THE FINE TUNING IN THE UNIVERSE

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THE FINE TUNING IN THE UNIVERSE:

๐Ÿ’ “He Who created the seven heavens in layers. You will not find any flaw in the creation of the All-Merciful. Look again-do you see any gaps? Then look again and again. Your sight will return to you dazzled and exhausted!” [Qur’an, 67:3-4]

๐Ÿ’ “Do you not see how He created seven heavens in layers?” [Qur’an, 71:15]

๐Ÿ’ ย “He to Whom the kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs. He does not have a son and He has no partner in the Kingdom. He created everything and determined it most exactly.” [Qur’an, 25:2]

๐ŸŒMaterialist philosophy emerged with the claim that all the systems in nature and the universe were like machines that functioned on their own, that the flawless order and balance within them were the work of chance. However, today, the false nature of materialism and of Darwinism, its so-called scientific foundation, has been scientifically demonstrated.

๐ŸŒย The scientific discoveries of the 20th century that followed swiftly, one after the other, in the fields of astrophysics and biology have proved that life and the universe were created. As the theses of Darwinism collapsed, the Big Bang theory has shown that the universe was created from nothing. Discoveries have revealed that there is a great design and fine-tuning in the material world and this has categorically demonstrated the groundless nature of the claims of materialism.

๐ŸŒConsidering the conditions necessary for life, we see that only the Earth meets these particular conditions. For an environment suitable for life, there are innumerable conditions taking place simultaneously and unceasingly all around us.

๐ŸŒThere are some hundred billion galaxies, each with-on average-a hundred billion stars. In all the galaxies, there are perhaps as many planets as stars. In the face of such overpowering numbers, one can better comprehend the significance of the formation of such an exceptional environment on the Earth.

๐ŸŒFrom the force of the Big Bang explosion to the physical values of atoms, from the levels of the four basic forces to the chemical processes in the stars, from the type of light emitted by the Sun to the level of viscosity of water, from the distance of the Moon to the Earth to the level of gases in the atmosphere, from the Earth’s distance from the Sun to its angle of tilt to its orbit, and from the speed at which the Earth revolves around its own axis to the functions of the oceans and mountains on the Earth: every single detail is ideally suited to our lives.

๐ŸŒToday, the world of science describes these features by means of the concepts of the “Anthropic Principle” and “Fine-Tuning.” These concepts summarize the way that the universe is not an aimless, uncontrolled, chance collection of matter but that it has a purpose directed towards human life and has been designed with the greatest precision.

๐ŸŒAttention is drawn in the above Ayahs to the measure and harmony in Allah’s creation. The word “taqdeeran,” meaning “to design, measure, create by measuring,” is employed in Qur’anic Ayahs such as Surat al-Furqan 2. The word “tibaqan,” meaning “in harmony,” is used in Surat al-Mulk 3 and Surah Nuh 15. Furthermore, Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) also reveals in Surat al-Mulk with the word “tafawutin,” meaning “disagreement, violation, non-conformity, disorder, opposite,” that those who seek disharmony will fail to find it.

๐ŸŒThe term “fine-tuning,” which began to be used towards the end of the 20th century, represents this truth revealed in the Ayahs. Over the last quarter-century or so, a great many scientists, intellectuals and writers have shown that the universe is not a collection of coincidences. On the contrary, it has an extraordinary design and order ideally suited to human life in its every detail. Many features in the universe clearly show that the universe has been specially designed to support life. The physicist Dr. Karl Giberson expresses this fact thus:

โ™จ๏ธ‘In the 1960s, some physicists observed that our universe appears to have been fine-tuned for the existence of human life.’ [Karl Giberson, โ€œThe Anthropic Principle,โ€ Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 9 (1997)]

๐ŸŒThe British astrophysicist Professor George F. Ellis refers to this fine-tuning in these terms:

โ™จ๏ธ‘Amazing fine tuning occurs in the laws that make this [complexity] possible. Realization of the complexity of what is accomplished makes it very difficult not to use the word “miraculous” without taking a stand as to the ontological status of the word.’ [George F. Ellis, “The Anthropic Principle: Laws and Environments,โ€ The Anthropic Principle, F. Bertola and U. Curi (New York: Cambridge University Press: 1993), 30]

๐Ÿ’ “Everything in the heavens and everything in the earth belongs to Allah. All matters return to Allah.” [Qurโ€™an, 3:109]

๐ŸŒย The speed of the Big Bang explosion:

๐ŸŒThe balances established with the Big Bang, the instantaneous formation of the universe, are one of the proofs that the universe did not come into being by chance. According to the well-known Adelaide University professor of mathematical physics Paul Davies,

โ™จ๏ธif the rate of expansion that took place following the Big Bang had been just one in a billion billion parts different (1/1018), the universe could not have come into being.[Paul Davies, Superforce: The Search for a Grand Unified Theory of Nature, 1984, 184]

๐ŸŒIn his book A Brief History of Time, Stephen Hawking recognises this extraordinary precision in the universe’s rate of expansion:

โ™จ๏ธ‘If the rate of expansion one second after the big bang had been smaller by even one part in a hundred thousand million million, the universe would have recollapsed before it ever reached its present size.’ [ Stephen Hawking, A Brief History of Time (London: Bantam Press: 1988), 121-125]

๐ŸŒThe Four Forces:

๐ŸŒAll physical motion in the universe comes about thanks to the interaction and equilibrium of the four forces recognised by modern physics: gravity, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force and weak nuclear force. These forces possess extraordinarily different values to one another. Michael Denton, the famous molecular biologist, describes the extraordinary equilibrium among these forces thus:

๐ŸŒ‘If, for example, the gravitational force was a trillion times stronger, then the universe would be far smaller and its life history far shorter. An average star would have a mass a trillion times less than the sun and a life span of about one year. On the other hand, if gravity had been less powerful, no stars or galaxies would have ever formed. The other relationships and values are no less critical.

๐ŸŒIf the strong force had been just slightly weaker, the only element that would be stable would be hydrogen. No other atoms could exist. If it had been slightly stronger in relation to electromagnetism, then an atomic nucleus consisting of only two protons would be a stable feature of the universe-which would mean there would be no hydrogen, and if any stars or galaxies evolved, they would be very different from the way they are.

๐ŸŒClearly, if these various forces and constants did not have precisely the values they do, there would be no stars, no supernovae, no planets, no atoms, no life.’ [Michael Denton, Nature’s Destiny: How the Laws of Biology Reveal Purpose in the Universe (New York: The Free Press: 1998), 12-13]

๐ŸŒThe Distances between Celestial Bodies:
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๐ŸŒThe distribution of celestial bodies in space and the enormous spaces between them are essential to the existence of life on Earth. The distances between celestial bodies have been set out in a calculation compatible with a great many powerful universal forces in such a way as to support life on Earth. In his book Nature’s Destiny Michael Denton describes the distance between supernovae and stars:

๐ŸŒ‘The distances between supernovae and indeed between all stars is critical for other reasons. The distance between stars in our galaxy is about 30 million miles. If this distance was much less, planetary orbits would be destabilized. If it was much more, then the debris thrown out by a supernova would be so diffusely distributed that planetary systems like our own would in all probability never form.

