The Efforts to Prevent War
Hazrat Jurer described the whole situation to Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam and informed him about the huge preparations of Tualqa Muavia for the battle. The picture was very horrible. The well-wishers of the community tried their level best to stop the fight, but it was all in vain. In this connection, Hazrat Abu Dardaki Radiallahu anhoo and Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu anhoo talked to Muavia and told him a message. On hearing this, Muavia had to repent for his misbehaviour and unfair talk with Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam
Shah Valiyallah Mohaddith Dehlvinhas narrated this episode in his book“Izalt-ul-Khulfa” at a great length. He writes, “When Abu Huraira and Abu Darda returned after giving Muavia’s message to Hazrat Ali, ‘Leave the Caliphate and hand it over to the Muslims, who will decide it on the recommendation of executive committee (Shura)’, Abdullah Ibn-eGanam told them both, ‘I am really surprised how dared you think it fair to go to Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam with such a message? How did you both advise him to surrender the Caliphate before the executive committee? You know that Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam has been appointed Caliph by the emigrants, the Ansars, the people of Hujjaz and the people of Iraq. You also know that the people who have happily accepted Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam Caliphate are much better than those who are not accepting it. The people who have taken oath from Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam are better than those who have not taken an oath. And, there is no room for Muavia in the executive committee (Shura). He is one of the tulqa, and the tulqas have no permission to be appointed as a Caliph. He and his father were the leaders of the non-believers during the encirclement of Battle of Khandaq (trench).” On hearing the speech of Abdur Rehman Ibn-e-Ganam, Abu Huraira and Abu Darda were ashamed and repented for taking such a message. Abu Umro (Ibn-e-Abdul Bir) has made mention of this in ‘Istia’ab’.
This incident shows that the stalwarts like Hazrat Abu Darda and Hazrat Abu Huraira also were very much tricked by Muavia and spoke such things which, ultimately, made them ashamed of their action. They had to repent for that. If such great people’s brains could be washed, what can be said about the laymen of Syria? This also shows that the real intention of Muavia was that the Caliphate should be taken away from the hands of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, and somebody else could be selected as Caliph. It was as factual as the sun that the executive committee had selected Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam as Caliph. Now, where was the scope for Shura for selection? Did this not mean that the span of shura should have been extended? In this way, many more of our people would be included in shura. It was possible that there may be some other purpose. “Allah only knows better.”
was so much bent upon fighting with Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam that each and every effort for compromise and peace-treaty could be in vain. The people of Syria came out to fight. Now, for Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam, there was no go, and he had to come to the battle-field. In his army, there were seventeen Saha’abas from the battle-of-Badr and seven hundred Saha’aba from Bait-e-Rizwan(Treaty of Hudebiya). Besides, he had a large number of emigrants and Ansars in big proportion.
The battle-field of Siffin (Maidan-e-Siffin) The Encirclement of the Syrian army on the bank of River Euphrates (Furat)
When Tulaqa Muavia came to know about the marching of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam army, he drew up his army in the battle array. This place is on the western side of the river Euphrates near Al Raqqah. They got control over the river Euphrates and established watch over it. The water supply for Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam army was cut. This created great trouble for the army. He sent a message to the Syrians that to cut water supply was not fair. But they did not pay any heed to it. Hazrat Ali’s control over water and a public invitation
Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was helpless to issue an order to acquire control over water. His army acquired it. Not only that he allowed water supply to the Syrians, but also, he issued a public invitation for the use of water to one and all. What a great difference is in the way of thinking and behaviour between that of Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam and of Tulaqa Muavia!
Hazrat Ali’s efforts for peace-treaty
As Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam tried his level best for peace and compromise in the battle-field of Jamal, in the same, he strenuously put efforts for peace treaty in the battle of Siffin. For this, when they sent a messenger to Tulaqa Muavia, his reply was, “Go away from here. Only swords will settle our issue.”
The Efforts to Prevent War