His name was Hazrat Mir Shujat Hussain and his personality and his status was well known for his qualities of innermost and manifest. There was a great benefit to a large number of Arabic, Indian and Hyderabad people. He was a perfect Sufi saint of his time and as well as he was also famous and well known as Qutub (highest cadre in spiritual pivot at axis) of India of his time and he was a perfect personality of his time in Hyderabad in the following knowledges.
- Exegesis of the Quran
- Hadith (the holy prophet’s traditions)
- The knowledges of manifest
- The knowledges of the innermost
- Basic Islamic knowledge
- Arabic grammar
- Fiqa (Islamic law)
He was famous for the innermost knowledge so for this reason many 100,000 persons in Hyderabad and around Hyderabad were benefitted greatly in his company and in his training sessions and due to his endeavours and hard tasks a large number of people were able to reach their final destination. He was also well known for his great love of Allah and his friendship with the Lord of the worlds. His name was Mir Shujauddin Hussain but He is well known by the name of Maulavi Saheb and his poetic name was Faqir.
His father’s name was Syed Karimullah Bahadur and he was very pious and he was a man of rapture (ecstasy) and he was a well known person of knowledge and famous scholar of his time and he was given the titles of Khan Bhadur by the government authorities in Hyderabad. He was in the special service of Paigah (During the rule of kings of Hyderabad an area of known as Paigah was given to the Amirs (rulers) to keep ready the armed forces in their regions to help the government in the time of emergency). His grandfather Syed Daim was well known and famous scholar of Islamic law (fiqa) and famous pious personality of his time. Nawab Nasir Jung Bahadur appointed him to the post of Qazi (judge) of Burhanpur.
His genealogical record was connected with Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (R.A.) in the 27th generation. So Hazrath Qutub-UL Hind was belonged to the pious genealogical lineage of Hazrat Muhammad Ibn al-Hanafiyyah who was the son of Hazrat Syedna Ali Ibn Abi Talib (R.A.). His ancestors were migrated from Arabia to India in Madhya Pradesh area during the period of the Moghul Emperor Akbar. Hazrat Ahmed Yesevi (R.A.) who was a Turkish poet and Sufi person, an early mystic who exerted his endeavours and hard tasks and so he was becoming well known for his powerful influence on the development of mystical Sufi orders of Tariqa (mystic path) throughout the Turkish speaking world of the 11th century and his was also successor (caliph) of Hazrat Yusuf Hamdani, is the forefather of Qutub-UL Hind Mir Shujauddin Hussain. The Mausoleum of Hazrat Ahmed Yasevi is situated in the city of Turkistan in the South Kazakhstan.
He was born in 1191 Hijra corresponding to 1774 A.D.in Burhanpur in Madhya Perdesh and his father’s name was Hazrat Syed Karimullah and who was well known personality for his pious and spirituality. He was awarded the title of Khan Bahadur by Nasir Jung Bahadur. His grandfather’s name was Mir Mohammed Daim and who was famous for his knowledge and he was also well known pious person of his time and who was a disciple of Mirza Be’dil. Due to his excellence in the knowledges and due to his pious personality Nawab Asif Jah Bahadur had great devotion to him and for this reason he appointed him as Qazi (judge) of Burhanpur. His maternal grand father’s name was Khaja Siddiq alias Ghulam Mohiuddin and who was the custodian of the grand (Jamia) mosque in Burhanpur. He was great worshipper and pious personality of Burhanpur and he had only one daughter whose name was Hazrat Arifa Begum Sahiba and who was the mother of Hazrat Mir Shujauddin Hussain.
Early education and training
At the time of the marriage of Qutub-UL Hind’s parents, the age of his father was 60 years. Qutub-UL Hind’s father was passed away when he was two years old. Then the responsibility of his upbringing fell on his maternal grandfather, Hazrat Khawaja Syed Mohammed Siddiq.
