Ahmad Khani

Ahmad Khani, also spelled Ahmad-i Khani (Kurdish: Ehmedê Xanî‎; 1650, Hakkari – 1707, Doğubayazıt), was a Kurdish writer, poet, astronomer and philosopher.[1] He was born amongst the Khani’s tribe in Hakkari province in present-day Turkey. He moved to Bayezid in Ritkan province and settled there. Later he started with teaching Kurdish (Kurmanji) at basic level. Khani was fluent in Kurdish, Arabic and Persian. He wrote his Arabic-Kurdish dictionary “Nûbihara Biçûkan” (The Spring of Children) in 1683 to help children with their learning process.[2]

Statue of Kurdish poet and writer Ahmadi Xani in Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan, Iraq.JPG

His most important work is the Kurdish classic love story “Mem and Zin” (Mem û Zîn) (1692).[3]

His other work include a book called Eqîdeya Îmanê (The Path of Faith), which is part poem and part prose. The book explains the five pillars of Islamic faith. It was published in 2000 in Sweden.



  • Mem û Zîn (Mem and Zin), see [1] for its French translation, see [2] for its English translation,
  • Eqîdeya Îmanê (The Path of Faith)
  • Eqîdeya Îslamê (Basics of Islam)
  • Nûbihara Biçûkan (The Spring of Children)
  • Erdê Xweda (Astronomy and Geography book)
  • Dîwana Helbestan