“Whoever kills a non-Muslim under a treaty unjustly, God shall forbid him Paradise,” the Prophet declared. The beloved Messenger of God did not just protect non-Muslims and declare their lives inviolable, he actively protected them by warning his followers not to harm non-Muslims who are living amongst them. In unequivocal words, he said: “Anyone who kills a non-Muslim under the treaty will not smell the fragrance of Paradise, even though its fragrance can be smelled at a distance of forty years. “2 This was a stern warning for the Muslims to protect the lives of non-Muslims and not to violate their sanctity as all life is sacred.

I Set forth by al-Nasā’ī in al-Sunan, 8:24 $4747. Aḥmad b. Hanbal in al-Sunan, 5:36, 38 $20393, 20419. •Abū Dāwūd in al-Sunan, 3:83 $2760.

2 Set forth by al-Bukhārī in al-Ṣaḥīḥ, 3:1155 $2995. Ibn Mājah in al-Sunan, 2:896 $2686.

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