๐ŸŒIf the cosmos is to be a home for life, then the flickering of the supernovae must occur at a very precise rate and the average distance between them, and indeed between all stars, must be very close to the actual observed figure. [Michael Denton, Nature’s Destiny: How the Laws of Biology Reveal Purpose in the Universe (New York: The Free Press: 1998), 11]

๐ŸŒGravity:
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๐ŸŒย If gravity were stronger, excessive ammonia and methane would collect in the Earth’s atmosphere, which would have a most damaging effect on life – If it were weaker, the Earth’s atmosphere would lose excessive quantities of water, making life impossible.

๐ŸŒThe Earth’s Distance from the Sun:

๐ŸŒย If this were any greater, the planet would grow very cold, the water cycle in the atmosphere would be affected, and the planet would enter an ice-age – If the Earth were any closer to the Sun, plants would burn up, the water cycle in the Earth’s atmosphere would be irreparably damaged, and life would become impossible.-

๐ŸŒย The Thickness of the Earth’s Crust:

๐ŸŒIf the crust were any thicker, then an excessive amount of oxygen would be transferred to it from the atmosphere – If it were any thinner, the resulting amount of volcanic activity would make life impossible.

๐ŸŒThe Speed at which the Earth Revolves:

๐ŸŒIf this were any slower, the temperature difference between day and night would grow enormously -If it were any faster, then atmospheric winds would reach enormous speeds, and cyclones and storms would make life impossible.

๐ŸŒThe Earth’s Magnetic Field:

๐ŸŒIf this were any more powerful, very strong electromagnetic storms would arise – If it were any weaker, then the Earth would lose its protection against the harmful particles given off by the Sun and known as solar winds. Both situations would make life impossible.

๐ŸŒThe Albedo Effect (Ratio between the amount of light the Earth reflects and the amount of light that is absorbed):

๐ŸŒIf this were any greater, an ice-age would rapidly result – If it were any less, the greenhouse effect would lead to excessive warming. The Earth would first be flooded with the melting of the glaciers, and would then burn up.

๐ŸŒThe Proportion of Oxygen and Nitrogen in the Atmosphere:

๐ŸŒIf this were any greater, vital functions would be adversely accelerated – If it were any less, vital functions would adversely slow down.

๐ŸŒThe Proportion of Carbon Dioxide and Water in the Atmosphere:

๐ŸŒIf this were any greater, the atmosphere would overheat – If it were any less, the temperature of the atmosphere would fall.

๐ŸŒThe Thickness of the Ozone Layer:

๐ŸŒIf this were any greater, the Earth’s temperature would fall enormously – If it were any less, the Earth would overheat and be defenceless against the harmful ultraviolet rays emitted by the Sun.

๐ŸŒSeismic Activity (Earthquakes):

๐ŸŒIf this were any greater, there would be constant upheaval for living things – If it were any less, the nutrients at the sea bottom would fail to spread into the water. This would have a damaging effect on life in the seas and oceans and all living things on Earth.

๐ŸŒThe Earth’s Angle of Tilt:

๐ŸŒThe Earth has a 23 degree angle of inclination to its orbit. It is this inclination that gives rise to the seasons. If this angle were any greater or any less than it is now, the temperature difference between the seasons would reach extreme dimensions, with unbearably hot summers and bitterly cold winters.

โ˜€๏ธThe Size of the Sun:

๐Ÿ’ฅA smaller star than the Sun would mean the Earth would freeze and a larger star would lead to its burning up.

๐ŸŒ™The Attraction between the Earth and the Moon:

๐ŸŒIf this were any greater, the powerful attraction of the Moon would have extremely serious effects on atmospheric conditions, the speed at which the Earth revolves around its own axis and on the ocean tides – If it were any less, this would lead to extreme climate changes.

๐ŸŒThe Distance between the Earth and the Moon:

๐ŸŒIf they were just a little closer, the Moon would crash into the Earth.

๐ŸŒIf they were any further, the Moon would become lost in space – If they were even a little closer, the Moon’s effect on the Earth’s tides would reach dangerous dimensions. Ocean waves would inundate low-lying areas. The friction emerging as a result of this would raise the temperature of the oceans and the sensitive temperature balance essential to life on Earth would disappear – If they were even a little further away, the tides would decrease, leading the oceans to be less mobile. Immobile water would endanger life in the seas, and the level of the oxygen we breathe would be endangered.

๐Ÿ’ ”The kingdom of the heavens and earth belongs to Allah. Allah has power over all things. In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, there are
Signs for people with intelligence.” [Qurโ€™an, 3:189-190]

๐ŸŒThe Temperature of the Earth and Carbon-Based Life:

๐ŸŒThe existence of carbon, the basis of all life, depends on the temperature remaining within specific limits. Carbon is an essential substance for organic molecules such as amino-acid, nucleic acid and protein: These constitute the basis of life. For that reason, life can only be carbon-based. Given this, the existing temperature needs to be no lower than -20 degrees and no higher than 120 degrees Celsius. These are just the temperature limits on Earth.

๐Ÿ”ฐThese are just a few of the exceedingly sensitive balances which are essential for life on Earth to have emerged and to survive. Yet even these are sufficient to definitively reveal that the Earth and the universe could not have come into being as the result of a number of consecutive coincidences.

โš™๏ธThe concepts of “fine-tuning” and the “anthropic principle” that began to be employed in the 20th century are further evidence of Allah’s creation. The harmony and proportion therein were described with magnificent accuracy fourteen centuries ago in the Qur’an. Allahu Akhber!!!

HADITH Chapter 1 Revelation

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Revelation
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Chapter: How the Divine Revelation started being revealed to Allah’s Messenger
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ุจุงุจ ูƒูŽูŠู’ููŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจูŽุฏู’ุกู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ู‰ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…
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ูˆูŽู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฌูŽู„ูŽู‘ ุฐููƒู’ุฑูู‡ู: {ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู†ููˆุญู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุจููŠูู‘ูŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูู‡ู}
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Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:
I heard Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.”

