A Chapter from Hazrat Imam Husain’s AlahisSalam life part 2

During Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo tenure

Hazrat Imam Husain AlahisSalam had acquired complete youth during Hazrat Uthman tenure. He was the first to leave for the crusade during that age. Hence, he joined the crusade of Tabaristan during Hijri 30. When the rebels encircled Hazrat Uthman house, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam sent Hazrat Hasnain Karmain AlahisSalam to protect Hazrat Uthman house. Both these princes stood at the gate and prevented the rebels from entering the house. Nobody could enter from the door where these two princes were standing. All the enemies were disappointed. But two crooks entered the house from the other side and killed Hazrat Uthman Radiallahu anhoo. Like Hazrat Hasnain Karmain Radiallahu anhoo, had there been other youngsters of Bani Umaiyya at the other spots, the assassination could have been prevented.

In the battle of Jamal

A detailed description of this has already been given in the chapter about Hazrat Ali’s circumstances. During this period, like Hazrat Imam Hasan, Hazrat Imam Husain also played a very important and courageous role. Hazrat Imam Hasan was the commandant in chief of the right-wing of the army. Hazrat Imam Husain AlahisSalam, Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas and Hazrat Ammar Ibn-e-Yaasar were heading other parts of the army. Hazrat Muhammad Ibn-e-Abubakar was the head of the soldiers, and Hazrat Muhammad Ibn-e-Hanifa was the banner-holder of the army.

In the battle of Siffin

Here also, he had shown zest and enthusiasm of his Hyderi power of courage. Hazrat Imam Hasnain Karimain AlaihisSalam and his signature on the treaty of the cease-fire as a witness prove their presence in the battle-field of Siffin.

In the battle of Nehravan

Hazrat Hasnain Karmain AlahisSalam had played a very fiery role for the right against the rebels of Nehravan.

Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, Sher-e-Khuda’s martyrdom and his Will

Shaki Ibn-e-Muljm had attacked Hyder-e-Karar, which was a deadly one and, as a result of which he died on 21st of Ramadan, Hijri 40. Before the holy demise, he had bestowed valuable advice to Hazrat Hasnain Karmain AlaihisSalam. Some of these references are included in the narration of Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam circumstances. Both these princes made these advices, the most important part and the ideal of their lives. They accepted these principles not only in theory, but, they practised them in their actual lives.

During Muaviya tyrant tenure

Hazrat Imam Husain AlahisSalam was deadly against the proposal of compromise with Tyrant Muaviya. But Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam had firmly decided for the compromise. So, Hazrat Imam Husain AlahisSalam had to keep quiet and, at last, the peace treaty was signed. He considered Muaviya’s rule was invalid. But he was not in favour of hindering the religious works due to Muaviya’s rule. In connection with this, there were two problems, which most of the people could not visualize. The intelligent and expert in Islamic theology and law, went deep and found out their implications. Hazrat Imam Hasan AlahisSalam was on the top of the list of such thinkers.

The explanations of both the problems are given below:

i. The Caliphate could not be acquired by force or other pressure because, for the appointment of Caliph, there was a provision of the legal committee. If any person grabbed the Caliphate by foul means, it was not obligatory for the people to accept him. Hazrat Imam Abubakar Jisas Razi has written in Ehkam-ul-Quran Vol-1 that, that was the tradition of Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa

ii. One who had become Caliph by foul and wrong means did not solve social problems; hence, he did not deserve any honour.