Ali is from me and I am from Ali, and he is the master (wali) of every believer after me.
• Kanz al-U’ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 11, #32883 ● Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, v5,p356 [Mustadrak al-Hakim, vol 3, #250/4652 ● Sunan al-Tirmidhi, vol 5, #3796 ● Ziyadat al-Jami’i alSagheer, by Imam al-Suyuti, # 2660
The mastership of Ali is similar to the mastership of the prophet. Any person hostile to Ali is also hostile to Allah. Any person who loves Ali also love Allah. No one shares this virtue with the prophet but Ahlul Bayt)
1. Eye Witness of a Judge is not Sufficient for Punishing an Accused in a Case of Adultery
It has been reported by Umme Kulthoom, daughter of Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) on the authority of Hazrat Omar (RA) who said that he was once petrolling at night in Medina when he saw a couple in a half demolished house engaged in the act of adultery. Next morning, he asked the people if the Caliph sees some body committing adultery, could he punish the culprit at his own accord, i.e., would that one eye witness of the Caliph himself be sufficient for framing the charge of adultery fgainst the culprit and punish on that account. All the people present in the court of the Caliph including his advisers and some of the senior companions of the Holy Prophet (SA) said with one voice:
“What more witness than the eyewitness of the Caliph himself is required for punishing the culprit in a case of adultery.”
Hazrat Ali (A) when heard the above unanimous advice of all the people present in the court of Hazrat Omar, (RA) he said to him Hazrat Omar (RA) In that case you would yourself be punished for false imputation, for a full evidence required in each case of adultery under the religious law is equal to four witnesses without any exemption whatsoever.
The report adds that the same question was put to people by Hazrat Omar (RA) and they replied in the affirmative except Hazrat Ali (A) who replied in the negative (Qaza & Teha) p. 43, through Abu Turab (Urdu), vol. 2 p. 201).
2. When Witnesses Find no Way Out
Three persons once came to Hazrat Ali (A) to record their witnesses in a case of adultery. Their statements recorded, Hazrat Ali (A) asked them as to where was the fourth witness. They replied:
“He would come just now.”
Hazrat Ali (A) ordered them to be punished for false imputation saying that four witnesses were required in a case of adultery as commanded by Allah in the Holy Quran and that the punishment in a case annot be suspended for a moment for want of a witness which is said to appear in the court later. (Qaza) p. 55, through Abu Turab vol. 2, p. 202). 3. Four Unjust Witnesses
Four persons once came to Hazrat Ali (A) to stand as witnesses and record evidence in a case of adultery. Amir-ul-Momineen Hazrat Ali (A) when made a private enquiry about them, they were found to be unjust and also not of good moral character. Hazrat Ali (A) ordered for their punishment for false accusation. (Qaza and Teha, p. 166, also Qaza, p. 55, and Abu Turab, vol. 2, page 202).
4. Cases Wherein Only One Witness is Acceptable
It has been reported by Imam Jafar Sadiq (A) that Hazrat Ali (A) used to decide the cases of loan against only one witness also as well as on taking oath by the appellant (Wafi, vol. 3, p. 148).
About cases as the one above Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir (A) says as follows:
If the administration of a state is in our hands i.e., the Muslims we can decide a case even on the production of one good witness only provided the case belonged to rights of the masses, but if the case concerned the rights of Allah or the visibility of Moon, one witness would not suffice. (Wafi, vol. 3, p. 148).
5. Witness by Women
According to what Hazrat Ali (A) has said witnesses of women are acceptable in cases of marriage but not in cases of divorce. Also said Hazrat Ali (A): “If three men and two women are produced as witnesses they are acceptable in a case wherein the culprit has to be sentenced to death by stoning, but if the number of men in such cases is only two and that of women four they are not acceptable.”
(Wafi,, vol. 3, p. 142).
6. Witnesses of Women in Cases Particular to Females
A virgin girl who was accused of having committed adultery was once brought to Hazrat Ali (A). He ordered a few women to examine her in private and say as to whether she was still virgin or the sign of her chastity was removed.
The women appointed by Hazrat Ali (A) for examination of the accused girl reported to him that the girl was still virgin. Hazrat Ali (A) then exclaimed:
“How can I punish a girl accused of adultery when she has been found still virgin according to the report of her own sex.” (Wafi vol. 3, p. 143). 7. Witness of a Women in Case of Will
In a case of a will left by some deceased person a woman was produced as witness. Hazrat Ali (A) decided that in such a case if only one woman is produced as witness, her witness will be acceptable only with regard to t part of the will concerned. (Wafi, vol. 3, p. 144). 8. Witness of Children
Accordin to what Hazrat Ali (A) said witness of minor children is acceptable in cases concerning themselves provided they come direct to report the matter to the authorities concerned before they see their elders who are their guardian. (Wafi, vol.3, p. 145).
9. Witness of Enemy
According to what Hazrat Ali (A) said the witness of an enemy of the one accused in a case is not acceptable. (Wafi, vol.3, p. 148). 10. Witness of a Spy, Face Reader or a Thief
Said Hazrat Ali (A) “I would not accept the witness of spy, face-reader or a thief unless they stand witnesses in their own cases wherein they do admit their crimes.” (Wafi, vol. 3, p. 148).