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ุญูŽุฏูŽู‘ุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุญูู…ูŽูŠู’ุฏููŠูู‘ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ุฒูู‘ุจูŽูŠู’ุฑูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุญูŽุฏูŽู‘ุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุณููู’ูŠูŽุงู†ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุญูŽุฏูŽู‘ุซูŽู†ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ูŠูŽู‰ ุจู’ู†ู ุณูŽุนููŠุฏู ุงู„ุฃูŽู†ู’ุตูŽุงุฑููŠูู‘ุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ููŠ ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูŠู’ู…ููŠูู‘ุŒ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุณูŽู…ูุนูŽ ุนูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽู…ูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽู‘ุงุตู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ูŠู’ุซููŠูŽู‘ุŒ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุนูู…ูŽุฑูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุทูŽู‘ุงุจู ู€ ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู€ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ู’ุจูŽุฑู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู โ€ย “โ€ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู…ูŽุง ุงู„ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุงู„ู ุจูุงู„ู†ูู‘ูŠูŽู‘ุงุชูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู…ูŽุง ู„ููƒูู„ูู‘ ุงู…ู’ุฑูุฆู ู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽูˆูŽู‰ุŒ ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ู‡ูุฌู’ุฑูŽุชูู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฏูู†ู’ูŠูŽุง ูŠูุตููŠุจูู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽุฉู ูŠูŽู†ู’ูƒูุญูู‡ูŽุง ููŽู‡ูุฌู’ุฑูŽุชูู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ู‡ูŽุงุฌูŽุฑูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู โ€”โ€โ€.โ€
Reference
ย :ย Sahih al-Bukhari 1
In-book reference
ย :ย Book 1, Hadith 1
USC-MSA web (English) reference
ย : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 1
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ุจุงุจ
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Narrated ‘Aisha:
(the mother of the faithful believers) Al-Harith bin Hisham asked Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) “O Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ)! How is the Divine Inspiration revealed to you?” Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) replied, “Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell, this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and then this state passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says.” ‘Aisha added: Verily I saw the Prophet (๏ทบ) being inspired divinely on a very cold day and noticed the sweat dropping from his forehead (as the Inspiration was over).

