Waqia e Hazrat Marayam AlahisSalam..

इमरान बिन मासान यह हज़रत ईसा अलैहिस्सलातु वस्सलाम की वालिदा मरयम के वालिद हैं दोनों इमरानों के दर्मियान एक हजार आठ सौ बरस का फर्क है यहां दूसरे इमरान मुराद हैं उनकी बीबी साहिबा का नाम हन्ना बिन्ते फाक ज़ा है यह मरयम की वालिदा हैं और तेरी इबादत के सिवा दुनिया का कोई काम उसके मुतअल्लिक न हो बैतुल मकदिस की खिदमत उसके ज़िम्मा हो उलमा ने वाकिआ इस तरह ज़िक्र किया है कि हज़रत जकरिया व इमरान दोनों हम-जुल्फ थे फाक ज़ा की दुख़्तर ईशा. जो हज़रत यह.या की वालिदा हैं और उनकी बहन हन्ना जो फाक ज़ा की दूसरी दुख्तर और हज़रत मरयम की वालिदा हैं वह इमरान की बीबी थीं एक ज़माना तक हन्ना के औलाद नहीं हुई यहां तक कि बुढ़ापा आ गया और मायूसी हो गई यह सालिहीन का ख़ानदान था। और यह सब लोग अल्लाह के मकबूल बन्दे थे एक रोज़ हन्ना ने एक दरख्त के साया में एक चिड़िया देखी जो अपने बच्चा को भरा रही थी यह देख कर आप के दिल में औलाद का शौक पैदा हुआ और बारगाहे इलाही में दुआ की कि या रब अगर तू मुझे बच्चा दे तो मैं उसको बैतुल मकदिस का ख़ादिम बनाऊं और इस खिदमत के लिए हाज़िर कर दूं जब वह हामिला हुईं और उन्होंने यह नज़र मान ली तो उनके शौहर ने फरमाया कि यह तुमने क्या किया अगर लड़की हो गई तो वह इस काबिल कहां है उस ज़माना में लड़कों को खिदमते बैतुल मक़दिस के लिए दिया जाता था और लड़कियां अवारिजे नेसाई और ज़नाना कमजोरियों और मर्दो के साथ न रह सकने की वजह से इस काबिल नहीं समझी जाती थीं इस लिए उन साहिबों को शदीद फिक्र लाहिक हुई और हन्ना के वजओ हमल से कब्ल इमरान का इन्तेकाल हो गया। हन्ना ने यह कलिमा एतेज़ार के तौर पर कहा और उनको हसरत व गम हुआ कि लड़की हुई तो नज़र किस तरह पूरी हो सकेगी क्योंकि यह लड़की अल्लाह की अता है और उसके फल से फरज़न्द से ज़्यादा फ़ज़ीलत रखने वाली है यह साहबज़ादी हज़रत मरयम थीं और अपने ज़माना की औरतों में सबसे अजमल व अफ़ज़ल थीं मरयम के माना आबिदा हैं और नज़र में लड़के की जगह हज़रत मरयम को कबूल फ़रमाया हन्ना ने विलादत के बाद हज़रत मरयम को एक कपड़े में लपेट कर बैतुल मकदिस में अहबार के सामने रख दिया यह अहबार हज़रत हारून की औलाद में थे और बैतुल मकदिस में उनका मन्सब ऐसा था जैसा कि कभ.बा शरीफ़ में हजडा का चूंकि हज़रत मरयम उनके इमाम और और उनके साहबे कुरबान की दुख़्तर थीं और उनका ख़ानदान बनी इसराईल में बहुत आला और अहले इल्म का ख़ानदान था इस लिए उन सबने जिनकी तादाद सत्ताईस थी हज़रत मरयम को लेने और उनका तकफ्फुल करने की रगबत की हज़रत जकरिया ने। फरमाया कि मैं उन का सबसे ज़्यादा हक़दार हूं क्योंकि मेरे घर में उनकी ख़ाला हैं मुआमला इस पर ख़त्म हुआ कि कुरआ डाला जाए कुरआ जकरिया ही के नाम पर निकला (फा74) हज़रत मरयम एक दिन में इतना बढ़ती थीं जितना और बच्चे एक साल में। ।

Allah, the most high declares in Qur’an,

“When a woman of ‘Imran said, My Lord! Surely I vow to Thee what is in my womb, to be devoted (to thy service); accept therefore from me, surely Thou art the Hearing, the knowing.” (3:35)

‘Imran’s wife Hanna was the maternal grandmother of ‘Isa and he was different from ‘Imran the father of Musa. He was the son of Masaan and Hanna’s sister Aaisha was Zakariyya’s wife. Yahya and Maryam were cousins.