So his early education and training was completed under the care and attention of his maternal grandfather Khaja Mohammed Siddiq alias Ghulam Mohiuddin. Under his care and attention he was learning the basic Islamic knowledge, Arabic grammar (Sarf and Nahoo) and also memorized the Holy Quran by the age of 12 years. He studied other books of knowledge in Burhanpur with the help of learned persons there. During the period of his mother’s pregnancy his maternal grandfather was seen a dream in which he saw that due to a severe storm all lights in Burhanpur were put off. But the light of the grand (Jamia) mosque in Burhanpur which was lighted in the family of his maternal grandfather and who was the custodian of the grand (Jamia) mosque in Burhanpur. Upon his dream his maternal grandfather told his son in law Syed Karimullah the details of his dream and he informed him the interpretation of the dream that there will be a pious son will be born to him and who will become a perfect person of his time. Upon the completion of the period of pregnancy of his mother sheikh of his time Mir Shujauddin Hussain was born in Burhanpur in 1191 Hijra corresponding to 1774 A.D. and during that year his father was died. He was also received religious knowledge from various other Islamic scholars of Burhanpur.
In this way he was learned his early education from his maternal grandfather. As per one tradition he was benefitted too much in the company of Hazrat Shah Waliullah.
The Hajj pilgrimage
He performed the Hajj pilgrimage and was visiting the mausoleum of the last prophet of Allah in Madina when he was 18 years old and he was going for the Hajj on the trust of Allah along with his family members and relatives. Due this reason he did not take the extra dress for his personal use with him for the journey of Hajj. When the trouser was become unusable then he was used his towel in the place of trouser. In those olden days the port of departure of the Hajj journey from India was Surat port Gujrat and while on the way to reach the port city Surat he was missed by his caravan of travelling persons to Makkah and Madina. For this reason all persons were worried and upset with this matter. So the persons of his caravan were asked one holy person who was available there and who was perfect in meditation and revelation. And that person after going into the meditation for some time and he was told “ He will be available back soon there and he is a pious and a perfect person of his time.” Upon hearing this information the persons were turned back side of that place and they saw that the sheikh of his time was coming there. During his visit to the Holy Cities of Makkah and Madina he was gaining religious knowledge of the many sheikhs (scholars) of Makkah and Madina and after the completion of his Hajj journey he was returned back to his native place Burhanpur.
His pledge (bait)
He was pledging with Shah Rafiuddin Quadri Qandhari who was the caliph of Hazrat Syed Khaja Rahmatullah Quadri of Rahmatabad in the following chain of Sufi orders.
- Quadri order
- Chisti order
- Naqsbandi order
- Refai order
He was in the company of his spiritual master for a period of six months and during this period due to his hard endeavour and practice he was becoming perfect in the following things.
1 .Saluk (mystic initiation)
- Mystic exercise
Upon obtaining the caliphate and permission from his spiritual master Hazrat Rafiuddin Quadri Qandhari he was arrived in Hyderabad for the mission work of Islamic preaching and propagation there and he was became well known there as Qutub (highest cadre in spiritual pivot at axis) of India and he was learned and was obtained a testimonial in the Hadith (the holy prophet’s traditions) collections of Saha Sitta (the six famous Sunni collections of the holy prophet’s traditions made by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Nasai and Ibn Majjah ) from Nawab Izzat Yar Khan who was the Chief Justice of Hyderabad Government. After returning from his pilgrimage he was migrated to Hyderabad Deccan. Upon his arrival in Hyderabad, he first was staying at the residence of Nawab Faith-ud-Daula who was his relative . Hazrat Qutub-UL Hind was the author of a number of books on different subjects of Islam, i.e. Tafseer (Exegesis of the Quran), Tajweed (knowledge of the recitation of the holy Quran), Hadith ( the holy prophet’s traditions), Fiqa (Islamic law), Aqayed (faith), Tasuwauf (Sufism) and Saluk (mystic initiation). A few of his famous books are as follows.
- ‘Tafseer of Last Chapter of Quran and other chapters’ (Sura) (Under publication)
- ‘Kashf-UL-Khulasa’ – A book on the topic of Hanifi Fiqa, in the poetic format , which is famous and it was already included in the syllabus of many Islamic schools and this book was already published.
- ‘Khutabaat Juma’ – A book which contains Arabic Khutbaat (Sermons) with Urdu translations which are read before the Friday Prayer was already published.
- ‘Munajaat Khatam Al-Quran’ – A Prayer in Arabic which is read at the time of Khatam-A-Quran (recitation of the whole of the Quran), with Urdu translation. The speciality of this prayer is that it contains the names of all the 114 chapters of the Quran and with their intercession (wasila) are used to ask Allah Subahan Wa Talla for the approval of supplications. And this book was already published.
