Hazrat_Malik_bin_Dinaar

Saint Mālik b. Dīnār, مالك بن دينار
Malik Dinar.JPG

The grave adornment (Mazar) of Malik Deenar
Preacher, Theologian, Mystic, Ascetic
Born Kufa, Iraq
Died about 748 C.E.
possibly Thalangara, Kasaragod, Kerala, India
Venerated in Islam, especially in all the schools of traditional Sunnism
Major shrine Malik Deenar Mosque, Thalangara, Kasaragod, Kerala, India
Influences Ali, Hasan of Basra

Malik Deenar (Arabic: مالك دينار‎, translit. Mālik b. Dīnār, Malayalam: മാലിക് ദീനാര്‍) (died 748 CE) is one of the first known Muslimsto have come to India in order to propagate Islam in South Asia.[3][4] Even though historians do not agree on the exact place of his death, it is widely accepted that he died at Kasaragod and that his relics were buried at the Malik Deenar Juma Mosque in Thalangara, Kasaragod. Belonging to the generation of the tabi’i, Malik is called a reliable traditionalist in Sunni sources, and is said to have transmitted from such authorities as Malik ibn Anas and Ibn Sirin. He was the son of a Persian slave from Kabul who became a disciple of Hasan al-Basri.
Malik, a preacher and moralist of Basra, made a living as a copyist of the Qur’an, and seems to have been interested in the question of the various readings of the scripture. During his life, Malik had the occasion to follow more or less regularly the teaching of Basran traditionists and mystics as famous as Anas b. Mālik, Ibn Sīrīn, Hasan of Basra and Rabīʿa al-ʿAdawiyya. He was considered to have led an ascetic life himself, and tradition attributed to him several thaumaturgic gifts and miracles, including the ability to walk on water. He seems, moreover, to have been “a most eloquent ḳāṣṣ or popular orator of religious sermons who admired, in particular, the eloquence of his contemporary al-Ḥaj̲j̲āj̲ “whom he naturally could see at Baṣra.”

According to Ibn al-Faḳīh, “he brought honour to his native town because he was accounted one of the six Baṣrans who were without equals at Kūfa.” Later scholars ranging from Abū Nuʿaymto Ibn al-Jawzī reproduce “whole hosts” of proverbial sayings from him,[14] which clearly reflect the extent to which Malik continued to influence Sunni thinkers of all types. According to Pellat, the explicit articulation of the Sufi ideal of the “inner jihad” (the war against one’s own soul),” also finds its original formulation in Malik, who is believed to have said d̲j̲āhidū ahwāʾakum kamā tud̲j̲āhidūn aʿdāʾakum (“fight against your desires just as you fight against your enemies”), in a maxim that would wield considerable influence upon Islamic mystics through the medieval period. Malik also seems to have had an appreciation for the Christian religion, and may have even read parts of the New Testament for spiritual inspiration in imitating the example of Jesus.

