14- …then created the chewed lump of flesh (mudga) into
bones, then covered the bones with flesh (lahm)…
23-The Believers, 14
259- Look further at the bones, how We construct them
and then cover with flesh (lahm).
2-The Cow, 259
The embryo is a boneless lump. Its cartilage tissue is transformed into
bones in due time, as stated in the Quran, followed by their being
clothed in muscular flesh. The Arabic word “lahm” means the muscular flesh. This process was unknown 1400 years ago. It was believed
that the bones and muscles developed simultaneously. Advanced
microscopes and micro cameras introduced into the uterus corroborated once again the truth expressed in the Quran.
The verse quoted from the sura The Cow draws our attention to the
skeleton and invites us to examine it closely. While reading this verse,
we will try to meditate upon the miraculous formations within our
bodies. Our skeletons, marvels of engineering, are formed of 206
bones of varying sizes. They are towers made of bones connected with each other by joints and ligaments, enabling us to jump, run, bend,
sit, etc. To turn the page of a book necessitates the concurrent action
of our shoulder, elbow, wrist and fingers, without our being aware of
the fact that it is the skeleton that performs this act.
The skeletal system is made up of structures composed of bones or
cartilage or a combination of the two, which provide a framework for
the vertebrate body and serve as attachment for muscles. Every part of
this system independently performs the duty with which it has been
charged. Where the movement is deemed to involve danger, the joints
are fixed, like in the skull and pelvis, while in the hips or shoulders
they are mobile. Cervical vertebrae permit the head to revolve around
its axis up to 180 degrees. Thus, one does not have to turn his body
to look around. The lungs and heart are protected by ribs to ensure
their proper and safe functioning without being exposed to any hazard. The skeletal system supports the body like the columns and
beams of a building. However, it is to be wondered at that while in
modern buildings the frame forms 60-70% of the building’s weight,
the human skeleton forms but 15% of the body weight. The structural frame is highly resistant. For instance the thighbone (the femur) in
vertical position can carry a weight of one ton. Solidity and elasticity
The skeleton has a lubricating system, the details of which the present book can hardly touch. Every joint in our bodies is regularly lubricated with special oily substances. Verse 259 of the sura The Cow,
“Look further at the bones,” directs our attention to these data that
form but a small portion of man’s marvelous makeup.
2- Verily, We created the human from a drop of liquid mixture in order to try him. Thus We made him a hearer and a
76-The Human, 2
How marvelous it is to think that a day will come when a mixture
called semen will be able to hear, see, laugh, weep, think, understand;
and artistic works may be created by him endowed with aesthetic feelings. What a great gift for a man!
While the Quran says that there will be a day when a drop of a mixture will be able to hear and see, maybe it implies the fact that seeing
is to succeed hearing. In many verses we frequently come across “hearing and seeing.” In all these verses hearing comes first and seeing second. By the 23rd week of pregnancy the development of the ear
is completed while the retina is still undeveloped even in the 25th
week. The fact that the verse mentions hearing first and the organ of
vision afterward may be an allusion to this fact.
8- God knows what every female bears, and how much the
womb falls short or exceeds. Everything He does is perfectly measured.
13-The Thunder, 8

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