- ‘Risala (magazine) Sama’ ( in Persian language)
- ‘Risala (magazine) Jabar Wa Khadar’ (in Persian language)
- ‘Risala (magazine) Ehtalam’ (in Persian language)
- ‘Risala (magazine) Saluk Qadriya Wa Naqshbandiya’ (in Persian language)
The Grand (Jamia) mosque Charminar in Hyderabad which is located at the left of the side Charminar and it was constructed before the construction of the historical building of Charminar and this grand and beautiful mosque which was converted into the elephant house due to passing of long time and in the courtyard of the mosque palanquins and other things were used to keep their. In the reservoir of the mosque the fodder of the elephants was kept there. When this great sheikh of his time Mir Shujauddin Quaderi Saheb was arrived in Hyderabad then the mosque was rehabilitated with him and the five congregational prayers were re-started. Afterwards the Amirs (ruler) and government authorities were constructed new grand (Jamia) mosque building as per the instruction of the sheikh of the time. The elephants and palanquins and all other things were removed from the grand mosque building and from its courtyard. From the grand mosque the light of knowledge of innermost and manifest was lit from there and which give light to thousand lamps. Also the land area of Hyderabad Deccan was lit by such great light and such light of knowledge is still continued in this land and which also will be available in the future by the grace of Allah. It’s proof in this matter is that in Hyderabad and around Hyderabad and in the Deccan area there are available now a large number of Islamic schools and shrine buildings in the service of knowledge seekers by the grace of Allah . It will be hope that by the grace of Allah, these institutions and shrine buildings will be available till the day judgement. The great endeavour and hard task of the sheikh is well known and due to its reason he was converted many thousand Hindu people as Muslims and he brought them into the fold of the religion of Islam. Among them there were rich persons and rulers are included such as Raja Shambu Persad, officer Muttiah and officer Saheb. He also was founded the first Islamic school in its eastern side of the Grand mosque Charminar and he was constructed the shrine (khanka) building in Hyderabad city and in which there was a public kitchen was available at that time for the disciples and devotees and this building he was used for training of the disciples. That shrine building is still available in Hyderabad. Due to his kind presence in the city of Hyderabad first time in Hyderabad the following two meetings and training of the students in the Islamic schools for the memorization were started.
- Memorization school of the Quran
- Milad Quani (meeting held to celebrate the prophet’s nativity)
3.Qasida Burda (the poem expressing the grandeur and excellence of Sayyidina Rasuluallah Sallallhu Alayhi Wasallam.)
He was famous and well known person of revelation and miracles and all those details are available in the book “Munaqib Shujia ” by Moulana Amarullah Faroqui who was the brother of the founder of the Islamic Nizamia University of Hyderabad and the details of revelation and miracles are also found in the following books.
1.’Seerat Shujia ‘by Syed Shujauddin Thani
- ‘Mahboob Zumanan’
In the following prayers he was used to recite one complete Quran .
- Farad (obligatory) prayers
- Sunnah prayers
- Nafil (supererogatory) prayer
- Tahjud (supererogatory prayer in the early hours of the morning) prayer
- Iraq (supererogatory prayer after the sunrise time) prayer
- Chast (supererogatory prayer in the mid morning time) prayer
While reciting the Quran in his prayers he will use to follow one style of recitation among the seven styles of reciting of the Quran and he will use to end his recitation on the same method. His daily routine was that he used to visit the grand mosque of Charminar in the early hours of the morning and he was available there for the Fajr (morning) prayer and after the Fajar prayer he was used to be busy in the ziker (remembrance of Allah) till the time of Israq (supererogatory prayer after the sunrise ) prayer. After Israq prayer he will use to return back to his house. Then he will again enter into the mosque before the time of the Zuhar (afternoon ) prayer and he was used to busy and engaged there up to the time of Eisha (night) prayer and after this prayer he was used to return back his house there. He will wake up in the middle of the night for the Tahjud (supererogatory) prayer. He left this mortal world on the 4th Muherram in the year 1265 Hijra.
There was one son was born to him and his name was Hafiz Abdullah Shaheed and who was martyred during his lifetime and there was one daughter and who was married to Abdullah Badkshani. The names of his two grandsons are as follows and who were became as his successors.
