Ali AlahisSalam THE MIRACLE OF Nabi Pakﷺ part 8

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THE DEATH OF KHADIJA (AlahisSalam)
Three long years of starvation, sufferings and sickness made Khadija and Abu Talib (A.S.) so weak that
both died within three days of their return to Mecca. These two deaths were a great blow to the Prophet
(S.A.W) and his mission. Everything looked dark and dismal. The Prophet (S.A.W) was now without a
guardian and Ali (A.S.) without a father. The loss of Khadija was also a big loss to both of them. She
had given twenty eight years of her life and all that she possessed to Mohammad (S.A.W) to spend on
the cause of Islam, and Ali (A.S.) had lost a mother in whose laps he had grown.
The Prophet (S.A.W) always remembered Khadija and moaned, “Never did Allah give me a better wife
than Khadija. She hailed my mission at a time when everybody shouted against it. She lent me the
support of her conviction when there was hardly a believer. She enlivened my heart when I felt lonely
and deserted. Khadija’s love was given to me by Allah. How could I forget her.” Khadija died at the age
of sixty five. She belonged to the most respectable clan of Quraish and was called Tahera (pure) the
Arabs gave her the title of “The leader of the ladies.” She was so bold and courageous that she
managed the entire business of her father herself as he was very old. From Khadija the Prophet (S.A.W)
got one son Qasim and one daughter Fatema (S.A.). Qasim was born before the advent of Islam and
died in his infancy. But the Arabs always addressed the Prophet (S.A.W) as Abul Qasim.
The Prophet (S.A.W) was left alone with Ali (A.S.) and his daughter Fatema (S.A.) who was just eight
years old. But she took care of her father and managed the affairs of his house hold. She served him
taking minutest details of needs and requirements. Whenever he returned home with his head covered
with dust and dirt thrown by the infidels, or wounded by the stones pelted at him, Fatema (S.A.) would
wash his head and dress his wounds. The Prophet (S.A.W) speaking about Fatema (S.A.) said, “Fatema
is a part of my body. Whoever angers her, angers me.” [Sahih Muslim]. He respected her so much that
whenever she came to meet him he stood up in respect to receive her and said Marhaba (Sahih
Bukhari]. He called her the leader of the women of the universe and the leader of the ladies of heaven
[Musnad Imam Hanbal]. Aisha (one of the wives of the Prophet (S.A.W)) speaking about Fatema (S.A.)
said,”I have never seen a more truthful person than Fatema and her father.” [Abu Noaim Isfahani]

