Ceasefire of Hudebiya and Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam Josh-e-Imani.

With fourteen companions, Huzur ﷺ left for Umrah of Mecca-e Mukarrama in Hijri 6. When they reached the area of Hudebiya, they received information that Quresh were preparing very actively for the fight. Huzurﷺ conveyed the message through Budel – bin – Warqa, “We have come to perform Umrah and not with the purpose of the fight. Quresh are broken by the war. The idea of war should be abandoned, and an agreement of cease-fire between us should be signed.” The evil-lovers kicked away this proposal of love and peace and, firmly decided for the war. First of all, a team of people from various Qabail was formed. Urvabin-Masud Saqfi, the wealthiest in Taif also had not accepted Islam. Quresh always respected and honoured him with fatherly affection. He was very wise and had a foresight. He said, “Let me consult Hazrat Muhammadﷺ it. It should not happen that during the battle, your forces are exhausted.” Quresh sent him, but he could not decide anything. Huzurﷺ sent Uthman with the message of compromise as was sent with Budel-bin-Warqa. But the evil-minded imprisoned him and decided for war. The war-mongers spread the news that Uthman was killed. According to the code of war, eye for an eye was justified. And the fight with the Quresh also was inevitable. At last, Huzur ﷺ sat under a babul tree and took the oath of self-sacrifice. Fourteen hundred pious men agreed upon his hand for the self-sacrifice. This oath is known as Bait-ur-Rizwan. There is a mention of this fact in the Holy Quran as under:

Translation: Certainly was Allah pleased with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you, (O Muhammad), under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquility upon them and rewarded them with an imminent conquest. (Surah Al Fath – 18)

Now the Quresh could visualize the end and sent Suhel-bin-Umr to Huzur ﷺ for discussion. Huzur ﷺ accepted their term and conditions which were very tough for the Muslims. But it led to a very good result. The conditions were;

i. Let the Muslims go this year.

ii. They can come during the following year and go back after performing three days.

iii. Except for sheathed sword, no other weapons should be brought.

iv. The Muslims, who are already in Mecca, should not be taken with them. And if anyone of the visitors wishes to stay in Mecca, he should not be prevented from doing so.
V. The person either from Muslims or non-Muslims wishes to go to Medina, he should be sent back. But any Muslim comes to Mecca, he cannot go back. Vi The Qabail-e-Arab will have a right to join the agreement of who’s so ever they like.

Huzurﷺ ordered Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam to take all these terms and conditions in writing. Janab-e-Amir first wrote “Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim”. Sohail said, “Quresh, in the beginning, write Be Ismeka Allahumma. Let us also write this only.” Huzur ﷺ agreed with it and said that the purpose was to compromise. After this, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam wrote,

هذا ما قاضی علیہ محمد رسول اللہ ،،

Translation: This was the agreement which had been accepted by Hazrat Rasulallah.ﷺ

Sohail again objected and said, “If we accept you as Rasulallahﷺ , then, where is the point of disagreement?” let only your name and that of your father be written. Huzurﷺ said, “Though you do not believe, I am the messenger of Allah.” Then Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam was ordered, “Well remove this and write my name only.” This was a very delicate situation. How can the first and foremost Momin like Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam to erase the word, “Rasulullah ﷺ?” He requested, “I dare not say and do that.” Subhanallah! What a great love for faith! The one who loves and honours Rasulullah ﷺ will prefer to sacrifice his own life rather than to remove the Holy name. Each and every Muslim has this sentiment in his heart. In this respect , the Sunnah of Hazrat Alip is the normative principle of life for every Muslim . This is the constitution of love. It is the soul of faith. And you are leading all the Ummat in this regard .

For, the purpose of Rehmat -e – Aalam ﷺ was to come to a compromise, Sohail’s demand was accepted . The very loveable and respectable word for the heart was removed and by Huzur’s own Holy hands and wrote, “Muhammad bin Abdullah ﷺ. See the miracle of Huzurﷺ that though he was unlettered , he lifted the pen and wrote by his own Holy hands. After that, Hazrat Ali AlaihisSalam wrote down the terms and conditions of a
ceasefire as per the order.

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