The Universe Beyond

(Reproduced with the permission of author, Mr Muhammad Munir, by Mr Navid Masud & Omer Farooq)

Table of Contents.

Introduction:

” Brief Over View Of The Book”

Chapter 1:

“The Origin Of The Universe And Its Development In Stages”

Chapter 2:

“Classification Of Developmental Stages Of The Universe Relative To Progressive Appearance Of Consciousness In Creation”

Chapter 3:

“Fundamental Laws Underlying Creation Of The Universe In Stages”

Chapter 4:

“The Unbridgeable Gulfs – A Creative Necessity”

Chapter 5:

“Universe – A Continuum Whole”

Chapter 6:

“The Immortal Soul – Self-Conscious Stage Of Man”

Chapter 7:

“The Theory Of Unconsciousness”

Chapter 8:

“The Physical Body And The Human Self Live As Two Distinct Stages”

Chapter 9:

“Man Exists At The Planet Earth Only”

Chapter 10:

“The Creation And The Purpose”

Appendix A: 

“Detailed Summary of the Book”

A Brief Over-View of the Book “The Universe Beyond”.

Introduction.

We are all too familiar with the entrenched lines of creationists and evolutionists. Stated below for the first time is the Islamic view on this argument which you will find different from both the above stated viewpoints.

In the pages of Noble Qur’an, we read:

“Moreover (tumma) God turned to heaven when it was smoke and said to it and to the earth: come willingly or unwillingly! They said: we come in willing obedience.” ——–41 (11)

We infer from this that the entire creation has come into being by the “free act of creation”. The creation creates itself for the love of the Creator under its own conscious enlightenment by “Free Act Of Creation” and the Creator uses His free will and selects from what creation has created an ideal that is closest to His ideal (will) and bestows upon it higher consciousness. To whom He bestows this consciousness is now ready for further creative activity and the cycle continues.

Following this cycle we have achieved this Self-conscious State starting from the moment of Big Bang in stages. The nucleus mass of the universe was a living substance and its chaotic agitation was nothing but its inherent “feeling” of its separation from its source.

Free Act Of Creation.

Creation, whether divine or human has to pass through various stages before its completion. During each of its creative stage, the state of in-discipline and lawlessness, which prevails in the beginning, continues to turn into discipline and harmony as the creative stage progresses towards completion. The question arises why the creation has to pass from chaos to discipline and disorder to order. To understand the significance of this, one has to study the relation between the Creator and the creation. Creation, is not the act of duplicating some thing, which already exists.

The foremost and basic urge behind creation is to seek the love (ideal) as desired and willed by the Creator through free choice. The creative activity is; therefore, a free act of the creation- Creator will not accept any compulsion. Free act; can only be exercised if we have more than one choice before us to choose from. In other words, many avenues of attraction are always open before the creation to choose the one for reaching his ideal. The urge of creation is also reflected in itself, as it is conscious or aware of its Creator. Thus the creation creates for the love of the Creator, according to the level of its consciousness and exercises free choice in selecting the values determined by its love or desire.

Now, if the Creator is not free to seek His ideal that would imply that the Creator has no will or desire of His own, and hence any activity which is devoid of will and desire can never be called creative activity. The Creator also manifests His love in different angles and forms and then whichever is nearest to His love from what the creation has produced by “free act of creation”, He selects that for His further creative activity and bestows upon it higher consciousness, and so the cycle continues.

 Stages Of Creation.

I) Universe Its Origin.

Starting from Big Bang the universe created itself for the love of Creator following the principle of attraction and repulsion, which also signifies the free will and God only provided the laws and guidance from within and not from top. The behaviour of the universe can only be described in the form of movements of celestial bodies with respect to each other. This behaviour can be called stereo-typed and can be expressed in mathematical equations i.e. so many light years, earth take 24 hours to rotate, 365 day in year and so on. Behaviour is an attribute of life no matter how stereotyped; it is still an essence of consciousness. Life at this stage was in an unconscious state or material state of life – the state in which bodies played consciousness under the stimulus of attraction and repulsion caused by external processes.

II. The Earth –Higher And Different Kind Of Rational Order outside the Cosmos.

Earth can be understood on an analogy of living organism. It started its journey from gaseous state and created itself by free choice following the principle of attraction and repulsion. Acting in unified order it harnessed infinite number of substances (minerals). The behaviour of these substances can be expressed in chemical equations. This can also be called acted or played form of consciousness, a degree higher than that of the universe, as evident from the soil of the earth, which is different from the rest of the universe.

III. The Vegetables: Creative Stage (Semi–Conscious Life).

The vegetable life recast the behaviour of matter processed at the physical Earth in the form of various species of vegetables under higher rational (conscious) plan of the Vegetable Stage. If we take the physical laws as the elementary measurements with which the Planet Earth fashioned itself and developed its atmosphere, we could see these measurements recast with greater intelligence at the higher Vegetable Stage in the form of beautiful flowers, their delightful colours, sizes and shapes of plants, proportion of tender branches and their leaves as well as in the kinds of fruits and their juices. All these artistic manifestations are based on complete mathematical equations in so harmonious proportions that they decorated the Earth like the paradise.

IV. The Animals: Creative Stage of Senses (Perceptual Life).

At this stage life started in an insignificant organism of amoeba and then making its way through uncountable species of animals, it reached its completion at the start of the Human Stage of creation. It is very important to note that it was due to the higher conscious enlightenment of animal with which it differentiated the characteristics of various objects, such as darkness and light, remoteness and vicinity, coldness and heat, solidity and liquidity etc. In other words, the new conscious values developed by Animal stage were not known to the preceding stages. The Animal as a higher creative stage relevant to its higher conscious enlightenment determined these. The Animal detected only those properties, which were useful and necessary for onward march of life stages. The Animal ultimately perfected its sense perceptions in one of its leading species which appeared immediately before the emergence of Human Stage and which served as the physical organism for Man.

V. Man – The Creative Stage of Self-Conscious or “Self”.

“The creation of Adam is not his physical body but his attaining of the mental state of Self-consciousness, from there on, man exists in a non-material state, call it soul, in his mind and that where all new values will be earned.”

The significance of Adam being that he was the first human being to cross the barrier of Self-consciousness. However, in time all similar species achieved Self-consciousness in a universal way. We are informed that Adam had two sons and so we can safely assume that there must be people around for them to marry and the question of them marrying their sisters as put forward by some groups is preposterous – lying is a sin today as it was yesterday and so is incest, the law of the Creator never changes.

It is because of soul that we developed a language because it retains every image it sees; records every word it hears; and every thought that you might have had remains preserved from within. In short it is a microchip within us. Self-consciousness (soul) being an attribute of the Creator will not die; it already exists beyond the barrier of time and space. The most important point to be noted is that in all the creative stages preceding the Self-conscious Stage of Man, the conscious values were preserved and passed on by each species in kind and not in “Person” or “Self”. The values preserved at the human stage are “Personal” as implied in the words “Conscious Self”. If we take away the “Conscious Self” no conscious values pertaining to the self or person can exists or survive. Life must protect those hard earned values in its minutest detail, as otherwise the process of creation cannot proceed.

From the day Adam achieved self consciousness we are in a state of mental evolution and the reality of life is constant progressive change — that change in one direction towards higher and higher consciousness. If we analyse the entire creation we discover that rationality prevails in all previous conscious orders that is Universe, Earth Vegetation and Animal Kingdom. Having completed the creative process they have become immutable and just maintain themselves under the procreative process developed by them and the only order where the creative process is still active is the self-conscious man. However, man’s direction is also rational but as his intellect is in the “making” (conscious mind is to sole / self what digestive system was to the physical brain) he cannot determine laws, values and direction on his own without prior understanding – that guidance has been provided in the form of law in Qur’an just as it was provided to every group of people on the face of this earth by various prophets from Adam to Jesus to Muhammad and it was also provided to all previous conscious orders under the principle of “:Emergent Evolution”.

Some Fundamental Laws Of Creation.

 

  1. The development had taken place in stages. A stage of development when it had run its course got sealed, immutably fixing the values attained at the stage. Next stage, simultaneously starting at its lowest rung, dominated the earlier stages as it progressed. If this was not so, the book claims, and had the process of development continued unchecked at each stage (varieties kept coming up) there would have been chaos and higher forms of life would not have emerged.
  2. Each higher stage, which succeeds, appears at an infinite higher conscious level over all the preceding stages. The difference is not in degree but in kind as well, had this not been the case we would never been able to classify the stages.

Lower Stages Can Never Give Birth To Higher Stages.

