8- Then made his offspring from the quintessence of the
nature of a despised fluid.
32-The Prostration, 8
In the 46th chapter, our attention was drawn to the fact that man was
created from a quintessence of clay. The Arabic meaning of the word,
“quintessence” is “sulala.” Just as man is created from a “quintessence” of the earth, he is also created from a “quintessence” of semen.
While the word “drop” signifies just a small amount of semen, the
word “quintessence” draws attention to the essence of semen.
Sperm constitute only a part of the semen, in fact they are the basic
element of it. The particular sperm that fertilizes the egg is but a tiny
member of hundreds of millions of sperm in semen; it is also the
swimmer that reaches the finish, having overtaken all the others.
Each of us is the winner sperm’s product. Every human being coming to the world has behind him hundreds of millions in this swimming race. We, who are reading these lines, have come out victorious,
since we are far ahead of those we have left behind. Each of us has carried the day. And we are the quintessence!
57- It is We who created you, so why do you not affirm the
58- Do you then see the semen that you emit?
59- Is it you who create it or are We the creator?
56-The Inevitable, 57-59
DETERMINATION OF THE CHILD’S SEX
45- That He did create in pairs, male and female;
46- From a drop of semen which emitted.
53-The Star, 45-46
Even today there are still people and families on the husband’s side
who blame mothers for giving birth to girls rather than to boys. That
it is the mother who decides on the sex of her child is a lingering prejudice among the ignorant. Although well-informed scientific circles
were exempt from such misconceptions, even they had until quite
recently the impression that the child’s sex was the joint product of
equal contribution by the mother’s egg and the father’s sperm. The
fact that it is the sperm that determines the child’s sex has only recently been established. In a fabricated hadith falsely attributed to the
Prophet, we read: “Male’s water is white. Woman’s water is yellow. If
the two come together and the man’s water overcomes the woman’s, a
male child is born, if, on the other hand, it is the woman’s water that
dominates, the child is a girl.” One can see that during and centuries
after the time of the Prophet the factor that determined the sex of the
child was not known.
The implication in the Quran of the formation of sex is astounding, as it indicates that it is a drop of semen that determines it. The
46 chromosomes that human cells contain form the genetic code of a
human being. Two of these determine the child’s sex. Male chromosomes are defined as XY and the female ones as XX. The chromosomes
are split during ovulation into two each, containing an X chromosome. Some sperms contain X and some Y chromosome. If an X chromosome unites with an X chromosome in the woman’s egg, the sex of
the child to be born will be female, while a Y chromosome in man
uniting with an X chromosome in woman means the offspring will be
of the male sex. We see that whether the future child will be a boy or
a girl is entirely dependent on the arrival of an X or Y chromosome
from the sperm. Biological research continues. The discovery in
the1990s of the SRY protein in the Y chromosome, and the conclusions derived from it, have enriched the available data on the issue.
This information that the Quran implied more than 1400 years ago
was not known until quite recently. We can mention, for example, the
story of Henry the VIII, who divorced Catherine his queen for having given him a girl child. This fact, alluded to in the Quran, had also an
ironical touch. Women have been blamed for centuries for having
been responsible in the determination of the sex of the child they were
going to give birth to. The discoveries of science have explained this
miraculous event, while ruling out the grounds which put the blame
on the woman.
20- Have We not created you from an unassuming fluid?
21- The which We placed in a secure place.
77-The Emissaries, 20-21
The uterus is described as a secure place. Being placed in the center of
the pelvic cavity, it is well protected. Man’s organ is not favoured with
such an endowment. The uterus is a cavity whose walls are made of
muscles and have the shape of a pear. In an adult woman the length
of it is 8cm, the width measures 5cm and the height 2.5cm. The
uterus, relatively small in size, dilates considerably during the last
phase of pregnancy. The weight of it is 50gr while it attains about
1000 gr at the end of pregnancy. The child it holds within it can even
exceed 5000 grams. This means that the child is 100 times heavier
than the uterus itself.
It is the only organ that can grow so rapidly and is given to rapid
development. With its tightly wedged thick muscles, it protects the
fetus, rapidly growing in size, against all kinds of external impacts and
adverse conditions. The fetus, exposed to all sorts of dangers, owes its
survival to the solid structure of the uterus, its ideal place. The
Quran’s drawing our attention to the solidity and durability of the
womb calls for our studying it more deeply is a proof of the God
whose grace protects the fetus against all ill intentions.
1- In the name of God, Gracious, Merciful.
1-The Prolog ue, 1