“A book which we have revealed to you (Muhammad) so that you may lead the people from out of the darknesses into the light by their Lord’s leave to the path of the All-Mighty, the Praiseworthy.”

   (Qur’an, 14:1)


Astronomy in Century 6

In some part of the World

  • Only observations
  • Earth is sphere and Center of universe

in Arabia

  • Earth is flat
  • Mountains support the sky above

Creation of Universe (SCIENCE)

Big Bang theory states universe

  • has a beginning
  • came to existence from either  nothingness (Open Universe) or        some point with zero volume and  infinite mass (Closed Universe)
  • is expanding


Creation of Universe (QUR’AN)

   “He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth.”       (Qur’an, 6:101)

   “Do those who disbelieve not see that the heavens and the earth were sewn together and then We unstitched them and that…..”

      (Qur’an, 21:30)

    “And it is We Who have constructed the heaven with might, and verily, It is We Who are steadily expanding it.”

  (Qur’an, 51:47)

Creation of Heavenly Bodies (SCIENCE)

  • stars form from clouds of gas and dust (nebula)
  • gravity causes the cloud to collapse and spin
  • central disk becomes the star
  • other lumps on the disk becomes the planets

Creation of Heavenly Bodies (QUR’AN)

  “He placed firmly embedded mountains on it, towering over it, and blessed it and measured out its nourishment in it, laid out for those who seek it-all in four days. Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, “Come willingly or unwillingly.” They both said, “We come willingly.” ”   (Qur’an, 41:10-11)

  • “dukhanun” (smoke): a warm body of gas containing mobile particles connected to solid substances 

Orbits and Rotating Universe (SCIENCE)


Orbit: The cyclic path traversed by heavenly bodies

Everything moves along an orbit

  • Planets
  • Comets
  • Stars
  • Galaxies

Orbits and Rotating Universe (QUR’AN)


  “[I swear] by Heaven with its cyclical systems

  (Qur’an, 86:11)

  “By the Heaven with its oscillating orbits

  (Qur’an, 51:7)

“hubuk”: spin

Round Earth


  He has created the Heavens and the Earth for Truth. He wraps the night up in the day, and wraps the day up in the night.

  (Qur’an, 39:5)

Takwir: to make one thing lap over another

Earth with Layers


  “It is Allah Who created the seven heavens and of the earth the same number, the Command descending down through all of them, so that you might know that Allah has power over all things and that Allah encompasses all things in His knowledge.”

  (Qur’an, 65:12)



  “We made the sky a preserved and protected roof yet still they turn away from Our Signs.”

  (Qur’an, 21:32)

  • Atmosphere protects from intense ultraviolet rays ,freezing cold of the space,meteors
  • Magnetic field protects from radiation

Mystery of Iron

  “And We also sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind… “

  (Qur’an, 57:25)

  • The atom iron comes from outer space
  • Iron in the center of Earth
  • Without iron
  1. no atmosphere or ozone or hydrosphere
  2. no protective magnetic field
  3. no oxidative metabolism

The Sun, the Moon and the Star

  “Do you not see how He created seven heavens in layers, and placed the moon as a light in them and made the sun a blazing lamp?”

  (Qur’an, 71:15-16)

  • “nooran”(light): light-reflecting, bright
  • “sirajan”(lamp): a constant source of heat and light


  “It is the star that pierces through darkness! “

  (Qur’an, 86:3)

  • “thaqib“: shines and pierces the darkness with light: self-consuming and burning 


The End : Big Crunch (SCIENCE)

  • Theory for Closed Universe
  1. The expansion will stop
  2. The universe will collapse on itself


The End (QUR’AN)

  “That Day We will fold up heaven like folding up the pages of a book. As We originated the first creation so We will regenerate it. It is a promise binding on Us. That is what We will do.”

  (Qur’an, 21:104)

  “They do not measure Allah with His true measure. The whole earth will be a mere handful for Him on the Day of Rising the heavens folded up in His right hand. Glory be to Him! He is exalted above the partners they ascribe!”

  (Qur’an, 39:67)


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