The reason of our failure to understand the universe as a creation is that we think the lower stages are responsible for raising the universe. (A misleading concept). There is always a purpose behind creation and if we do see the purpose working in the creation we could be sure of the Creator of the universe. Just as each soul or life lives in a unit, similarly the purpose lives in a unit. Identical to the surface of the earth which cannot be expressed as from where it starts and where it ends, the purpose also has no beginning or end. It is the purpose, which starts and not the lower stages as such which determine the purpose. The lower stages, independent of the purpose, can lead nowhere. If these stages appear to have proceeded towards the purpose, it proves that the purpose itself is working in these stages.

Let us, therefore, keep in mind, that when we say that on completion of the preceding stage, the higher conscious values of life emerge, we mean that these new values are not determined by the lower conscious stages, but these values appear from above, that is, these follow from the Purpose. These values do not evolve rather these descend from the Purpose, which always lives with the Creator in unit.

The creation of the universe in various stages vis-à-vis the purpose behind creation may perhaps be explained by quoting a simple example of the construction of a building.

Let us suppose that our purpose is to construct a building. At the outset we will dig the foundation and then build it to the desired level. On completion of the foundation, the next stage will be the construction of walls on the foundation. Now for the construction of this new higher stage we cannot say that the foundation had itself known the purpose of this second phase of construction and, therefore, it is the foundation that has evolved the construction of walls. Similarly, in respect of the second phase of walls, we cannot say that the purpose for construction of the second phase of walls was the preceding stage of foundation. In fact, it is the overall purpose, which is the construction of the building that has brought about this second phase of construction. As the building continues to rise up step by step, the purpose continues to unfold itself. With the completion of the building the purpose stands completely unfolded and realised in the form of the building.

On the analogy of the above example, we can study the various phases of the creation of the universe. Digging up the elements, which are said to be the elementary construction blocks of the universe, completed the first phase of the universe. Aligning the infinite properties of these elements into a complete physical system completed the second phase; we call them the physical laws of the Earth. In this connection the most important thing which needs our attention is that just as each higher phase of construction fully observes and respects the limitations as laid in the preceding constructive phase of the building, similarly in the case of the creation of the universe, each higher creative stage which appears simultaneously on completion of the preceding stage fully observes and respects the values so fixed in the stage and without overthrowing them builds higher and new values as an independent creative stage over it.

Now again if we take the example of the building, we shall note that during the construction of each stage it seems that everything is in disarray. We see heaps of bricks and stones scattered at one place and at another place ditches are dug and the earth is piled along. And still at another place wood, cement and other construction materials are piled up loosely. All this shows that there is no order or discipline and that lawlessness prevails everywhere. But let us not forget that even in this state of lawlessness, the purpose continues to work and whatever the stage of construction it may be, purpose flows in each action. Accordingly, as the building continues to rise up step by step, we can see that lawlessness is replaced by order, in-discipline by discipline, and wear and tear by solid construction. Thus on completion of one phase, the second phase starts and passes through similar state of its construction and, then at the completion of the second phase, the third phase starts and so on. Now if someone takes the material and its constructive process as merely the activity of blind forces, and then as a result, when the construction appears in the shape of a beautiful building, he may consider it a mere chance or a “mechanics”, he is mistaken because the lower stages are not even aware of existence of higher conscious order above it and so ignorance can never give birth to something of higher order.

The law of the universe is one — same creative process by free will for the entire creation from particle to self-conscious man. Understand the creative process and you will understand the oneness of God. Observe how from tiny sub atomic particle to gigantic universe all are in submission to the will of God (without God lifting the finger) by free will — those who deviate from the “Purpose” end up on extinction files.

Sex Instinct Is Carved Out Of Love and Beauty.

At whatever stage life may be, it must have consciously or unconsciously spiritual love for its Creator. At inorganic and organic stages, life satisfied this love by dividing itself into two complementary units of attraction from within. We call it polarity at inorganic stages and sex at organic stages. We should know that life is the art of the Creator and, therefore, insofar as it was not yet directly aware of its Creator, its love for itself from within through dividing its conscious attributes in two sex attraction, in fact, amounted to loving the attributes of the Creator. It is evident from the fact that it is aesthetic appreciation and love of beauty of its “own kind” which is ultimately replaced by the inferior kind of pleasure derived from the sexual act. This can be seen in the behaviour of birds and insects who are at first attracted by the beauty of colour, song, or plumage of their opposite sex. This indicates that sex instinct has been carved out of spiritual love. Had it not been carved out of spiritual love, life would not have procreated itself at all.

Heaven And Hell And Life After Death.

Heaven and Hell are two states of the same soul, you are in hell by your own realisation that you lack the attributes which could have only be attained during your worldly stay by following God’s commandments and you missed the boat.

Similarly the Human Soul which comes as a clean state continue to preserve all the values and events from within and when the Self-conscious Stage as a whole reaches completion and enters a higher tier of life, every Human Soul would construct its universe under the higher enlightenment vis-à-vis the values earned by it during its worldly life. If a germ cell under the physical laws can act as a physical mind to reproduce values in minutest detail, we can be sure that Human Self or Soul which has inherent reflection of the Creator would not simply reproduce but in fact instantly bring forth events and values it lived and watch them as if played on the screen.

Last but not the least, in whatever society man may live, whatever culture he belongs to, the creative process of the Creator leaves no excuses for him that he has been deprived of the spiritual light, provided he cared to understand.

The Origin of the Universe and Its Development in Successive Stages

Where do we come from? The most fundamental question in all of science concerns the ultimate origin of the universe in which we live. As recently as the early 1920, astronomers believed the universe to be constant and unchanging. At that time it was thought that the stars which make up the Milky Way were the universe, and that although individual stars might be born, live and die, the milky way itself continued more or less unchanged, just as a forest may remain more or less unchanged, even though individual trees grow, live their lives and die. The earth had remained the same without alteration from all eternity. The five continents of the present day had always existed, and they had always had the same flora and fauna, except insofar as change or transplantation had taken place at the hand of man. The species of plants and animals had been established once for all when they came into existence. Thus in contrast to the history of mankind, which develops in time, there was ascribed to the history of nature only an unfolding in space. All changes, all development in nature, was denied.

This petrified outlook on nature was soon shattered by a combination of new developments in both theory and observation. The earth and the whole solar system appeared as something that had come into being in the course of time. If the earth was something that had come into being: it must have had a history not only of coexistence in space but also of succession in time. This supported the fact that nature does not just exist but comes into being and passes away. Thus the decision had to be taken to acknowledge that not only earth, its present surface and the plants and animals living on it, but the whole universe as we see it today did not exist as such from eternity; it possessed a history in time.

It was indeed a great discovery made by the natural scientists, which changed the petrified outlook of universe. The scientists view that nature did not just exist but came into being and passed away and that the processes of nature must have had a history not only of coexistence in space but also of succession in time was indeed illuminating. It, besides unmasking other invaluable mysteries underlying development of the universe, supports the fact that the universe has its start in time. Another most important factor revealed by the discovery was that it was only the history of mankind which at present is passing through its development and that all the development orders preceding the present Human Stage, that is, the Animals, the Vegetables, the Planet Earth and the Cosmos, each of which was active at one time continued to become immutable simultaneously on succession of the higher order.

The scientific view that the universe did not exist as such from eternity, it was born and has since developed has further been strengthened by the Big Bang Theory. According to the astro-physicists, at a certain time in the past, which can be calculated as roughly 15 thousand million years, all of the matter and energy in the universe was concentrated in a mathematical point, a singularity, from which it burst out to create the universe as we know it. The outburst has been dubbed “Big Bang”. In 1965, radio astronomers Arno Penzies and Robert Wilson of the Bell Telephone Laboratories detected a baffling radio noise, which came evenly from all directions of the sky. The Princeton University confirmed that the radio hiss was a distant echo of the cosmos radiation, which originated from the Big Bang and filled all the space. The layman tends to picture the Big Bang in terms of a very dense lump of matter located in an infinite void, suddenly exploding. Einstein, however, has shown that both space and time (which he called space-time) and matters were inseparable. The Big Bang, therefore, created not just matter but space-time as well. There was nothing, not even empty space, “outside” for the Big Bang to explode into. Besides the above scientific outlook of the universe, these discoveries provide us comprehensive discipline with which we can formulate the development process of the universe. The discoveries that in contrast to the present creative stage of Mankind, where creative activity is still in progress, the processes of the nature must have had a history not only of coexistence in space but also of succession in time reveal that the universe has developed in stages. On succession of each higher stage, the values so earned in the preceding stage became immutable. Since in contrast to the history of mankind, all the preceding stages have become immutable, it establishes that the human being lives at the top of all the creative stages we call them universe. The man lives at the top of all creation is further strengthened by the fact that when we look into the universe and analyse the laws prevailing in it independently of any reference to nature, we find that the laws of mathematics formulated by us a product of our own minds do not only come completely in accord with the laws prevailing in the universe but it reveals that these laws are its ultimate nature. Man thus stands conqueror of all the preceding orders of the universe, which simply continue to maintain their values to serve as a basis for the top leading creative stage of Man. Since in the process of development of the universe what real has emerged at the top creative stage of Man, it is attainment of Self-consciousness – highest kind of awareness which has made the man consciousness of himself, we can infer from it that all the creative stages of the universe (both inorganic and organic) preceding the present Self-conscious Stage of Man have the characteristics of consciousness also. Thus all the development stages right from particle to the present creative stage of Man are living and conscious relative to the conscious level of the stage. It further reveals that the development of universe in successive stages implies development of consciousness in steps or stages.