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ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ูŠููˆุณูููŽุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ูŽุงู„ููƒูŒุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‡ูุดูŽุงู…ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูุฑู’ูˆูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจููŠู‡ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุงุฆูุดูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูู…ู‘ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ู€ ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ุง ู€ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุงุฑูุซูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ู‡ูุดูŽุงู…ู ู€ ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู€ ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูƒูŽูŠู’ููŽ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠูƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ู‰ู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… โ€ย “โ€ ุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠู†ููŠ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽ ุตูŽู„ู’ุตูŽู„ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุฑูŽุณู ู€ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽุดูŽุฏู‘ูู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ู‘ูŽ ู€ ููŽูŠููู’ุตูŽู…ู ุนูŽู†ู‘ููŠ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽูŠู’ุชู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูŠูŽุชูŽู…ูŽุซู‘ูŽู„ู ู„ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ุงู‹ ููŽูŠููƒูŽู„ู‘ูู…ูู†ููŠ ููŽุฃูŽุนููŠ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู โ€”โ€โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู’ ุนูŽุงุฆูุดูŽุฉู ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชูู‡ู ูŠูŽู†ู’ุฒูู„ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ู‰ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฏููŠุฏู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑู’ุฏูุŒ ููŽูŠูŽูู’ุตูู…ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฌูŽุจููŠู†ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠูŽุชูŽููŽุตู‘ูŽุฏู ุนูŽุฑูŽู‚ู‹ุงโ€.โ€
Reference
ย :ย Sahih al-Bukhari 2
In-book reference
ย :ย Book 1, Hadith 2
USC-MSA web (English) reference
ย : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 2
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(3)
Chapter:
(3)
ุจุงุจ
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Narrated ‘Aisha:
(the mother of the faithful believers) The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (๏ทบ) replied, “I do not know how to read.” The Prophet (๏ทบ) added, “The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?’ Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, ‘Read in the name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.” (96.1, 96.2, 96.3) Then Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadija replied, “Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza, who, during the pre-Islamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, “Listen to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!” Waraqa asked, “O my nephew! What have you seen?” Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, “This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.” Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) asked, “Will they drive me out?” Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, “Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly.” But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.
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ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ูŠูŽุญู’ูŠูŽู‰ ุจู’ู†ู ุจููƒูŽูŠู’ุฑูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ุซูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูู‚ูŽูŠู’ู„ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงุจู’ู†ู ุดูู‡ูŽุงุจูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูุฑู’ูˆูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ูุจูŽูŠู’ุฑูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุงุฆูุดูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูู…ู‘ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽุŒ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ู ู…ูŽุง ุจูุฏูุฆูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ู‰ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุคู’ูŠูŽุง ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุงู„ูุญูŽุฉู ูููŠ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽูˆู’ู…ูุŒ ููŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุฑูุคู’ูŠูŽุง ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽุชู’ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽ ููŽู„ูŽู‚ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูุจู’ุญูุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุญูุจู‘ูุจูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ุงูŽุกูุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฎู’ู„ููˆ ุจูุบูŽุงุฑู ุญูุฑูŽุงุกู ููŽูŠูŽุชูŽุญูŽู†ู‘ูŽุซู ูููŠู‡ู ู€ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุนูŽุจู‘ูุฏู ู€ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽูŠูŽุงู„ููŠูŽ ุฐูŽูˆูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏูŽุฏู ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุฒูุนูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุชูŽุฒูŽูˆู‘ูŽุฏู ู„ูุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุฌูุนู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉูŽุŒ ููŽูŠูŽุชูŽุฒูŽูˆู‘ูŽุฏู ู„ูู…ูุซู’ู„ูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูููŠ ุบูŽุงุฑู ุญูุฑูŽุงุกูุŒ ููŽุฌูŽุงุกูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู’โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€”โ€ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุจูู‚ูŽุงุฑูุฆู โ€”โ€โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€”โ€ ููŽุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽู†ููŠ ููŽุบูŽุทู‘ูŽู†ููŠ ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุจูŽู„ูŽุบูŽ ู…ูู†ู‘ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู‡ู’ุฏูŽุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽู†ููŠ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู’โ€.โ€ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุจูู‚ูŽุงุฑูุฆูโ€.โ€ ููŽุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽู†ููŠ ููŽุบูŽุทู‘ูŽู†ููŠ ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู†ููŠูŽุฉูŽ ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุจูŽู„ูŽุบูŽ ู…ูู†ู‘ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู‡ู’ุฏูŽุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽู†ููŠ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู’โ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุจูู‚ูŽุงุฑูุฆูโ€.โ€ ููŽุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽู†ููŠ ููŽุบูŽุทู‘ูŽู†ููŠ ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู„ูุซูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽู†ููŠ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽย โ€{โ€ุงู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู’ ุจูุงุณู’ู…ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ * ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ุฅูู†ู’ุณูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‚ู * ุงู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุงู„ุฃูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽู…ูโ€}โ€ย โ€”โ€โ€.โ€ ููŽุฑูŽุฌูŽุนูŽ ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูŽุฑู’ุฌููู ููุคูŽุงุฏูู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉูŽ ุจูู†ู’ุชู ุฎููˆูŽูŠู’ู„ูุฏู ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ุง ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€”โ€ ุฒูŽู…ู‘ูู„ููˆู†ููŠ ุฒูŽู…ู‘ูู„ููˆู†ููŠ โ€”โ€โ€.โ€ ููŽุฒูŽู…ู‘ูŽู„ููˆู‡ู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฐูŽู‡ูŽุจูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽูˆู’ุนูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุจูŽุฑูŽ โ€”โ€ ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฎูŽุดููŠุชู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ โ€”โ€โ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู’ ุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉู ูƒูŽู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุฎู’ุฒููŠูƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุจูŽุฏู‹ุงุŒ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ู„ูŽุชูŽุตูู„ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญูู…ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽุญู’ู…ูู„ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽูƒู’ุณูุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนู’ุฏููˆู…ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽู‚ู’ุฑููŠ ุงู„ุถู‘ูŽูŠู’ููŽุŒ ูˆูŽุชูุนููŠู†ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู†ูŽูˆูŽุงุฆูุจู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูโ€.โ€ ููŽุงู†ู’ุทูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽุชู’ ุจูู‡ู ุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุชูŽุชู’ ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‚ูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ู†ูŽูˆู’ููŽู„ู ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุณูŽุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู’ุนูุฒู‘ูŽู‰ ุงุจู’ู†ูŽ ุนูŽู…ู‘ู ุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉูŽ ู€ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃู‹ ุชูŽู†ูŽุตู‘ูŽุฑูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุงู‡ูู„ููŠู‘ูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽูƒู’ุชูุจู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุŒ ููŽูŠูŽูƒู’ุชูุจู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฅูู†ู’ุฌููŠู„ู ุจูุงู„ู’ุนูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ู…ูŽุง ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒู’ุชูุจูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฎู‹ุง ูƒูŽุจููŠุฑู‹ุง ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุนูŽู…ููŠูŽ ู€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉู ูŠูŽุง ุงุจู’ู†ูŽ ุนูŽู…ู‘ู ุงุณู’ู…ูŽุนู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุฎููŠูƒูŽโ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‚ูŽุฉู ูŠูŽุง ุงุจู’ู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎููŠ ู…ูŽุงุฐูŽุง ุชูŽุฑูŽู‰ ููŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู‡ู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฎูŽุจูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุฑูŽุฃูŽู‰โ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‚ูŽุฉู ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงู…ููˆุณู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ู†ูŽุฒู‘ูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูŽุง ู„ูŽูŠู’ุชูŽู†ููŠ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุฌูŽุฐูŽุนู‹ุงุŒ ู„ูŽูŠู’ุชูŽู†ููŠ ุฃูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุญูŽูŠู‘ู‹ุง ุฅูุฐู’ ูŠูุฎู’ุฑูุฌููƒูŽ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ููƒูŽโ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… โ€”โ€ ุฃูŽูˆูŽู…ูุฎู’ุฑูุฌููŠู‘ูŽ ู‡ูู…ู’ โ€”โ€โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู†ูŽุนูŽู…ู’ุŒ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ู‚ูŽุทู‘ู ุจูู…ูุซู’ู„ู ู…ูŽุง ุฌูุฆู’ุชูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุนููˆุฏููŠูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ูŠูุฏู’ุฑููƒู’ู†ููŠ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุตูุฑู’ูƒูŽ ู†ูŽุตู’ุฑู‹ุง ู…ูุคูŽุฒู‘ูŽุฑู‹ุงโ€.โ€ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุดูŽุจู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‚ูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชููˆููู‘ููŠูŽ ูˆูŽููŽุชูŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ู‰ูโ€.โ€
Reference
ย :ย Sahih al-Bukhari 3
In-book reference
ย :ย Book 1, Hadith 3
USC-MSA web (English) reference
ย : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 3
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Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah Al-Ansari (while talking about the period of pause in revelation) reporting the speech of the Prophet:
“While I was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at the cave of Hira’ sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I got afraid of him and came back home and said, ‘Wrap me (in blankets).’ And then Allah revealed the following Holy Verses (of Quran): ‘O you (i.e. Muhammad)! wrapped up in garments!’ Arise and warn (the people against Allah’s Punishment),… up to ‘and desert the idols.’ (74.1-5) After this the revelation started coming strongly, frequently and regularly.”
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ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุดูู‡ูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ููŠ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุณูŽู„ูŽู…ูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ูุŒ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุฌูŽุงุจูุฑูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฃูŽู†ู’ุตูŽุงุฑููŠู‘ูŽุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู€ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูŠูุญูŽุฏู‘ูุซู ุนูŽู†ู’ ููŽุชู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ู‰ูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู€ ูููŠ ุญูŽุฏููŠุซูู‡ู โ€”โ€ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽู…ู’ุดููŠุŒ ุฅูุฐู’ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุตูŽูˆู’ุชู‹ุงุŒ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุกูุŒ ููŽุฑูŽููŽุนู’ุชู ุจูŽุตูŽุฑููŠ ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽู†ููŠ ุจูุญูุฑูŽุงุกู ุฌูŽุงู„ูุณูŒ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ูƒูุฑู’ุณููŠู‘ู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูุŒ ููŽุฑูุนูุจู’ุชู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฑูŽุฌูŽุนู’ุชู ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุฒูŽู…ู‘ูู„ููˆู†ููŠโ€.โ€ ููŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ย โ€{โ€ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฏู‘ูŽุซู‘ูุฑู * ู‚ูู…ู’ ููŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฐูุฑู’โ€}โ€ย ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ูย โ€{โ€ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑู‘ูุฌู’ุฒูŽ ููŽุงู‡ู’ุฌูุฑู’โ€}โ€ย ููŽุญูŽู…ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ู‰ู ูˆูŽุชูŽุชูŽุงุจูŽุนูŽ โ€”โ€โ€.โ€ ุชูŽุงุจูŽุนูŽู‡ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ูŠููˆุณูููŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุจููˆ ุตูŽุงู„ูุญูโ€.โ€ ูˆูŽุชูŽุงุจูŽุนูŽู‡ู ู‡ูู„ุงูŽู„ู ุจู’ู†ู ุฑูŽุฏู‘ูŽุงุฏู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ูู‡ู’ุฑููŠู‘ูโ€.โ€ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูŠููˆู†ูุณู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุฑูŒ โ€”โ€ ุจูŽูˆูŽุงุฏูุฑูู‡ู โ€”โ€โ€.โ€
Reference
ย :ย Sahih al-Bukhari 4
In-book reference
ย :ย Book 1, Hadith 4
USC-MSA web (English) reference
ย : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 3
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(4)
Chapter:
(4)
ุจุงุจ
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Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn ‘Abbas in the explanation of the statement of Allah “Move not your tongue concerning (the Quran) to make haste therewith.” (75.16) said “Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) used to bear the revelation with great trouble and used to move his lips (quickly) with the Inspiration.” Ibn ‘Abbas moved his lips saying, “I am moving my lips in front of you as Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) used to move his.” Said moved his lips saying: “I am moving my lips, as I saw Ibn ‘Abbas moving his.” Ibn ‘Abbas added, “So Allah revealed ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’an) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and to give you (O Muhammad) the ability to recite it (the Quran)’ (75.16-17) which means that Allah will make him (the Prophet) remember the portion of the Qur’an which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it. The statement of Allah: ‘And when we have recited it to you (O Muhammad through Gabriel) then you follow its (Quran) recital’ (75.18) means ‘listen to it and be silent.’ Then it is for Us (Allah) to make it clear to you’ (75.19) means ‘Then it is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning will be clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) used to listen to Gabriel whenever he came and after his departure he used to recite it as Gabriel had recited it.”

