His family was a confederate of Khattab, the father of Hazrat Umar(ra), who had adopted Hazrat Amir(ra). That is the reason why he used to be known as Amir bin Khattab. However, when the Holy Quran commanded all to refer to their actual forefathers, he was, from then on, referred to as Amir Bin Rabi‘ah instead of Amir bin Khattab, i.e. by the name of his actual father Rabi‘ah, as per the patrilineal relationship.
It was said that he had a confederate and due to this relationship, there were friendly terms between Hazrat Umar(ra) and Hazrat Amir(ra) till the end. He accepted Islam right at the outset. The Holy Prophet(sa) had not yet sought refuge at Dar-e-Arqam when he believed. (Sirat-ul-Sahaba, Vol. 2, p. 333, Dar-ul-Isha‘at, Karachi)
The Holy Prophet(sa) formed a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Amir and Hazrat Yazid(ra) bin Munzir. (Al-Tabkaat-ul-Qubra, Vol. 3, p. 296, Dar-ul-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1990)
Hazrat Amir bin Rabi‘ah passed away a few days following the martyrdom of Hazrat Usman(ra). (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 3, p. 119, Amir Bin Rabi‘ah, Dar-ul-Kutb Ilmiyah, Beirut, 1990)
A clarification on adoption
Here, a clarification has been provided to those people who have adopted the children of their relatives and loved ones and those children do not even know who their actual fathers are until they grow older. The identity cards and official documents also bear the names of the adoptive fathers instead of the actual fathers. When later this practice leads to certain difficulties, people write letters requesting that such and such changes should be made. Therefore, one should always act in accordance with the Quranic injunctions, except in the case of such children, who are received or adopted and taken by certain authorities and one is not told about their parent’s information.
Migration to Abyssinia
Hazrat Amir(ra) migrated to Abyssinia along with his wife Laila bint Hathmah. Later, he returned to Mecca, and from there, he migrated to Medina along with his wife. The wife of Hazrat Amir(ra) bin Rabi‘ah has the honour of being the first woman to have emigrated to Medina. He participated in Badr and all other battles along with the Holy Prophet(sa). He passed away in the 32nd year of Hijra. He came from the Ans tribe.
The fitna during Hazrat Usman’s(ra) era and a dream of Hazrat Amir(ra) bin Rabi‘ah
Abdullah bin Amir(ra) narrates from his father, Hazrat Amir(ra), that he once stood up to perform his prayer. It was the time when people were arguing regarding Hazrat Usman(ra). That particular fitna [revolt] had started and people used to revile Hazrat Usman(ra). He further states that he fell asleep after the prayer and he saw in a dream that he was being ordered to get up and pray that he may be saved from that evil from which God Almighty had saved His pious people from. Thus, Hazrat Amir(ra) bin Rabi‘ah got up and offered Salat and then supplicated in this regard. After this, he fell ill and never left his home after that until his funeral procession left his home. (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 3, pp. 118-119, Amir Bin Rabi‘ah, Dar-ul-Kutb Ilmiyah, Beirut)
This is how God Almighty saved him from that evil.
Distance from wordly riches
A person once came to Hazrat Amir bin Rabi‘ah as a guest. He was very hospitable and respectful towards him and even put in a favourable recommendation for him to the Holy Prophet(sa). Thus, after having gone to the Holy Prophet(sa), this person went to Hazrat Amir(ra) and said, “I requested the Holy Prophet(sa) to grant me a valley as a freehold, which would have no equivalent throughout the whole of Arabia. Hence, the Holy Prophet(sa) granted me this. I now desire to give a piece of that valley to you, which will belong to you during your lifetime and to your children after you have passed away. Hazrat Amir(ra) replied, “I am in no need of this piece of land from you as today, a Surah [chapter of the Holy Quran] has been revealed, which has entirely made us forget the world and that is:
اِقْتَرَبَ لِلنَّاسِ حِسَابُہُمْ وَہُمْ فِیْ غَفْلَۃٍ مُعْرِضُوْنَ
(Hiyat-ul-Sahaba, Muhammad Yousaf, Vol. 2, Baab Infaaq fi Sabeelillah, Mu’assisat-ul-Risala, 1999)
That is, ‘Nigh has drawn for men their reckoning, yet they turn away in heedlessness.’” (Surah Al-Anbiya, Ch.21: V.2)
Such was the state of fear of God Almighty of these shining stars and these were the very people, who truly gave precedence to faith over the world.