‘Imran’s wife had taken a vow that she would devote her child that is in her womb (whether boy or a girl) in the service of Jerusalem or for the prayer in the mosque. (A devoted child cannot leave the place). ‘Ali ibn Ibrahim has stated that Allah is Knowing and Hearing. Ayyashi has written: According to a tradition ‘Imran’s wife vowed that she will devote her child in the service of Jerusalem. (He or she worked as a keeper of the mosque and he was strictly prohibited to go out from the mosque.)

Regarding Hanna, the mother of Maryam it is said,

“So when she brought forth, she said, My Lord! Surely I have brought forth a female- and Allah knows best what she brought forth- and the male is not like the female, and I have named it Maryam, and I command her and her offspring into Thy protection from the accused Satan.” (3:36)

Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq said, female is not like male as (when female comes in menstrual period, she cannot stay in mosque. She must leave the place and go away) and the keeper of mosque should not go out. (And Hanna said, I have named her Maryam , Maryam means virgin. I have given her in the protection of Allah.)

The Qur’an says,

“So her Lord accepted her with a good acceptance and made her grow up a good growing.” (3:36)

It is said that she was growing day by day in wisdom with others. When she completed nine years she became perfect in prayers and in fasting. She became more perfect than others in worship.

In continuation of Ayat 36, Allah gave her in the change of Zakariyya . It is stated that Maryam ’s mother brought her, wrapping her in a piece of cloth and said that she has devoted her for the service of Jerusalem. Maryam was the daughter of Prophet so the other people said they would take charge of her, to look after her. But Zakariyya said that Allah has appointed him as her guardian, “as my wife is Maryam ’s aunt.” Other scholars said, “You are not, but her mother is a rightful person.” To find out the right person they decided to cast their pens in flowing water. They all were twenty-nine. The pens were very heavy, made up of iron and were used for writing the verses of Torah. They cast their pens in flowing water one by one, Zakariyya also cast his pen. All the pens sank. Only the pen of Zakariyya floated.

The Qur’an further states,

“Whenever Zakariyya entered the sanctuary to (see) her, he found with her food. He said, O Maryam! Whence comes this to you? She said, It is from Allah. Surely Allah gives to whom He pleases without measure.” (3:37)

Imam said, “She was not drinking milk but getting her provision from Allah.” Imam al-Baqir said that, many people tried to take charge of Maryam but Zakariyya’s pen remained afloat and he became her guardian. Then Zakariyya brought her in the mosque. When she came of age, (menstruating), Allah ordered Zakariyya to keep her in a separate part of the mosque. Maryam was a very beautiful lady. When she was standing for prayer the house illuminated with Divine light. Whenever Zakariyya went to see Maryam he found fruits of different seasons with her, when he inquired about the fruits of summer in winter and winter fruits in summer Maryam replied, “It is from Allah. Surely Allah gives to whom he pleases without measures.” Zakariyya prayed to Allah to grant him a virtuous offspring.

According to Imam as-Sadiq Allah revealed to ‘Imran that he would be bestowed with a son, who will give sight to the blind, he will cure the lepers and bring the dead to life with his order. “I will send him as My apostle to the people of The Israelites.”

‘Imran gave the good news to his wife Hanna and she was pregnant. She thought that Allah has given the good news of a male child. So she decided that she would devote the child (whether boy or girl) in the service of Jerusalem. When Maryam was born, she said, “O Allah! I delivered a female child. And a Prophet can’t be female.” When Allah blessed Maryam with a son ‘Isa it was the fulfillment of His promise to ‘Imran.