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ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุจู’ู†ู ุฅูุณู’ู…ูŽุงุนููŠู„ูŽุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุนูŽูˆูŽุงู†ูŽุฉูŽุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุนูŽุงุฆูุดูŽุฉูŽุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุณูŽุนููŠุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุฌูุจูŽูŠู’ุฑูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู‘ูŽุงุณูุŒ ูููŠ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ โ€{โ€ู„ุงูŽ ุชูุญูŽุฑู‘ููƒู’ ุจูู‡ู ู„ูุณูŽุงู†ูŽูƒูŽ ู„ูุชูŽุนู’ุฌูŽู„ูŽ ุจูู‡ูโ€}โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูุนูŽุงู„ูุฌู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽู†ู’ุฒููŠู„ู ุดูุฏู‘ูŽุฉู‹ุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู…ู‘ูŽุง ูŠูุญูŽุฑู‘ููƒู ุดูŽููŽุชูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู‘ูŽุงุณู ููŽุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูุญูŽุฑู‘ููƒูู‡ูู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูุญูŽุฑู‘ููƒูู‡ูู…ูŽุงโ€.โ€ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุณูŽุนููŠุฏูŒ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูุญูŽุฑู‘ููƒูู‡ูู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชู ุงุจู’ู†ูŽ ุนูŽุจู‘ูŽุงุณู ูŠูุญูŽุฑู‘ููƒูู‡ูู…ูŽุงโ€.โ€ ููŽุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุดูŽููŽุชูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู€ ููŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ย โ€{โ€ู„ุงูŽ ุชูุญูŽุฑู‘ููƒู’ ุจูู‡ู ู„ูุณูŽุงู†ูŽูƒูŽ ู„ูุชูŽุนู’ุฌูŽู„ูŽ ุจูู‡ู* ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุฌูŽู…ู’ุนูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽู‡ูโ€}โ€ย ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฌูŽู…ู’ุนูู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ูููŠ ุตูŽุฏู’ุฑููƒูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽู‡ู โ€{โ€ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุฃู’ู†ูŽุงู‡ู ููŽุงุชู‘ูŽุจูุนู’ ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽู‡ูโ€}โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽุงุณู’ุชูŽู…ูุนู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุตูุชู’ โ€{โ€ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุจูŽูŠูŽุงู†ูŽู‡ูโ€}โ€ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽู‡ูโ€.โ€ ููŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุชูŽุงู‡ู ุฌูุจู’ุฑููŠู„ู ุงุณู’ุชูŽู…ูŽุนูŽุŒ ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุงู†ู’ุทูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุฌูุจู’ุฑููŠู„ู ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุฃูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุฃูŽู‡ูโ€.โ€
Reference
ย :ย Sahih al-Bukhari 5
In-book reference
ย :ย Book 1, Hadith 5
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ย : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 4
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Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) was the most generous of all the people, and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Qur’an. Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) was the most generous person, even more generous than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds).

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ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŽุงู†ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ูŠููˆู†ูุณูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ูู‡ู’ุฑููŠู‘ูุŒ ุญ ูˆูŽุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุจูุดู’ุฑู ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ูŠููˆู†ูุณูุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุฑูŒุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ูู‡ู’ุฑููŠู‘ูุŒ ู†ูŽุญู’ูˆูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ููŠ ุนูุจูŽูŠู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู‘ูŽุงุณูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃูŽุฌู’ูˆูŽุฏูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณูุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุฌู’ูˆูŽุฏู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ูููŠ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงู‡ู ุฌูุจู’ุฑููŠู„ูุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงู‡ู ูููŠ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุถูŽุงู†ูŽ ููŽูŠูุฏูŽุงุฑูุณูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽุŒ ููŽู„ูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุฃูŽุฌู’ูˆูŽุฏู ุจูุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ููŠุญู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽุฉูโ€.โ€
Reference
ย :ย Sahih al-Bukhari 6
In-book reference
ย :ย Book 1, Hadith 6
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Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas:
Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had been accompanying a caravan from Quraish. They were merchants doing business in Sham (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan), at the time when Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) had truce with Abu Sufyan and Quraish infidels. So Abu Sufyan and his companions went to Heraclius at Ilya (Jerusalem). Heraclius called them in the court and he had all the senior Roman dignitaries around him. He called for his translator who, translating Heraclius’s question said to them, “Who amongst you is closely related to that man who claims to be a Prophet?” Abu Sufyan replied, “I am the nearest relative to him (amongst the group).”

Heraclius said, “Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make his companions stand behind him.” Abu Sufyan added, Heraclius told his translator to tell my companions that he wanted to put some questions to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and that if I told a lie they (my companions) should contradict me.” Abu Sufyan added, “By Allah! Had I not been afraid of my companions labeling me a liar, I would not have spoken the truth about the Prophet. The first question he asked me about him was:

‘What is his family status amongst you?’

I replied, ‘He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us.’

Heraclius further asked, ‘Has anybody amongst you ever claimed the same (i.e. to be a Prophet) before him?’

I replied, ‘No.’

He said, ‘Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?’

I replied, ‘No.’

Heraclius asked, ‘Do the nobles or the poor follow him?’

I replied, ‘It is the poor who follow him.’

He said, ‘Are his followers increasing decreasing (day by day)?’

I replied, ‘They are increasing.’

He then asked, ‘Does anybody amongst those who embrace his religion become displeased and renounce the religion afterwards?’

I replied, ‘No.’

Heraclius said, ‘Have you ever accused him of telling lies before his claim (to be a Prophet)?’

I replied, ‘No. ‘

Heraclius said, ‘Does he break his promises?’

I replied, ‘No. We are at truce with him but we do not know what he will do in it.’ I could not find opportunity to say anything against him except that.

Heraclius asked, ‘Have you ever had a war with him?’

I replied, ‘Yes.’

Then he said, ‘What was the outcome of the battles?’

I replied, ‘Sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we.’

Heraclius said, ‘What does he order you to do?’

I said, ‘He tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship anything along with Him, and to renounce all that our ancestors had said. He orders us to pray, to speak the truth, to be chaste and to keep good relations with our Kith and kin.’

Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me the following, I asked you about his family and your reply was that he belonged to a very noble family. In fact all the Apostles come from noble families amongst their respective peoples. I questioned you whether anybody else amongst you claimed such a thing, your reply was in the negative. If the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man was following the previous man’s statement. Then I asked you whether anyone of his ancestors was a king. Your reply was in the negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man wanted to take back his ancestral kingdom.

I further asked whether he was ever accused of telling lies before he said what he said, and your reply was in the negative. So I wondered how a person who does not tell a lie about others could ever tell a lie about Allah. I, then asked you whether the rich people followed him or the poor. You replied that it was the poor who followed him. And in fact all the Apostle have been followed by this very class of people. Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing, and in fact this is the way of true faith, till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his religion, became displeased and discarded his religion. Your reply was in the negative, and in fact this is (the sign of) true faith, when its delight enters the hearts and mixes with them completely. I asked you whether he had ever betrayed. You replied in the negative and likewise the Apostles never betray. Then I asked you what he ordered you to do. You replied that he ordered you to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship any thing along with Him and forbade you to worship idols and ordered you to pray, to speak the truth and to be chaste. If what you have said is true, he will very soon occupy this place underneath my feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that he was going to appear but I did not know that he would be from you, and if I could reach him definitely, I would go immediately to meet him and if I were with him, I would certainly wash his feet.’ Heraclius then asked for the letter addressed by Allah’s Apostle

which was delivered by Dihya to the Governor of Busra, who forwarded it to Heraclius to read. The contents of the letter were as follows: “In the name of Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad the slave of Allah and His Apostle to Heraclius the ruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him, who follows the right path. Furthermore I invite you to Islam, and if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be committing a sin by misguiding your Arisiyin (peasants). (And I recite to you Allah’s Statement:)

‘O people of the scripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship none but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords beside Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah).’ (3:64).

Abu Sufyan then added, “When Heraclius had finished his speech and had read the letter, there was a great hue and cry in the Royal Court. So we were turned out of the court. I told my companions that the question of Ibn-Abi-Kabsha) (the Prophet (๏ทบ) Muhammad) has become so prominent that even the King of Bani Al-Asfar (Byzantine) is afraid of him. Then I started to become sure that he (the Prophet) would be the conqueror in the near future till I embraced Islam (i.e. Allah guided me to it).”

The sub narrator adds, “Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of llya’ (Jerusalem) and Heraclius was the head of the Christians of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrates that once while Heraclius was visiting ilya’ (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with a sad mood. Some of his priests asked him why he was in that mood? Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer. He replied, ‘At night when I looked at the stars, I saw that the leader of those who practice circumcision had appeared (become the conqueror). Who are they who practice circumcision?’ The people replied, ‘Except the Jews nobody practices circumcision, so you should not be afraid of them (Jews).

‘Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.’

While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of Ghassan to convey the news of Allah’s Messenger (๏ทบ) to Heraclius was brought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered the people to go and see whether the messenger of Ghassan was circumcised. The people, after seeing him, told Heraclius that he was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs. The messenger replied, ‘Arabs also practice circumcision.’

(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty of the ‘Arabs had appeared. Heraclius then wrote a letter to his friend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge. Heraclius then left for Homs. (a town in Syrian and stayed there till he received the reply of his letter from his friend who agreed with him in his opinion about the emergence of the Prophet (๏ทบ) and the fact that he was a Prophet. On that Heraclius invited all the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in his palace at Homs. When they assembled, he ordered that all the doors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said, ‘O Byzantines! If success is your desire and if you seek right guidance and want your empire to remain then give a pledge of allegiance to this Prophet (i.e. embrace Islam).’

(On hearing the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates of the palace like onagers but found the doors closed. Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when he lost the hope of their embracing Islam, he ordered that they should be brought back in audience.

(When they returned) he said, ‘What already said was just to test the strength of your conviction and I have seen it.’ The people prostrated before him and became pleased with him, and this was the end of Heraclius’s story (in connection with his faith).

