Ghadir Declaration Hadith 4&5

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“Barā’ bin ‘Āzib ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
) narrates: We performed ha jj with

Allāh’s Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
). On the way h e stayed at a p lace

an d commanded us (to establish) the prayer in
congregation . After this, he held ‘Alī’s hand, and said:
Am I not nearer than the lives of the believers? They
replied: Why not! He said: Am I not nearer than the life of
every believer ? They rep lied: Why not! He said: On e who
has me as h is master has this (‘Alī) as his guardian. O
Allāh! Befriend the one who befriends him and be the
enemy of one who is his enemy.”

Ibn Mājah narrated this sound hadīth (tradition) in preface (almuqaddimah) to his Sunan (1:88 # 116); Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāyah
wan-nihāyah (4:168); Hindī, Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (11:602 # 32904);
Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:167, 168); and Ibn ‘Abī ‘Āsim briefly mentioned in as-Sunnah (p.603 # 1362).

“It is narrated by Bar ā’ bin ‘Āzib (): We were on a
journey with Allāh’s Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
). (On the way) we

stayed at Ghadīr Khum. There it was announced that the
prayer was about to be offered. The space un der t wo trees
was cleaned for Allāh’s Messenger (صلى-الله-عليه-و-آله-وسلم
). Then he offered

the zuhr (noon) prayer, and, holding ‘Alī’s h and, he said:
Don ’t you know that I am even nearer than the lives of the
believers? They said: Why not! He said: Don ’t yo u know
that I am even nearer than the life of every believer? They
said: Why not! The narrator say s that he said while
holdin g ‘Alī’s hand: One who has me as his master has
‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend the one who
befriends him (‘Alī) an d be the enemy of one who is his
enemy. The narrator say s that after this ‘Umar (bin al Khattāb ((رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
)) met ‘Alī () an d said to him: O Ibn Abī Tālib! Congratulation s, you have become the master of every male an d female believer, morn in g an d evening (for

ever).”

1. Ahmad bin Hambal related it from Barā’ bin ‘Āzib through two
different chains of transmission in al-Musnad (4:281); Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:78 # 12167); Muhib Tabarī, Dhakhā’irul-‘uqbā fī manāqib dhawī al-qurbā (p.125), ar-Riyād-un-nadrah
fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:126, 127); Hindī, Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:133, 134 # 36420); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr
(5:167, 168); Ibn Athīr, Asad-ul-ghābah (4:103); and Ibn Kathīr in
al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:169; 5:464).
Ahmad bin Hambal in his book Fadā’il-us-sahābah (2:610 #
1042) has added the following words in the tradition related to
‘Umar bin al-Khattāb (). The Prophet () said:
وعاد من عاداه, وانصر من نصره, وأحب مـن
أحبه.
قال شعبة: أو قال: و ابغض من أبغضه.
(O Allāh!) Be the enemy of one who is his
(‘Alī’s) enemy, and help him who helps him, and love
him who loves him.
Shu‘bah says that the Prophet () said in its
place, “Bear malice towards him who bears malice
towards (‘Alī).”
Manāwī has written in Fayd-ul-qadīr (6:217) that when Abū Bakr () and ‘Umar () had heard the Prophet’s saying — One
who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master — they said to
‘Alī () : O son of Abū Tālib! You have become the master of
every male and female believer, morning and evening (for ever).”
Dhahabī has said in Siyar a‘lām-in-nubalā’ (2:623, 624) that
‘Umar () uttered the words:
هنيئا لك يا علي!
O ‘Alī! Congratulations.

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