The Brief biography of Hazrat Baba Sharafuddin Saharwardi Hyderabad
Due to the prayer of Hazrat sheikh Abdul Quader Jilani the founder of Saharwardi Order, Syed Shabuddin Saherwardi was born and who was the teacher and spiritual master of Baba Sharfuddin Saherwardi. He was among the first two great Sufi Masters who had landed in India for the preaching and propagation mission of Islam as per the instructions of the prophet of Islam . The details of two great Sufi Masters who had first landed in India for the preaching and propagation mission of Islam are as follows.1.Hazrat Khaja Moinuddin Chisti.2.Hazrat Baba Sharafuddin Saherwardi.
Name and title.
His name is well known and famous as Sharafuddin and his title ( Alqab) is known as Saherwardi Iraqi. But he is well known and famous as Hazrat Baba Sharafuddin. In Deccan (South India) the disciples and devotees called him as Baba Saheb.He belongs to the Saharwardi Sufi Order and his native place is Iraq so the historian has called him as Saherwardi Iraqi and he belongs to a family member of Bani Hashim and he is related to the Sadat (descendant of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) through his daughter Hazrat Fatima) family and all historians have agreed that he was related to Syedna Imam Hussain in 13th generation. Once he saw Allah’s final apostle in his dream and who has instructed him to proceed towards Deccan (South India) for the preaching and propagation mission of Islam there. So he was arrived in the Deccan (South India) as per the instruction of Allah’s last prophet and he was the first pious personality in the Deccan (South India) who arrived for the Islamic preaching and propagation work.
1.Hazrat Syedna Imam Hussain.
2.Hazrat Syed Imam Zainul Abidin.
3.Hazrat Syed Imam Baquer.
4.Hazrat Syed Imam Jafer Sadiq.
5.Hazrat Imam Mosa Kazim.
6.Hazrat Syed Mosa Raza.
7.Hazrat Syed Imam Mohammed Taqi.
8.Hazrat Syed Imam Mohammed Taqi.
9.Hazrat Syed Imam Mohammed Taqi.
10.Hazrat Syed Jafer Thani.
11.Hazrat Syed Asghar.
12.Hazrat Syed Abdullah.
13.Hazrat Syed Ahmed.
14.Hazrat Baba Sharfuddin.
He is also known in the Deccan (South India) as Sultan of Deccan as he was the first pious personality who was arriving in the Deccan area for the preaching and propagation work of Islam.
He was born on 16th Shaban in the year 586 A.H. in Iraq in early hours of the morning time. As per the historical records and as per reference from the book of “Peer Mughan” he was landed in India directly from Iraq in the year 631 Hijri and he was reached in the Deccan (South India) in the year 640 A.H. As per the above records his date of birth is 586 A.H. and his age at the time of his arrival in India was 45 years and he was staying in the North Indian region for the period of nine years and he was busy there in the propagation and preaching work of Islam and later he was proceeding towards Deccan (South of India) when he was 54 years old and this figure shows that he was busy in the Deccan ( South of India ) for the Islamic preaching and propagation work for the period of 47 years.
His early education and training was completed in the city of Baghdad. First he was completing the learning of Quran under the supervision of his father and then he became the disciple of great Sufi Master Sheikh Syed Shahabuddin Saherwadi and learned the following knowledges from him successfully.1.Tafsir ( Exegesis of the holy Quran).2.Hadith (Traditions of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam)). 3.Fiqah (Islamic jurisprudence ). Due to living in the company of above great Sufi Master for the long period he became his great and famous disciple and he obtained caliphate (spiritual successorship) from him and due to great endeavours and training in the company of Sheikh Syed Shahabuddin Saherwardi he became perfect in the worship and improved his manners to greater heights and which resemble with the manners of his Sheikh and his great spiritual master.
He maintained his nightly prayers and devotions.
During the whole night he used to pray Nafil (supererogatory) prayers. His worship style was very hard and tough as he used to perform Wazu (ablution) with cold water before four hours from the sunrise and he used to perform the Tahajud (supererogatory prayers in the early hours of the morning ) prayers during the nights with great care and attention. When there will be signs of morning time then he was used to perform the morning prayer. After the end of the above worship he was used to busy in the following things.1.Worship. 2.Riyazat (Mystical Exercise ). 3.Preaching and propagation work of Islam.
Conduct and character.
