SAYYIDINA AL YASA AlaihisSalam

Allah, the Exalted, has mentioned him with His other Prophets.

And Isma’il and Al Yasa’ and Yunus and Lut – each one of them) We exalted above the people of the worlds. (Al-An’am, 6:86)

And remember Isma’il and Al-Yasa’ and Zul Kifl, and they were all of the excellent ones. (Sad, 38:48)

Ibn Ishaq has said that Prophet Al Yasa’ AlaihisSalam followed Prophet Ilyas He stayed among his people as long as Allah willed. During his life he invited his people to the path of Allah following the programme of Ilyas and obeying his Shari’ah.

After he died, his people fell on the wrong path and transgressed into disobedience and evil doing. They became very oppressive and did not hesitate to kill the Prophets. They had a tyrant king and it is said that Zul Kiil guaranteed him that if he repented, he would enter Paradise and that is why he got the name Zul-Kifl (the guarantee).

It is said Sayyidina Al Yasa’ AlaihisSalam was a cousin of Sayyidina Ilyas AlaihisSalam and he was with him when Ilyas had hid from the tyrant king in a cave. When Ilyas AlaihisSalam died, Allah sent Al Yasa’ as Prophet to the Banu Isra`il.

Ibn ‘Asakir has said that Al-Yasa’ is also pronounced Al-Yas sa’ as also Al Laysa’ (or Al-Lisa)

As for Zul-Kifl stay we have spoken about him after the life of Sayyidina Ayyub because it is said that he was the son of Ayyub . But Allah knows best.

A BREATHER

Ibn Jarir has said that the condition of the Banu Isra’il deteriorated gravely after that, They drowned deeper and deeper into transgression and committed sin upon sin and they killed the Prophets. Instead of Prophets, tyrant kings ruled over them. They opposed them severely and shed their blood. Allah caused their enemies to subjugate them. It was their practice to carry the tabut (ark of covenant) with them when they went into battle for they attached great auspiciousness to it and regarded it as a source of blessings since the times of the people of Musa mental and Harun . It came

to be handed down as a relic from them.

In the battle with the people of Gaza and ‘Asqalan, the tabut was snatcher from them and they ‘were defeated,

They continued in their sad plight until Allah sent to them Prophes Shamweel . They demanded of him that he appoint for them a king with whom they may fight their enemies.

Sayyidina Shamweel was sent to them four hundred and sixty years after the death of Prophet Yusha AlaihisSalam

It was said that he grew up under the care of Ilyaas (peace be upon him), and he hid with him in Jabal Qasiyoon. When Ilyaas was taken up to heaven, he left al-Yasa‘ as his successor among his people, and Allah appointed him as a Prophet after him. 

It was narrated from Qataadah that al-Hasan said: After Ilyaas came al-Yasa‘ (peace be upon them both), and he remained among his people for as long as Allah willed, calling them to Allah, and adhering to the path and teachings of Ilyaas, until Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, took his soul in death. End quote.

Narrated by Ibn Katheer in Qasas al-Anbiya’ (2/252) 

See also: Tareekh at-Tabari (1/462-464) and al-Muntazam by Ibn al-Jawzi (1/385). 

And it was said that one of the miracles by means of which Allah supported al-Yasa‘ was that he brought the dead back to life and healed the one born blind and the leper, and the river Jordan was dried up for him so that he walked across it, as is mentioned in Jewish sources. Allah knows best how sound that is. See: al-Jawaab as-Saheeh by Ibn Taymiyah (4/451-452) 

Personality

The name of al-Yasa’ (a) is mentioned twice in Qur’an 6 and Qur’an 38. In those verses, without mentioning anything about the personality or prophethood of al-Yasa’ (a), he is mentioned as “graced”and “among the elect”

The briefness of the indication of the Qur’an to al-Yasa’ (a) and the little information in interpretation and hadiths sources about him has caused many scholars to identify al-Yasa’ (a) with some other prophets. Some exegetes considered al-Yasa’ (a) the same the Prophet Yusha’ (a) (Joshua), and considered the name al-Yasa’ (a) adopted from it. Some considered him to be actually Khidr (a). On the opposite, some others considered him a prophet having this name from the progeny of Abraham (a) and one of the prophets of Israelites.

The name of “al-Yasa'” is mentioned “Elisha” in the Bible. It has spoken about him in more details comparing to the Qur’an. There, the story of his separation from Ilyas (a), his miracles and his conversations with different people are narrated.