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THE DEATH OF ABU TALIB (AlahisSalam)
Abu Talib (A.S.) before his death summoned his people near his bed and said, “I will to you all to treat
Mohammad well. Because he is trustworthy and truthful. He possesses all good qualities and I can see
that the poor and the down-trodden have gathered around him and have accepted his mission. The big
ones from the Quraish are being humbled by him and the oppressed are rising. O people of Quraish
help him, respect him and follow him. If I would have lived, I would have removed the sorrows of his
life.”
Abu Talib (A.S.) looked after Mohammad (S.A.W) for forty two years. The Prophet (S.A.W) often
remembering Abu Talib (A.S.) said nobody dared to harm me as long as my uncle Abu Talib (A.S.) lived.
The love and affection what Mohammad (S.A.W) received from Abu Talib (A.S.) was given by him to Ali
(A.S.). Mohammad (S.A.W) was shaping Ali (A.S.) to present him to the world as an ideal Muslim. Ali
(A.S.) when first opened his eyes he saw Mohammad (S.A.W). When he breathed, he breathed in the
company of Mohammad (S.A.W). When he first spoke he spoke to Mohammad (S.A.W).
The death of Abu Talib (A.S.) gave more courage to the enemies of Islam to harass the Prophet (S.A.W)
and his followers. The embracing of Islam of some of the people of Yasrib (Madina) and the growing
friendship between the Prophet (S.A.W) and the people of Yasrib had enhanced Islam. But then the
Prophet (S.A.W) deputed Musayyab Ibne Aamir to teach them Quran and the percepts of Islam their
number increased and more and more people began to visit Mecca to meet the Prophet (S.A.W). This
alarmed the infidels so much that they decided to condition the activities of the Prophet (S.A.W) by
making his life miserable. When the Muslims of Yasrib saw that the life of their Prophet (S.A.W) was in
danger they sent some seventy eight men and women to persuade him to immigrate to Madina with his
followers. They promised him that not only would they pledge their allegiance to him but would also
look after him and his followers as they take care of their own families. Encouraged by these
assurances, of all those Muslims who could easily dispose off their belongings migrated to Madina and
got themselves settled. This enraged the Meccan so much that they decided to kill the Prophet (S.A.W)
lest he too migrates to Yasrib and makes their lives miserable from there. A close watch was kept on
his movements, and under the leadership of Abu Jehal all the clans of Mecca met at Nadva to decide
his fate. Some wanted to banish him, some wanted to put him in a cell having a small hole through
which he could be given very little food so that he may die gradually. But these suggestions did not
find much favour because they feared that if Mohammad (S.A.W) survived, he would certainly take
revenge. It was then decided to kill him in his own house. But who would do that? No individual was
prepared to risk the Banu Hashim’s wrath. Therefore it was decided that each clan should provide one
man from them to form a group of killers who would go and kill the Prophet (S.A.W). This collective
action by the representatives of all the clans would also discourage the Hashmis from taking revenge
and they then be persuaded to accept some monetary consideration for Mohammad (S.A.W)’s blood.
Accordingly one member of each clan surrounded the house of the Prophet (S.A.W) one night and
waited for the dawn to enter the house and assassinate Mohammad (S.A.W). But Allah had revealed the
conspiracy to His Apostle and ordered him to leave Mecca the same night.

THE WORLD AND THE HEREAFTER

wp-16183156239767742961017793866311.jpgThe Quran speaks of two lives: the one in this “world” (dunya), which
is finite, and the other in the “Hereafter” (ahiret), which is infinite.
The relation between these words in the Quran is very clear. These
two words, which are used sometimes together in a verse and sometimes separately, are mentioned 115 times each. There are two examples below:
185- …The life of this world is no more than goods and
chattels of deception.
3-The Family of Imran, 185


103- This should be a sign for those who fear the torment
of the Hereafter…
11-Hud, 103

 

The word Number== of occurrences
World== 115
Hereafter ==115

Chapter 49 on the hajaamah (cupping- cautering) of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.

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The author mentioned six ahaadith in this chapter, wherein the use of cupping – cautering on different occasions have been mentioned. The object is to show that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used medicines for body treatments, and that this is not against tawakkul (complete reliance of Allah), because who can have more trust and reliance in Allah than Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Considering all this, we find in many ahaadith that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used the treatment of cupping, and the fact is, that it is not against reliance on Allah. Shah Waliyullah Dehlawi has in one of his books, compiled many of his mubash-sha-raat (glad tidings), mukaa-sha-faat (divine inspirations) and questions put forward to Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam in his dreams that: ‘I once asked Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam a spiritual question that, what is better, to adopt material means, or to discard it’. Upon this I received a spiritual blessing from Rasulullah Sallalhu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. As a result I began feeling apathetic towards material means, children and all other things. After that I was inspired, the effect of which was that my nature would turn towards material means, and the soul towards the acceptance and entrusting oneself to Allah. The fact is that this is the true tawwakul (complete trust in Allah, passive living), one feels that material things in themselves have no effect at all, and their effects are only from Allah. Without the wish of Allah, nothing can be done.

‘No one has the strength to change the will of Allah. Bile increases by the use of vinegar, and dryness results by the using of almond oil’.
In another book of Shah Waliyullah Dehlawi it is stated, the question regarding causes is included among the three counsels left by Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Aiayhi Wasallam to him. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam made it compulsory, thereby making it go against Shah Saahib’s natural inclinations.
The second detail is regarding the Shaykhayn and ‘Ali Radiyallahu ‘Anhum. The third is the question of discarding taqleed. Shah Waliyullah was of the opinion of discarding taqleed, but he was compelled to follow any one Imaam. There is no room for details here. Shah Waliyullah has described them in his books Fadl Mubeen and Fuyudul Haramayn.
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(343) Hadith Number 1.
Anas Radiyallahu’Anhu was asked regarding the payment to a hajjaam (cupper). (Is it permissible or not?) Anas Radiyallahu ‘Anhu replied: “Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam took the treatment of cupping which was administered by Abu Taybah Radiyallahu ‘Anhu, he was given two saa’ food (in a narration it is mentioned that dates were given), and Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam interceded on his behalf to his master that the stipulated amount he was responsible for be made less. He also said this, that cupping is the best of medicine”.