He was kind hearted man and his manners were very good and also he was a very simple man and possessed fine conduct and character. He had great control on his Nafas ( soul). Due to his great personality there was great barkat (blessings) and guidance for the people of the area. He was much interested to help the poor and helpless persons. He never liked richness and wealth as well as higher status of life and he was always preferred to live among the poor persons and never liked to have relations with the rich and wealthy persons. He possessed good manners and attractive language since the beginning of his life so he was attracted the largest number of people in the area of the Deccan (South India) and his language style has helped in the preaching and propagation work of Islam. His worship and endeavours were not normal but were very great. His main teaching points have mentioned as follows.1.Mashan (qualities) Islam.2. Dimension of Islam.3. Rawadari (tolerance).4. Equality in Islam.
So for the above reasons many people come to know about his greatness and truthfulness of Islam. Many persons have accepted Islam due to his great conduct and manner. He has selected his best and trained disciples and caliphs and send them around different areas of the Deccan (South India) for the work of teaching and preaching work.His main teachings are as follows.1. Against caste and creed.2. Against colour and race. 3. Against language differences.4. Against untouchability. 5. Islamic brotherhood.
So he had preached that all men are brothers of each other so all should show kindness and share others in happiness and grief. So this great teaching’s effect is still seen in the city of Hyderabad now and the people from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble to share happiness and grief and they like and live in brotherhood atmosphere. Due to his Islamic teaching of brotherhood he will be remembered in the hearts of the people of the Deccan (South India) till the day of judgement and he also preached that all men are sons of prophet Adam so all should worship one God and so His worship is necessary for all of them.
Due to his presence in the land of Deccan (South India) the sound of Islamic creed “La ilaha illallah Mohammed-ur-rasul-ul-lah.” (There is no God but Allah and Mohammed is Allah’s Messenger) is able to hear with the ears of the local people and so they began worshipping of one God and the flag of Islam was first time take to the air in the land of Deccan (South India).
This is a fact that due to presence of Sheikh in the area of the Deccan (South India) the light of Islamic religion was spread all over the region. He has spent all his life in the preaching and propagation work of Islamic religion in the area of the Deccan (South India). He has given first instruction to his disciples and devotees that they should not say anything wrong to pious personalities of Hindu religion. So for above reason there were a large number of persons from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble in his preaching and propagations meetings to hear his messages and sayings. Due to the great character and teachings of tolerance of this pious personality compared to other cities of India and in areas of Deccan (South India) there is good relations between Hindu and Muslims communities is still available and this shows the clear proof of tolerance of the past Muslims of Deccan (South India).
He was a great helper of the poor community and needy persons and he was a great follower of Esar (selflessness). He was always used to help the poor and hungry persons. If he will find any persons hungry then he used to send them his portion of food and he himself used to live without food. Whenever he used to get any presents from his disciples or friends then he will use to send the same to poor students. When he will use to sit for eating food then he will use to ask about his poor neighbours requirements of the food and if he will find any hungry persons there then he will send his portion of food to them. He has possessed all good qualities which his great Sufi master had possessed with him.
Arrival in India.
He arrived in India during the period of Bahmani Kingdom of Deccan in the year 631 A.H. and for a period of nine years he was busy in the preaching and propagation work of Islam in the North Indian region.
Arrival in Deccan.
In the year 640 A.H. he arrived in the Deccan . At that time there was great ignorance which prevailed in this area and due to this reason if they used to see any Muslim person in the morning time and then they will feel it as a bad thing. If any Muslim traveller will used to visit the area then he will be given many troubles and hardships and even the food provisions will not be giving them against the payment of money to them.
Chilla Kashi ( retirement of 40 days into mystic seclusion).
Upon his arrival on the mountain he was entered into the cave for Chilla Kashi (retirement of 40 days in mystic seclusion) and engaged there in the worship of Allah and left all other things. For a period of nine years he was busy in the worship of Allah and mystical exercises and then he came out of the cave at the age of 62 years and that cave is still available in the mountainous area known as Baba Saheb Chilla. So for this reason the visitors and devotees used to go there and visit the cave. At the time of his arrival from the cave his name and fame was spread over all areas of Deccan (South India) so for this reason the visitors and devotees began their visiting his place of residence in large numbers. The visitors will use to visit Sheikh from near and far away places in large number for the fulfilment of their desires and wishes for the sake of Sheikh’s blessing and his prayers.
The Preaching and Propagation work in Deccan (South India).