Hazrat Malik bin Dinar Rahmatullahi Alaihi Ka Waqiya

Malik bin Dinar narrates his story in the following way: “I was a policeman and very fond of drinking. I led a care-free life. I bought a beautiful slave girl whom I loved dearly. I had a daughter from her, a lovely child. When my daughter began to walk, I loved her all the more and she remained with me all the time. The innocent child had a strange habit. When she saw a glass of wine in my hands, she would snatch it and spill it on my clothes. Being fond of her, I never scolded her. As fate would have it, my child died when she was two years old and I was shocked and sorely grieved.
“One the night of 15th of Shaaban, I was drunk and went to sleep without performing Isha prayers. I had a horrible dream. I saw myself among those bring driven to the assembly of people on the Day of Resurrection. I heard a noise and felt something following me. When I looked back, I saw a huge snake chasing me. Ah! It was a horrible sight; the snake had blue catlike eyes, its mouth was wide open and it was rushing toward me furiously! I ran faster in terror, desperate for my life, the horrible snake still running after me and drawing closer.
“I saw an old man, dressed in elegant clothes with rich perfumes wafting all around his person, I greeted him saying, “Assallam-o-Alaikum” and he returned my greetings. I said, “For the sake of Allah, help me in my misery”. He said “I am too weak to help you against such a mighty foe; it is beyond my powers. But you must go on running; perhaps you may find some help”. Running wildly I saw a cliff in front of me and climbed it, but on reaching its top, I saw, beyond it, the raging fire of hell. Meanwhile, I heard a voice calling aloud, “Get back, for, you are not one of them (the dwellers of hell).
“I turned and began to run in the opposite direction. The snake also turned around and came after me. I saw again the old man in white robes and said, “Old man, can’t you save me from this python.” The man began to cry and said, “I am too weak to help you against such a mighty snake, but I can tell you that there is a hill nearby where they keep the ‘sacred trusts’ of the Muslims. If you go up that hill, you might find something of yours, kept in trust, which might save you from the snake.” I rushed toward the hill, which was round in shape, with a large number of open curtailed casements. The casements had golden shutters studded with rich rubies, and most precious jewels; on each shutter hung a curtain made of the rarest silk.
“When I was going to climb the hill, the angels called aloud, “Open the windows and raise the curtains and come out of your closets! Here is an unfortunate man in misery; may be you have with you some ‘trust’ of his, that might help him in his distress.” The windows opened at once, the curtains went up, and there issued forth from the casements a host of innocent children, with faces bright as the full moon. By this time I was utterly despondent, for the snake had drawn very close to me. Now the children called their friends, “Come out quickly, all of you, for the snake has come very close to him.”
Hearing this, more children came out of their windows, in large crowds, and among them I saw my own dear daughter who had died some time ago. She also espied me and began to weep, exclaiming, “By Allah! He is my own dear father.” She jumped on a swinging cradle, which seemed to be made from heavenly light (Noor) and darted across to me. Next moment, she was standing by my side and I took her to my bosom; she lifted her left hand towards me and with her right hand motioned the snake away.
The snake went away immediately. Then she gave me a seat and sat in my lap and began to stroke my beard with her right hand saying, “My dear father, ‘Has not the time come for the believers (who indulge in sins) that their hearts should submit in all humility to the remembrance of Allah and to the truth which is revealed’ (Al-Hadeed:16)”. I was moved to tears and asked her, “My daughter, do all of you know the meanings of the Qur’an? She replied “We understand the Holy Quran even better than you.”
I asked her “My dear child, what was this snake?” She said “It was your own evil deeds which had made it so strong that it was about to push you into Jahannam”. I asked “And who was that white-robed old man?” She replied “That were your good deeds and you had made them so weak with your scanty good deeds that he could not help you against the snake (though he suggested to you a means of escape.)”
I asked “What are all of you doing on this hill?” She replied “We are children of Muslims, who died in infancy. We shall live here till the Day of Resurrection, waiting to be reunited with you when you come to us at last and we shall intercede for you with our Lord”. And then I awoke from the dream, with the fright (of the snake) still heavy on my heart. I turned to Allah in repentance, as soon as I arose; and abandoned all my evil ways.

HAZRAT MALIK BIN DINAR •{RadiAllahuTalaAnhu}•

•Introduction•

Hazrat Mālik bin Dīnār (Arabic: مالك بن دينار) (died 748 CE) was from the generation of the Tabi‘in. He is mentioned as a reliable traditionist, transmitting from such author­ities as Hazrat Malik ibn Anas {RadiAllahuTalaAnhu} and Hazrat Ibn Sirin {RadiAllahuTalaAnhu} . He was the son of a Persian slave from Kabul who became a disciple of Hasan al-Basri. He died at the age of ninety in Basra.

The first Indian mosque is thought to have been built in 629 A.D, purportedly at the behest of Rama Varma Kulashekhara is a Chera dynasty ruler, who is considered the first Indian Muslim, during the lifetime of Muhammad in Kodungallur, in district of Thrissur, Kerala by Malik Bin Deenar. His grave is situated in Malik Deenar Mosque, Kasaragod, Kerala. It is a famous pilgrim point among Sunni Muslims in India

•Born in Kufa, Iraq
•Death or Buried at about 648 C.E.
possibly Thalangara, Kasaragod, Kerala, India

•History•

Hazrat Malik Deenar (died 648 CE)[2] is the first follower of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad Sallallahuallaihiyiwassall am to come to India in order to propagate Islam in the Indian Subcontinent.

•His Life & Indian King became an Muslim•

Hazrat Malik Deenar was from the generation of the Sahabi. He is called a reliable traditionalist, transmitted from such authorities as Hazrat Malik ibn Anas and Ibn Sirin. He was the son of a Persian slave from Kabul who became a disciple of Hazrat Hasan al-Basri {RadiAllahuTalaAnhu}.

He accepted Islam directly from Last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustufa Sallallahuallaihiyiwassall am . He (Malik Deenar) went to the Indian Subcontinent by the order of RasulAllah Muhammad Mustufa Sallallahuallaihiyiwassalm  with First Indian King Who Became an Muslim By Prophet Muhammad Mustufa Sallallahuallaihiyiwassall am travelling through india To Arabia and Converted into Islam And Named as Sahabi Tajuddeen {RadiAllahuTalaAnhu} but Famous as King Cheraman Perumal, who also accepted Islam and In Traveling with Malik deenar Sahabi he Died in Oman and Buried in Oman Where today His Beautiful Shrine Located with an Tomb or Mazzar e Mubarak in Oman.

