The words “openly” and “publicly” have close meanings. The successive use of these words in the sura Noah, 8th and 9th verses, points to
the relationship of these words. These two related words are used 16
times each in the Quran. The verses in which these words are used in
succession are given below:
8- Then I called them openly.
9- Then I invited them publicly and in private.
71-Noah, 8- 9