According to another tradition people asked Imam al-Ridha if Allah had any information about anything, can anyone go against of it? Imam said, “Yes, in the period of Musa, Allah ordered the Israelites not to enter a holy place. The people obeyed and didn’t enter but their grandsons entered did. In the same way ‘Imran was informed by Allah, he will bestow him a son in a particular month of a year and the son would be a Prophet. And he went somewhere else.”

When Maryam was born in ‘Imran’s house and Zakariyya took charge of her, some said, “‘Imran is a true Prophet of Allah and some said he wasn’t.” When ‘Isa was born, people who believed, said, “What Allah promised to ‘Imran was true.”

According to another tradition people asked Imam al-Baqir if ‘Imran was a Prophet? Imam replied, “Yes, he was a Prophet sent by Allah to his community. And Hanna was the wife of ‘Imran and Hanana was the wife of Zakariyya . They both were sisters. Hanna was the mother of Maryam and Yahya was the son of Zakariyya . And ‘Isa was the son of Maryam.

‘Isa was the son of Yahya aunt’s daughter (Hanna) and Yahya was the son of Maryam’s aunt. So they both were maternal cousins.1

Regarding the religious book, Isma‘il Zohfi a follower of Imam al-Baqir asked him that others say one cannot pray in menstrual period and can’t fast during the period. What is true? Imam replied him giving him example of Maryam that the mother of Maryam will devote her child in service of Jerusalem and one devoted to Jerusalem did not come out. When Maryam was brought up by Zakariyya and many people demanded the guardianship of Maryam they cast their pens with their names in the sea. All pens sunk except Zakariyya’s. Zakariyya took charge of her and looked after her until she grew up. As a woman she could not stay in a mosque during menses and can’t pray. But it is true that she had to stay in a mosque, as she was pure and virgin.2

Allah says,

O Maryam! keep to obedience to your Lord and humble yourself, and bow down with those who bow. “This is of the announcements relating to the unseen which we reveal to you; and you were not with them, when they cast their pens (to decide) which of them should have Maryam in his charge and you were not with them when they contented one with another.” (3:43-44)

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir said that the casting of pens in water was for the guardianship of Maryam whose parents were dead and she was an orphan. And in last part states the affair of the guardianship of ‘Isa

According to another tradition the first time lots were drawn for Maryam and they were six person who cast their pens.

al-Qutb al-Rawandi has stated that Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq said, “Maryam had protected herself from evil since five hundred years before the birth of ‘Isa. Maryam’s mother decided to devote her child in the service of Jerusalem. When Maryam born, she was brought up in Jerusalem. When she grew up she served the worshippers, Allah the high, ordered Zakariyya to make arrangement for her veil and curtain in the mosque. So that she can conceal herself from strangers. Only Zakariyya was visiting her. She lived for 500 years after her father’s death.”3

According to Imam al-Baqir, ‘Ali asked Fatimah for food. Fatimah said that by Allah, she had nothing to give since three days. Imam asked, why she did not inform him. She said that her father Prophet forbade her to make too many requests.

After that ‘Ali came out of his house and met one of his followers, Miqdad. Imam inquired where he was going in the hot afternoon. He said, “Because of hunger.” Imam ‘Ali said that he had also came out of his house for the same thing. Imam ‘Ali gave him a Dirham, which he had borrowed and returned empty-handed. He saw the Prophet sitting and Fatimah in prayers. He found that there was a tray of food, covered with a cloth. After prayers she brought it before them. When they uncovered it they saw meat dish and hot chapattis. Imam ‘Ali inquired from where it had come? Fatimah replied, “It is from Allah. Surely Allah gives to whom He pleases without measures.” The Holy Prophet said, “Shall I show you your and Fatimah’s example? Imam said, “Yes.” Prophet said, “O ‘Ali, your status and example is like Zakariyya when he saw the seasonal fruits of different seasons near Maryam He inquired about them. When you asked Fatimah for this and she answered you.”