These discoveries support that inorganic matter is not dead. As blood runs through the veins of a living organism so a current of life runs through all matter although it may appear to us to be dead. It is alive because it has properties on account of which it acts and behaves. It responds to outside situations and stimuli as the animal or the human being does. Its activity follows definite laws, which are studied by the physicists and the chemists. The activity of the animal and of man also proceeds in accordance with definite principles, which are studied by the behaviourists and the psychologists. Matter is life from another point of view as there could have been no organic life without matter and its laws. The laws of matter seem to have been designed in order to make possible the development of higher stages of life on Earth. Matter is primitive life and the laws governing it have fixed tendencies developed by it just as instincts have developed by the animal.

Nature of development of the Universe.

The most important question, which the modern sciences have been unable to solve, is to determine the nature of development of the universe. It is an important question because as discovered by physicists and natural scientists, there does not exist any absolute, stationary frame of reference with which we may determine the nature and distinguish the succession of development stages of the universe. The universe is a restless place; stars; nebulae; galaxies; and all the vast gravitational systems of outer space are incessantly in motion. But their movements can be described only with respect to each other.

The materialists interpret birth and development of universe in one direction as mechanical in nature. It is observed, they say, that the clusters of galaxies move apart from one another as the space between them expands and that the heat energy within the atoms and in outer space is inexorably diffusing like vapour through the insatiable void. The implication is that at a certain time in the past the universe was concentrated in a mathematical point – a singularity – from which it burst out to create the universe, as we know it. Regarding development of universe in one direction and its ultimate fate, they claim that in the very beginning the nucleus of the universe was very hot. It was at unimaginable temperatures such as no longer exist even in the interior of stars. There was no element in such heat, no molecules, no atom – nothing but free neutrons and other sub-atomic particles in a state of chaotic agitation. As the temperature continued to drop, the cosmic mass continued to develop into aggregate proportions. Ultimately the development of the universe would cease when the heat processes cool down and reach a state of maximum entropy, that is, when the heat is uniformly spread in the cosmos. When the universe reaches that state, no energy can be used because all of it will be uniformly distributed in the Cosmos. And there is no way of avoiding this destiny, as according to the Second Law of Thermodynamics we cannot convert the heat into work unless we have difference of temperatures. The materialists conclude, therefore, that the developmental processes of nature are irreversible. Nature moves just in one way.

A cursory glance at the interpretation given above in regard to the birth of the universe, its development in one direction and its ultimate fate will show that it is laid on mechanical grounds. The materialists relate the phenomenon of birth of the universe with the concentration of mass energy at a certain point in space-time from where it burst out. Regarding development of universe, they claim that as the temperature continued to fall along with expansion of the nucleus mass, the free neutrons and other sub-atomic particles continued to develop into aggregate proportions in the form of galaxies, nebulae etc. Similarly they explain the rational development of universe in one direction on the plea that since energy tends to cool and spread in one direction hence the developmental processes of universe proceed in one direction only; they cannot be reversed!

The material outlook does not explain development of universe; it rather explains dissolution of energy from its chaotic state to the state of normalisation in the wake of expansion. The modern scientific discoveries reject mechanical interpretation of the birth and development of the universe. Among other factors we shall discuss in the next pages, the following discoveries to support the creation of the universe:

  1. Einstein discarded the view that matter and energy were concentrated at a mathematical point – a singularity – in space from where it erupted. According to him, there did not exist any space nor any point where the matter and energy were concentrated. Both space-time and matter were inseparable. The Big Bang, therefore, created not just matter but space-time as well. There was nothing, not even empty space “outside” for the Big Bang to explode into. It was not, therefore, a lump of matter located in an infinite void which exploded suddenly. The universe did not exist; it was born at one time.
  2. The scientific discovery that there does not exist any absolute, stationary frame of reference with which we could distinguish the succession of various developmental stages or explain the nature of development of the universe supports that the universe was born and it is being developed under the creative process.
  3. It is established by the physical sciences that the universe in spite of its development in successive stages behaves as a complete rational order. These sciences have further established that matter moves under law only and that as a result of processing of matter from high energy to low energy processes, the values earned at the low energy process besides stubbornly sticking with their laws dominate the laws developed in the high-energy processes. It reveals that high energy processes in the wake of development of universe continued to yield to the low energy processes by transforming into higher and higher rational orders.
  4. The research into the developmental processes of the universe has shown that they are irreversible, that is, they proceed in one direction only – the direction towards higher and higher rational orders. That the developmental processes of universe are rational and irreversible support that the universe has developed from lower to higher conscious orders which turned into mental processes at the biological stages of development.

Processing of matter in higher rational orders implies processing of matter-motion and also space-time as a unified higher order. Einstein has shown that space-time, matter and motion cannot be separated. Processing of matter in higher rational orders, therefore, implies processing of all values, that is, matter-motion and space-time as a unified higher order laid under different and higher kind of rational discipline. It shows, therefore, that at each higher rational order, the space-time, matter and motion have been “pressed” and “squeezed” from simple outward motion established at the preceding rational order to complicated “inward motions” (mental) at higher rational orders. Hence absolute space or absolute time does not exist; they continue to change into different sense at each higher rational order. We can witness this fact more vividly at the biological stages developed on the completion of physical order of the Earth where the physical processes further squeezed from their “outward motion” and turned into “inward mental processes” in the form of recepts and precepts at Vegetable and Animal Stages of development. That at the top creative stage of Man, consciousness or life has become aware of itself as a Self-conscious entity and determines the whole universe relevant to its conscious enlightenment establishes beyond doubt that the development of Universe implies development of consciousness or life in higher stages. Development of universe in conscious stages shows that the universe is a creation and that the gradual reflection of creation is in fact the reflection of the attributes of that part of the Creator, which he wants to manifest in the creation.

These facts establish that the nature of development of universe is not mechanical; the universe is a creation and its creation in successive rational order implies appearance of greater and greater cognition and appreciation in creation of the possibilities, attributes and beauty of its Creator as it develops from stages to stages and comes near the desire and Will of the Creator. The unimaginable heat temperatures caused by great chaotic agitation visualised by the physicists in the nucleus mass of the universe within fractions of its birth and then settling down the heat temperatures as the universe developed in higher and higher rational orders in one direction establishes that the nucleus mass was a living substance and that its chaotic agitation was nothing but its inherent “feeling” of its separation from its source. In the next chapter we shall discuss classification of the developmental stages of the universe in the light of physical and natural sciences as well as in the light of revelations made in the Holy Qur’an and determine concrete laws and principles underlying the development of the universe.

Classification of Developmental Stages of the Universe Relative to Progressive Appearance of Consciousness in Creation

The universe behaves as a complete rational order. When we study its development, we find that its development has proceeded from lower to higher and complicated rational orders in one direction and that what really differentiates these orders is the emergence of higher and different kind of intellect and conscious awakening expressed in behaviour. The most remarkable discovery, which has unfortunately escaped notice of the scientists, is that the development of universe has followed an unprecedented process, which is duly disciplined and preserved by Nature. It is the study of this discipline which exists as a basis of this work and which helps us in determining the nature of development of the universe in successive stages. In the next pages we shall gradually discuss the fundamental laws underlying this great developmental process of the universe. Based on these laws and relative to the appearance of progressive but different kind of consciousness, we can classify the development of universe in the following creative stages or closed orders: –

  1. The Great Illumination – Creative Stage of Cosmos: This stage is laid on the development of matter in the form of different kinds of galaxies under the High Energy and Low Energy Processes.
  2. The Earth: Creative Stage laid on development of different kinds of elements under a unified rational order, we call it the Earth.
  3. The Plants and Vegetables: Creative Stage of Semi-conscious life.
  4. The Animals: Creative Stage of Senses (Perceptual Life).
  5. The Man: Creative Stage of Human Self or Soul (Self-conscious Life).

We shall give brief comments against each Creative Stage and a small note at the end of the comments drawing attention to the silent features which would help us in analysing and finding out the basic fundamental laws revealing the unprecedented process of creation of the universe in successive rational stages.

