The Holy Qur’an and the Environment

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 Corruption has appeared on earth and at sea because of what the

hands of men have wrought; in order that God may make them

taste the consequences of their actions; so that they might return.

(Al-Rum, 30:41)

 

THE HOLY QUR’AN AND THE ENVIRONMENT

 By Ghazi bin Muhammad, Reza Shah-Kazemi and Aftab Ahmed

  • the royal aal al-bayt institute for islamic thought- Jordan

 This paper introduces the subject of Islam and the Environment through four areas:

First, it discusses the Islamic view of the environment:

the Holy Qur’an speaks of how God created the environment with Truth, and how everything in the environment is His sign and praises Him. The Holy Qur’an thus shows the inherent value of creatures and of life, and how each creature in nature must be respected and cherished by human beings as their fellow beings.

Second, this paper asks what the relationship between man and the environment is. How is man to act towards the environment? God created man as His vicegerent (khalīfa) on earth, making the  earth a dwelling place for man, and ensured that man’s needs could be provided by the earth. Man has the right to use the earth, the animals, and the minerals to help him in his stay on earth. However, with this right comes the responsibility of manifesting the qualities of the Creator, which have been placed in man’s primordial nature (fitra), the primary ones being Mercy and Justice.

Third, this paper discusses human corruption and how it is linked to environmental pollution. The Holy Qur’an sets out complete spiritual and moral guidelines for man. He is told to walk humbly (Luqmān, 31:19); not to be wasteful or extravagant; not to disrupt the balance that exists in nature and not to change the creation of God. In our time all of these commandments are ignored,

and in fact their opposites are looked upon favourably.

To live in such a manner throws creation out of balance, and this can only have serious repercussions

for the world in which we live.

Fourth and last, this paper shows how human purification can help address the environmental crisis. For to deal effectively with the environmental crisis, its root causes must be addressed. These root causes are not merely the dominance of materialistic attitudes, which are directly responsible for the crisis, but human moral corruption in general, which has, through corruption of the earth’s spiritual ambiance, corrupted the earth’s blessings and therefore its physical environment as well.

God says in the Holy Qur’an:

Corruption has appeared on earth and at

sea because of what the hands of men have

wrought; in order that God may make them

taste the consequences of their actions; so

that they might return [that is: so that they

might return to God] (Al-Rum, 30:41)

 From Chapter 3:

The Relationship between the Environment and Man

The Macro-Micro Mirror-play

God says in the Holy Qur’an:

We shall show them Our signs on the horizons and in their own souls until it becomes clear to them that He is the Truth … (Fussilat, 41:53)

And: And in the earth are signs for those whose faith is sure / And [also] in yourselves. Can ye then not see? (Al-Dhariyat, 51:20-21)

In these verses, God links His signs in the environment with His signs within ourselves. This means that the Divine Metacosm is reflected in both the microcosm which is man and the macrocosm which is the universe.

In other words, man is like a small world, and the universe is like a large man, and by recognising the signs in either of these worlds we can come to know the Truth of God, for His signs are both within us and within the world.

Moreover, the inherent beauty of the natural order is matched by the beauty of the creation of man:

… Thou canst see no fault in the Beneficent One’s creation (Al-Mulk, 67:3)

Surely We created man of the best stature (Al-Tin, 95:4)

But whereas the natural world cannot change itself, man can. Because man has freedom of choice he can choose to disregard God’s commandments. When man does this he becomes the lowest of the low (Al-Tin, 95:5).

This microcosmic corruption is then bound by the inherent mirror-play between the microcosm and the macrocosm to corrupt the world, both literally through man’s actions and spiritually. Thus in the Holy Qur’an, even the Jinn note the changes in the celestial ‘climate’:

And we made for the heaven, but we found it filled with mighty guards and meteors. /

And we used to sit in [certain] places therein to listen in; but anyone listening now will

find a meteor lying in wait for him. (Al-Jinn, 72:8-9)

Thus mankind’s inward corruption is not only reflected in the world’s outward corruption, it is its actual cause, both directly and physically (through man’s pollution of the world and his upsetting the natural balance), and spiritually and existentially (as man’s inner corruption changes the subtle existential conditions of the physical world, by ‘solidifying’ it and cutting it off from the graces of heaven).