By the grace of Allah the family of Prophet were having food for one month from that tray. Imam al-Baqir said that tray was still with them. This will be discussed in the chapter of the family of Prophet and in the miracle of Fatimah.4

Ibn ‘Abbas has stated that once the Holy Prophet informed his family about cruelty and oppression on Fatimah after him, and said that angels will weep in sorrow and grief, as they revealed to Maryam and will say, “O Fatimah Allah has given you superiority above all the women of the world. O Fatimah! Pray to Allah, prostrate and bow the forehead on the pray mat. When you will be crush under the falling door, you will suffer great pain. Then by the permission of Allah, Maryam will come for your treatment.”

According to a tradition, some people asked Imam Ja‘far as- Sadiq who gave the last bath (ghusl) to Fatimah? Imam said, “Amir al-Mu’minin. As she was an infallible, sinless lady. So Imam ‘Ali gave her last bath of her body. In this way ‘Isa gave the last bath to his mother Maryam .”5

Fitnoṅ kā ẓuhūr 19

al-Qur’ān

(20) اَوْلٰی لَکَ فَاَوْلٰیo ثُمَّ اَوْلٰی لَکَ فَاَوْلٰیo اَیَحْسَبُ الْاِنْسَانُ اَنْ یُّتْرَکَ سُدًیo اَلَمْ یَکُ نُطْفَةً مِّنْ مَّنِیٍّ یُّمْنٰیo ثُمَّ کَانَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقَ فَسَوّٰیo فَجَعَلَ مِنْهُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّکَرَ وَالْاُنْثٰیo اَلَيْسَ ذٰلِکَ بِقٰدِرٍ عَلٰٓی اَنْ یُّحْیِیَ الْمَوْتٰیo
(القیامۃ، 34 – 40)

تمہارے لیے (مرتے وقت) تباہی ہے، پھر (قبر میں) تباہی ہےo پھر تمہارے لیے (روزِ قیامت) ہلاکت ہے، پھر (دوزخ کی) ہلاکت ہےo کیا اِنسان یہ خیال کرتا ہے کہ اُسے بے کار (بغیر حساب و کتاب کے) چھوڑ دیا جائے گاo کیا وہ (اپنی اِبتداء میں) منی کا ایک قطرہ نہ تھا جو (عورت کے رحم میں) ٹپکا دیا جاتا ہےo پھر وہ (رحم میں جال کی طرح جما ہوا) ایک معلق وجود بن گیا، پھر اُس نے (تمام جسمانی اَعضاء کی اِبتدائی شکل کو اس وجود میں) پیدا فرمایا، پھر اس نے (انہیں) درست کیاo پھر یہ کہ اس نے اسی نطفہ ہی کے ذریعہ دو قسمیں بنائیں: مرد اور عورتo تو کیا وہ اس بات پر قادر نہیں کہ مُردوں کو پھر سے زندہ کر دےo

(20) Tumhāre liye (marte waqt) tabāhī hai, phir (qabr meṅ) tabāhī hai. Phir tumhāre liye (roze qiyāmat) halākat hai, phir (dozaḳh kī) halākat hai. Kyā insān yeh ḳhayāl kartā hai keh use bekār (baġhair ḥisāb-o kitāb ke) c̥hor̥ diyā jā’egā. Kyā woh (apnī ibtedā’ meṅ) manī kā ek qaṭrah nah thā jo (ʻaurat ke raḥim meṅ) t̥apkā diyā jātā hai. Phir woh (raḥim meṅ jāl kī ṭarḥ jamā huwā) ek muʻallaq wujūd ban gayā, phir us ne (tamām jismānī aʻz̤a’ kī ibtedā’ī shakl ko us wujūd meṅ) paidā farmāyā, phir us ne (unheṅ) durust kiyā. Phir yeh keh us ne usī nuṭfah hī ke z̲arīʻah do qismeṅ banā’īṅ: mard aur ʻaurat. To kyā woh is bāt par qādir nahīṅ keh murdoṅ ko phir se zindah kar de.

