Invading Banu Quraizah

On the very day Allâh’s Messengerﷺ the came back to Madinah after the battle, while he was washing in Umm Salamah’s house. Gabriel visited him asking that he should unsheathe his sword and head for the locality of the treacherous Banu Quraizah and fight them. Gabriel told that he with a procession of angels would go ahead to shake their forts and cast fear in their hearts. Allah’s Messengerﷺ immediately summoned the prayer caller and ordered him to announce that every listener should offer the Afternoon prayer at Banu Quraizah. He appointed Ibn Umm Maktum to administer Madinah, and entrusted the banner of war to ‘Ali bin Abi Talib AlaihisSalam who marched towards the appointed target and came close enough to hear the Jews abusing Allâh’s Messenger .The Prophet ﷺ set out at the head of three thousand infantry men and thirty horsemen of Ansar (Helpers) and Muhajireen (Emigrants). On their way to encounter the enemy, the Afternoon prayer was due. Some Muslims refused to observe it until they defeated the enemy, while others performed it. The Prophetﷺ objected to neither. When they reached the locality of Banu Quraizah, they laid siege to their forts. Seeing this terrible situation they were in, the chief of the Jews Ka’b bin Asad offered them three alternatives: to embrace Islam, and consequently their life, wealth, women and children would be in full security, and reminded them that such behavior would not be in opposition to what they had read in their Books about the authenticity of Hazrat Muhammad’sﷺ Prophethood; to kill their children and women and then challenge the Prophetﷺ and his followers to the sword to either kill the Muslims or be killed; or as a third possibility, to take Hazrat Muhammadﷺ and his people by surprise on Saturday – a day they understood they were to participate in no fighting None of those alternatives appealed to them. so their chief. angrily and indignantly, turned to them saying: “You people have never been decisive in decision-making since you were born.” The

dark future already visible, they made contacts with some Muslims, who had maintained good relations with them, in order to learn about their fate in light of the current circumstances They requested that Abu Lubabahh be dispatched to them for advice. On his arrival, the men began requesting favor, women and children crying desperately. In answer to their demand for advice he pointed to his throat saying it was homicide awafting them. He then immediately realized that he had betrayed the Prophet’s trust, so he headed directly for the mosque in Madinah and tied himself to a wooden tall pole swearing that no one would untie him except Allâh’s Messengerﷺ and added that he would never enter the locality of Banu Quraizah in recompense for the deadly mistake he made. When the Messenger ﷺwas informed of this incident, he said:

“I would have begged Allâh to forgive him if he had asked me, but since he tied himself out of his own free will, then

it is Allâh Who would turn to him in forgiveness.” The Jews of Banu Quraizah could have tolerated the siege much longer because food and water were plentifully available and their strongholds were greatly fortified, whereas the Muslims were in the wild bare land suffering a lot from cold and hunger, let alone extreme fatigue from the endless warfare operations that began before the battle of Confederates. Nevertheless, this was a battle of nerves, for Allâh had cast fear in the Jews’ hearts, and their morale had almost collapsed especially when two Muslim heroes,Hazrat ‘Ali bin Abi Talib AlaihisSalam and Az-Zubair bin ‘Awwam Radiallahu anhoo proceeded with ‘Ali swearing that he would never stop until he had either stormed their fort or been martyred like Hamzah Radiallahu anhoo In the light of this reluctance, they had nothing except to comply with the Messenger’s judgment. Allâh’s Messengerﷺ ordered that the hands of the men should be bound, and this was done under the supervision of Muhammad bin Salamah Al-Ansar while the women and children were isolated in confinement. Thereupon Al-Aws tribe interceded begging the Prophet ﷺto be lenient towards them. He suggested that Sa’d bin Mu’adhe Radiallahu anhoo