•• Reason behind the voyage of Malik Deenar Sahabi•••

Ten years after the arrival of Indian King Cheraman Perumal In Arabia While Converted in Islam as named as Tajjuddin with Muhammed’s journey to heaven, the news took them all back to Medina. But a few days later Sahabi Malik Ibn Habeeb came to see the sacred visage in his dream. RasulAllah advised them never reject sultan’s words to carry on their mission to India as fast as they can. 

RasulAllah added: “The journey is more useful, it will fetch many pleasant things.” Hearing these holy words, they began to prepare for the journey, for that they arranged two ships.

Hazrat Sharaf Ibn Malik Deenar {RadiAllahuTalaAnhu} , his brother Malik Deenar, {Ra} Malik Ibn Habeeb {RA} , his wife Sahabiyan Bibi Qumariya {RA} , his children, and some slaves soon set out for Malabar. 

One of their ships anchored in Madurakkara (Tamil Nadu), which was called ‘Taqipatanam’ in ancient times. In that place Taqudeen became the Amir and erected there a Juma mosque.[]

Years later, Sahaba Sharaf Ibn Malik, Malik Deenar, Malik Ibn Habeeb with his family arrived in Cranganore. They, entrusted, handled the royal letters to his successors and local kings. But the news of his demise was kept secret.

••• Assistance of the royal kingdom and the construction of 11 mosques•••

Indian King Cheraman’s (Who Became an Sahabi e RasulAllah) successors gave away lands for their accommodation, and right there they built a mosque. They had brought three precious stones from Mecca which were the remains from building of Ka’ba. It was in the eleventh day from Rajab. The lands from the east to river, East 20 carpenter’s rods (one carpenter’s rod equals to one and quarter of a cubit). North 25 rods and 50 rods from the west came under the wakaf properties. Moulana Mohammed Ibn Malik Deenar became the Qazi of this mosque. Then their residing caused dispute between Muslims and Jewish families. So, some of them settled in other places. But Sahabi Malik Deenar remained right in Crananore and dispatched his nephew Sahabi Malik Ibn Habeeb to various parts of Kerala to built mosques. sahabi Malik Ibn Habeeb went to Kollam with his family and properties. Right there he erected a mosque. There he put a stone which they brought from Mecca. It was Friday, second day from Ramzan (21 Hijra), 50 rods from the east of that mosque, 60 rods from the west, 40 rods from the south, the land to the sea from the north became wakaf under the mosque. Hasan Ibn Malik was the Qazi of that mosque. Malik Ibn Deenar nominated his own son-in-law as the ‘Sheha Bandar’ of the country. His name was Hazrat Abdul Aziz Ibn Zainudin Simanai {RA} . Soon Islam became more popular in Kollam.

Malik Ibn Deenar called Malik Ibn Habeeb back to Cranganore. Malik Ibn Habeeb spent his later days treating his uncle further; he made a journey to Heli abiding by his words, with his companions. He built a mosque in Heli, and he placed the last stone they brought from Mecca. It was 10th day of Dulhijja (Bakrid), (21-Hijra). His son Hazrat Abdul Rahman Ibn Malik {Ra} was appointed as the Qazi and Afeefudhin Ibn Majidudhin the shaka Bandar of the place married one of the daughters of Malik Ibn Habeeb. Thereafter, Malik Deenar went to Barakur (Udupi District) 14 and built there a mosque. (Raheul avla 10, 22nd Hijra), 70 rods from the south, 50 rods in North, 80 rods from East and West came under the Wakaf properties of the mosque. He nominated his son Ibrahim as the Qazi. Later he went to Mangalapuram and built a mosque (Jumadul aval 27, 22nd Hijra). 60 rods from all the four sides came under its properties. His son, Moosa Ibn Malik was delegated as the Qazi there. His nephew Hazrat Noorudhin Ali Ibn Nisidal Misri was appointed as the shaka Bandar of Manglore.

••Sahabi Malik Deenar Mosque in Kasaragod•••

Thereafter he set out for Kasaragod and made there a mosque in Thalangara 15, (Rajab 18, 22 nd Hijra). Malik Ibn Muhammad his grandson, was delegated as the Qazi of the mosque. The parts extending to the town from the east to the river from the west, and 40 rods from each of north and the south was preserved under the Wakf properties. Later Malik Ibn Deenar stayed at ‘Heli’ 16 for 3 days, then he went to Cherupatanam 17 and built there a mosqur on (sha’ban 1, Hijra, 22)nominated shihabudhin Ibn umara, his grandson as the Qazi of the mosque. The Wakaf properties there: 70 rods from the East 100 rods from the South, to the bank of river in North, and West. Soon he left for Darmapattanam, and built a mosque there on Hijra 29th day of sha’aban.