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ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูƒูŽู…ู ุจู’ู†ู ู†ูŽุงููุนูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ุดูุนูŽูŠู’ุจูŒุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ูู‡ู’ุฑููŠู‘ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ููŠ ุนูุจูŽูŠู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูุชู’ุจูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูŽุณู’ุนููˆุฏูุŒ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ูŽ ุนูŽุจู‘ูŽุงุณูุŒ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุจูŽุง ุณููู’ูŠูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ุญูŽุฑู’ุจู ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูููŠ ุฑูŽูƒู’ุจู ู…ูู†ู’ ู‚ูุฑูŽูŠู’ุดู ู€ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ุชูุฌู‘ูŽุงุฑู‹ุง ุจูุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฃู’ู…ู ู€ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฏู‘ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู…ูŽุงุฏู‘ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจูŽุง ุณููู’ูŠูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽูƒููู‘ูŽุงุฑูŽ ู‚ูุฑูŽูŠู’ุดูุŒ ููŽุฃูŽุชูŽูˆู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุฅููŠู„ููŠูŽุงุกูŽ ููŽุฏูŽุนูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠ ู…ูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ุนูุธูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฑู‘ููˆู…ู ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฏูŽุนูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฏูŽุนูŽุง ุจูุชูŽุฑู’ุฌูู…ูŽุงู†ูู‡ู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽูŠู‘ููƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุจู ู†ูŽุณูŽุจู‹ุง ุจูู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ูŠูŽุฒู’ุนูู…ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู†ูŽุจููŠู‘ูŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุณููู’ูŠูŽุงู†ูŽ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุจูู‡ูู…ู’ ู†ูŽุณูŽุจู‹ุงโ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฏู’ู†ููˆู‡ู ู…ูู†ู‘ููŠุŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฑู‘ูุจููˆุง ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจูŽู‡ูุŒ ููŽุงุฌู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุธูŽู‡ู’ุฑูู‡ูโ€.โ€ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูุชูŽุฑู’ุฌูู…ูŽุงู†ูู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ุณูŽุงุฆูู„ูŒ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ูุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุจูŽู†ููŠ ููŽูƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจููˆู‡ูโ€.โ€ ููŽูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽูˆู’ู„ุงูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูŠูŽุงุกู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุซูุฑููˆุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ู‘ูŽ ูƒูŽุฐูุจู‹ุง ู„ูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุจู’ุชู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ูŽู†ููŠ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูƒูŽูŠู’ููŽ ู†ูŽุณูŽุจูู‡ู ูููŠูƒูู…ู’ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู‡ููˆูŽ ูููŠู†ูŽุง ุฐููˆ ู†ูŽุณูŽุจูโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู‚ูŽุทู‘ู ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู„ุงูŽโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุขุจูŽุงุฆูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู„ุงูŽโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽุฃูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุงูู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ูŠูŽุชู‘ูŽุจูุนููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู…ู’ ุถูุนูŽููŽุงุคูู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุจูŽู„ู’ ุถูุนูŽููŽุงุคูู‡ูู…ู’โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽูŠูŽุฒููŠุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ู‚ูุตููˆู†ูŽ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุจูŽู„ู’ ูŠูŽุฒููŠุฏููˆู†ูŽโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุชูŽุฏู‘ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุณูŽุฎู’ุทูŽุฉู‹ ู„ูุฏููŠู†ูู‡ู ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู„ุงูŽโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ุชูŽุชู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ุจูุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุฐูุจู ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู„ุงูŽโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ูŠูŽุบู’ุฏูุฑู ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู„ุงูŽุŒ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ูููŠ ู…ูุฏู‘ูŽุฉู ู„ุงูŽ ู†ูŽุฏู’ุฑููŠ ู…ูŽุง ู‡ููˆูŽ ููŽุงุนูู„ูŒ ูููŠู‡ูŽุงโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูู…ู’ูƒูู†ู‘ููŠ ูƒูŽู„ูู…ูŽุฉูŒ ุฃูุฏู’ุฎูู„ู ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽู„ูู…ูŽุฉูโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู‚ูŽุงุชูŽู„ู’ุชูู…ููˆู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู†ูŽุนูŽู…ู’โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽูƒูŽูŠู’ููŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู‚ูุชูŽุงู„ููƒูู…ู’ ุฅููŠู‘ูŽุงู‡ู ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑู’ุจู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ู ุณูุฌูŽุงู„ูŒุŒ ูŠูŽู†ูŽุงู„ู ู…ูู†ู‘ูŽุง ูˆูŽู†ูŽู†ูŽุงู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุงุฐูŽุง ูŠูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑููƒูู…ู’ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุงุนู’ุจูุฏููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุญู’ุฏูŽู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒููˆุง ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุงุŒ ูˆูŽุงุชู’ุฑููƒููˆุง ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุขุจูŽุงุคููƒูู…ู’ุŒ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑูู†ูŽุง ุจูุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ุงูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏู’ู‚ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูŽููŽุงูู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูู„ูŽุฉูโ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูู„ุชู‘ูŽุฑู’ุฌูู…ูŽุงู†ู ู‚ูู„ู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู†ูŽุณูŽุจูู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูููŠูƒูู…ู’ ุฐููˆ ู†ูŽุณูŽุจูุŒ ููŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุณูู„ู ุชูุจู’ุนูŽุซู ูููŠ ู†ูŽุณูŽุจู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูู…ู’ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุงูŽุŒ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชูŽุณููŠ ุจูู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ู‚ููŠู„ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุขุจูŽุงุฆูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุงูŽุŒ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ููŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุขุจูŽุงุฆูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ูŠูŽุทู’ู„ูุจู ู…ูู„ู’ูƒูŽ ุฃูŽุจููŠู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ุชูŽุชู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ุจูุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุฐูุจู ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุงูŽุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุฑููู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒูู†ู’ ู„ููŠูŽุฐูŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุฐูุจูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ูˆูŽูŠูŽูƒู’ุฐูุจูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุงูู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุงุชู‘ูŽุจูŽุนููˆู‡ู ุฃูŽู…ู’ ุถูุนูŽููŽุงุคูู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุถูุนูŽููŽุงุกูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงุชู‘ูŽุจูŽุนููˆู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุชู’ุจูŽุงุนู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุณูู„ูุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ุฃูŽูŠูŽุฒููŠุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ู‚ูุตููˆู†ูŽ ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฒููŠุฏููˆู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ูŠูŽุชูู…ู‘ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ุฃูŽูŠูŽุฑู’ุชูŽุฏู‘ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ุณูŽุฎู’ุทูŽุฉู‹ ู„ูุฏููŠู†ูู‡ู ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุงูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ุญููŠู†ูŽ ุชูุฎูŽุงู„ูุทู ุจูŽุดูŽุงุดูŽุชูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูู„ููˆุจูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ูŠูŽุบู’ุฏูุฑู ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุงูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุณูู„ู ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุบู’ุฏูุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชููƒูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑููƒูู…ู’ุŒ ููŽุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑููƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ุจูุฏููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒููˆุง ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุงุŒ ูˆูŽูŠูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุงูƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูุจูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ุงู„ุฃูŽูˆู’ุซูŽุงู†ูุŒ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑููƒูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ุงูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏู’ู‚ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูŽููŽุงููโ€.