Ghadir Declaration Hadith

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“Ibn Wāthilah is reported to have heard from Zayd bin
Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) that the Prophet (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
) was camp in g bet ween

Makkah an d Medina near five dense trees. The people
cleaned the place un der the trees an d h e rested there for
some time. He offered the prayer an d then stood up to
address the people. He praised Allāh , gave some
adv ice to the audience an d then said whatever Allāh
wanted him to say. He said: O people! I am leaving t wo
things with yo u. Yo u will never go astray as long as yo u
follow them an d these (two things) are Allāh’s Book an d
my progeny. He then added: Don’t yo u know I am nearer
than the lives of the believers? He repeated it three times.
Everyone said: yes. Then he said: One who has me as his
master has ‘Alī as his master.”

Hākim related it in al-Mustadrak (3:109, 110 # 4577); Hindī,
Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (1:381 # 1657); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq alkabīr (45:164); and Ibn Kathīr in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:168).

“Zayd bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) narrates: We set out with
Allāh’s Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
) until we reached Ghadīr Khum.

He commanded that a canopy should be put up. He looked
tired on that day an d it was a very hot day . He praised
Allāh  an d then said: O people, out of the prophets
Allāh  sent, each new prophet had a life span half as
much as that of his predecessor, and it seems to me that
soon I may be called (to breathe my last) which I shall
accept. I am leaving in your midst something that will
never let you go astray, and that is the Book of Allāh .
Then he stood up, held ‘Alī’s hand and said: O people,
who is he who is nearer than your lives? All of them said:
Allāh  and His Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
) know better. (Then

added:) Am I not nearer than your lives? They said: Why
not! He said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his
master

Hākim graded it sahīh (sound) according to the conditions of
Bukhārī and Muslim in al-Mustadrak (3:533 # 6272) and Dhahabī confirmed its soundness. Tabarānī transmitted it in al-Mu‘jam-ul kabīr (5:171,172 # 4986); and Hindī in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (11:602 #
32904).

“ Sa‘d bin Abī Waqās ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) say s that he heard Allāh’s
Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
) describe three qualities of ‘Alī (AlahisSalam). Had

I possessed anyone of them, it would have been dearer to
me than red camels.
“I heard him say : In deed, he (‘Alī) is in my place as
Hārūn was in Mūsā’s place, but there is no prophet after
me. And I heard him say: Today I shall bestow the flag on
the person who loves Allāh  an d His Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
),

an d Allāh and His Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
) love him too. And

I heard him say : One who h as me as his master has ‘Alī as
his master.”

Nasā’ī narrated it with sound chain of trasmission in Khasā’is
amīr-il-mu’minīm ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp.33, 34, 88 # 10, 80); and
Hindī related it in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (15:163 # 36496) through
‘Āmir bin Sa‘d with the addition of a few words.
Shāshī narrated it through ‘Āmir bin Sa‘d bin Abī Waqās in
al-Musnad (1:165, 166 # 106).
Ibn ‘Asākir narrated it through ‘Āmir bin Sa‘d and Sa‘d bin
Abī Waqās in Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:88).

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