Malik Ibn Habbeb appointed his grandson ussain Ibn Muhammad as the Qazi and his grandson Muhammad Ibn Ahmed as its shaka Bandar. Then he went to ‘Pranthareena’ and built a mosque on this sea shore on (shavval 21, Hijra 22). He nominated Zainudhin Ibn Malik as the Qazi as well as the shaka Bandar of the place.

••• Chaliyam Juma Masjid•••

He returned to the Chaliyam and built a mosque there, and Zainudhin Ibn Muhammad was nominated as Qazi. Malik Ibn Habeeb stayed there for 5 days, and Usman Ibn Hussainul Ansari was the shaka Bandar of the place. Later he went to ‘Cranganore’ and met his uncle. Thereafter he took a journey to visit the mosque they built. And then he returned to Cranganore praising the Almighty Allah for he found Islam spreading among the atheists, he called on Malik Deenar in person and informed him of all the affairs in detail.

••••Urs e Mubarak e Sahabi•••

An Urs where Even It is said By Awliya Allah that Even Khwaja Moinuddin Chsihti Sanjari {Rehamatullah’ Allaieh} also Used to Come to Pay His Respect to Sahabi Malik Deenar RA

Malik Deenar Uroos (مالك دينار عروس) is the one of the observations of Indian muslims to celebrate the Death Anniversary & arrival of Malik Deenar to Kerala, India. It is conducted in the holy month of muharram and lasts for one month. It includes various rituals such as the Ziyarath (visiting of tomb), Patakayarthal (flag hosting) and Annadanam (poor feeding).

Later currently Malik Deenar Islamic Academy & Malik Deenar Islamic Researchers Institue Build.

•••Biography By Hazrat Sahabi Malik Dinar {RadiAllahuTalaAnhu}•

Once upon a time, there was man called Malik bin Dinar. He was sinful person who used to drink alcohol and was drowning in his sins.

Malik had a young daughter whom he loved dearly. When he wanted to drink alcohol, however, this daughter would tip over the bottle and spill its content.

When she reached two years of age she passed away. This caused Malik great grief and sadness.

One night, Malik went to sleep after drinking alcohol and without praying. In his dream he saw that the day of Judgement had come and that the people had risen from their graves. They were all gathered and he was amongst them.

While Malik was standing with the people he heard some noise behind him. When he turned around he came face to face with a huge frightening dragon (i.e. huge Python). The dragon’s huge mouth was wide open, as it was rushing towards him.

Very frightened from the dragon, Malik began to run. While getting away, he passed by an old man who was wearing white and who had a nice scent.
Malik said: ” As Salamu Alykum” to the man and asked him help.

However, the old man was not able to help Malik. Rather, he told him to run quickly so he could escape the dragon.

Malik kept on running until he was overlooking hellfire. There he heard a voice calling out to him, ” go back, you are not amongst its inhabitants” This comforted Malik a little, as he back away while continuing to run.

Still running away, the dragon was getting closer. Malik returned to the old man and asked for his protection. The old man started weeping and said: ” I am weak.” He instructed Malik to run towards the mountain. Muslim children, who died young, were gathered in that mountain. The old man said:” If you have a child in that mountain, then your child will save you.”

Malik saw the mountain, which seemed majestic in its beauty, and he quickly ran towards it desperately trying to escape the dragon.

When Malik got closer the mountain, an angel called out:” lift the covers and open the doors” The angel then told the children to come forwards perhaps one of them was as son or a daughter of this desperate man, and they in turn can save him. The young children, who were as beautiful as the full moon looked at Malik.

When the dragon got closer to Malik, the children called upon each other to hastily come forward and see if any of them knew him. Group by group, the children passed by Malik, until finally his daughter who had died when she was young came forward and identified him. When she saw him, the daughter wept and said:” i swear by Allah this is my father.”

She threw her self at him, and with her left hand held her father’s right hand. she then confronted the dragon by lifting her right hand in his face. That was enough to repel the dragon which quickly turned away and started running.

She sat her father down as she emotionally said, ” Oh father” and she recited an Ayah from the Qur’an which means: Isn’t it time for the believers’ hearts to soften upon hearing the name of Allah and the recitation of the Qur’an, and for them to submit and obey Allah”.

When Malik heard this he started weeping.

He then asked his daughter, ” You children know the Qur’an?”

She replied: ” We are more knowledgeable in it that you are”. He then asked her to tell him about the dragon.

She said:” He represents your bad deeds. He was made stronger by your sinning and by your drinking of alcohol, He wanted to throw you into hellfire”. Malik then asked his daughter about the old man, to which she replied: ” He represents your good deeds which were so weak that they could not out-power your bad deeds.”

Malik suddenly a woke frightened and vowing to repent to his Creator. Malik repented from his sins, and he eventually became a great and pious person.

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