“Zay d bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) has narrated that ‘Alī (AlahisSalam),
ask ing people to bear witness, said: I make you swear if
anyone of you heard the Prophet (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم) say : O Allāh! One
who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh!
Befriend him who befriends him (‘Alī) and be his enemy
who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy. So on this occasion sixteen men
stood up and bore witness.”
Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in al-Musnad (5:370); Tabarānī, alMu‘jam-ul-kabīr (5:171 # 4985); Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāyah wannihāyah (5:461); and Muhib Tabarī in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:127), and Dhakhā’ir-ul-‘uqbā fī manāqib
dhaw-il-qurbā (pp.125, 126).
Haythamī has said in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:106) that those
who concealed the facts lost their eyesight.
“‘Umayr bin Sa‘d narrates that he heard ‘Alī ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ))
gathered people in an open plain an d I bear witness to it.
So he said: I ask on oath if anyone had heard the Prophet
(صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم) say: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his
master. Eighteen person s stood up an d bore witness that
they heard the Prophet (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم) say this.
Haythamī, relating this tradition in Majm‘-uz-zawā’id (9:108), has
said that it has been narrated by Tabarānī and its chain of
authorities is fair (isnāduhū hasan).
Ibn ‘Asākir related it from ‘Umayr bin Sa‘īd in Tārīkh
Dimashq al-kabīr (45:158), and through ‘Umayr bin Sa‘d too. The
latter has twelve witnesses.
Ibn Kathīr has related it from ‘Umayr bin Sa‘d in al-Bidāyah
wan-nihāyah (4:171; 5:461) and it has twelve witnesses, including
Abū Hurayrah, Abū Sa‘īd and Anas bin Mālik ().
Hindī copied it in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:154, 155 # 36480); and
Shawkānī in Darr-us-sahābah (p.211).
“Abū Tuf ayl has narrated that ‘Alī ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) gathered the
people in an open p lace an d said to them: I make every
Muslim swear an d ask him if he has heard the Prophet
(صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم) say something (about me) on the day of Ghadīr
Khum, he should stand up. At this, thirty person s stood up
— while Abū Nu‘aym said that a larger n umber of people
stood up — and they bore witness that (we remember that
time) when the Messenger of Allāh (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم) said to the
people while holding your hand: Do yo u know that I am
nearer than the lives of the believers? All of them said:
yes, O Messenger of Allāh! Then he said: one who has me
as his master has this (‘Alī) as his master. O Allāh!
Befriend him who befriends him (‘Alī) an d be his enemy
who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy . The narrator says that when I
came out I had some doubt. In the meantime, I met Zayd
bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) an d told him that I had heard ‘Alī (AlahisSalam) say
this. At this Zayd bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)) said: how can yo u deny while I have my self heard the Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم) say this
about ‘Alī ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ))?”
Ahmad bin Hambal related it with sound chain of authorities in alMusnad (4:370), and Fadā’il-us-sahābah (2:682#1167); Bazzār,
al-Musnad (2:133 # 492); Ibn Abī ‘Āsim, as-Sunnah
(p.603#1366); Bayhaqī, as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (5:134); Ibn ‘Asākir,
Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:156); Muhib Tabarī, ar-Riyād-unnadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:127); Haythamī, Majma‘-uzzawā’id (9:104); Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (5:460, 461);
and Shawkānī in Darr-us-sahābah (p.209).
Nasā’ī, in addition to Abū Tufayl, has also narrated it on the
authority of ‘Āmir bin Wāthilah.
Ibn Hibbān said in his as-Sahīh (15:376#6931) that its chain
of authorities is sahīh (sound) and its men are thiqah (trustworthy).
Hākim graded it sahīh according to the conditions of Imām
Bukhārī and Imām Muslim in al-Mustadrak (3:109#4576).
Tabarānī narrated it briefly in al-Mu‘jam-ul-kabīr (5:195#5071).
Ibn Athīr narrated in Asad-ul-ghābah fī ma‘rifat-is-sahābah
(6:246) that seventeen persons witnessed the event.
Ibn Kathīr has written in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:171) that
rahbah means an open place in the mosque of Kufa.
Haytamī has written in as-Sawā‘iq-ul-muhriqah (p.122) that
thirty Companions () have narrated this tradition and its
numerous chains of authorities come under the category of sahīh (sound) and hasan (fair).
Abū Mahāsin copied the tradition in al-Mu‘tasar min-almukhtasar min Mashkal-il-āthār (2:301).