Commentary
When Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam himself paid the price, then the answer to the question is apparent. It is possible that the aim of the question was this, that in a few ahaadith this occupation has been scorned. The reason being, that blood has to be sucked out which is an unclean thing, therefore, it is essential that one be careful, and care be taken that the mouth be kept paak at all times. In the same manner, the same has been said in the ahaadith regarding some other occupa- tions. As a result it created doubt and perplexities in the minds of some people, whereas, the meaning of the narations is simple and clear. Whatever Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said regarding an occupation there was something in it that one had to be careful about, and which needed to be remedied. In the above hadith, by ‘income’ is meant, that a slave is given the opportunity, that if he agrees to pay daily a certain amount, he is given a limited freedom. The extra that he earns belongs to him. This type of slave is called ‘Abd Ma’dhu,. It was originally stipulated that this slave pay three saa’ daily. By the intercession of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam one was made less after which there remained only two 2 saa’ to be paid daily. There is a difference of opinion among the ‘ulama regarding the weight of the saa’. According to the Hanafi jurists a saa’ equals approximately four seers (approx. 3,8kg). The saying of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam that cupping is the best medicine is very true. By this he was addressing the youth of the Haramayn, and also the inhabitants of the countries where the climate is hot, because their blood becomes thin, it remains more on the surface of the body and the climate of the country brings it even more closer to the surface.
Therefore the ‘ulama say it is not advisable for those above the age of forty to take the treatment of cupping.
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(344) Hadith Number 2.
‘Ali Radiyallahu ‘Anhu reports: “Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam once took the treatment of cupping and asked me to pay its fees. I paid the hajjaam (cupper) his fees”.

Commentary
Two things are also apparent from this hadith. Using the treatment of cupping and paying its fees.
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(345) Hadith Number 3.
Ibn ‘Abbaas Radiyallahu ‘Anhu said that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam took the treatment of cupping on both sides of his neck and between his shoulders, and paid the cupper his fees. If it had been haraam, he wold not have paid it.

Commentary
As the blood has to be sucked out by the mouth, for this reason in some ahaadith this occupation and its income have been scorned, as has been mentioned previously. In some ahaadith its income has been declared undesirable and wicked. Due to this, some ‘ulama say its fees are not permissible Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal has reconciled the two in this manner, that the prohibition is for free people and not for slaves. Since Abu Taybah Radiyallahu’Anhu was a slave, there remains no perplexity in paying a fee. Ibnul Jauzi says, it has been declared (a remuneration) wicked because, it is among the necessities of a Muslim, and to help another Muslim is waajib, therefore no remuneration should be taken, and this service should be rendered without a charge. The ‘ulama have many views on this. Ibn ‘Abbaas Radiyallahu ‘Anhu has through this hadith proved its permissibility, and says if it was not permissible, Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam would not have paid a fee.
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(346) Hadith Number 4.
Ibn ‘Umar Radiyallahu ‘Anhu reports: “Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam called a hajjaam, who treated Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam inquired from him what tax or duty did he have to pay daily? He replied, three saa’. Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had it reduced to two saa’, and gave him his remuneration”.

Commentary
Apparently this is the same hadith about Abu Taybah Radiyallahu ‘Anhu mentioned in the first hadith of this chapter. In the beginning he had to pay his master three saa’, then Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had it reduced to two saa’.
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(347) Hadith Number 5.
Anas bin Maalik Radiyallahu ‘Anhu said: “Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used the treatment of cupping on both sides of his mubaarak neck and between both shoulders, and generally took this treatment on the seventeenth, nineteenth or the twenty first of the (lunar) month”.