11. Contradictory Witnesses
If two or more witnesses appeared in one and the same case and their evidences were recorded by Hazrat Ali (A) and all the witnesses appeared to be of good moral character and following justice by experience in public, but their statements were found to be contradictory to one another Hazrat Ali (A) decided the case by ballot, and also took oath from the one in whose favour the ballot was drawn (Qaza, p. 133).
12. Contradiction in Evidence
It has been reported on the authority of Imam Baqir (A) that when Qudarabin Mazoon was brought before Hazrat Omar (RA) with the accusation that the poet named above was found drunk in public and two witnesses were produced against him as evidence to his crime, one of the witnesses happened to be a castrate. Besides the statements of the two witnesses in so far as the evidence with regard to drinking of wine by the famous poet Qudama was concerned happened to be contradictory to each other. Hazrat Omar (RA) finding it difficult to decide the case called the companions of the Holy Prophet (A) including Hazrat Ali (A) for consultation, particularly the last named person i.e. Hazrat Ali (A) and said to him.
“Ya Abul Hasan! What do you say in this case, because what you will say in the matter will be most welcome and acceptable as according to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (SA) you are the most learned among us all and your decisions are all the righteous ones I, therefore, implore you kindly to decide this case for me.”
“Hazrat Ali (A) advised Hazrat Omar (RA) as follows:
“Although apparently there is contradiction in the statement of the two witnesses with regard to the evidence to drinking by Qudama bin Mazoon i.e., according to the one he was.found drinking whereas according to the other he was found vomitting Wine, but if the two things are put in proper perspective they would appear to be equal to each other because as far as the religious law about drinking is concerned, drinking of wine and vomiting it is just one and the same.”
When Hazrat Omar (RA) further asked him Hazrat Ali (A) if the witness of a castrate was acceptable under the religious and ecclesiastical law, Hazrat Ali (A) replied as follows:
“Why not? The penis (male organ) is just equal to any other part of the Therefore, if man is castrated it is just as if any other part of his body was cut off. Hence the witness of a castrate is as well acceptable as that of any other man without a limb.” (Qaza p. 42, also see Kafi). 13. Punishment for a False Witness
If a person accused of standing as a false witness in a case when brought to Hazrat Ali (A), he punished him by parading him as a public example through the streets of Kufa if he belonged to it otherwise in case of his being a traveller through the streets of the city to which he belonged. (Wafi, vol. 9, p. 73 through Abu Turab (Urdu) by Allama Jazaeri of Lahore, vol. 1, p. 208).
QUALITY OF DIVINE LOVE AS EXPLANED BY SARKAR WARIS
Hence our Saint’s fame of his exalted pure heart and sterling qualities spread everywhere. His silent advice, truth, blessings and sincerity gained universal fame. Many devotees irrespective of their castes and creeds came under his benign influence and in pursuit of Divine Love forgot their differences and behaved like brothers with each other. Hazrat Habib Ajmi’s second conditional quality for Divine Love is essential with regard to his devotees who were of unanimous opinion that the sacred heart of our Saint was so full of bounteous love, it was hard to find a single example in anyone. Everyone was aware and witnessed that from his habits and conditions of life the effect of Divine love gushed out from his heart just like his other attributes which bestowed blessings and favours on the public.
The meaning of his many sayings is one should pursue with fortitude to secure the pleasure and willingness of the glorious God without evading and shrinking back. To get this sanctioned with pleasure was the real way of our Saint’s life.
Similarly in this way our Saint advised, his devotees about love and declared love was his principal way of life. To know the consequences and advantages, kind quality and importance of love is a sacred way of life of mystics. He also said love is the step to reach the highest truth.
Sometime he said that angels were given partial love and human beings full love.
If love is real and true a lover sees his beloved in everything.
Love makes man the most eminent of created beings.
Love makes mosques and temples appear grand and dignified.
There is rivalry in love and in love Satan is not a stranger.
In love Satan also becomes a friend.
One, who is ruined in love, becomes prosperous.
To a real lover knowledge of God is invisible in every atom, like a mirror. In love man becomes blind and deaf; except disgrace he will not be associated with good qualities.
In entanglement in love, one’s wisdom vanishes away.
There is no arrangement in love.If love is perfect, the faith also is full and perfect.
If love is defective, faith will be defective too.
His instructions to his devotees and disciples, was to cultivate the habit of love.
It is essential to have a heart to heart relationship with the Beloved. Man due to the effect of Divine Love becomes what he is now to what he would be as days pass by, what he would see and what he would hear.
Although the mystics full of confidence, trusting their knowledge have explained with hypothetic examples for the knowledge of common people the effects of heart experience, their kind and degree and the benefit of every particularity are still complex and remain unexplained.
fulfilled his Being a mercy to all of humanity, the Prophet Muhammad treated all people with fairness and kindness. It did not matter what religion one belonged to, the Prophet oaths and made true his promises. He between any people. On one occasion, the Prophet by a meeting which was attended by Muslims, polytheists and Jews and he greeted them all equally with the salutation of peace. I did not discriminate passed
I ● Set forth by Abd al-Razzaq in al-Muşannaf, 6:12 $9844 & 10:392 S19463. Abū ‘Uwāna in al-Musnad, 4:345 $6915. •al-Bayhaqī in al-Sunan al-Kubra, 4:18 $6619.