Quran and Modern Science :: FEMALE ANT AND COMMUNICATION BETWEEN ANIMALS

18- When they came to a valley of ants. One of the female
ants said: “O you ants, get into your habitations…”
27-The Ant, 18
The 16th verse of the sura The Ant informed us of the language of
birds. In the continuation of the same sura, it is understood that
Solomon had also been taught the language of ants and in verse 18
the communication between ants is represented by an example.
Research on ants has in fact demonstrated that the ants had a very
complicated social organization that enabled them to communicate
with each other.
In their tiny heads, the ants have some 500,000 nerve cells. They
are equipped with extremely sensitive antennae and bodies that
secrete many chemical substances, of which they benefit in order to
realize their communication. The pheromone secreted by their
endocrine glands is one such substance. They use this secretion to
communicate with one another. Ants perform certain things in a
much more orderly fashion than human beings do; this secretion
enables them to gather, share things, defend and feed themselves.
Different species of ants have different endocrine glands. For instance,
the alarm and attack commands are given by the dufour glands, while
the sternal glands are used during exodus in colonies and in chasing
their prey. Every ant uses these secretions as human beings use their
language. Apart from the liquids of glands, the ants communicate also by
sounds. For instance, ants whose colonies are nested in the bark of
trees strike the ground with their bodies. Carpenter ants beat drums
to this end. The members of the colony communicate with each other
and direct themselves to their destination without any misunderstanding. Giving the alarm, eating, cleaning, gathering together,
exchanging food and recognition are the main headings of communication. The Quran draws attention to ants’ giving the alarm, which is
one of the main points that research work has established.
FEMALE ANTS
In the verse, the ant in question is female. Just like in the case of bees,
this use of feminine gender is significant. Colonies of ants show similarity with the hive of bees. The only function of male ants is to have
sexual relations when they are mature. Male ants die soon after they
copulate. All the work is performed by barren female ants in colonies.
As in the case of the beehive, the colony is a world where reign the
mother and sisters.
If we consider that it was the ant who guards and collects food that
announced Solomon’s advancing army, then it must have been the
female worker ant. If we consider that ant to be the most privileged
and elite member of the caste, then the announcer must have been the
queen ant, which is, of course, again a female.
It is estimated that there are 10 million ants per man. Magnitude
and the vastness of numerical concepts are no problem for God. This
shows again God’s power of creation. There are ants that eat leaves,
cutting them with the mastery of a tailor; there are harvester ants that
live in the desert, etc. All these are proof of the great wisdom and
artistry of God.
11- Such is the creation of God, show me now what those
beside Him have created. Indeed, the transgressors are far
astray.
31-Luqmaan, 11

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN DOLPHINS
AND OTHER ANIMALS
In the Quran special consideration is given to the communication
between birds and ants. This fact may lead the inquirers to study other
animals. For instance, studies on elephants have demonstrated evidence of elephants communicating with one another from very long
distances.
Dolphins’ communication also has been among the points of interest among researchers. Because of their ability to communicate with
one another through a range of distinct sounds, dolphins have
become the object of serious scientific and experimental studies.
Whistling, screeching and clicking enable them to establish communication. They send sound waves with a kind of sonar. This system
enables them to recognize objects in dark waters and measure distances. Their sound frequencies range between 0.25kHz and 200kHz.
The higher frequencies are used to spot locations and the lower ones
are used for communication and orientation. To detect the communication signs of dolphins, experiments have been conducted by
immersing microphones in the sea, and putting artificial obstacles in
front of dolphins. After these experiments, scientists have concluded
that dolphins talk to each other, although the meanings of the different sounds they emit have so far not been deciphered. (See the experiments conducted by Dr Dreher, Dr Evans and Dr. John C. Lilly).
In all the specimens of creation the perfection and impeccability of
God’s work have been manifest. Those eyes that can perceive and
those hearts ready to receive can witness all these.
46- Have they not roamed the earth so that their hearts
may thus understand and their ears may thus hear? Indeed,
blindness is not the blindness of the eyes, but the blindness
of the hearts inside their breasts.
22-The Pilgrimage, 46

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