“Ibn Bur ay dah h as attributed it to his father: Allāh’s
) said: One who h as me as his guardian
has ‘Ali as his guardian.”
Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in al-Musnad (5:361), and Fadā’il us-sahābah (2:563 # 947); Ibn Abī ‘Āsim, as-Sunnah (pp.601, 603
# 1351, 1366); Hākim, al-Mustadrak (2:131 # 2589); Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:57 # 12114); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ulkabīr (5:166 # 4968), al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (3:100, 101 # 2204); Ibn
‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:143); Haythamī, Majma‘-uz zawā’id (9:108); and Hindī in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (11:602 # 32905).
The same tradition has been reproduced by Hindī in Kanz-ul-
‘ummāl (15:168, 169 # 36511), using slightly different words and
he says that it has been narrated by Ibn Rāhawayh and Ibn Jarīr.
Ibn ‘Asākir narrated it through Fātimah (ا عنھ االله ي رض) also in
Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:142)
“It is narrated by Zayd bin Arqam ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
): When Allāh’s
) was returning after the Hajjat-ul-wadā‘,
he stayed at Ghadīr Khum. He commanded that a canopy
should be put up an d so it was don e. Then he said: It
seems as if I am about to breathe my last which I shall
accept. Indeed, I am leaving two important things in your
midst which exceed each other in importance: One (is)
Allāh’s Book and the other (is) my progeny. Now it is to
be seen how do you treat both of them after me and they
will not be separated from each other, an d they will
app ear before me at the Fountain of kawthar. Then added:
Surely Allāh is my Master an d I am the master of
every believer. Then, holding ‘Alī’s hand, he said: One
who has me as his master has this (‘Alī) as his guardian. O
Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him (‘Alī) and be the
enemy of one who is his enemy.”
Hākim narrated it in al-Mustadrak (3:109 # 4576); Nasā’ī, asSunan-ul-kubrā (5:45, 130 # 8148, 8464); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ulkabīr (5:166 # 4969); and Ibn Abī ‘Āsim related it briefly in asSunnah (p.644 # 1555).
Nasā’ī related it with a sound chain of authorities in Khasā’is
amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp.84, 85 # 76).
Abū Mahāsin copied it in al-Mu‘tasar min-al-mukhtasar
min Mashkal-il-āthār (2:301).