“‘Amr bin Maymūm ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) has attributed it to
Ibn ‘Abbās ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) that the Messenger of Allāh
) said: Surely one who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master.”
Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in al-Musnad (1:331); Nasā’ī,
Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp. 44, 46 # 23);
Hākim, al-Musadrak (3:132-134 # 4652); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ulkabīr (12:77, 78 # 12593); Haythamī, Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:119,
120); and Muhib Tabarī in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-
‘ashrah (3:174, 175), and Dhakhā’ir-ul-‘uqbā fī manāqib dhaw-ilqurbā (pp.156-158).
The words of this tradition as recorded in as-Sunnah
(pp.600,601 # 1351) by Ibn Abī ‘Āsim are as follows:
من كنت وليه فعلي وليه.
Who has me as his guardian has ‘Alī as his
The tradition narrated by Nasā’ī has a sound chain of
Dhahabī graded Hākim’s narrated tradition as sahīh (sound).
Haythamī has said that it has been narrated by Ahmad and
Tabarānī and its men are those of sahīh (sound) hadīth except Abū Balj Farāzī while he is thiqah (trustworthy).
“(The Prophet (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
) said): Beware! Surely Allāh is my
guardian an d I am the guardian of every believer, ( and)
one who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master.”
Hindī, while relating it in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (11:608 # 32945), has
commented that this tradition has been narrated by Abū Nu‘aym in
Fadā’il-us-sahābah on the authority of Zayd bin Arqam () and
Barā’ bin al-‘Āzib ().
‘Asqalānī also narrated it in al-Isābah fī tamyīz-is-sahābah
“Abū Yazīd al-Awdī has related it on the authority of
h is father that (once) Abū Hurayrah ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) entered the
mosque. The people gathered round him. One yo un g man
(from among them) stood up an d said: I make yo u swear
by Allāh and ask yo u: Have yo u heard the Messenger of
Allāh say that one who has me as his master has
‘Alī as h is master. O Allāh ! Befriend him who befriends
him (‘Alī), an d be his enemy who is his enemy. At this he
said: I bear witness that I have heard the Messenger of
Allāh say this: One who has me as his master has
‘Alī as his master. O Allāh ! Befriend him who befriends
him an d be his enemy who is his enemy .”
Abū Ya‘lā narrated it in al-Musnad (11:307 # 6423): Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:68 # 12141); Haythamī, Majma‘-uzzawā’id (9:105, 106); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr
(45:175); and Ibn Kathīr in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:174)