Commentary
In some ahaadith, the benefit of these dates are also mentioned. The unaani hakims also agree with this. It is reported that Ibn Sina said it is not beneficial to take treatment of cupping in the beginning and end of the month, this treatment should be taken in the middle of the (lunar) month. From this hadith we find that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam took this treatment many times, and on different days, and from the ahaadith that follow, we also find that it was taken at different places. The Jews gave Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam strong poison in his food. They intended to kill him, so that the question of their opposition may be eliminated. Although
Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu’Alayhi Wasallam did not eat the whole portion of the poisoned meat, but the effect of the portion eaten was, that it used to trouble him at different times, especially in the summer the effects used to occur frequently. The place where it used to pain the treatment of cupping was applied. As poison mixes into the blood stream, its effects and pains are felt on different parts of the body.
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(348) Hadith Number 6
Anas bin Maalik Radiyallahu ‘Anhu reports: “Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam took treatment of cupping on the back of his leg at Milal (a place about seventeen miles-27 km-from Madinah Munawwarah in the direction of Makkah) while he was in the state of ihraam”.

Commentary
According to some a-immah, it is makruh to take the treatment of cupping in the state of ihraam. According to the Hanafis it is permissible, provided that hair does not break off. In these narrations the use of cupping (cautering) is mentioned numerous times. In the kitaabs of hadith too the sayings and deeds of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam are mentioned regarding the treatment of cupping, but the treatment of fasd (phlebotomy-blood-letting as a medical operation) is not mentioned, whereas, according to the tibbi hakims, the treatment of phlebotomy is more beneficial than cupping, and is a cure for many illnesses. The reason for this is that both are not unconditionally beneficial, both have their peculiarities. The land of Hijaaz is hot, as stated before, cupping is more beneficial for this country. Hot and cold temperatures have altogether different effects on temperaments. In hot countries, and other countries in summer the heat of the body comes out to the outer part of the body, and the effect of coolness remains in the inner parts of the body. For this reason one perspires a great deal in summer, and because of the inner coolness foods take longer to digest, and many illnesses occur. In cold countries, and in winter the heat of a person’s body goes to the inner portion of the body due to the cold. As a result the food digesting organs are strengthened. Vapour emits from the urine, and diseases decrease. According to the saying of Baqraat, in cold temperatures the inner parts of the body become warmer, more sleep is experienced, and food is digested easily. For this reason rich foods digest easily in winter, and take more time in summer. This is also the reason honey, dates and other heat creating foods do not affect the people of Hijaaz. In cupping, the blood on the outer part of the body is removed, and in Hijaaz the heat is more on the outer parts of the body, therefore, cupping is more beneficial there. In phlebotomy blood is let from the veins and inner part of the body, there for it will not be beneficial there. For this reason, it is not mentioned that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam used the treatment of phlebotomy.

Hadith 17 :Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 17:Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa)

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Volume 2, Book 17, Number 119:

Narrated ‘Abbas bin Tamim’s uncle:

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) went out to offer the Istisqa’ prayer and turned (and put on) his cloak inside out.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 120:
Narrated Abu Huraira;

Whenever the Prophet (p.b.u.h) lifted his head from the bowing in the last Raka he used to say: “O Allah! Save ‘Aiyash bin Abi Rabi’a. O Allah! Save Salama bin Hisham. O Allah! Save Walid bin Walid. O Allah! Save the weak faithful believers. O Allah! Be hard on the tribes of Mudar and send (famine) years on them like the famine years of (Prophet) Joseph .” The Prophet further said, “Allah forgive the tribes of Ghifar and save the tribes of Aslam.” Abu Az-Zinad (a sub-narrator) said, “The Qunut used to be recited by the Prophet in the Fajr prayer.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 121:
Narrated Masruq:

We were with ‘Abdullah and he said, “When the Prophet saw the refusal of the people to accept Islam he said, “O Allah! Send (famine) years on them for (seven years) like the seven years (of famine during the time) of (Prophet) Joseph.” So famine overtook them for one year and destroyed every kind of life to such an extent that the people started eating hides, carcasses and rotten dead animals. Whenever one of them looked towards the sky, he would (imagine himself to) see smoke because of hunger. So Abu Sufyan went to the Prophet and said, “O Muhammad! You order people to obey Allah and to keep good relations with kith and kin. No doubt the people of your tribe are dying, so please pray to Allah for them.” So Allah revealed: “Then watch you For the day that The sky will bring forth a kind Of smoke Plainly visible … Verily! You will return (to disbelief) On the day when We shall seize You with a mighty grasp. (44.10-16) Ibn Masud added, “Al-Batsha (i.e. grasp) happened in the battle of Badr and no doubt smoke, Al-Batsha, Al-Lizam, and the verse of Surat Ar-Rum have all passed .