I. The Great Illumination-Creative Stage of Cosmos.

The currently accepted laws of physics have revealed that soon after the great illumination dubbed as “Big Bang” by the physicists, the very early universe acted like an enormous particle accelerator. The radiated energy in different forms of light converted into electron and positron pairs. The phenomenon is known as pair production and the process is called materialisation of energy.

The development of cosmos matter, according to the established laws of physics passed through the following processes into two successive phases or stages:

Phase – I: The High Energy Process:

This phase consists of two successive parts as under:

  1. Matter was partly formed in few minutes that followed the enormous initial explosion known as Big Bang, which followed formation of light elements such as hydrogen, deuterium and helium. Later when matter was rearranged in galaxies, by gravitational forces, great clouds formed deep inside the galaxies and sometimes collapsed inwards on themselves. In this way, the first stars were born but these earliest stars probably had no planetary systems because heavy elements did not yet exist. However, thermonuclear reactions in the centres of these stars were soon creating heavier elements, especially carbon, nitrogen and oxygen.
  2. When a massive star has exhausted its nuclear fuel it explodes, launching its material into the interstellar medium where the heavy elements formed in the star amalgamate with the gaseous clouds. When a cloud, thus seeded with heavy elements, collapses to form new stars, the new stars would probably have planetary systems. A cycle of star creation proceeds in this way inside the galaxy; eventually the interstellar gas is progressively locked up in the inert residue of stellar systems; planets, red and white dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes. Throughout this cycle of production of heavy elements, considerable amounts of energy are involved and, in general, matter lacks the time to fashion itself into structures more complicated than atoms.

Phase – II: The Low Energy Process:

As against the development of matter in the high-energy process just described, the low energy process is a different phase of development of the matter. This phase involves processing of matter notably in the planets and in the interstellar medium where more than fifty kinds of organic molecules have been discovered. The development process of matter in this phase is not yet fully understood, except one, the development of Earth, which as we shall study in the next pages exists as a second higher creative stage of the universe.

The high energy and the low energy process of matter developed in the form of galaxies reveal progressive development of cosmic matter and cosmology. The astronomers have sought to define the fundamental parameters, which categorise galaxies and have endeavoured to formulate a method of classification. The classification covers physical difference other than the straightforward morphology such as (a) dynamical development of galaxies; (b) chemical development of galaxies; and (c) development of the colours of galaxies. Elliptical galaxies are redder than spiral galaxies. This is interpreted as difference in their stellar constituents. On the basis of different specialities in mass, colour, chemical composition, physical morphology etc. astronomers have so far classified the galaxies into five main groups (HEAVENS) as under:

  1. Heaven consisting of Elliptical Galaxies: Galaxies falling in this category are oval shaped and can be upto three times the size of our own galaxy.
  2. Heavens consisting of Spiral Galaxies: Galaxies falling in this category have arms, which swing out, in semi-circle from a nucleus. Our own galaxy, the Milky Way falls in this category.
  3. Heavens consisting of Barred Galaxies: These galaxies have a bar-shaped nucleus with two arms curving out from the end of the bar.
  4. Heavens consisting of Irregular Galaxies: These galaxies consist of a somewhat smaller groupings of stars with no particular shape.
  5. Heavens consisting of Starburst galaxies: These galaxies are also called radio galaxies. The galaxies falling in this category produce infrared radiation. These galaxies consist of brilliant stars, which exists as the powerful source of radiation.

Apart from the categories given above, there are one to two percent of observed galaxies which are considered abnormal in the sense that it is impossible to classify them as yet. They are termed peculiar galaxies, and often in pairs, which immediately suggest that, the reason for their deformity (hideous character) is due to short-range gravitation interaction or even collusion between galaxies. The Holy Qur’an mentioned seven categories of heavens. Cosmology is still in its infancy. Astrologists are confident that with the improvement in telescopes and detectors, they will be able to classify the remaining galaxies as well.

The study of cosmologists has revealed that galaxies behave as living “bests”. A natural tendency drives the galaxies of a given class to join together or live in pairs. Strange enough galaxies interact each other which results in their merger (a sort of mating) and consequently this procreative process triggers starbursts. According to astrologists, just as all populations have their oddities, the world of galaxies is no exception. Galaxies are not uniformly distributed in the sky but appear to be living in-groups, each of which is sustained and nourished relevant to its kind.

Points to be noted:

The modern physics has established that:

  1. The universe took its start from insignificant rational state. Its unimaginable temperatures, chaos and agitation reveal an equally unimaginable charge or innate pressure for finding out and settling down to rational orders as is witnessed by the course of its development in successive rational stages and as established by the facts revealed by the classic physics that: (a) matter moves under laws only; and (b) the universe despite its development in successive orders behaves as a complete rational order.
  2. The Cosmic Order of the universe developed in two successive rational stages: (a) The High Energy Process; and (b) The Low Energy Process.
  3. The second stage, that is, the Low Energy Process started simultaneously the processing of matter in the first stage of the Higher Energy Process had been completed and its values fixed. It is because; the higher stage could start only after the values on completion of the first elementary stage became fixed. Had the values earned by the first phase on its completion not been fixed, the changes in the first stage could destroy building of the higher stage. We shall further witness this fact which exists as one of the most fundamental law of developmental process in the organic developmental stages of the universe.
  4. The development of matter has proceeded from simple to higher grades or from low rational states to higher complicated rational orders. Objectively speaking, High-Energy process reveals great agitation of particles to find rational values and the Low Energy Process reveals settling down or the matter in harmonious aggregate proportions.
  5. The nature of development of universe being rational, the succeeding rational stage simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage lives outside it as a higher independent rational order.
  6. The physicists claim that the developmental processes of the universe proceed in one direction; they are irreversible. It is true. The nature of development of universe being rational, its developmental processes cannot be reversed; they are apt to proceed in one direction – from low and simple rational orders to higher complicated intellectual orders.
  7. When we say that on appearance of higher creative stage, the values in the preceding stage become fixed, it implies that no further creative activity continues in the stage. Nevertheless the whole stage continues to live and maintain it as usual through the procreative process developed by it. Accordingly, the Cosmos simultaneously on its completion and start of next higher creative stage of Earth is apt to maintain its hierarchical system which includes birth and death of galaxies, stars and planets under the laws developed on it before the start of creative stage of Earth as a higher creative order.

The laws registered above exist as the basis for differentiation between the developmental stages and lay a discipline with which we can understand development of the universe. We shall witness the same laws while differentiating the developmental stages. These laws have particularly more sharply appeared at organic stages of life.

II. The Earth – Creative Stage Laid on Processing of Matter under A Higher And Different Kind Of Rational Order outside the Cosmos.

The modern physics has established that the planet Earth exists as an independent higher rational order outside the Cosmos. The following accepted laws of physics support this fact:

  1. The Low energy Process involving processing of matter in the interstellar medium has shown that as against the Planet earth where complete synthesis process of elements into organic substances is found, only a negligible number of organic molecules have yielded in the rest of the planetary system which rule out the possibility of life, even of elementary type;
  2. The matter of Cosmos appears to obey a very small number of physical laws which can be expressed in a series of unified physical laws as exist on the Earth; and
  3. The laws of physics and chemistry established in earthly laboratories hold good throughout the Cosmos without over-throwing the laws fixed in it.

About 4.5 thousand million years ago, the Earth took its start from a gaseous state which seems to have contained unique combination of matter. From its gaseous state to the state of its solidification, it struggled hard to dig, develop and harmonise properties of various kinds of elements in a unified order. It was indeed a great task as it involved infinite series of action and reactions in the form of attraction and repulsion caused by infinite situations through which the elements had to discipline their behaviour under the unitary order of Earth. Attraction and repulsion of molecules of one element with the molecules of the other elements under definite conditions shows that each molecule knew precisely where to attract and where to repel. The unified response of these substances shows as if the Earth lives and functions like a physical brain in itself.

The manifold forms of behaviour which go on changing under the common expression of motion on the Earth such as passing of heat into electricity, into magnetism; heat and electricity into chemical decomposition and chemical combination developing heat and electricity etc which apparently seem occurring through the simple play of attraction and repulsion under the same medium of motion cannot be regarded as mechanical or dead nor can these be taken as separate values independent of the overall unit lived in the form of Earth. We can understand the unit function of the Earth on the analogy of a living organism, which uses chemical energy to build chemical compounds and mechanical energy to move about. Even an electric current may be detected in it. This is similar to the manifold forms of behaviour, which go on changing under the unified order of the Planet Earth under the same expression of motion. It establishes that Planet Earth is a living Planet. Like an egg cell it has developed a shell of atmosphere around it and within this closed system it has harnessed infinite forms of substances acting in a unified order.