During the troublesome period he was arrived in the Deccan (South India) at the age of 54 years for the propagation and preaching work of Islam and he commenced this work successfully with the help of his great manners and good conduct. Upon his arrival he was immediately settled down on the top of the mountain. At that time the city’s name of Hyderabad was not known. He arrived in the Deccan ( South India) with his 60 friends and Darwesh persons with him. He was used to busy in the worship of Allah and the propagation and preaching work of Islam for his disciples. Many Hindu persons were used to visit him and used to pay him great respect and honour. Many thousand Hindu persons have accepted the religion of Islam and due to his guidance and great endeavours . There was a great effect of his truthfulness and greatness on Hindu persons and for this reason they left the idol worship and they came into the fold of the religion of Islam.
He was greatly interested in the preaching and propagation work of Islam. During his speech there will be a great effect on the visitors in his gatherings. For this reason there was a great effect of his speech on the non Muslims who used to attend his meetings and so they will leave their religion and enter into the fold of Islam at the time of leaving his meetings. His speech will be free from the mutual imprecation to prove the truth from his point of view and for this reason there was a great effect on the visitors so there was great surprise for them. Due to his great effect of his speech many local persons not only accepted the religion Islam but they had attained a higher status and positions in the religion of Islam and became great masters of Islamic knowledge for the public guidance and instructions.
In the morning time he will use to visit the patients and other needy persons.The present shrine area is away from Hyderabad city in southwestern side and the name of the area where his shrine is located is still known in his name. So we cannot imagine the condition of the area before 800 years and at that time this first sheikh arrived in the Deccan (South India) area . Because in this area there was a thick forest in which there were a large number of wild and dangerous animals used to live in it. Also in the local area the population of cruel men was used to reside there.
As per traveller’s account of Qutubi in which it is mentioned that in the Deccan (South India) area the cruel people were used to reside there and they did not like to look of the Muslim persons in their villages. And seeing of any Muslim person at the morning time will be termed as unlucky and a bad thing and even they will not use to sell goods to Muslim against cash payment and they used to send them out of their villages due to their hate and cruelties. So we can imagine that how this great preacher was most successful upon facing many hardships and hard tasks in his mission of preaching and propagation in the Deccan (South India) area in that difficult and hard time. Due to his hard tasks the light of Islam was spread in the area and the cruel people come to know about the teachings of humanity and manners and good conduct. So in this way sheikh was most successful to bring the light of Islam in the dark area of the Deccan (South India). As Islam which is the religion of peace and love and so sheikh who has acted upon this principle and due to this practice there were good results and due to positive information the large number of local people have accepted the religion of Islam for their improvement of worldly lives and also for their success in the next world. So for the above reason the large number of persons have become his disciples and have left kufer (infidelity) from their lives and have entered into the fold of light of eman (belief) of Islam.
The sheikh had a great spiritual status in the Deccan (South India) which is well known and famous to all and even the small child know his name and status and position so all people have great devotion to him. His main purpose of his life was the preaching and propagation work of Islam. So some historian has mentioned some of his miracles which were related to his preaching and propagation work of Islam. There are many other miracles which are well known and famous but we are mentioning here some miracles which are as follows.
One drunkard person’s bait (pledging spiritual allegiance).
It is well known fact that one drunkard person visited his shrine and requested him to allow him to drink liquor and toddy so that he can accept the religion of Islam. So the sheikh told him that he will be given permission in this matter but he should not drink before him. So the man accepted his condition and become Muslim in the shrine. He has given his name as Noor Mohammed. Upon his return from the shrine he desired for liquor drink so he went to the liquor shop and purchased some liquor to drink.
At the time of liquor drink when his cup was near his lips and suddenly he saw his sheikh near him so he was afraid and due to his fear he has thrown away the cup of liquor and left the liquor shop and came to the shrine of the sheikh and sat there with fear and sorry and he went away and seated in one corner place in the shrine and he sat there silently in the condition of fear and sorry. So for this reason somebody has asked about his condition in this matter. So he told him that he went to the liquor shop for the drink of liquor and at the time of drink he saw the sheikh near him so for this reason he ran from the liquor shop and came to the shrine and due to this reason he was sitting there in the condition of fear and sorry. So he asked the shrine servants whether the sheikh left the shrine today? So they replied him that today he was not left the shrine. Due to the above event Noor Mohammed effected greatly and forever he left his habit of drinking toddy and liquor.
The lost ox was found.
