“It is narrated by Buraydah ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)): I took part in the
Battle o f Yemen with ‘Alī (AlahisSalam) an d I h ad a complaint
against him. When I went to see the Prophet ((صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم)
returning from war), I mentioned ‘Alī in rather improper
wo rds. I saw that the Prophet’s face had flushed, and he
said: O Bur ay dah! Am I not nearer than the lives of the
believers? I said: why not, O Messenger of Allāh ! At this,
he said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his
Ahmad bin Hambal related it in al-Musnad (5:347), and Fadā’ilus-sahābah (2:584, 585 # 989); Nasā’ī, as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (5:130
# 8465), Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (p. 86 # 78),
and Fadā’il-us-sahābah (p.14 # 42); Hākim, al-Mustadrak (3:110
# 4578); Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:84# 12181); Ibn Abī ‘Āsim, al-Āhad wal-mathānī (4:325, 326); Shāshī, al-Musnad
(1:127); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (1:229 # 348); Muhib
Tabarī, ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:128); Abū ‘Ulā, Tuhfat-ul-ahwadhī (10:147); Abū Nu‘aym, Hilyat-ul-awliyā’
wa tabaqāt-ul-asfiyā’ (4:23); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr
(45:142, 146-8); and Hindī in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:134 # 36422).
Ibn Kathīr said in al-Bidāyah wan–nihāyah (4:168; 5:457) that
the tradition narrated by Nasā’ī has a sound chain of succession
(isnāduhū jayyid qawī) and all of its narrators are of integrity
“Maymūn Abū ‘Abdullāh describes that he heard Zayd
bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) say: We came down to a valley, named the
valley of Khum, with the Messenger of Allāh (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم). So he
commanded the people to gather for the prayer and led the
congregation in terrible heat. Then he delivered the
sermon , an d a shade was improvised by hanging a piece of
cloth from the tree to protect the Messenger of Allāh
(صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم) from the heat of the sun . He said: Don’t yo u know
or bear witness (to it) that I am nearer than the life of
every believer? The people said: why not! He said: so one
who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh!
Be yo u his enemy who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy and be you
his friend who befriends him.”
Ahmad bin Hambal related it in al-Musnad (4:372); Bayhaqī, asSunan-ul-kubrā (5:131); Haythamī, Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:104);
Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:166); and Hindī in Kanzul-‘ummāl (13:157 # 36485).
Tabarānī transmitted it through another chain of transmission
in al-Mu‘jam-ul-kabīr (5:195 # 5068).
Ibn Kathīr graded its chain of authorities fine (jayyid) in alBidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:172), and its men are those of thiqah
“It is narrated by ‘Atiyy ah al-‘Awfī. He say s: I asked
Zay d bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)): I have a son-in-law who relates a
had īth in p raise of ‘Alī (AlahisSalam) based on your narration on the
day of Ghadīr Khum. I want to h ear it (directly) from you.
Zayd bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) said: you are a native of Iraq. May
you persist in your habits! So I said: yo u will not receive
any torture from me. (At this) he said: we were at the spot
of Juhfah that at the time of zuhr (noon prayer) the
Prophet (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم), holdin g ‘Alī’s hand, came out. He said: O
people! Don’t you know that I am even nearer than the
lives of the believers? They said: why not! Then he said:
one who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master.
‘Atiyyah said: I in quired further: Did he also say this: O
Allāh! Be his friend who befriends him (‘Alī) and be his
enemy who is his enemy? Zay d ibn Arqam said: I h ave
told you all that I had heard.”
Ahmad bin Hambal related it in al-Musnad (4:368), and Fadā’ilus-sahābah (2:586 # 992); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ul-kabīr (5:195 #
5070); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:165); and Hindī in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:105 # 36343).