The behaviour of these substances can be reduced to mathematical equations. It explains that all forms of physical and chemical motions, which strictly act under law, are nothing but played consciousness. Behaviour, however fixed or stereotyped, is a characteristic of life. The fact that the Planet earth has a response as well as urge to strictly preserve its substances under its overall unit discipline shows that the Earth lives something like an organism.

Points to be noted:

 

  1. The creative stage of Earth took its start from an insignificant gaseous state after the processing of cosmic matter had reached its completion in Phase II of the Low Energy Process in the form of basic elements. The difference between the age of the universe some 16 thousand million years and the birth of the Earth about 4.5 thousand million years ago fairly justifies that the establishment of Cosmic Order must have been accomplished by Nature by the time the second rational stage of Earth started and began to synthesises the properties of different elements into a unified order outside the Cosmos.
  2. The currently accepted laws of physics have established that the physical laws developed on the Planet Earth dominate the laws established in the whole Cosmos. According to these laws no organic molecules except light elements were formed in Phase I (High Energy Process). The Phase II (Low Energy Process although yielded a negligible number of organic molecules they, however, rule out the possibility of organic life, even of elementary type.
  3. Since organic life stages have appeared on the Earth, hence complete synthesis of elements into organic substances has only developed on the Earth. It is further supported by the fact that the unified laws of physics and chemistry established in earthly laboratories hold good throughout the universe. These facts reveal that (a) the higher creative stage dominates the preceding stage without overthrowing the values, which become fixed in it simultaneously on start of the higher creative stage; and (b) the laws developed in the higher stage are irreversible. It is in accordance with the accepted laws of physics, which explain that developmental processes proceed in one direction from low to higher rational (conscious) orders.
  4. The development of universe being rational, each successive stage which appeared with higher discipline and rational values lives outside all the preceding stages. It is, firstly because the values earned in the preceding stages simultaneously on start of a higher rational order become fixed and secondly because each higher creative stage which comes with different and higher kind of conscious enlightenment can develop only if it exists as an independent stage outside all the preceding stages. The earth as a higher rational order is apt to earn and preserve its values by living outside the preceding stages of Cosmos. For this purpose it has developed an envelope of a strong magnetosphere around it.
  5. Just as the laws and values earned by the Cosmos simultaneously on appearance of higher creative stage of earth became fixed, similarly on completion of physical laws in a unified order on the Earth and start of higher Vegetable Stage on it, the physical laws of the Earth became fixed. Nevertheless, the Planet Earth continued to live by preserving its values from within by changing infinite substances into the form of mixtures and compounds and by transformation of the behaviour of various substances called chemical energy, mechanical energy, electrical energy etc through the play of attraction and repulsion under the procreative process developed by it.

III. The Vegetables: Creative Stage (Semi–Conscious Life)

Simultaneously on completion of physical laws in the form of Earth, organic life took its start in an insignificant vegetable cell of algae. It was a momentous even in the history of creation as against the independent unified order of Planet Earth, life at Vegetable Stage appeared as independent system of its own which started at a conscious level that superseded the rational order of the “living Earth”. In other words, the conscious level of vegetable life as compared to the “living” Earth was not only higher in degree but it was different in kind too.

According to the investigation made by the natural sciences, about 4.5 billion years ago, the earth lost its original atmosphere. It was probably swept away by the violent solar wind coming from the new-formed sun. Later, gases escaped from the Earth’s crust as it became heated by the numerous meteorite impacts that frequently occurred in the solar system at that epoch. These gases formed a new atmosphere, made up mainly of hydrogen, nitrogen, methane, ammonia, water vapour and carbon dioxide. The temperature was low enough to allow the water vapour to condense and form the oceans. Since the atmosphere contained neither oxygen (whose appearance followed that of life; it was photosynthesis in plant life that manufactured all the oxygen that we breath) nor ozone, ultra-violet radiation from the sun could freely penetrate the atmosphere, right down to the surface of the Earth. This energy flux, contained with that obtained from other sources such as storm and volcanoes, led to the formation of more complex organic molecules that were dissolved in the relatively fresh-water oceans of that epoch. This investigation confirms that before the start of organic life, the Planet Earth had completely established its unified physical order, which became fixed on appearance of organic life in vegetable cell.

The vegetable life recast the behaviour of matter processed at the physical Earth in the form of various species of vegetables under higher rational (conscious) plan of the Vegetable Stage. If we take the physical laws as the elementary measurements with which the Planet Earth fashioned itself and developed its atmosphere, we could see theses measurements recast with greater intelligence at the higher Vegetable Stage in the form of beautiful flowers and their various delightful colours, in the size and shape of plants and trees, in the proportion of tender branches and their leaves as well as in the various kinds of fruits and their juices. All these artistic manifestations are based on complete mathematical equations in so harmonious proportions that they decorated the Earth like the paradise.

Points To Be Noted:

 

  1. The creative stage of Vegetables being a higher rational stage took its start from an insignificant plastic cell
  2. Simultaneously on start of Vegetables as a higher stage, the behaviour of earth substances, that is, the unified physical laws developed on Earth became fixed. Had there been any change in the behaviour of substances, we call the physical laws, the higher Vegetable Stage could neither develop nor earn the values of the stage. This wonderful law applies to each creative stage whenever succeeded by the higher creative stage.
  3. The Vegetable Stage being a higher conscious stage lived outside the creative stage of Earth as well as the whole Cosmos.
  4. Being a higher creative stage, the Vegetable rational order (life) dominated the physical laws of the Earth without over-throwing them. It should be noted that the whole creation is made under the overall unit purpose. Hence nature fully preserves the values created in the preceding stages which serve as a base to the higher stage. The successive stage, which appears at a higher and different kind of conscious plan simultaneously on fixation of values in the preceding stage, is apt to “respect” those values. We shall elaborate the ingenious process of creation as we advance in our work. Accordingly the Vegetable life tactfully faced the fixed values of the preceding nature such as the vagaries of the sun, wind, storms etc as well as the change of seasons by deeply rooting in the earth and developing elasticity in its branches etc.
  5. Just as physical laws of the creative stage of earth became fixed simultaneously on appearance of higher creative stage of Vegetables, and no new physical laws were created, similarly on start of the higher rational stage of Animals, the laws governing the behaviour of Vegetable life became fixed and hence no new vegetable species were created in the stage.

It is usually understood that the physical laws of Earth are the only laws, which are eternal. The study of the development of universe in stages has revealed that simultaneously on appearance of each higher rational order, the values earned in the preceding stage became eternal and existed as a basis for the higher creative order. Hence whether these are the laws of the Cosmology or the unified physical laws developed on Earth or the behaviour of Vegetable life, they became eternal and existed as indispensable basis for higher order. Simultaneously on appearance of higher stage no change was admitted nor new laws were created in them. It is because of this fundamental law of creative process that we are able to study the laws prevailing in each creative stage and differentiate their development relevant to the laws fixed in each higher rational order.

IV. The Animals: Creative Stage of Senses (Perceptual Life)

At this stage life started in an insignificant organism of amoeba and then making its way through uncountable species of animals, it reached its completion at the start of the Human Stage of creation. The animal life started with insignificant sensory perceptions. Appearance of senses at the Animal Stage was a great event in the history of rational orders as it brought the life nearer the cognition of its Creator. The great task for animal life was to complete its sensory values in perfect proportions and in the light of its higher conscious awakening, give new meaning to the life that existed in the earlier stages. Higher life stage always tries to understand the tendencies and behaviour of life fixed in the preceding stages at its own conscious level. If the Vegetable life had achieved its conscious values in mathematical proportions relative to the behaviour (laws) of physical Earth, the Animal life developed new conscious measures in the form of senses of smell, taste, touch, sight and hearing. Each species of animal determined the external world according to the development of its sensory perceptions. Some species were low in developing the senses in their true proportions and the others were abnormal. The great task for animal life was, however, to complete its sensations in perfect proportions on a universal scale which could serve as a rational basis for the higher creative stages.

It is very important to note that it was due to the higher conscious enlightenment of animal with which it differentiated the characteristics of various objects, such as darkness and light, remoteness and vicinity, coldness and heat, solidity and liquidity etc. In other words, the new conscious values developed by Animal stage were not known to the preceding stages. The Animal as a higher creative stage relevant to its higher conscious enlightenment determined these. The Animal detected only those properties, which were useful and necessary for onward march of life stages. The Animal ultimately perfected its sense perceptions in one of its leading species which appeared immediately before the emergence of Human Stage and which served as the physical organism of Man. Even the physical organism of Man, which is a perfect animal species, and in whom the sense perceptions achieved universal standard, could not detect light in its various lengths. The human sense of smell is not as strong as found in some other animal species. The reason for this is that the values of sense perceptions have been fixed by nature under its overall purpose to be achieved. Therefore, the sense perceptions fixed in Human Organisms can perceive only those values, which are essential and useful for life on its onward march. Irrespective of their imperfection, the human physical senses form the universal standard for judging the behaviour of life in the crude material stages as well as for serving the higher life of Man who utilises these perceptions to ascertain the reality of the universe vis-à-vis his own in the light of his Self-consciousness.

