Hazrat Ali’s AlahisSalam Proclamation of Surah e Bar’at (Surah e Taubah) on Hajj

Hazrat Ali’s AlahisSalam Proclamation of Surah e Bar’at (Surah e Taubah) On Hajj, Hijri 09. Mecca Muazzama was conquered in Hijri 08. In this year, the Muslims performed the Hajj under the auspice of Hazrat Ibn-e-Itab-e-Usaidie Radiallahu anhoo . At that time, Hazrat Itab-bin-e-Usaid Radiallahu anhoo was the Muslim governor of Mecca-eMukarrama. During Hijri 09, Huzur ﷺ dispatched a group of three hundred Muslims from Medina Munawwara for Hajj. He himself did not accompany them. Hazrat Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhoo was made the leader of the troop with instructions to make all the arrangements for Hajj. He added, “Let the non-believers know that as they are not Muslims, they cannot perform Hajj from this year onwards. And announce the Surah-e-Bar’at publicly.” It is indicated in Masnad-e-Ahmed that after their departure, Rasul-eKhuda ﷺ said,
“Either I will make the announcement of Surah-e-Bar’at or it will be made by anyone from my kith and kin (Ahl e bait).” And Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was given the charge and set for the departure.
(Tafsir Ibn-e-Kasir) According to one of the traditions of Abdullah, son of Imam Ahmed, on this occasion, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam requested, “Yaa Rasulallahﷺ , I am not a perfect orator. And in the announcements of the spread of Islam, it is necessary.” Huzur ﷺ said, “For the spread and announcements of these Aayats, either I will go, or you will have to go.” Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam requested, “If this is the case, yaa Rasulallah kite, you, please do not take the trouble. I shall go.” Then Huzur ﷺ blessed him and said, “Go! May Allah preserve the power of your tongue forever and keep your heart pious.” After this, Huzur ﷺ kept his Holy hand over Hazrat Ali’s AlahisSalam head.
(Tafsir Ibn-e-Kasir Vol-II) Following were the very important points in the announcement:
On his way, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam met Hazrat Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhoo and informed him that he (Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam) had been empowered to announce and spread Aayats of Surah-e-Bar’at. According to the order, Hazrat Abu Bakr Radiallahu anhoo remained the chief of the troop, and he made all the arrangements for the Islamic compliance of Hajj.

And Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam announced thirty or forty Aayats of Surah-e-Bar’at at all the intermediary stops during their journey, not only that but it was broadcast in all the markets during Hajj period with a loud voice. Under his headship, Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu anhoo etc. also joined him and rendered their services to this mission. The announcement was made in such a way that the people who heard were at once convinced.

i. Only Momin will be permitted to enter heaven. ii. No nude person can perform Tawa’af.
iii. After this year, no non-believer can perform Haj and cannot come to the vicinity of Masjid-e-Haram.
iv. The agreement that has been made with the Qabails(tribes) for a particular period of time will remain in force only for those Qabails and for that specific time of period only.
v.But the agreements, for which the time period is not prescribed,will remain in force for four months. (i. e. from Zil Hajj of Hijri 09 to Rabi-u- Awwal of Hijri 10).
vi.With the proclamations of these points, the Aayats of Surah-eBar’at also were read to the listeners.

Arabs used to perform Hajj in a nude position, whereas the Quresh and the people to whom Quresh gave clothes, were the exception. How great was the insult of Ka’aba Sharif as well as Haram-e-Ilahi. It is Hazrat Saiyedna Ali Murtuza AlahisSalam who was selected by Allah, the Almighty to abolish this despicable tradition. Holy Ka’aba’s such a noble change in tradition came into existence due to Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam

The announcement of the order, “Neither any non-Muslim can perform Ka’aba’s Tawa’af, nor he can come in the vicinity of Masjid-e-Haram.” Holy Ka’aba’s such a transformation in age-old practice came into existence due to Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam only.

The fact is that the good fortune of shouldering the responsibility of renovating and purifying the concepts of Holy Ka’aba does not go to anyone else but to Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam only along with Huzur ﷺ. Hence:

i. It was Huzur ﷺ who dethroned the idol-worship of Hubal who was considered to be the God of gods of Arabs, and in this way, Khana-e-Ka’aba was freed from the idol-worship.

ii. Once upon a time, the dignity of Ka’aba was being humiliated by the nudes by Tawa’af, was discontinued by Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam under the instructions and announcement of Huzur ﷺ. Thus, the honour of Baitullah was established once and for all.

iii. a With the support of Huzur ﷺ, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam released Holy Ka’aba from the vicious tradition of performing Tawaaf in a nude position and the holiness of Khana-e-Ka’aba was established once and for all. The non-believers of Arabs were insulting Ka’aba in variety of enumerable ways. And the centre of Monism was made the centre of atheists. Because of the leadership of Huzur ﷺ best and Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam orders, the entry of non-believers into the premises of Khana-e-Khuda and Masjid-e-Haram was prevented forever. The Haram-e-Mohtaram and Khana-e-Khuda were holified from the non-theistic evilous age-old customs.

How great virtues and blissful qualities are there in the holy personality of Maula Ali Mushkil Kusha AlaihisSalam! It is the grace of Allah, the Almighty, who can bestow his favour (Karam) on anybody whom he chooses, and He is the oceans of blissfulness.

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