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 122:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Dinar:

My father said, “I heard Ibn ‘Umar reciting the poetic verses of Abu Talib: And a white (person) (i.e. the Prophet) who is requested to pray for rain and who takes care of the orphans and is the guardian of widows.” Salim’s father (Ibn ‘Umar) said, “The following poetic verse occurred to my mind while I was looking at the face of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) while he was praying for rain. He did not get down till the rain water flowed profusely from every roof-g utter: And a white (person) who is requested to pray for rain and who takes care of the orphans and is the guardian of widows . . . And these were the words of Abu Talib.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 123:
Narrated Anas:

Whenever drought threatened them, ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab, used to ask Al-Abbas bin ‘Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. He used to say, “O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with rain.”(1) And so it would rain.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 124:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zaid:

The Prophet turned his cloak inside out on Istisqa.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 125:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zaid

The Prophet went towards the Musalla and invoked Allah for rain. He faced the Qibla and wore his cloak inside out, and offered two Rakat.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 126:
Narrated Sharik bin ‘Abdullah bin Abi Namir:

I heard Anas bin Malik saying, “On a Friday a person entered the main Mosque through the gate facing the pulpit while Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Khutba. The man stood in front of Allah’s Apostle and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah for rain.’ ” Anas added, “Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain!’ ” Anas added, “By Allah, we could not see any trace of cloud in the sky and there was no building or a house between us and (the mountains of) Sila.” Anas added, “A heavy cloud like a shield appeared from behind it (i.e. Sila’ Mountain). When it came in the middle of the sky, it spread and then rained.” Anas further said, “By Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. Next Friday a person entered through the same gate and at that time Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Friday’s Khutba. The man stood in front of him and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off, please pray to Allah to with-hold rain.’ ” Anas added, “Allah’s Apostle I raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us. O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow.’ So the rain stopped and we came out walking in the sun.” Sharik asked Anas whether it was the same person who had asked for the rain (the last Friday). Anas replied that he did not know.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 127:
Narrated Sharik:

Anas bin Malik said, “A person entered the Mosque on a Friday through the gate facing the Daril-Qada’ and Allah’s Apostle was standing delivering the Khutba (sermon). The man stood in front of Allah’s Apostle and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle, livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; please pray to Allah for rain.’ So Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Bless us with rain. O Allah! Bless us with rain. O Allah! Bless us with rain!” Anas added, “By Allah, there were no clouds in the sky and there was no house or building between us and the mountain of Silas’. Then a big cloud like a shield appeared from behind it (i.e. Silas Mountain) and when it came in the middle of the sky, it spread and then rained. By Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. The next Friday, a person entered through the same gate and Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Friday Khutba and the man stood in front of him and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; Please pray to Allah to withhold rain.’ ” Anas added, “Allah’s Apostle raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us. O Allah!’ On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow.’ ” Anas added, “The rain stopped and we came out, walking in the sun.” Sharik asked Anas whether it was the same person who had asked for rain the previous Friday. Anas replied that he did not know.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 128:
Narrated Qatada:

Anas I said, “While Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) was delivering the Friday Khutba (sermon) a man came and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Rain is scarce; please ask Allah to bless us with rain.’ So he invoked Allah for it, and it rained so much that we could hardly reach our homes and it continued raining till the next Friday.” Anas further said, “Then the same or some other person stood up and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Invoke Allah to withhold the rain.’ On that, Allah’s Apostle I said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us.’ ” Anas added, “I saw the clouds dispersing right and left and it continued to rain but not over Medina.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 129:
Narrated Anas:

A man came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and said, “Livestock are destroyed and the roads are cut off.” So Allah’s Apostle invoked Allah for rain and it rained from that Friday till the next Friday. The same person came again and said, “Houses have collapsed, roads are cut off, and the livestock are destroyed. Please pray to Allah to withhold the rain.” Allah’s Apostle (stood up and) said, “O Allah! (Let it rain) on the plateaus, on the hills, in the valleys and over the places where trees grow.” So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are taken off .