Points To Be Noted:

The Animal creative stage as a higher rational order as usual took its start from an insignificant state in the form of an amoeba simultaneously on completion of the Vegetable stage. On appearance of Animal stage as a higher creative stage, the form and values earned by the preceding Vegetable stage became immutable. Hence no new species were created in the Vegetable stage. The Animal stage perfected its sense perceptions in one of its leading species, which ultimately served as the physical organism of Man. The animal lives as an independent higher creative stage outside the Vegetables, the Physical earth and all the preceding stages of creation. Its universe is what its sense perceptions determine for it. The rational values perfected by the Animal stage in the form of sense perceptions cannot come down as the nature of developmental processes being rational, these are irreversible.

The fundamental laws with which we can determine the higher creative stage as well as differentiate the stages from one another establish that the creative stage of Animals exists as independent higher rational order over the preceding stages. We shall enlist these fundamental laws at one of the next chapters.

Some of the laws are:

  1. The higher stage takes its start from insignificant values of the stage;
  2. Simultaneously on start of higher stage, the values in the preceding stage become fixed;
  3. The higher stage lives out of all the preceding stages as an independent higher rational order;
  4. The higher creative stage without overthrowing the values so fixed in the preceding stages tactfully dominates them; and
  5. The higher stage does not come down to the preceding stage. If it does, it must lose its higher intelligence and become a part of the preceding stage – an impossible impasse!

V. Man – The Creative Stage of Self-Conscious or “Self”

The Human Self appeared as a non-material Self-conscious entity simultaneously on accomplishment of sense perceptions by the Animal stage in one of its perfect animal species, which served as the physical organism of the Human Self or Soul. Creation of Self and its inherent awareness of itself as a self-conscious entity was a tremendous leap over all the creative stages we call it the universe. Upto the Animal stage, life or consciousness was not aware of its own “Self” as a distinct individually and as such the animal world existed as determined by its sense perceptions.

However, on attaining Self-consciousness, the inward mental processes of the Human Self, in the non-material form of thought radiation’s, overshadowed the limited approach of animal sense perceptions by pervading the whole universe. Attaining of Self-consciousness by the Human Self implied that it has become aware of itself relative to a certain entity other than itself. It revealed that the Human Self has appeared as the greatest art of the creator bestowed with all such attributes, which the Creator wanted to accomplish as His Ideal. Being the highest form of creation perfected by the Creator as His Ideal, the Human Self found inherent reflection of its Creator in it. It is by virtue of this inherent spiritual feeling of the Creator in the Self, which made it conscious of its Creator as the sole aim and ideal of its existence and induced natural love to seek Him. Since the Self came to know of itself as an entity due to appearance of direct spiritual feeling of its Creator, the Self could develop and find real peace and satisfaction by loving and seeking its Creator only. Self as an accomplished art superseded all the material forms of art which being in the process of making could have no direct vision or feeling of its Creator. In those creative stages, the creation was alive of its Creator relative to the attributes bestowed on them by the Creator and loved its Creator indirectly by loving and attracting its own attributes, which in a way reflected the attributes of the Creator, through their complementary division from within. The procreative process through which the creation loved its attributes in their complementary division in the form of opposite attraction (sex) is in fact the spiritual way of loving the Creator. (We shall discuss about this great process in the following pages).

We have learnt that under one of the fundamental laws of the creative process, simultaneously on appearance of the higher creative stage, the forms and values created in the preceding stage become fixed. The fact that ever-since the Human Self has appeared as a higher creative stage, the forms and sense perceptions of his physical body, which belong to the Animal creative stage, have become fixed, establishes that the Human Self or “Soul” an entity in itself lives as an independent creative stage outside its physical body as well as all the creative stages of the material universe. It is not the present Self-conscious Stage of Human Self, which lives outside all the preceding stages. As a matter of fact each higher creative stage which starts from insignificant values of the stage developed by living out of all the preceding stages! It is witnessed by the fact that each creative stage sticks fastly with its own values and never comes down to the values of the preceding stages which become immutable. It establishes that all the creative stages are alive of their forms and values and that each higher stage starts at an infinitely higher and different intellect and conscious plan over all the preceding stages. Being higher in intellect and consciousness, reversion of any higher stage to the preceding stage amounts to its death. Besides, being higher in intellect and consciousness, it is prerequisite for the higher stage to live outside all the preceding stages which exist at lower intellect levels and which simultaneously on appearance of the higher creative stage become fixed. It is indeed ingenious work of creation. “Ahsan-ul-Khaliqeen” (The best of all the creators) could only work; like that. Unless the higher creative stage lives outside all the preceding stages as independent stage, it can neither earn the values of the stage nor can the development ever proceed from stage to stage. These facts reveal that the development of universe in successive stages implies development of consciousness in creation relevant to the creative stage. It further establishes that all forms of matter and their motion (energy) are the forms of consciousness played in space-time field relative to the development stage. In other words the whole universe is living organism! It is supported by the discoveries made by the physical sciences which establish that matter moves under law only and that in-spite of its development from High Energy to Low Energy processes, the universe behaves as a complete rational order. These facts confirm our view as expressed in the preceding pages that the nature of chaotic agitation and high-energy temperature visualised by the physicists at the birth of universe was “living”. Its state of agitation revealed highest degree of unrest and chaos due to its separation from its source. That high energy processes continued to develop towards normalisation in the form of higher and higher living and intellect orders and ultimately found direct feeling of its Creator in the Human Self or Soul in the form of Self-enlightenment establishes that all forms of matter and their motion (energy) were living relative to the creative stage and that the forms of motion are nothing but played forms of consciousness under the impulse of attraction and repulsion at the material stages of creation. Play under attraction and repulsion reveals freedom of action and it is the attribute of life or consciousness only.

Points To Be Noted:

 

  1. The Human Self as a Self-conscious Entity took his start from insignificant state of Self-consciousness simultaneously the Animal stage accomplished the sense perceptions in physical form of Man.
  2. Simultaneously on appearance of Human Self as a higher rational order, the form and sense perceptions of his physical body, which exists as a perfect animal species, became fixed. Had the form and sense perceptions still continued to develop or change Human Self as a Self-conscious Entity could neither appear nor develop his mental faculties.
  3. Human Self who took his start on fixation of form and sense perceptions of the physical body, as a higher independent stage cannot revert to the preceding Animal stage on death of the physical organism, which lives under the procreative law, disciplined by the physical stage of Animals.
  4. Human Self lives in his mental state as a top independent creative stage outside the whole material universe! Since the developmental processes of creation proceed in one direction only, Human Self or “Rooh” must rise from its Self-conscious State to Universal Conscious Enlightenment.

We shall sum-up the fundamental laws as discussed in this chapter in the next pages. More laws will be added as our work develops. Nevertheless these laws are eternal and will remain as basis of our work.

Fundamental Laws Underlying Creation Of The Universe In Stages

 

Our purpose of describing different developmental stages of the universe is to find out a rational system or what may be called a creative process underlying development of the universe in successive stages. Based on our notes laid in the light of modern scientific discoveries underneath the description of each creative stage, the following fundamental laws establish that the creation of the universe is not a continuous process; it has been created in successive rational stages or closed systems – one upon the other . The difference between the rational values of the preceding and the succeeding stages is not in degree but it is in kind. Had the development of universe been in degrees only that is, it would have simply evolved as a continuous unit order, we could never describe its development.

1. Each Higher Stage Starts From Insignificant Values of the Stage.

The processing of matter at Phase I of the Cosmos, known as the High Energy Process, started from insignificant units of highly charged particles. After passing through a long process of its processing in the form of various kinds of galaxies laid in succession and through the Low Energy Phase of processing which involved processing of matter in planets and interstellar medium, the Cosmos wound up by organising the matter into basic elements we call them the building blocks of the universe.

On completion of Cosmic Order in two successive phases, the Planet earth took its start as an independent higher stage from insignificant gaseous state and continued to discover, harness and synthesise the behaviour of elements in a unified order we call them the physical laws.

On completion of physical laws in a unified order , the Vegetable stage took its start as an independent creative stage from an insignificant state in the form of a plastic cell and continued to build values in the form of millions of vegetable species. Having accomplished values of the stage to affinity, the Vegetable stage closed on it.

Simultaneously on completion of Vegetables, the Animal stage took its start from insignificant values of the stage in the form of an amoebic cell and after accomplishing rational values of the stage through the creation of millions of animal species, further development of the Animal stage stopped.