This is the real reason why no amount of scientific environmental action can fully work without spiritual renewal within mankind, and why conversely, spiritual renewal needs also environmental action to be successful. This particular insight is what is perhaps most lacking in all the environment saving efforts of our day: environmentalists think they know the world and can save it without knowing and saving themselves first.

CHOOAARE KA DARAKHT

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HIQAYAT
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Huzoor SALLALLAHU-TA’AALA-ALAIHI-WASALLAM Ke Zamane May Ek Shaks Hazrat Abu Dujana Radi-Allahu-Ta’aala-Anhu Ki Aadat Thi Ki Subah Namaz Padhte Hi Fauran Ghar Chale Jate The!

Ek Din Huzoor SALLALLAHU-TA’AALA-ALAIHI-WASALLAM Ne Daryaft Farmaya Ki Aisa Kyon Karte Ho? Unohne Bayaan Kiya Ki Mere Padosi Ke Ghar May Chooaare Ka Ek Darkaht Hain, Raat Ko Uske Chooaare Mere Sahen May Girte Hain To Subah Ko Mere Bacche Unko Utha Lete Hain! Isliye Main Unke So Uthne Se Pehle Hi Wo Saare Chooaare Jo Raat Ko Girte Hain Main Unko Uthaker Padosi Ke Ghar Fhenk Deta Hoon!

Huzoor SALLALLAHU-TA’AALA-ALAIHI-WASALLAM Ne Uske Padosi Ko Bulaya Aur Farmaya Ki Apne Chooaare Ke Darakht Ko Jannat Ke Chooaare Ke 10 Darakht Ke Aewaz (Badle) Farokht Karde! Yeh Sunker Siddiq-A-Akbar Radi-Allahu-Ta’aala-Anhu Bole, Ya Rasoolallah! Mere Us Darakht Chooaare Ke Fala Jagah Per Hain! Main Wo 10 Darakht Ise Deta Hoon! Jannat Ke Darakht Aap Mujhe De Den!

Chunanche, Isi Tarah Baat Yeh Hogayi! Abu-Dujana Ke Padosi Ne Bhi Yeh Manzoor Kerli, Dusri Subah Ko Jo Dekha To Wo Chooaare Ka Darakht Abu-Dujana Radi-Allahu-Ta’aala-Anhu Ke Sehan May Khada Tha!

(Nujjahtul Majalis, Jild-1, Pg-387)
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SABAK
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Sahaba-A-Kiraam May Kamaal Darje Ka Takwa Tha! Dusron Ki Chiz Per Wo Kabhi Apna Kabza Nahi Jataate The!

Yeh Bhi Malum Hua Ki Huzoor SALLALLAHU-TA’AALA-ALAIHI-WASALLAM Jannat Aur Jannat Ki Har Chiz Ke Maalik Wa Mukhtaar Hain! Warna Jannat Ke 10 Darakht Ke Badle Huzoor SALLALLAHU-TA’AALA-ALAIHI-WASALLAM Abu-Dujana Ke Padosi Ka Darakht Kyon Kharidte?

Yeh Bhi Malum Hua Ki Siddiq-A-Akbar Radi-Allahu-Ta’aala-Anhu Har Baat May Sabse Pehle Tasdiq Farmaya Karte The!

Yeh Bhi Malum Hua Ki Darakht Bhi Hamare Huzoor SALLALLAHU-TA’AALA-ALAIHI-WASALLAM Ki Marzi Pehchante The!

HUQUMAT KA BOJ

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HIQAYAT:-
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Hazrat Umar Ibne Abdul Aziz Alaihir-Rahmaan Jab Khalifa Mukarrar Hue To Aap Apne Ghar Jaker Musalle Per Baitker Rone Lage Hathta Ki Aapki Daadi Aasuoan Se Ter Hogayi! Aapki Biwi Ne Aapse Daryaft Kiya Ki Aap Rote Kyon Hain? Farmaya, Meri Gardhan May Ummat-A-Mohammadiya SALLALLAHU-ALAIHI-WASALLAM Ka Kul Boj Daal Diya Gaya! Main Apni Riyaya Ke Bhooke, Nangge, Fakir, Mariz, Aur Mazlum Wa Mohtaj Qaidi Wa Musafir Boodhe Aur Bacche- Garz Tamaam Musibat-Zadon Ki Khaberdari Ke Mutaallik Gaur Karta Hoon Aur Darta Hoon Ki Kahin Unke Mutaallik Khuda-Ta’aala Mujhse Baaz-Purs Na Ker Baithe Aur Mujhse Jawab Na Ban Pade! Isi Fikr May Ro Raha Tha!