[al-Qiyāmah, 34/40.]
〰〰

al-Ḥadīt̲h̲

20۔ عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ الْغِفَارِيِّ رضي الله عنه عَنْ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ ﷺ : إِذَا اقْتَرَبَ الزَّمَانُ کَثُرَ لُبْسُ الطِّیَالَسَةِ وَکَثُرَتِ التِّجَارَةُ وَکَثُرَ الْمَالُ وَعَظُمَ رَبُّ الْمَالِ بِمَالِهٖ وَکَثُرَتِ الْفَاحِشَةُ وَکَانَتْ إِمَارَةُ الصِّبْیَانِ وَکَثُرَ النِّسَاءُ وَجَارَ السُّلْطَانُ وَطُفِّفَ فِي الْمِکْیَالِ وَالْمِيْزَانِ وَیُرَبِّي الرَّجُلُ جَرْوَ کَلْبٍ خَيْرٌ لَهٗ مِنْ أَنْ یُرَبِّيَ وَلَدًا لَهٗ وَلَا یُوَقَّرُ کَبِيْرٌ وَلَا یُرْحَمُ صَغِيْرٌ وَیَکْثُرُ أَوْلَادُ الزِّنَا حَتّٰی أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَیُغَشِّي الْمَرْأَةَ عَلٰی قَارِعَةِ الطَّرِيْقِ فَیَقُوْلُ أَمْثَلُھُمْ فِي ذٰلِکَ الزَّمَانِ: لَوْ اِعْتَزَلْتُمَا عَنِ الطِّرِيْقِ وَیَلْبَسُوْنَ جُلُوْدَ الضَّأَنِ عَلٰی قُلُوْبِ الذِّئَابِ۔ أَمْثَلُھُمْ فِي ذٰلِکَ الزَّمَانِ الْمُدَاھِنُ۔
رَوَاهُ الْحَاکِمُ وَالطَّبَرَانِيُّ۔

20: أخرجہ الحاکم في المستدرک، 3/ 386، الرقم/ 5464، والطبراني في المعجم الأوسط، 5/ 126، الرقم/ 4860، والھیثمي في مجمع الزوائد، 7/ 325۔

حضرت ابو ذر غفاری رضی اللہ عنہ سے روایت ہے کہ رسول اللہ ﷺ نے فرمایا: جب زمانۂ قیامت قریب ہو گا تو ریشم کثرت سے پہنا جانے لگے گا، تجارت بڑھ جائے گی اور مال کی کثرت ہو گی، مال کا سود اصلِ زرّ (Capital) سے بڑھ جائے گا، فحاشی بڑھ جائے گی اور کم عمر لوگوں کی حکومت ہو گی، عورتوں کی کثرت ہو گی، حکمرانوں کا ظلم بڑھ جائے گا، ناپ تول میں کمی کی جائے گی، آدمی اپنے کتے کے پلے کی نگہداشت اپنے بیٹے کی نگہداشت سے بڑھ کر کرے گا، بڑوں کی عزت نہیں کی جائے گی اور چھوٹوں پر شفقت نہیں کی جائے گی، بدکاری سے پیدا ہونے والے بچوں کی کثرت ہو گی۔ یہاں تک کہ مرد عورت کے ساتھ گزرگاہوں میں ہی بدکاری کرنے لگے گا اور اُس زمانے میں جو ان میں سے بہتر شخص ہو گا اُن سے کہے گا: (تمہاری بے حیائی کی انتہاء یہ ہے کہ) تم راستے سے بھی ہٹنا گوارا نہیں کرتے۔ اس زمانے میں بھیڑیے کا دل رکھنے والوں نے بھیڑ کی کھال پہن رکھی ہو گی (یعنی لوگ باہر سے نرم مزاج اور اندر سے ظالم اور خونخوار ہوں گے)۔ اُس زمانے میں اُن میں سے اچھے لوگ بھی خوشامد کریں گے۔
اِس حدیث کو امام حاکم اور طبرانی نے روایت کیا ہے۔

