A Mathematical Approach

All of the examples so far given concerning the various
angles from which one can approach the Quran have
undoubtedly been subjective in nature; however, there
does exist another angle, among others, which is objective
and whose basis is mathematical.
It is surprising how authentic the Quran becomes when
one assembles what might be referred to as a list of good
guesses. Mathematically, it can be explained using
guessing and prediction examples. For instance, if a
person has two choices (i.e., one is right, and one is
wrong), and he closes his eyes and makes a choice, then
half of the time (i.e., one time out of two) he will be right.
Basically, he has a one in two chance, for he could pick the
wrong choice, or he could pick the right choice.
Now if the same person has two situations like that (i.e., he
could be right or wrong about situation number one, and
he could be right or wrong about situation number two),
and he closes his eyes and guesses, then he will only be
right one‐fourth of the time (i.e., one time out of four). He
now has a one in four chance because now there are three
ways for him to be wrong and only one way for him to be
right. In simple terms, he could make the wrong choice in
situation number one and then make the wrong choice in
situation number two; or he could make the wrong choicein situation number one and then make the right choice in
situation number two; or he could make the right choice in
situation number one and then make the wrong choice in
situation number two; or he could make the right choice in
situation number one and then make the right choice in
situation number two.
Of course, the (only instance in which he could be totally
right is the last scenario where he could guess correctly in
both situations. The odds of his guessing completely
correctly have become greater because the number of
situations for him to guess in have increased; and the
mathematical equation representing such a scenario is ½ x
½ (i.e., one time out of two for the first situation multiplied
by one time out of two for the second situation).
Continuing on with the example, if the same person now
has three situations in which to make blind guesses, then
he will only be right one‐eighth of the time (i.e., one time
out of eight or ½ x ½ x ½ ). Again, the odds of choosing the
correct choice in all three situations have decreased his
chances of being completely correct to only one time in
eight. It must be understood that as the number of
situations increase, the chances of being right decrease, for
the two phenomena are inversely proportional.
Now applying this example to the situations in the Quran,
if one draws up a list of all of the subjects about which the
Quran has made correct statements, it becomes very clear
that it is highly unlikely that they were all just correct blind guesses. Indeed, the subjects discussed in the Quran
are numerous, and thus the odds of someone just making
lucky guesses about all of them become practically nil. If
there are a million ways for the Quran to be wrong, yet
each time it is right, then it is unlikely that someone was
guessing.
The following three examples of subjects about which the
Quran has made correct statements collectively illustrate
how the Quran continues to beat the odds.

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