- Hazrat Daim
- Hazrat Qaim
Due to his teaching and preaching affects the King of Hyderabad Nawab Nasir Daula Bahadur was issued one royal order in which it was proclaimed to change of the name of grand (Jamia) mosque Charminar as the grand (Jamia) mosque of Shujia Charminar and in the above royal order it was also declared his family name as the trustee of the grand mosque Charminar Hyderabad.
Upon his demise of his grandson Hazrat Syed Daim was became his first caliph and custodian of his shrine and upon his death his son Syed Abdullah Shah Thani and upon his death his son Syed Shah Yasin and upon his death his son Hazrat Syed Shah Ghulam Samdani and upon his death his son Hazrat Syed Shah Shujauddin Thani and upon his death his son Syed Shah Obeidullah Quaderi alias Asif Pasha who was became his successor and the custodian of the shrine building and who is present successor and the custodian of the shrine as well as he is caretaker of the grand mosque of Shujia Charminar Hyderabad.
- Hazrat Haji Syed Abdullah Shah Shaheed son of Qutubul Hind
- Hazrat Daim grandson of Qutubul Hind
- Hazrat Qaim grandson of Qutubul Hind
- Hazrat Abdul Karim Badkshani
- Hazrat Syed Parversh Hussaini alias Badasha Hussaini
- Hazrat Khaja Miya
His famous disciples
The following personalities even though they were not his direct disciples but who were the disciples of his disciple whose names are included in the list of Hyderabad’s famous pious and learned personalities of the Deccan region in India.
1.Hazrath Kahaja Manaboob Ullah
2.Hazrath Abdul Qadeer Siddique
The great sheikh of Hyderabad left this mortal world on 3rd Muherram in the year 1265 Hijra and he was buried in the garden of his successor and caliph Hazrat Syed Daim in Edi Bazaar street in Hyderabad and who constructed a grand mausoleum over his grave.
The Urs (death anniversary)
People from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble to celebrate the Urs (death anniversary) which takes place on the 3rd Muherram of Muslim calendar at the famous shrine (Dargah) of Hazrat Mir Shujauddin Hussain Quaderi in Hyderabad every year. Several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, gather there to seek blessings.
2nd Moharram, Gusal (washing) of the grave (Mazar) program will be held after Maghrib (sunset) prayer and after that the meeting of recitation of Quran (Jalsa Qiraat) after Isha (night) prayer will be organized at the shrine (Dargah) of Hazrat Qutub-UL Hind at Edi Bazaar.
3rd Moharram , The Sandal ceremony , The Annual Sandal procession started from Jama Masjid Shujaiya Charminar at the time of evening time of 4’o clock and it will reach the shrine (Dargah) building of Qutub-UL Hind at Edi bazaar before the time of Maghrib (sunset) prayer and sandal rituals and zikar (remembrance of Allah) and recitation of Quran programs will be organised after the Maghrib prayer.
4th Moharram , After Fajar (morning) prayer recitation of the holy Quran at Mazar (mausoleum) of Qutub-UL Hind and Fateha (reciting the first verse from holy Quran) ceremony will be organised and after Maghrib prayer the meeting of Mehfil Naat (encomium on the holy prophet ) and the Milaad Quani (meeting held to celebrate the prophet’s nativity) meeting are held at Mazar (mausoleum) of Qutub -UL Hind.
5th Moharram , Natiya (encomium on the holy prophet ) and Munqabati Musha-era meeting (eulogy of the prophet’s companions or relations ) will be held at the shrine building of Shujaiya Charminar after Isha prayer .
To write about this great Sufi saint and great author is not only it is difficult and but it is very hard task as he was not only a great pious personality of his time in the area of the Deccan (South India) but he was also a great author of so many great books so in brief he was Qu’tub (highest cadre in spiritual pivot at axis) of his time in the Deccan region.
For a long time he was engaged in religious discourses, sermons, and spiritual training of the people and he did also many great endeavours for the preaching and propagation work of Islam in Deccan (South India) and around this region and there was no such personality during his time.
Reference book :
‘Seerat Hazrat Qutub-UL Hind’
By Maulana Syed Ibrahim Quaderi