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 130:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:

A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Livestock are destroyed and the roads are cut off. So please invoke Allah.” So Allah’s Apostle prayed and it rained from that Friday to the next Friday. Then he came to Allah’s Apostle I and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Houses have collapsed, roads are cut off and the livestock are destroyed.” So Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) prayed, “O Allah! (Let it rain) on the tops of mountains, on the plateaus, in the valleys and over the places where trees grow.” So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are taken off.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 131:
Narrated Anas bin Malik

I p man complained to the Prophet about the destruction of livestock and property and the hunger of the offspring. So he invoked (Allah for rain. The narrator (Anas) did not mention that the Prophet had worn his cloak inside out or faced the Qibla.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 132:
Narrated Anas bin Malik

A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Livestock are destroyed and the roads are cut off; so please invoke Allah.” So Allah’s Apostle prayed for rain and it rained from that Friday till the next Friday. Then a man came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The houses have collapsed, roads are cut off and the livestock are destroyed.” So Allah’s Apostle said, “O Allah ! (Let it rain) on the tops of the mountains, on the plateaus, in the valleys and over the places where trees grow.” So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are taken off.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 133:
Narrated Masruq:

One day I went to Ibn Masud who said, “When Quraish delayed in embracing Islam, the Prophet I invoked Allah to curse them, so they were afflicted with a (famine) year because of which many of them died and they ate the carcasses and Abu Sufyan came to the Prophet and said, ‘O Muhammad! You came to order people to keep good relation with kith and kin and your nation is being destroyed, so invoke Allah I ? So the Prophet I recited the Holy verses of Sirat-Ad-Dukhan: ‘Then watch you For the day that The sky will Bring forth a kind Of smoke Plainly visible.’ (44.10) When the famine was taken off, the people renegade once again as nonbelievers. The statement of Allah, (in Sura “Ad-Dukhan”-44) refers to that: ‘On the day when We shall seize You with a mighty grasp.’ (44.16) And that was what happened on the day of the battle of Badr.” Asbath added on the authority of Mansur, “Allah’s Apostle prayed for them and it rained heavily for seven days. So the people complained of the excessive rain. The Prophet said, ‘O Allah! (Let it rain) around us and not on us.’ So the clouds dispersed over his head and it rained over the surroundings.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 134:
Narrated Anas:

Allah’s Apostle I was delivering the Khutba (sermon) on a Friday when the people stood up, shouted and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! There is no rain (drought), the trees have dried and the livestock are destroyed; Please pray to Allah for rain.” So Allah’s Apostle said twice, “O Allah! Bless us with rain.” By Allah, there was no trace of cloud in the sky and suddenly the sky became overcast with clouds and it started raining. The Prophet came down the pulpit and offered the prayer. When he came back from the prayer (to his house) it was raining and it rained continuously till the next Friday. When the Prophet started delivering the Friday Khutba (sermon), the people started shouting and said to him, “The houses have collapsed and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah to withhold the rain.” So the Prophet smiled and said, “O Allah! Round about us and not on us.” So the sky became clear over Medina but it kept on raining over the outskirts (of Medina) and not a single drop of rain fell over Median. I looked towards the sky which was as bright and clear as a crown.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 135:
Narrated Abbas bin Tamim

that his uncle (who was one of the companions of the Prophet) had told him, “The Prophet went out with the people to invoke Allah for rain for them. He stood up and invoked Allah for rain, then faced the Qibla and turned his cloak (inside out) and it rained.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 136:
Narrated Abbas bin Tamim

from his uncle who said, “The Prophet went out to invoke Allah for rain. He faced the Qibla invoking Allah. He turned over his cloak (inside out) and then offered two Rakat and recited the Quran aloud in them.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 137:
Narrated Abbas bin Tamim from his uncle,