Prophethood

In his youth, when al-Yasa’ (a) had become ill, regained his health through the prayer of Ilyas (a) and afterwards became his disciple and accompanied him everywhere. After Ilyas (a) ascended to the skies, al-Yasa’ (a) was chosen for prophethood. Based on hadiths, the conditions of observing religion changed in his time. Ahab, the king of Israelites and his wife who led people toward idol-worshipping perished at the time of al-Yasa’ (a). Also during his prophethood, many of Israelites accepted his invitation.

Miracles

In a hadith from Imam al-Rida (a), it is mentioned that al-Yasa’ (a), the same as Jesus (a), had some miracles including the revival of the dead, curing the ill, and walking on water.

Quran and Modern Science ::RESPIRATION AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS

18- And the dawn as it breathes.
81-The Rolling, 18
The verb to breathe is a term originally used to describe the process
in which many living organisms take in oxygen from their surroundings and give out carbon dioxide. But what has respiration to do with
the dawn? What brings together these two seemingly incongruous
subjects? Does something new happen in the daylight different from
the night? These questions were bound to remain unanswered until
the time the process of photosynthesis came to light, the synthesis of
simple carbon hydrates like glucose and starch from carbon dioxide
and water, with the liberation of oxygen, using the energy of light, in
green plants chlorophyll being the energy transformer. Nutriments of
high-energy content formed as a result of this process, called photosynthesis, are stored in tissues while oxygen is given out. Briefly stated,
photosynthesis is a metabolism process in contradistinction with respiration. During respiration, carbon hydrates mix with oxygen, breaking down into the component elements of water and carbon dioxide;
the end products of the reactions during respiration are the primary
substances of photosynthesis.
This phenomenon takes place only during the day. Photosynthesis
is dependent on the energy of light and cannot be realized in the dark.
When the “dawn breaks” as described in the verse, light shines and
oxygen, the sine qua non of respiration, begins to be given out by
plants. This makes clear the reason of juxtaposition of words
“breathe” and “dawn” in the verse.

WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED HAD THERE
BEEN NO PHOTOSYNTHESIS?
Energy is absolutely necessary for living organisms. This energy,
which contributes to the functioning of our muscles and heart, and
plays an important role in the chemical reactions of our body, is supplied by animal products and vegetables. The primary source of the
energy contained in nutriments is the sun. At night, the sun’s rays do
not reach us. The “dawn” is the time these rays begin to reach the
earth. The plants that receive those rays transform this light energy
into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis.
Regeneration and growth of plant tissues depend on this energy.
While the plant continues to grow using this energy, it stores some of
it in the form of chemical energy. A man or an animal that consumes
this plant receives the energy it contains. This perpetuates the chemical reactions in their bodies and stores energy in their tissues.
Consequently, the energy we derive from animal products and plants
is the energy coming from the sun through the plants, forming the
initial stage of nourishment. Had there been no process that enriched
the oxygen in the air, the oxygen available in the atmosphere would
have been exhausted by now. Thanks to this process that begins at
dawn can we breathe. At the time of the descent of the Quran, people knew nothing about photosynthesis or transformation of oxygen
and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, or again, about the role played
by the sun’s rays in the realization of this process. The establishment
of such a connection between the dawn and respiration in this verse
astounds us once again.
Energy is absolutely necessary for all biochemical processes fundamental to living organisms. The energy is the result of the breaking
down into elements of nutriments stored in the cells. When they come
into contact with oxygen during this process, the chemical energy
stored in molecules of the nutriment is released. This is a reaction similar to the phenomenon that takes place when a piece of wood kindled
gives out heat and light. So the act of respiration must not be considered exclusively as an exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, but as
a more complex process that forms the basic energy source of plants
and animals.
Had God not created the various requirements for photosynthesis,
such as, for instance, the chlorophyll necessary for the plants’ realization of photosynthesis, not a single organism would survive. Like many
phenomena in the universe, photosynthesis, the transformation of
oxygen and carbon dioxide necessary for respiration, is a part of the
great and perfect design.
Knowledge of photosynthesis is of fairly recent origin. Scientists
have conducted major research projects; among others, those of the
team headed by Melvin Calvin, an American chemical engineer, are of
great import. This team was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in
1961.
The photosynthesis that enables us to breathe and supply oxygen
can be epitomized as follows:
Light energy (coming from the sun) + Carbon dioxide (coming
from the air) + Water = Chemical energy + Oxygen.
The chemical formula is:
Light + 6CO2 + 6H2O = C6H12O6 (Glucose) + 6O2