Once a washer man has lost his ox so he searched his ox for a period of two months but he could not find his ox. For the above reason he came to see the sheikh in this matter and explained the details of his problem that he has lost his ox since two months so he searched his ox in the forests and in mountain area but he could not find his ox anywhere. He told him that he is a poor person and having a large family and his only life support ox is lost and due to this reason he is passing through great difficulty and problem. As he is a poor person so he could not buy another ox so please kindly help him in this matter and solve his problem. Sheikh upon hearing his problem he consoled him and given him some Naqsh (charm) to him and has instructed to put the same at a certain Hindu temple area so that he can get back his lost ox by the grace of Allah.
That man went to the temple area and put Naqsh (charm) there and he was returning from there and on the way he found his lost ox and he was much happier in this matter and went to the house along with his ox so for this reason his members of the family were happy . His friends and relatives have asked him about the details of the event so he told them the complete story of the sheikh’s miraculous. Upon this event which was spread in the large area so for this reason large numbers of the person’s attention was diverted towards Baba Saheb’s shrine and persons began accepting the greatness of Islamic religion. Due to the kind grace of Allah the washer man and his companions have accepted Islam in the holy shrine of the sheikh due to the above miracle.
Due to his faizan (favour) people from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble at the famous mausoleum of Baba Sharafuddin from many places. Several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, used to gather there to seek blessings. Mr. Venkat Reddy Palekar of Golconda fort has only one son who became seriously ill so for this reason all doctors have given their opinion that the boy is not curable and some days of his life period is left. But suddenly an idea came into his father’s mind that he should take the boy to the shrine for his recovery there. So the father of the boy visited the shrine of sheikh and put his head on the foot of the sheikh and began weeping and requested for the health and recovery of his seriously ill son. The father also told sheikh that upon death of the boy there will be no use of their life as their family is having one son only.
Upon hearing all details of the case sheikh consoled him and gave him taviz (charm) for putting around the neck of his son and also he gave him some water upon blow over some Quranic verses on it . The Sheikh told him that Allah will recover the boy and for 3 days sheikh gave him water and boy’s health condition began recovering slowly and in some days the boy was recovered completely and visited the shrine and met with sheikh and they began visiting sheikh daily for his blessing purpose. In all places fame of sheikh’s healing power has spread so for this reason many physicians used to visit him and get treatment of their heart diseases and recovered by prescription of Kalmia Tayeb (Islamic creed) and due to his fame Muslims used to tell him as Baba and Hindus used to say to him avtar.
The sheikh’s mausoleum is situated on the mountain and to reach on the top of the mountain there are 312 steps have been constructed so it’s not easy to reach on such top mountain area. But it is observed that old men, women and small children used to cover all steps easily and without difficulty and problem. This is a living miracle of the sheikh which is being observed by all persons in the shrine since long time.
There were total 60 companions with him who arrived along with him in the Deccan (South India) area. He used to send them in the villages and hamlets for the propagation and preaching work of Islam. Among his great companions who were sent to the villages are as follows.1.Hazrat Baba Syedna Shabuddin.2.Hazrat Baba Syedna Fakheruddin.3.Hazrat Baba Syedna Shabuddin who has spent some time with Baba Sharaffuddin and was going to the place where now his tomb is available there and in that place Nawab Fakheruddin Shamsul Umra Bahadur of Hyderabad government constructed some shops and populated this place with the name of Shamshabad . He has spent all of his life there and upon his death he was also buried there.
Baba Saheb upon his arrival in the Deccan (South India) was very busy in the service of mankind and for this reason he has spent all his life without his marriage and so for this fact his family connection was stopped. So he has adopted his brother Syed Musa’s son Syed Fariduddin before his death to continue his mission of Islamic religion and nominated him as his successor and his grave is situated at the left side of Baba’s grave in the square open-air courtyard of the marble stone and which was constructed by Nawab Khurshid Jah Bahadur.
On the way of the shrine there are available first arch and this arch, one mosque and well was constructed by Babuji Choudhry who was a famous devotee of the sheikh.
A well known and famous woman disciple.