“I saw the Prophet on the day when he went out to offer the Istisqa’ prayer. He turned his back towards the people and faced the Qibla and asked Allah for rain. Then he turned his cloak inside out and led us in a two Rakat prayer and recited the Qur’an aloud in them.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 138:
Narrated Abbas bin Tamlm from his uncle who said,

“The Prophet invoked Allah for rain and offered a two Rakat prayer and he put his cloak inside out.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 139:
Narrated Abbas bin Tamim from his uncle who said,

“The Prophet went out to the Musalla to offer the Istisqa’ prayer, faced the Qibla and offered a two-Rakat prayer and turned his cloak inside out.” Narrated Abu Bakr, “The Prophet put the right side of his cloak on his left side.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 140:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zaid Al-Ansari:

The Prophet went out towards the Musalla in order to offer the Istisqa’ prayer and when he intended to invoke (Allah) or started invoking, he faced the Qibla and turned his cloak inside out.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 141:
Narrated Anas bin Malik

The Prophet never raised his hands for any invocation except for that of Istisqa’ and he used to raise them so much that the whiteness of his armpits became visible. (Note: It may be that Anas did not see the Prophet raising his hands, but it is narrated that the Prophet used to raise his hands for invocations other than Istisqa. See Hadith No. 807 & 808 and also see Hadith No. 612, Vol. 5).

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 142:
Narrated Aisha:

Whenever Allah’s Apostle saw the rain, he used to say, “O Allah! Let it be a strong fruitful rain.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 143:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:

In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) the people were afflicted with a (famine) year. While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba (sermon) on the pulpit on a Friday, a Bedouin stood up and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The livestock are dying and the families (offspring) are hungry: please pray to Allah to bless us with rain.” Allah’s Apostle raised both his hands towards the sky and at that time there was not a trace of cloud in they sky. Then the clouds started gathering like mountains. Before he got down from the pulpit I saw rain-water trickling down his beard. It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day and till the next Friday, when the same Bedouin or some other person stood up (during the Friday Khutba) and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The houses have collapsed and the livestock are drowned. Please invoke Allah for us.” So Allah’s Apostle raised both his hands and said, “O Allah! Around us and not on us.” Whichever side the Prophet directed his hand, the clouds dispersed from there till a hole (in the clouds) was formed over Medina. The valley of Qanat remained flowing (with water) for one month and none, came from outside who didn’t talk about the abundant rain.

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 144:
Narrated Anas:

Whenever a strong wind blew, anxiety appeared on the face of the Prophet (fearing that wind might be a sign of Allah’s wrath).

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 145:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:

The Prophet said, “I was granted victory with As-Saba and the nation of ‘Ad was destroyed by Ad-Dabur (westerly wind) .

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 146:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until (religious) knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious learned men), earthquakes will be very frequent, time will pass quickly, afflictions will appear, murders will increase and money will overflow amongst you.” (See Hadith No. 85 Vol 1).

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 147:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

(The Prophet) said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham and our Yemen.” People said, “Our Najd as well.” The Prophet again said, “O Allah! Bless our Sham and Yemen.” They said again, “Our Najd as well.” On that the Prophet said, “There will appear earthquakes and afflictions, and from there will come out the side of the head of Satan.”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 148:
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani:

Allah’s Apostle led the morning prayer in Al-Hudaibiya and it had rained the previous night. When the Prophet (p.b.u.h) had finished the prayer he faced the people and said, “Do you know what your Lord has said?” They replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” (The Prophet said), “Allah says, ‘In this morning some of My worshipers remained as true believers and some became non-believers; he who said that it had rained with the blessing and mercy of Allah is the one who believes in Me and does not believe in star, but he who said it had rained because of such and such (star) is a disbeliever in Me and is a believer in star.’ ”

Volume 2, Book 17, Number 149:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “Keys of the unseen knowledge are five which nobody knows but Allah . . . nobody knows what will happen tomorrow; nobody knows what is in the womb; nobody knows what he will gain tomorrow; nobody knows at what place he will die; and nobody knows when it will rain.”