:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, “There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and Medina, and there will be no entrance (road) (of both Mecca and Medina) but the angels will be standing in rows guarding it against him, and then Medina will shake with its inhabitants thrice (i.e. three earth-quakes will take place) and Allah will expel all the nonbelievers and the hypocrites from it.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 106:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah’s Apostle told us a long narrative about Ad-Dajjal, and among the many things he mentioned, was his saying, “Ad-Dajjal will come and it will be forbidden for him to pass through the entrances of Medina. He will land in some of the salty barren areas (outside) Medina; on that day the best man or one of the best men will come up to him and say, ‘I testify that you are the same Dajjal whose description was given to us by Allah’s Apostle .’ Ad-Dajjal will say to the people, ‘If I kill this man and bring him back to life again, will you doubt my claim?’ They will say, ‘No.’ Then Ad-Dajjal will kill that man and bring him back to life. That man will say, ‘Now I know your reality better than before.’ Ad-Dajjal will say, ‘I want to kill him but I cannot.’ “
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 107:
A bedouin came to the Prophet and gave a pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam. The next day he came with fever and said (to the Prophet ), “Please cancel my pledge (of embracing Islam and of emigrating to Medina).” The Prophet refused (that request) three times and said, “Medina is like a furnace, it expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good ones and makes them perfect.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 108:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:
When the Prophet went out for (the battle of) Uhud, some of his companions (hypocrites) returned (home). A party of the believers remarked that they would kill those (hypocrites) who had returned, but another party said that they would not kill them. So, this Divine Inspiration was revealed: “Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties concerning the hypocrites.” (4.88) The Prophet said, “Medina expels the bad persons from it, as fire expels the impurities of iron.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 109:
The Prophet said, “O Allah! Bestow on Medina twice the blessings You bestowed on Mecca.”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 110:
Whenever the Prophet returned from a journey and observed the walls of Medina, he would make his Mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e. a horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Medina.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 111:
(The people of) Bani Salama intended to shift near the mosque (of the Prophet) but Allah’s Apostle disliked to see Medina vacated and said, “O the people of Bani Salama! Don’t you think that you will be rewarded for your footsteps which you take towards the mosque?” So, they stayed at their old places.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 112:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my Lake Fount (Al-Kauthar).”
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 113:
When Allah’s Apostle reached Medina, Abu Bakr and Bilal became ill. When Abu Bakr’s fever got worse, he would recite (this poetic verse): “Everybody is staying alive with his People, yet Death is nearer to him than His shoe laces.” And Bilal, when his fever deserted him, would recite: “Would that I could stay overnight in A valley wherein I would be Surrounded by Idhkhir and Jalil (kinds of good-smelling grass). Would that one day I could Drink the water of the Majanna, and Would that (The two mountains) Shama and Tafil would appear to me!” The Prophet said, “O Allah! Curse Shaiba bin Rabi’a and ‘Utba bin Rabi’a and Umaiya bin Khalaf as they turned us out of our land to the land of epidemics.” Allah’s Apostle then said, “O Allah! Make us love Medina as we love Mecca or even more than that. O Allah! Give blessings in our Sa and our Mudd (measures symbolizing food) and make the climate of Medina suitable for us, and divert its fever towards Aljuhfa.” Aisha added: When we reached Medina, it was the most unhealthy of Allah’s lands, and the valley of Bathan (the valley of Medina) used to flow with impure colored water.
Volume 3, Book 30, Number 114:
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:
Umar said, O Allah! Grant me martyrdom in Your cause, and let my death be in the city of Your Apostle.”