Delegations and Expeditions following the Invasion of Bani Al Mustaliq

Delegations and Expeditions following the Invasion of Bani Al Mustaliq

1: A military expedition led by ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Auf Radiallahu anhoo was dispatched to the lands of Bani Kalb in Dumatul-Jandal in Sha’ban, sixth year of Al-Hijra. Before setting out, the Prophetﷺ summoned ‘Abdur-Rahman Radiallahu anhoo. and placed with his hand a turban on his head invoking Allâh’s blessings and giving him order to act excellently during the war. He told him to marry the king’s daughter if they obeyed him. ‘Abdur-Rahman Radiallahu anhoo stayed among those people for three days, invited them to Islam and they responded positively. He then did marry the king’s daughter Tamadur bint Al-Asbagh, and it is she who is Umm Abu Salamah, the mother of ‘Abdur-Rahman’s son Abu Salamah.

2. In the same month and year, ‘Ali bin Abi Talib AlaihisSalam was dispatched at the head of a platoon to the habitation of Bani Sa’d bin Bakr in a place called Fadak. The Prophet ﷺ learned that they were supporting the Jews by providing force. The Muslim fighters used to march in the day and conceal their camp at night. On their way, they captured a messenger of the enemy who admitted being sent to Khaibar, to offer its people support in return for their dates. He also informed them about their encampment. ‘Ali AlaihisSalam and his companions raided there. captured five hundred camels and two thousand goats, but Banu Sa’d, with their chieftain Wabr bin ‘Aleem had fled away.

3. An expedition led by Abu Bakr As-Siddiq Radiallahu anhoo or Zaid bin Harithah Radiallahu anhoo was dispatched to Wadi Al-Qura in Ramadan, sixth year of Al-Hijra, after the Fazarah tribe had made an attempt at the Prophet’sﷺ life. Salamah bin Al-Akwa’ said, “I went with him until we prayed the Morning prayer after which he ordered us to begin the attack. At the enemy’s watering place we began, and Abu Bakr was fighting while I saw a group containing women and children. I was afraid that they would escape to the mountain so I, shot with my arrow between them and the mountain. When they

saw the arrow they stopped. There was a woman among them named Umm Qirfah wearing a leather garment. Her daughter was one of the prettiest Arab girls. So, I drove them to Abu Bakr, and Abu Bakr gave me her daughter. So, I had not yet disrobed her when Allâh’s Messengerﷺ things asked about the daughter of Umm Qirfah, so she was sent to Makkah and exchanged for some Muslim captives there.”[1] Umm Qirfah was behind the attempts on the Prophet’s ﷺlife, but her plan fell back on her, and the thirty horsemen were all killed.

4. The expedition of Kurz bin Jabir Al-Fihrisko at ‘Urainah occurred in Shawwal of the year 6. This was because a group from the ‘Ukl and ‘Urainah tribes declared their Islam, and stayed in Madinah but found its climate disagreeable. So, they were asked to erect their tents in the pastures nearby. They did so and were all right. They then fell on the Prophet’s ﷺshepherd and killed him, turned apostates from Islam and drove off the camels. The Prophetﷺ sent a group of twenty Muslims led by Kurz bin Jabir Al-Fihri Radiallahu anhoo on their track. They were brought and handed over to him. He had their hands and feet cut off, their eyes forced out in recompense for their behavior, and then they were thrown on the stony ground until they died. [2]

Biographers also reported that ‘Amr bin Umaiyah Ad-Damrithe and Salamah bin Abi Salamah Radiallahu anhoo were sent on a task to kill Abu Sufyan, the chief of Quraish, who had already sent a bedouin to kill the Prophet ﷺ The two-

man mission failed except for three polytheists killed on the way. It is noteworthy that all the foregone invasions did not imply real bitter fighting, they were rather clashes or punitive military movements carried out to deter some enemies still not surrendered. Deep consideration on the development of war circumstances reveal the continuous collapse of the morale among the enemies of Islam, who had come to understand that they were no longer in a position to stop the Islamic call or weaken its active drive. This state of affairs reached

(1) Sahth Muslim 2/89. And it is also said that this occurred during the year 7. (2) Zadul-Ma’ad 2/122.

its climax with the Treaty of Al-Hudaibiyah when the two confronting parties, believers and disbelievers, entered into a truce agreement that pointed markedly to the ever-growing power of Islam, and unequivocally recorded the continuation of this heavenly religion in Arabia.

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