19- He has let free the two seas meeting together.
20- Between them there is a barrier which they do not transgress.
A famous French oceanographer, J. Cousteau, gives the following
account as a result of his studies in water barriers: “We studied the
assertions by certain researchers about barriers separating seas, and
noticed that the Mediterranean Sea had its own salinity and density and
housed autochthonous fauna and flora. Then we examined the water of
the Atlantic Ocean and discovered features entirely different from those
of the Mediterranean Sea. According to our expectations, these two seas
that merged in the strait of Gibraltar should present similar characteristics in terms of salinity, density and other properties. The two seas presented different features even though they were adjacent. This greatly
puzzled us. An incredible barrier prevented the two seas from coming
together. The same sort of a barrier had also been observed in Bab AlMandab in the Gulf of Aden connecting with the Red Sea. Subsequent to
our observations, further researchers made it clear that the seas which had
different characteristics had some barriers.”
This fact that astounded oceanographers was revealed 14 centuries
ago in the Quran. This aspect, not visible to the naked eye and appearing to be in conflict with the properties of water known to man, was
first revealed to men in the Arabian peninsula, men who were not at
all experienced in any sense with oceanography
THE COLORFUL WORLD IN THE DEPTHS
OF THE SEA
The barriers between adjacent seas demonstrate a rich diversity, a
result of the perfect planning of God. Wherever we turn our gaze, the
complexion of human beings, the infinite diversity of flowers, etc.,
demonstrate the marvellous diversity of God’s creation.
The Quran refers to the waters that do not coalesce. This is
because of a physical characteristic called “surface tension.” Thus,
neighbouring seas present different densities, salinity rates and compositions. These differences enable media that permit different species to
coexist. Thus, fish, plants and microorganisms living under water
present untold varieties. Water, that usually mixes easily, can turn into
a wall thanks to God’s imposition and operation of physical laws, contributing to this variety. This fact is not affected by strong waves and
currents. This property to which the Quran refers is a miraculous
statement unknown at the time of the Prophet and presents clear evidence for the man of understanding.
53- He is the One who has set free the two seas; one is
sweet and palatable, and the other is salty and bitter. And
He made a barrier between them, a partition that is forbidden to be passed.
25-The Distinquisher, 53