SERMON 116

ومن كلام له (عليه السلام)
[يوبخ البخلاء بالمال والنفس]

فَلاَ أَمْوَالَ بَذَلُْتموهَا لِلَّذِي رَزَقَهَا، وَلاَ أَنْفُسَ خَاطَرْتُمْ بِهَا لِلَّذِي خَلَقَهَا، تَكْرُمُونَ  بِاللهِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ، وَلاَ تُكْرِمُونَ اللهَ فِي عِبَادِهِ! فَاعْتَبِرُوا بِنُزُولِكُمْ مَنَازِلَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ، وَانْقِطَاعِكُمْ عَنْ أَصْلِ إِخْوَانِكُمْ!

 
SERMON 116
Rebuking Misers
You spend no wealth in the cause of Him Who gave it, nor do you risk your lives for the sake of Him Who created them. You enjoy honour through Allah among His creatures, but you do not honour Allah among His creatures.

You should derive lessons from your occupying the places of those who were before you and from the departure of your nearest brothers.

Differance in Sahaba and Tulaqa

Ṭulaqāʾ (Arabic: طُلَقاء, literally: the emancipated) was a group of the Quraysh and enemies of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم who were given amnesty by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم after the Conquest of Mecca. Abu Sufyan and Mu’awiya were the most prominent members of Tulaqa’.

Emancipated/Freed Prisoners
“Tulaqa'” literally means emancipated prisoners. Terminologically speaking, it refers to a group of the Quraysh who were emancipated after the Conquest of Mecca, although they deserved punishments. They include Abu Sufyan, Sahl b. ‘Amr, Huqaytib b. ‘Abd al-‘Uzza, and Mu’awiya b. Abi Sufyan. On some accounts, before the Conquest of Mecca, Tulaqa’ said: “leave Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم with his own people [or relatives]. If he defeats them, then we will convert to Islam too, and if they defeat him, then they have saved us from him.”

Banu Umayya (except who accept islam before conquest of Mecca) were called “Tulaqa'” after they were called so by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. When she was captivated after the Battle of Karbala, lady Zaynab سلام اللہ علیہا delivered a sermon in which she referred to Yazid as “Ibn al-Tulaqa'” (the son of the Emancipated). In later periods, Banu Umayya were referred to by some people as “Hizb al-Tulaqa'”.

Imam Ali’s (a) Reference to Tulaqa’
In the Battle of Siffin, Imam Ali عليه السلام delivered a sermon addressed to his companions in which he characterized Tulaqa’ as follows: “prepare for a battle with enemies who are Tulaqa’ and children of Tulaqa’. They reluctantly converted to Islam and have always fought with Islam.” Imam Ali عليه السلام referred to them as enemies of the Qur’an and the tradition of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, heretics, and bribers.

According to al-Baladhuri, ‘Hazrat Umar b. al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  believed that Tulaqa’ and their children were not qualified for governmental positions.