former ally, be deputed to give verdict about them, and they agreed. Sa’d this meanwhile stayed behind in Madinah due to a serious wound he sustained in the battle of Confederates. He was summoned and brought on a donkey. On his way to the Prophetﷺ the Jews pressed him to be lenient in his judgment on account of former friendship. Sa’d Radiallahu anhoo remained silent but when they persisted he uttered: “It is time for Sa’d not to be afraid of the blame of the blamers.” On hearing this decisive attitude, some of them returned to Madinah and spread the news of the fate of the prisoners. On arrival, he alighted with the help of some men. He was informed that the Jews had agreed to accept his verdict about them. He immediately wondered if his judgment would pass on all the people present, the Prophet ﷺ included, turning his face away in honor of him. The reply was positive. He decided that all the able-bodied male persons belonging to the tribe should be killed, women and children taken as prisoners and their wealth divided among the Muslim fighters. The Prophet ﷺaccepted his judgment saying that Sa’d had adjudged by the Command of Allâh. In fact, the Jews deserved that severe punitive action for the ugly treachery they had harbored against Islam, and the large arsenal they amassed which consisted of one thousand and five hundred swords, two thousand spears, three hundred coats of armor and five hundred shields, all of which went into the hands of the Muslims. Trenches were dug in the bazaar of Madinah and a number of Jews between six and seven hundred were beheaded . Hot beds of intrigue and treachery were thus exterminated once and for all. Huyai, a chief criminal of war, a devil of Bani Nadeer and Safiyah’s father, had joined the ranks of Banu Quraizah when the Quraish and Ghatafan defected, was admitted into the audience of the Prophet ﷺthem with his hands tied to his neck with a rope. In bold rebellious tone, he declared full enmity to the Prophet ﷺbut admitted that Allâh’s Will was to be fulfilled and added that he

was submissive to his destiny. He was ordered to sit down, and was beheaded on the spot. Only one woman of the Jews was killed because she had killed, Muslim warrior by throwing a grinding stone upon him. A fea elements of the enemy embraced Islam and their lives, wealth and children were spared. As for the spoils of the war, the Prophetﷺ divided them. after putting a fifth aside, in accordance with Allâh’s Orders. Three shares went to the horseman and one to the infantry fighter. Women captives were sent to Najd to be bartered with horses and weaponry. For himself, the Prophet ﷺ selected Rehanah bint Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Khanafah bin Sham’un bin Zaid. manumitted and married her in the sixth year of Al-Hijra. She died shortly after the Farewell pilgrimage and was buried in Al-Baqi’.

After the war with Banu Quraizah had been settled and they had been defeated, Sa’d bin Mu’adh’s wish was gratified and he gave his last breath. In response to his supplication, ‘Aishah Radiallahu anhoo narrated that Sa’d’s wounds began to bleed from the front part of his neck while he was in his tent which the Prophetﷺ had pitched for him in the mosque so that he would be in close proximity in order to inquire about and watch his well-being. The people were not scared except when the blood flowed towards them, and in the Mosque along with Sa’d’s tent, there was the tent of Banu Ghifar. They said: “O people of the tent, what is it that is coming to us from you?” Lo! it was Sa’d’s wound that was bleeding and he died thereon.Sahih Al-Bukhari 1/536; Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded from Jabir itin that Allâh’s Messenger said:

The Throne of the Compassionate shook for the death of Sa’d bin Mu’adh.”Sahih Al-Bukhart 2/591. Sahih Muslim 2/294; Jami’ At-Tirmidhi 2/225.

At-Tirmidhi graded a narration authentic from Anas bilings in which he said: “When the shrouded body of Sa’d bin Mu’adh was carried…” At-Tirmidhi said: The hypocrites alleged it was too light, Allah’s Messengerﷺ replied:

Jami’ At-Tirmidhi 2/225 “The angels are carrying him.”

In the process of the seize of Banu Quraizah, one man of the Muslims, Khallad bin Suwaid was killed when a women of the Jews dropped a grinding stone on him, and another, Abu Sinan bin Mihsan, the brother of ‘Ukashah, died. Abu Lubabah stayed tied for six nights. His wife used to untie him at prayer times and then he would tie himself again to the pole. One early morning, Allâh the All-Forgiving revealed to Allâh’s Messenger ﷺ that Allâh had turned to Abu Lubabah with forgiver -ss. The Muslims rushed to release him but he insisted that Allâh’s Messengerﷺ himself do it. And this was done shortly before the Morning prayer. This battle took place in the month of Dhul-Qa’dah in the fifth year of Al-Hijra, and the siege of Banu Quraizah’s forts lasted for 25 days. Surat Al-Ahzab (The Confederates) was revealed concerning the basic issues relating to the believers and hypocrites during the battle of the Confederates, and the consequences of the Jews’ treachery and their breach of covenants.

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