  • Ḥaz̤rat Abū D̲h̲arr Ġhifārī raḍiya Allāhu ‘anhu se riwāyat hai keh Rasūl Allāh ṣallá Allāhu ‘alayhi wa-Ālihī wa-sallam ne farmāyā: jab zamānaʻe qiyāmat qarīb hogā to rehsam kas̲rat se păhnā jāne lagegā, tijārat bar̥h jā’egī aur māl kī kas̲rat hogī, māl kā sūd aṣle zarr (Capital) se bar̥h jā’egā, faḥḥāshī bar̥h jā’egī aur kam ʻumr logoṅ kī ḥukūmat hogī, ʻaurtoṅ kī kas̲rat hogī, ḥukmarānoṅ kā ẓulm bar̥h jā’egā, nāp tol meṅ kamī kī jā’egī, ādamī apne kutte ke pille kī nigăhdāsht apne bet̥e kī nigăhdāsht se bar̥h kar karegā, bar̥oṅ kī ʻizzat nahīṅ kī jā’egī aur c̥hot̥oṅ par shafqat nahīṅ kī jā jā’egī, bad-kārī se paidā hone wāle bachchoṅ kī kas̲rat hogī. Yahāṅ tak keh mard ʻaurat ke sāth guzar-gāhoṅ meṅ hī bad-kārī karne lagegā aur us zamāne meṅ jo un meṅ se behtar shaḳhṣ hogā un se kahegā: (tumhārī be-ḥayā’ī kī intehā’ yeh hai keh) tum rāste se bhī hat̥nā gawārā nahīṅ karte. Us zamāne meṅ bher̥iye kā dil rakhne wāloṅ ne bher̥ kī khāl păhăn rakhī hogī (yaʻnī log bāhar se narm mizaj aur andar se ẓālim aur ḳhūn-ḳhẉār hoṅge). Us zamāne meṅ un meṅ se achc̥he log bhī ḳhẉushāmad kareṅge.
    Is ḥadīs̲ ko Imām Ḥākim aur Ṭabarānī ne riwāyat kiyā hai.

    [Ṭāhir al-Qādrī fī al-Qawlu al-Ḥasani fī ʻalāmatī al-sāʻaṫi wa-ẓuhūri al-fitan,/43_45, raqam: 20.]
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Hadith Allah ka Zikr

Hazrat Abu Hurairah RadiyAllahu Ta’ala Anhu Se Riwayat Hai Ki Huzoor Nabi-E-Akram SallAllahu Ta’ala Alaihi Wa Aalehi Wa Sallam Ne Farmaya :
Allah Ta’ala Farmata Hai Ki Mera Banda Mere Mut’alliq Jaisa Khayaal Rakhta Hai Mein Us Ke Saath Waisa Hee Maamala Karta Hoo’n.Jab Woh Mera Zikr Karta Hai Mein Us Ke Saath Hota Hoo’n.
Agar Woh Apne Dil Me Mera Zikr (Ya’ni Zikr-E-Khafi) Kare To Mein Bhi (Apni Shaan Ke Laayaq) Apne Dil Me Us Ka Zikr Karta Hoo’n, Aur Agar Woh Jama’at Me Mera Zikr (Ya’ni Zikr-E-Jali) Kare To Mein Us Kee Jama’at Se Behtar Jama’at (Ya’ni Farishton) Me Us Ka Zikr Karta Hoo’n.
Agar Woh Ek Baalisht Mere Nazdeek Aaye To Mein Do² Baazuon Ke Barabar Us Ke Nazdeek Ho Jaata Hoo’n Aur Agar Woh Meri Taraf Chal Kar Aata Hai To Mein Us Ki Taaf Daud Kar Aata Hoo’n.

Muttafaque Alayh

[Bukhari As-Sahih, 06/2694, Raqam-6970,
Muslim As-Sahih,04/2061, 2675,
Tirmidhi As-Sunan, 05/581, Raqam-3603,
وقال أبو عيسى : هذا حديث حسن صحيح.
Ibn Majah As-Sunan, 04/412, Raqam-7730,
Ahmad Bin Hanbal Al-Musnad, 02/413, 934,
Bayhaqi Shuab-ul-Iman, 01/406, Raqam-550,
Al-Minhaj-us-Sawi, Safah-391, 392, Raqam-411.]