As per reference from Khaja Fariduddin who was the custodian of the shrine of Hazrat Bahbud Ali Shah Saheb Hyderabad that her title was Bibi Fakihia which was granted by Baba Saheb. Her name is well known and famous as Pheki Bibi. She belongs to one disciple’s family of Baba Saheb of Deccan (South India) area and she was the daughter of that family. Her father and all her family members were becoming Muslims due to Baba’s preaching and teaching work. Her father was used to present in the service of Baba Saheb day and night. Due to Baba’s father his family members and all sons were becoming perfect in knowledge of Hadith (traditions of Allah’s last prophet) and Fiqha (Islamic jurisprudence). Phiki Bibi was always used to be in service of Baba sahib and Baba Saheb was also very kind to her.
Once her father visited Baba Saheb and explained him that now his daughter reached at the age of entering bond of marriage (aqad nikah) and for this reason he offered her marriage proposal to him. But upon this request Baba Saheb smiled and said now the girl is fit for the work of teaching and preaching among the women so for this reason he has granted her title as Bibi Fakhia. So Bibi Saheba was busy in the above work till her life. As per Baba Sahib’s instruction she has discontinued the following things.1. Worldly desire and wishes.
She has followed the following things.1.Service of mankind.2.Worship of Allah. For the above reasons her name become famous and well known as Pheki Bibi.Her grave is available on the high platform and it is situated in the square open-air courtyard of the marble stone. All visitors who come to visit the mausoleum of Baba Saheb and they also visit Bibi Saheba’s grave.
The Urs (death anniversary).
Every year on the 15th Shaban to 22nd Shaban the Urs ceremony is celebrated. On this occasion people from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble to celebrate the Urs (death anniversary) which takes place on the above dates of Muslim calendar at the famous mausoleum of Baba Sharafuddin every year.
Several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, gather there to seek blessings and the ceremony of Sandal is held at the Sandal House in Balapur village near Hyderabad. The Sandal ceremony is taken out from the Sandal House . As per the historical records and traditions it is clear that he was born on 16th Shaban in the year 586 A.H.
During his life he was used to conduct his preaching meetings on 16th Shaban every year in which he was used to teach the Islamic rules and regulations and as well as other Islamic teachings to the general public. The 2nd Sandal ceremony which is celebrated every year on the 19th Shaban and which is organized by government agencies and on 20th Shaban the lights are illuminated on the mausoleum and on this occasion several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, gather there to seek blessings. On the morning of 21 Shaban there will ceremony of Quran recitation will be held in the shrine area and after the recitation of Faitha, prayers will be held for the fulfilment of the desires and wishes of the visitors of the shrine.
There will be some strange scene available on the above date when a large number of Muslims from the villages will present there and upon taking bath with cold water and in wet clothes and with wet hairs they will pray while folding their hands in the Baba Sahib’s shrine. On 22nd Shaban after the ceremony of recitation of verse Qul is held and old flowers will be removed and new flowers and new cover on the grave is replaced there.
During the Urs (death anniversary) the visitors in large number will visit the shrine for the fulfilment of their desires and wishes for the sake of the sheikh’s name.In this way the above ceremony will be arranged on a grand scale and the visitors will visit the mausoleum from near and far away places. Upon his death Hazrat Baba Syedna Fakheruddin was buried in the village Khaja Gadh Jagir on the mountain which is surrounded by the good natural location. Hazrat Baba Syedna Fakheruddin also did many great endeavours for the propagation and preaching work of Islam.
Caliph and successor Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Saherwardi.
His brother’s name is Hazrat Baba Musa Saherwardi and his son’s name is Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Saherwardi to whom Hazrat Baba Sharafuddin has appointed him as his successor and from him lineage of the family is continued as the custodians of the shrine for the service of the visitors of his mausoleum since long time. His mausoleum in Hyderabad which is famous since long time for the fulfilment of desires and wishes of the persons who visit his mausoleum there.
He has left the world in the year 687 A.H. As per the records of any other pious person that he was over forty years old at the time of his arrival in India and at the age of 101 years he was died in Hyderabad city. As a matter of fact this world is temporary abode and baqa (existence) is only for Allah. The sad day came when this pious personality with following qualities left this world.1.Sun of Marafat (knowledge) and Tariqat (mystic way of life). 2.Moon of Haqiqat (reality) and truth. All historians are agreed that he has left the world on 19th Shaban in the year 687 A.H. and he was buried on 20th Shaban and the Sheikh’s age was 101 years at that time.
His grave is situated in Hyderabad on the eastern side at the distance of some miles and his tomb is constructed on the higher platform and the tomb area is well known as Phadi Sharif.
Reference book :
‘Faizan Auliya Deccan ’ by Mohammed Ali Majdadi.