โ€ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุชูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู‹ุง ููŽุณูŽูŠูŽู…ู’ู„ููƒู ู…ูŽูˆู’ุถูุนูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏูŽู…ูŽู‰ู‘ูŽ ู‡ูŽุงุชูŽูŠู’ู†ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชู ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฎูŽุงุฑูุฌูŒุŒ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ุฃูŽูƒูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุธูู†ู‘ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูู…ู’ุŒ ููŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ููŠ ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ููŠ ุฃูŽุฎู’ู„ูุตู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู„ูŽุชูŽุฌูŽุดู‘ูŽู…ู’ุชู ู„ูู‚ูŽุงุกูŽู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูู†ู’ุชู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽุบูŽุณูŽู„ู’ุชู ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุฏูŽู…ูู‡ูโ€.โ€ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฏูŽุนูŽุง ุจููƒูุชูŽุงุจู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุฏูุญู’ูŠูŽุฉู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽุธููŠู…ู ุจูุตู’ุฑูŽู‰ุŒ ููŽุฏูŽููŽุนูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุฑูŽุฃูŽู‡ู ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ูููŠู‡ู ุจูุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ูโ€.โ€ ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ูŽ ุนูŽุธููŠู…ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ููˆู…ูโ€.โ€ ุณูŽู„ุงูŽู…ูŒ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽู†ู ุงุชู‘ูŽุจูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰ุŒ ุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุจูŽุนู’ุฏู ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ุฃูŽุฏู’ุนููˆูƒูŽ ุจูุฏูุนูŽุงูŠูŽุฉู ุงู„ุฅูุณู’ู„ุงูŽู…ูุŒ ุฃูŽุณู’ู„ูู…ู’ ุชูŽุณู’ู„ูŽู…ู’ุŒ ูŠูุคู’ุชููƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูŽูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุฑู‘ูŽุชูŽูŠู’ู†ูุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุชูŽูˆูŽู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุฅูุซู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ุฃูŽุฑููŠุณููŠู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽโ€{โ€ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽูˆู’ุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ูƒูŽู„ูู…ูŽุฉู ุณูŽูˆูŽุงุกู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุงูŽ ู†ูŽุนู’ุจูุฏูŽ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ู†ูุดู’ุฑููƒูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุชู‘ูŽุฎูุฐูŽ ุจูŽุนู’ุถูู†ูŽุง ุจูŽุนู’ุถู‹ุง ุฃูŽุฑู’ุจูŽุงุจู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุชูŽูˆูŽู„ู‘ูŽูˆู’ุง ููŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุง ุงุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏููˆุง ุจูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููˆู†ูŽโ€}โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุณููู’ูŠูŽุงู†ูŽ ููŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽููŽุฑูŽุบูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู‚ูุฑูŽุงุกูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ูƒูŽุซูุฑูŽ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุฎูŽุจูุŒ ูˆูŽุงุฑู’ุชูŽููŽุนูŽุชู ุงู„ุฃูŽุตู’ูˆูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุฃูุฎู’ุฑูุฌู’ู†ูŽุงุŒ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู„ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจููŠ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูุฎู’ุฑูุฌู’ู†ูŽุง ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽู…ูุฑูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ูƒูŽุจู’ุดูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽุฎูŽุงููู‡ู ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ุจูŽู†ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูŽุตู’ููŽุฑูโ€.โ€ ููŽู…ูŽุง ุฒูู„ู’ุชู ู…ููˆู‚ูู†ู‹ุง ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุณูŽูŠูŽุธู’ู‡ูŽุฑู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ุฅูุณู’ู„ุงูŽู…ูŽโ€.โ€ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุธููˆุฑู ุตูŽุงุญูุจู ุฅููŠู„ููŠูŽุงุกูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ูŽ ุณูู‚ููู‘ู‹ุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู†ูŽุตูŽุงุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฃู’ู…ูุŒ ูŠูุญูŽุฏู‘ูุซู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏูู…ูŽ ุฅููŠู„ููŠูŽุงุกูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุจูŽุญูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู‹ุง ุฎูŽุจููŠุซูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽูู’ุณูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุจูŽุนู’ุถู ุจูŽุทูŽุงุฑูู‚ูŽุชูู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฏู ุงุณู’ุชูŽู†ู’ูƒูŽุฑู’ู†ูŽุง ู‡ูŽูŠู’ุฆูŽุชูŽูƒูŽโ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุธููˆุฑู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ุญูŽุฒู‘ูŽุงุกู‹ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุธูุฑู ูููŠ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุฌููˆู…ูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ููˆู‡ู ุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ู†ูŽุธูŽุฑู’ุชู ูููŠ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุฌููˆู…ู ู…ูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฎูุชูŽุงู†ู ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุธูŽู‡ูŽุฑูŽุŒ ููŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฎู’ุชูŽุชูู†ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุง ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ูŠูŽุฎู’ุชูŽุชูู†ู ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏู ููŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุดูŽุฃู’ู†ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุงูƒู’ุชูุจู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุฏูŽุงูŠูู†ู ู…ูู„ู’ูƒููƒูŽุŒ ููŽูŠูŽู‚ู’ุชูู„ููˆุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏูโ€.โ€ ููŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู…ูŽุง ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูุชููŠูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ุจูุฑูŽุฌูู„ู ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽ ุจูู‡ู ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ุบูŽุณู‘ูŽุงู†ูŽุŒ ูŠูุฎู’ุจูุฑู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฎูŽุจูŽุฑู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ููŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุงุณู’ุชูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู‡ู ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงุฐู’ู‡ูŽุจููˆุง ููŽุงู†ู’ุธูุฑููˆุง ุฃูŽู…ูุฎู’ุชูŽุชูู†ูŒ ู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ ู„ุงูŽโ€.โ€ ููŽู†ูŽุธูŽุฑููˆุง ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูุŒ ููŽุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซููˆู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูุฎู’ุชูŽุชูู†ูŒุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุฃูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑูŽุจู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฎู’ุชูŽุชูู†ููˆู†ูŽโ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุธูŽู‡ูŽุฑูŽโ€.โ€ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูƒูŽุชูŽุจูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุตูŽุงุญูุจู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุฑููˆู…ููŠูŽุฉูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู†ูŽุธููŠุฑูŽู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูู„ู’ู…ูุŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุงุฑูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุญูู…ู’ุตูŽุŒ ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฑูู…ู’ ุญูู…ู’ุตูŽ ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุชูŽุงู‡ู ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุตูŽุงุญูุจูู‡ู ูŠููˆูŽุงููู‚ู ุฑูŽุฃู’ู‰ูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฎูุฑููˆุฌู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู†ูŽุจููŠู‘ูŒุŒ ููŽุฃูŽุฐูู†ูŽ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ู„ูุนูุธูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฑู‘ููˆู…ู ูููŠ ุฏูŽุณู’ูƒูŽุฑูŽุฉู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุญูู…ู’ุตูŽ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู…ูŽุฑูŽ ุจูุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจูู‡ูŽุง ููŽุบูู„ู‘ูู‚ูŽุชู’ุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุงุทู‘ูŽู„ูŽุนูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูŠูŽุง ู…ูŽุนู’ุดูŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ููˆู…ูุŒ ู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ููŽู„ุงูŽุญู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑู‘ูุดู’ุฏู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุซู’ุจูุชูŽ ู…ูู„ู’ูƒููƒูู…ู’ ููŽุชูุจูŽุงูŠูุนููˆุง ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ูŽุŒ ููŽุญูŽุงุตููˆุง ุญูŽูŠู’ุตูŽุฉูŽ ุญูู…ูุฑู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญู’ุดู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจูุŒ ููŽูˆูŽุฌูŽุฏููˆู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุบูู„ู‘ูู‚ูŽุชู’ุŒ ููŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุฑูŽุฃูŽู‰ ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ู ู†ูŽูู’ุฑูŽุชูŽู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูŠูุณูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูุฏู‘ููˆู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ู‘ูŽโ€.โ€ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ู‚ูู„ู’ุชู ู…ูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชููŠ ุขู†ููู‹ุง ุฃูŽุฎู’ุชูŽุจูุฑู ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุดูุฏู‘ูŽุชูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฏููŠู†ููƒูู…ู’ุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชูโ€.โ€ ููŽุณูŽุฌูŽุฏููˆุง ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽุถููˆุง ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูุŒ ููŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุขุฎูุฑูŽ ุดูŽุฃู’ู†ู ู‡ูุฑูŽู‚ู’ู„ูŽโ€.โ€ ุฑูŽูˆูŽุงู‡ู ุตูŽุงู„ูุญู ุจู’ู†ู ูƒูŽูŠู’ุณูŽุงู†ูŽ ูˆูŽูŠููˆู†ูุณู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุฑูŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ูู‡ู’ุฑููŠู‘ูโ€.โ€
Reference
ย :ย Sahih al-Bukhari 7
In-book reference
ย :ย Book 1, Hadith 7
USC-MSA web (English) reference
ย : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 6
ย ย (deprecated numbering scheme)