(Tarikhul-Khulfa Pg-16)

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SABAK:-
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Huqumat Ek Bahoat Bada Boj Aur Zimmedari Ka Kaam Hain! Khuda-Taras Aadmi Masnad-A-Huqumat Per Baitker Bhi Khuda-Ta’aala Ko Bhool Nahi Jata Balki Uski Baaz-Purs Se Darta Rehta Hain Aur Riyaya Ke Har Fardh Ka Khayaal Rakhte Hain!

Surah Al-Baqarah

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Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

Hadith: jisne surah Al-Baqarah ki do aakhri aayatein raat mein parh li wo uskeliye kaafi ho jayegi
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Abdullah ibn masood Radhi Allahu Anhu se rivayat hai ki Rasool-Allah Sal-Allahu Alaihi Wasallam ne farmaya jisne surah Al-Baqarah ki do aakhri aayatein raat mein parh li wo uske liye kaafi ho jayegi (aafat se bachne ke liye).
Sahih Bukhari, Vol 6, 5009

Abu hurairah Radi-Allahu-Anhu se rivayat hai ki Rasool-Allah Sallallahu-Alaihi-Wasallam ne farmaya apne gharo ko Qabre na banao aur jis ghar mein Surah Al-Baqarah padhi jati hai wahan shaitan dakhil nahi hota.
Jamia Tiirmidhi , Vol 2, 784-Sahih
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Narrated Abu Masud Radhi Allahu Anhu : The Prophet Sal-Allahu Alaihi Wasallam said, “If somebody recited the last two Verses of Surat Al-Baqara at night, that will be sufficient for him.
Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 6, Book 61, 530

Narrated Abu Hurairah Radi-Allahu-Anhu that the Messenger of ALLAH Sallallahu-Alaihi-Wasallam said: Do not turn your houses into graves. Indeed Ash-Shaitan does not enter the house in which Surah Al-Baqarah is recited.
Jamia Tiirmidhi , Vol. 1, Book 42, 2877-Sahih

Momeen ki rooh

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Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

✦ Hadith: Momeen ki rooh Qarz se tab tak judi rahti hai jab tak ki usko ada na kar diya jaye
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✦ Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu Anhu se rivayat hai ki Rasool-Allah Sal-Allahu Alaihi wasallam ne farmaya Momeen ki rooh (maut ke baad bhi) Qarz se tab tak judi rahti hai jab tak ki usko ada na kar diya jaye
Sunan ibn majah, Jild 2, 570 –Sahih

✦ Amr bin Al-As Radhi allahu anhu se rivayat hai ki Rasool-Allah Sal-Allahu alaihi wasallam ne farmaya Allah ki raah mein qatl ho jane par sabhi gunah mita diye jate hain siwaye Qarz ke.
Sahih Muslim, Vol 5, 4884
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✦ अबू हुरैरा रदी अल्लाहू अन्हु से रिवायत है की रसूल-अल्लाह सल-अल्लाहू अलैही वसल्लम ने फरमाया मोमीन की रूह (मौत के बाद भी)क़र्ज़ से तब तक जुड़ी रहती है जब तक की उसको अदा ना कर दिया जाए
सुनन ईब्न माजा, जिल्द 2, 570–सही

✦ अम्र बिन अल आस रदी अल्लाहू अन्हु से रिवायत है की रसूल-अल्लाह सल-अल्लाहू अलैही वसल्लम ने फरमाया अल्लाह की राह में क़त्ल हो जाने पर सभी गुनाह मिटा दिए जाते हैं सिवाए क़र्ज़ के
सही मुस्लिम, जिल्द 5, 4884
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✦ It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said The soul of the believer is attached to his debt until it is paid off.
Sunan ibn majah, Book 15, 2413-Sahih

✦ Narrated By Amr bin Al-As Radhi allahu anhu The Prophet Sal-Allahu Alaihi Wasallam said Death in the way of Allah blots out everything except debt.
Sahih Muslim, Book 20, 4650