2- The Romans have been defeated.
3- In the lowest part of the earth. But after defeat they will
soon be victorious.
4- Between three or nine years. God’s is the imperative first
and last. On that day the believers will rejoice.
30-The Romans, 2-4
At the time of the descent of the Quran, the Romans were practicing
Christianity while the Persians were Zoroastrians. The Muslim population was grieved to hear that it was the Persians who had won the
war against the Romans since Christians were monotheists. The victory of the Zoroastrians against the believers baffled the Muslims. The
Quran predicted that the Romans (Byzantium) would soon become
victorious and that the believers would rejoice. The expression “beda
seneen” in verse 4 refers to the numbers ranging from three to nine.
The number of followers of Hazrat Muhammadصلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم continued to increase.
Had this statement of the Quran proved to be wrong, the confidence
of the followers in Hazrat Muhammadصلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم would have been shaken and the number of apostates would have grown. For a person not firmly convinced
that the Quran was the revelation of God, such a prediction would be
fatal for the system. If such a prediction were to prove false, it would
have lost more of its authority than it would have gained had it turned
out to be true. But it was God who revealed the Quran. So there was
no risk. Thus the confidence of the followers increased even more.
Yes, self-confidence, daring and categorical prediction! This is either
a proof of wisdom or the foolhardiness of the ignorant. The result
indicates which was which. Those who doubt that this was not a revelation from God may conclude that it was guesswork, without considering the consequences that would put everything in danger.
Something difficult was being heralded. A nation that had lost its
cause was promised a triumph in a subsequent conflict.
Had this prediction turned out to be false, the believers might have
lost faith and given trump cards to the hands of the opponents of the
faithful. None of the accusations by unbelievers of Hazrat Muhammadصلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم attributing to him insanity, necromancy and opportunism- came to be
true as they failed to belie his words. The unbelievers were badly in
need of such accusations. It was certainly more difficult to attack the
Prophetصلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم and his followers with daggers drawn. If the people who
attributed partners to God were able to come forth with such evidence, they would prefer to use it rather than wage wars. So all the
predictions of the Quran came true and no objections could ever be
raised by the unbelievers.
Nevertheless, there have always been and will be people who turn
a blind eye and a deaf ear to the revelations of the Quran. This did not
prevent the Quran from eventually becoming the sovereign power of
the region under the domination of the Prophet during his lifetime.
FROM DESPAIR TO VICTORY
Students of Byzantine (Roman) history should know that the
Byzantine Empire suffered one of its gravest defeats in the 7th century at the time of the descent of the Quran. Although the Byzantines
solved their problems in the coming years, during that time period,
one of the main reasons for their serious downturn was the problem
that the Persians generated.
Historical sources approve the Quranic information. It was
thought that, since the Byzantines had suffered such a defeat, they
could no longer recover. Records speak of Heraclius’s collecting and
melting in a crucible all the gold and silver of the churches to meet
the expenses of the army. The Persians had already occupied
Mesopotamia, Cilicia, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Armenia, all places
that had once been under the domination of the Byzantines. In such
a time of despair, the Quran predicted that the Byzantines would triumph within three to nine years. Historical records add that because
of this statement the Prophet and his followers were held in derision,
as there was little hope of the realization of this prediction coming
The Quran was to confirm this like all others. Byzantium won a
victory over the Persians somewhere near the ruins of Nineveh in 627
AD, about nine years after the revelation of the prophecy. The
Persians signed a treaty, according to which they turned over the territories they had occupied.