The reason behind appointing Spiritual Leaders in form of Prophets within different nations by Allah SWT has always been the same, i.e. to being people towards remembrance of One God and living a life of righteousness. All the previous Messengers were chosen for specific peoples, but Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ holds distinction in this regard to have been sent for the whole humankind. The Almighty Lord presented Him with the Holy Quran, which serves as a great source of enlightenment in every walk of life. As the entire world population is benefited through the Holy Prophet ﷺ that is why God, the Exalted says in Furqan e Hameed:
The above mentioned Ayah illustrates that the Most Merciful Himself bestows His favors upon Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and His Angels also constantly ask Him to so. In this way, Allah SWT urges and directs all the believers also to ask Him to award Rasulullah ﷺ from His Blessings and Tranquility.
This act of asking the Gracious God to grant the Apostle ﷺ with His Favor and Protection is commonly known as “Durood” (Persian) or “As-Salatu alan-n-Nabi” (Arabic), both of which literally mean “prayer”. So, it is basically a form of an entreaty, which all the Muslims are obligated to say on hearing, reading or speaking the name of the Holy Prophet ﷺ in order to pay Him homage in the most rightful manner. It is also the way of fulfilling one`s religious duty of adoring Rasulullah ﷺ as Anas (R.A) has narrated:
“None of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, his children and all mankind.” (Bukhari)
This Hadith shows that a true disciple of Islam needs to feel affection for the Messenger ﷺ of Allah more than anything else in the world, and that right of Prophet ﷺ could only be fulfilled through adhering to His Sunnah and recalling and venerating His name all the time.
Importance of “As-Salatu Alan-n-Nabi”
As, Durood is a form of prayer to the Almighty Lord that is done for the sake of increase in Favors and Clemency on the Holy Prophet ﷺ, so it occupies a great place in the life of a Muslim. Its huge significance can be observed in the following description:
1. Accomplishment Of The Religious Obligation
Durood e Pak is one of the highly valued forms of invocation in the Religion of Peace. It is because Allah SWT Himself sends His Blessings on the Holy Prophet ﷺ, His Angels too ask the Almighty to bless Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ. But when Muslims perform this deed, it brings them closer to the Exalted One and His Messenger ﷺ by accomplishing their sacred duty.
2. Being Part of Compulsory Prayers
The enormous status of this Divine action can be seen from the fact that it has even been incorporated in daily mandatory Salah, without which the completion of Namaz is impossible. This incantation presented on the Holy Prophet ﷺ which is recited by each Muslim during every prayer is called Durood e Ibrahimi:
“O Allah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious”.
It is a means of testifying that one truly believes in the instructions put forward by the Messenger ﷺ of Allah which is done through sending blessings on Him with Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. Since the Message of uprightness came forward through Prophet Ibrahim A.S, (the Ancestor of Rasulullah ﷺ), and through His virtue, Muslims have got their Kaaba and pray in its direction, the Apostle ﷺ of God Himself approves above Durood in the following Hadith:
Narrated Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Laila: Ka’b bin Ujrah met me and said, “Shall I not give you a present I got from the Prophet?” ‘Abdur-Rahman said, “Yes, give it to me.” I said, “We asked Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! How should one (ask Allah to) send blessings on you, the members of the family, for Allah has taught us how to salute you (in the prayer)?’ He said, ‘Say: O Allah! Send Your Mercy on Muhammad and on the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your Mercy on Abraham and on the family of Abraham, for You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious. O Allah! Send Your Blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You sent your Blessings on Abraham and on the family of Abraham, for You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious.’“ (Bukhari)
It means that Durood e Ibrahimi is the essential part of Islamic belief being a necessary element in daily Salah.
3. Completion Of The Prophet`s PBUH Right
Abu Hurairah (R.A) reported that the Messengerﷺ of Allah said:
“May his nose soil with dust in whose presence mention is made of me and he does not supplicate for me.”(Tirmidhi)
According to the previously stated Hadith, it is the right of Rasulullah ﷺ that every Muslims should say Durood on Him whenever His name is taken in front of them.
Benefits Of Reciting Durood Sharif
Some of the most prominent advantages of the act of As-Salatu alan-n-Nabi as per the Prophetic Sayings are:
1. Closeness To The Holy Prophet PBUH On the Final Day
Hazrat Abdullah ibn Ma’sud (R.A) narrates that Sayyidina Rasulullah ﷺ said:
“On the day of Qiyamah the person closest to me will be the one who has sent the most Durood unto me.” (Tirmidhi)
The above mentioned Hadith highlights the remarkable standing of Durood e Pak in a believer`s life that it will eventually lead to attaining nearness to the Messenger ﷺ of God on the Day of Resurrection and get benefited from His Mercy and Intercession.
2. Presentation of Durood to Prophet PBUH On Friday
Friday is the most revered and blessed day of the week in Islam, which is even mentioned in the Holy Quran. This day encloses the greatest virtues in gaining the blessings of Allah through different modes of worship like Jummuah prayer and reciting Surah Kahf, and other prayers like Durood Sharif.
“On Fridays, send Durood abundantly on me, as it is presented before me.” (Abu Dawud)
So, Salawat sent on the Holy Prophet ﷺ on the auspicious day of Friday results in great reward in the form of getting prominent near Rasulullah ﷺ as He receives them Himself.
3. Raising of One`s Status By Ten Times
Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (R.A) reported: I heard the Messenger ﷺ of Allah saying:
“Whoever supplicates Allah to exalt for me, Allah would exalt him ten times.”(Muslim)
It means that carrying out of Durood e Pak brings about elevation in a Muslim`s rank near Allah SWT by ten times.
In short, Durood e Pak is solely done for asking Allah SWT to bestow His Blessings and Mercy on His Messenger ﷺ in order to show one`s reverence and gratitude for Rasulullah`s ﷺ services to the Religion of Islam. It not only completes the Prophet`s ﷺ right of honor but also results in getting many of bounties and rewards for God, the Exalted in this world and in the hereafter.