Umrah ka bayaan

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Umrah ka bayaan :

Qur’an :
2 Surah al-Baqarah, Aayat 196 :

وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ

Aur Hajj aur Umrah (ke manaasik) ALLĀH ke liye mukammal karo.

Hadees e Nabawi :
(1) Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
“Umrah se umrah tak un gunaaho ka kaffaara hai jo darmiyaan me hue.”
(Ibne Maajah)

(2) Hazrate Abdullāh ibne Abbaas radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se riwaayat hai ki
Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya
“Ramazaan me Umrah karna mere saath Hajj karne ke barabar hai.”
(Abu Daawūd)

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Umrah ki ta’areef :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Ehraam baandhkar Niyyat ke saath Ka’abatullāh ka Tawaaf karna aur phir Kohe Safa aur marwa ke darmiyaan Saee karna aur phir Halaq ya Taqseer karna, is ko ‘Umraah’ kehte hain.

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Umrah ka Naqsha :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾

Umrah me 4 Arkaan hote hain :

(1) Ehraam ke saath Niyyat aur Talbiyah [Labbayk] (Shart)
(2) Ka’abatullāh ka tawaaf (Farz)
(3) Safa-Marwa ke darmiyaan Saee (Waajib)
(4) Tahleeq ya Taqseer (Ya’ni Sar mundwaana ya Baal katarwaana) (Waajib).

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Umrah ke masaa’il :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Umrah karne waale ko Meeqaat se ehraam baandhna zaroori hai.

Meeqaat 5 hain :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
[1] Zul-Hulaifa – Madeena munawwara ki taraf se aane walo ke liye meeqaat hai. Ise ‘Abyaar e Ali’ bhi kehte hain. Ye Madeena se 7 km ki doori par hai.
[2] Al-Juhfa – Ye Shaam (Syria) aur Misr (Egypt) ki taraf se aane waalo ke liye meeqaat hai.
[3] Zaate Irq – Ye Iraq aur Iran ki taraf se aane waalo ke liye meeqaat hai.
[4] Qarn-ul-Manaazil – Ye Najd aur Khaaleej (Gulf) ki taraf se aane waalo ke liye meeqaat hai. Ye jagah ‘Sail al kabeer’ se mash’hoor hai.
[5] Yalamlam – Ye Hind ki taraf se aane waalo ke liye meeqaat hai.

Baghair ehraam baandhe Meeqaat se aage guzar gaye to jurmaane me Dam (jaanwar ki qurbaani) dena hoga aur Meeqaat par waapas aakar ehraam baandhna hoga.

(2) Makka shareef me qayaam ke dauraan aap jitni baar chaahe Nafl Umrah kar sakte hain.

Nafl Umrah ka Ehraam baandhne ke liye in 2 maqaamaat me se kisi ek jahgah jaana padta hai.
[1] Masjid e Aa’isha – Jo Masjid e Haraam se taqreeban 7.5 ki doori par ‘Tan’eem’ me hai.
[2] Masjid e Juarrana – Jo Makka mukarrama se 25 km ki doori par hai.
Yaha se jo Umrah kiya jaata hai awaam use ‘Bada Umrah’ kehte hain.

(3) Hudood e haram ke baahar Meeqaat tak ke ilaaqe me rehne waale ko ‘Hilli’ kehte hain. In logo ko Hajj ya Umrah ke ehraam apne maqaam se baandhna hoga.

Aur Makka me rehne waale agar Umrah karna chaahe to un ko bhi Masjid e Aa’isha jaakar Ehraam baandhna hoga.

(4) Ehraam ki 2 rak’at nafl namaaz padhkar Umrah ki Niyyat karen.

Umrah ki Niyyat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Allāhumma inni ureedul umrata fayassirha- lee wa taqabbalha minni wa a’inni alayha wa baarik-lee feeha nawaytul umrata wa ahramtu biha lillāhi ta’ala.

Aye ALLĀH, Main Umrah ka iraada karta hu ise tu mere liye aasaan kar aur ise meri taraf se qubool farma au r ise ada karne me meri madad farma aur isko mere liye barkat wala bana. Maine Umrah ki Niyyat ki aur khas ALLĀH ta’ala ke liye is ka ehram bandha.

Phir 3 martaba Talbiyah (Labbaik) padhen.
Mard thoda buland aawaaz se aur aurate aahista se Talbiyah padhen.
Phir Durood shreef padhen aur Dua e khair karen.

Haiz ya Nifaas wali aurte bhi ghusl kare aur ba-tahaarat ehraam baandhe. Aisi islaami bahene ehraam ki namaaz nahi padhengi. Lekin Umrah ki niyyat karna laazami hai.

(6) Ehraam me kasrat se Labbaik padhte rahen aur Kalma, Zikr aur Durood o Salaam padhte rahen.
Aur fuzool baato me ya kaamo me waqt zaaya na karen.

Masjid e Haraam me pahunchkar Tawaaf ki niyyat karne ke baad Labbaik padhna band kar den.

(5) Nafl Umrah Zinda ya Marhoom kisi ke bhi naam se kiya ja sakta hai.

(6) Hajj ke dino me aur khaas kar Ayyam e Tashreeq ya’ani 9 Zil Hijja ki Fajr se 13 Zil Hijja ke Ghuroob e aaftaab tak Umrah ka ehraam baandhna mana hai.

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Makka mukarrama aur Madeena munawwara ke muqaddas maqaamaat (Ziyarat-gaahen) :

http://fikreummat.net/ziyaratgaahen/

Aashiqaane Mustafa se guzarish hai ki
Is link ko open karke Post padhen aur Share karen.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Sab ko Ka’abatullāh aur Roza e Rasool ki ziyarat ki sa’adat ata farmae.
Aameen.

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