Simultaneously on completion of animal stage , the next higher creative stage took its start in the Human Self in which life for the first time became conscious of itself. In the beginning, the Human Self was conscious of itself only as if it were something unique and distinct in the world around him. In other words , the Human Self – consciousness stage also took its start from humble state of Self-knowledge as an individuality outside the universe.

The fact that each stage on accomplishment of the preceding stage took its start from insignificant values of the stage establishes that :

  1. The values of the new and higher stage were not different in degree but these were different in kind from the preceding stage; and
  2. The creation of the universe is not a continuous (evolutionary) process; it has been created in successive stages.

2. On Succession Of Higher State, The Values Earned In The Preceding Stage Become Fixed; (B) The Succession Of Higher Stage And Closing Of The Preceding Stage Is Always Simultaneous.

The higher creative stage always starts simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage, the words “closing of the stage” imply that the values earned in the stage become fixed; hence no new values are created in the stage. As a matter of fact, each stage is allowed to earn full values of the stage to its affinity; it is closed on it only when it could proceed no further. Nevertheless, the stage as a whole continues to live for serving as a base for the higher stage by preserving its values through the procreative process developed by it. That on succession of higher creative stage, the values earned by the preceding stage become immutable is supported by the fact that if on appearance of higher stage, the values in the preceding stage will continue to change and develop, the higher stage which starts from insignificant values of the stage could neither stand on it nor develop its values as an independent stage. Besides, had these values continued to change and develop as a single continuous stage, we could never understand the universe and its creation in successive stages nor the universe would ever have developed as it has. Hence here we have the following basic laws which underlie creation of the universe in successive stages:

  1. The higher creative stage starts only on closing of the preceding stage;
  2. The act of closing of the preceding stage and starting of the new or higher stage is always simultaneous;
  3. The values earned in the preceding stage become immutable, that is, no new values , laws or changes can occur in it; and
  4. For creative development , the presence of infinite gulf between the preceding and the successive stages is a necessity.

The law that simultaneously on succession of the higher creative stage, the values in the preceding stage become immutable reveals that the universe is not a mechanics; it is purposive.

Its creative processes are living processes. The wonderful thing – no doubt an ingenious one – is that simultaneously on fixation of values in the preceding stage and start of higher on it, the higher stage because of its higher and different kind of intellect and conscious awareness continues to witness the beauty and attributes of the Creator manifested in the creation living beneath it and through that remains spiritually attached with it. Thus the whole creation seems to grow in successive stages as if a child witnesses and preserves its past as he grows in years. We shall dwell on this ingenious process of creation in the next pages.

3. Each Successive Stage Appears More than the Aggregate Values of All the Preceding Stages.

Each higher stage, which succeeds, appears at an infinite higher conscious level over all the preceding stages. It is established by the fact the values earned in the preceding stage cannot be applied to the higher creative stage. The laws governing processing of matter in Phase I – High Energy Process cannot be applied to the laws earned by Phase II – Low Energy Process and the laws of the processing of matter in Phase II cannot be applied to the laws established on the Earth – we call them the physical laws. On the other hand, as against the physical laws of cosmic matter, the laws of physics and chemistry established on the Earth, without overthrowing the laws fixed in the Cosmos hold good throughout the universe. In other words, the physical laws established in a unified order on Earth dominate the whole nature. Similar is the case with successive organic stages developed simultaneously on completion of physical laws. The Vegetable life stage, which started as a separate independent order, without overthrowing the physical laws, dominates the whole nature. The Animal stage, which succeeded the Vegetable stage, dominates the Vegetables, the unified physical laws of Earth as well as the whole Cosmos! The Human being who appeared as a Self-conscious entity over the Animal stage dominates both organic and inorganic creative stages – we call it the universe. It is because each higher creative stage which succeeds is not higher as a mere aggregate of whole nature but it appears with infinite higher kind of intellect and conscious enlightenment over the whole creation living beneath it. Had the new stage appeared with mere aggregate values of the preceding stages, it could neither maintain itself as an independent stage outside the preceding stages nor could it earn higher values of the stage. In such an event no development would have been possible and the creation would have stopped. These facts established that the universe had developed in higher and higher rational orders.

4. Creative Processes Proceed In One Direction Only: They Are Irreversible.

Both the classic physics and the natural science have established that the developmental processes of the universe have proceeded in one direction only and that the succession is irreversible. These discoveries support that the nature of the development of universe is not mechanical; it has developed from low to higher rational order, which continued to emerge in higher and higher forms of intellect, and conscious enlightenment, which ultimately appears in Human Self in the form of Self-consciousness. These facts establish that the nature of rational orders being intellectual and mental – the fundamental attributes of consciousness or life – the creative processes of universe proceed in one direction only – the direction towards higher and higher conscious enlightenment. Hence the whole universe is a living universe.

5. Each Higher Stage Dominates All the Preceding Stages without Overthrowing the Values Fixed in Them. The Domination Is Essentially Of Intellect And Consciousness In Nature.

The fact that each creative stage appears with infinite higher kind of intellect and consciousness over all the preceding stages which become fixed simultaneously on start of higher creative stage establishes that each higher stage dominates all the preceding stages without overthrowing the values fixed in them. It further establishes that the nature of domination is not due to physical or mechanical causes; it is essentially of the nature of higher and different kind of intellect and consciousness which emerged at each successive rational order. Accordingly what the physicists call “energy” is acted form of consciousness in the form of bodies and motion in space-time field relevant to the creative stage.

6. Each Higher Creative Stage lives Outside the Preceding Stages as an Independent Stage.

The study of the developmental processes of universe has shown that what we know as universe, is the form of rational orders built in succession. The fact that matter moves under law only; the whole universe despite its development in different kind of rational orders behaves as a perfect rational order and that the nature of rational orders is essentially mental, intellectual, volitional and emotional – the fundamental attributes of life appeared at the top creative stage of man – establishes that each higher creative stage which appeared with infinite higher conscious enlightenment lives outside all preceding stages.

The fundamental laws described above are based on the modern scientific discoveries. These laws reveal the wonderful process the universe has followed in its development. Nevertheless we have more laws and principles underlying development of universe which will be discussed in the following pages. With a view to make our work simple we summarise these laws, which have their import from the classic physics and natural sciences established under the modern scientific research. Needless to say this whole work is made possible in the light of the Divine guidance as laid in the Holy Qur’an:

  1. The universe came into being as a result of great illumination dubbed as “Big Bang” by the astro-physicists, “Allah-ho-noorussamawat-e-wal-ard”.
  2. There was nothing outside for the Big Bang to explode into Space-time and matter are inseparable; these appeared simultaneously with the explosion.
  3. The universe took its start from insignificant rational state. Its unimaginable temperatures, chaos and agitation reveal an equally unimaginable charge or innate pressure for finding out and setting down to rational orders as is witnessed by the course of its development in successive rational stages and as established by the facts revealed by the classic; physics that: (a) matter moves under laws only; and (b) the universe despite its development in successive orders behaves as a perfect rational order.
  4. There does not exist any absolute, stationary frame of reference with which to identify development of the universe. It establishes that the universe is a creation.
  5. The creative processes of the universe proceed in one direction only; they are irreversible. It establishes that the universe is nothing but a series of rational orders raised in succession of higher and higher conscious enlightenment as it is the characteristics of consciousness only that it proceeds in one direction and can never is reversed.
  6. What real has emerged as a result of one-way rational development of universe at the top creative stage of Man, is essentially mental, intellectual, volitional and emotional in nature – the fundamental attributes of life or consciousness. Hence the nature of rational development is mental and not mechanical.
  7. Along with absolute space, Einstein discarded the concept of absolute time also. Space-time are relative terms and cannot be separated from matter and motion (energy). Accordingly along with the processing of the forms of matter and motion (energy) at every successive rational stage, space-time also continued to change their sense, as did the matter which continued to shed mass. The Cosmos space-time, matter and motion which physicists call simple forms of matter and motion involving change of place, continued to be squeezed from external to inward rational processes until we find them settled in a unified physical system of the Earth. These processes further shifted towards mental processes at the biological stages. The space-time world determined by the animal is limited relative to its material sense perceptions. As against it, space-time world determined by Human Self knows no bounds. Human Self, which exists as the only stable entity outside the material universe already lives in the universe beyond which, can be witnessed by the fact that Human sense of time without overthrowing the sense of perceptual time remains changeless and overrides all the physical times. It is supported by the fact that the man has not only measured the lifetime of the universe but he has also determined the phases of its development. Unless the Human Self is stable, it lives outside the physical space-time as a non-material entity and has the sense of eternal time; man could never measure the lifetime of the universe and classify the phases of its development.
  8. The fundamental law of the creative process that each stage simultaneously on start of the higher stage becomes immutable establishes that the creative activity can proceed only at the top-creative stage of the universe, which lives outside all the preceding stages. Hence it is the present Self-conscious Stage of Man only in the whole universe where creative process is active. That man lives at the top of all creation is revealed in the Holy Qur’an at many a places. It is thus revealed in verse 45(13): —–” And (Allah) made of service unto you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth.” —–45(13).
  9. The fact that high-energy processes active in the very early universe continued to develop into rational orders establishes that the developmental processes of the universe are creative.
  10. The higher rational order appears only when the values earned in the preceding stage becomes fixed. The act of succession and closing of the preceding stage is always simultaneous. This law establishes that there exists certain overall Entity that strictly lays discipline under the urge of achieving certain overall purpose.
  11. That no higher creative stage can start until the values of the preceding stage are simultaneously fixed establishes that (a) the universe has been created in successive stages; and (b) the values of each higher stage emerge in different kinds of intellect and conscious enlightenment.
  12. Each higher creative stage which appears simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage being higher and different in the scale of conscious enlightenment lives outside all the preceding stages which become fixed and continue to live as a base for serving the higher creative stage. Man who is presently under active creative process lives outside the whole universe.
  13. Each creative stage sticks with its own values as an independent stage and being a different kind of rational order can neither come down to the preceding stages nor jump to the higher creative order which appears at a different kind of conscious plan.
  14. Since there does not exist any absolute, stationary frame of reference with which to identify the creation of the universe in one way direction, the nature of the development of universe and its processes can be described with reference to the top creative stage only which outlives the whole creation because of appearing at the highest plan of consciousness. It is man only who could determine the nature of universe he outlives.
  15. Each higher creative stage which appears simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage comes with conscious enlightenment more than whole of the creation living beneath it. Hence the higher creative stage dominates the whole creation. The nature of development being rational and intellectual, the domination is by no means mechanical; it is mental and intellectual.
  16. That the higher stage, which appears simultaneously on fixation of values in the preceding stage, cannot overthrow those values establishes that the whole creation has developed as a unit-whole under a unit purpose and that these stages descend from the overall purpose. These stages do not evolve from lower to higher values without prior understanding on their own.
  17. That the universe despite its development in different orders behaves as a perfect rational order establishes that certain overall Absolute Self-conscious Entity prevails the whole creation and that since in one-way direction what real has emerged at the top creative order of man, is his Self-consciousness, which establishes that future creation must build on the Human Self in the form of higher and higher Self-enlightenment. In other words the higher creative process must be mental and not physical in nature.
  18. That the nature of rational orders created in succession is essentially of intellect and consciousness is established by the fact that while each higher creative stage which appears on the preceding stage dominates all the creation living beneath it, the preceding stage is never aware of the values and the kind of conscious enlightenment of the higher stage. The preceding stage, therefore, simply continues to live by maintaining itself under the procreative process established by the stage. We can understand the ecology system as developed on the Earth under this law which envisages that only higher creative stage influences the lower stages and not the lower stages, which remain ignorant of the stages, created on them.

Note: These laws kill all the theories laid on material evolution or mechanical interpretation of the universe.

The Unbridgeable Gulfs – A Creative Necessity.

The universe consists of different stages, each of which succeeds, in higher and different kind of intellect and conscious enlightenment. The development of universe in successive stages implies that there exist infinite gulfs between the intellect and conscious level of the stages. Since despite these gulfs, the universe behaves as a perfect rational order, it establishes that the universe is a creation; it has not evolved as a mechanical system. The materialists agree to the existence of such gulfs but since these gulfs suggest the presence of certain overall Entity Who despite these gulfs gives rational order to the universe in one direction underlying certain aim or goal, they in vain try to play down the presence of these gulfs. Our study of the universe has shown that had there been no gulfs between the stages and the universe would have simply evolved as a continuous system we could neither differentiate values of the universe nor understand its development.

In this connection we shall discuss the views of Frederick Engels, a staunch materialist and author of “Dialectics of Nature”. Engels admits existence of the gulfs when he says, ” it is true that the empirical proof of this cyclical course is not wholly free from gaps” yet he claims that research into nature has considerably narrowed the gulfs! Regarding the gulf existing between the organic and inorganic stages, Engels writes:

“The wonderfully rapid development of chemistry, since Lavoisier and especially since Dalton, attacked the old ideas about nature from another aspect. The preparation by inorganic means of compounds that hitherto had been produced only in the living organism proved that the laws of chemistry have the same validity for organic as for inorganic bodies, and to a large extent bridged the gulf between inorganic and organic nature, a gulf that even Kant regarded as for ever impassable. Almost simultaneously it was established that protoplasm and the cell, which had already been shown to be the ultimate morphological constituents of all organisms, occurred independently, existing as the lowest forms of organic life. This not only reduced the gulf between inorganic and organic nature to a minimum but removed one of the most essential difficulties that had previously stood in the way of the theory of descent of organisms.”

The argument that certain compounds, which hitherto had been produced only in the living organism, have been prepared is a poor argument that does not establish that the mighty gulf existing between organic and inorganic stages has been bridged. Ludwig Feuerbach, the German materialist philosopher is very correct in saying that ” life is, of course, not the product of a chemical process, nor in general is it the product of an isolated natural force or phenomenon, to which the metaphysical materialist reduces it; it is a result of the whole nature”. Engels plea that ” since cell and protoplasm exist independently at the lower forms of organic life it has reduced the gulf between the organic and inorganic nature to a minimum” is no argument at all.

As regards the gulf existing between the Vegetable and Animal Stages, Engels writes:

” On the one hand the conditions of life of the various floras and faunas were established by means of comparative physical geography; on the other hand the various organisms were compared with one another according to their homologous organs, and this pot only in the adult condition but at all stages of their development. The more deeply and exactly this research was carried on, the more did the rigid system of an immutably fixed organic nature crumble away at its touch. Not only did the separate species of plants and animals become more and more inextricably intermingled, but animals turned up, such as Amnioxus and Lepidosiren, that made a mockery of all previous classification, and finally organisms were encountered of which it was not possible to say whether they belonged to the plant or animal kingdom.”

The above are equally flimsy arguments. Such arguments, which are also often repeated by the biologists, indicate Engels’ frustration to explain away the universal mighty gulfs which remains a well-established scientific fact even today. It is true that certain plant species, which as usual obtain their normal nourishment through their roots, are sensitive to draw insects that occasionally rest on their flower buds and some of the species of plants and animals seem intermingled, but this is not the plants conscious play. It is regarded by the scientists merely a superficial activity. If we are aware of the fundamental creative process we can understand such superficial occurrences, which is simply a useless attempt on the part of a creative stage when it nears its completion. As we know the nature allows every creative order to achieve freely the values of the stage to its affinity and it is closed on it only when it can no longer proceed in the right direction of the creative process. Thus the confusion created by the materialists is due to their ignorance of the creative process. They deem the development of the universe as a mechanics and not a creation. The argument that separate species of plants and animals become more and more inextricably intermingled is similar to the one that animal and man belong to the same stock as both the animal, and man share common instincts. No doubt if we ask the animal, and it could reply, it would tell us that man is just an animal like it. Also there are certain human beings who because of sharing common instincts with the animals deem them animals too through they regard them a bit superior or privileged one. But gentlemen know that while animal remains totally immersed in its sense perceptions and is not aware of itself, the human being is not only aware of his own existence as an independent entity but his knowledge has no bounds; even the whole universe before him is nothing but a creative universe. If we put together all the animal heads they cannot cross the conscious barrier within which they live. Similarly all the plants put together can never equal to a tiny animal cell. Unfortunately the flimsy arguments put by Engels and so also the evolutionists show their desperate attempt to mislead the humanity. They want to prove that the whole universe is a dead mechanical development and that the man who is considered as the essence of the whole universe is nothing but a computer machine brought as vanguard by material forces sheer by chance!

If our work we have discussed in detail the creative process of the universe. In the light of the fundamental principles laid down, there remains little doubt that the universe is a creation. The marvellous creative process underlying the development of the universe shows that the gulfs between the various succeeding stages of the universe are not superficial but rather these are purposive. For any development it is imperative that it should pass through different phases of its construction under the overall purpose of the development. The investigation made by the scientists in the fields of physics and natural sciences has shown that the universe has developed in successive stages laid on higher and different kind of intellect and conscious enlightenment. That each higher development stage dominates the preceding stages establishes that the intellectual and conscious level of the succeeding stage is not higher in degree but it is higher in kind also. Had the conscious level been higher in degree only it would have implied that the same developmental stage is in progress. Since, however, we can differentiate the various developmental stages we call it the universe, on the basis of successive intellectual and conscious enlightenment, it establishes that each higher creative stage is not higher in degree only but it descends as a different kind of conscious enlightenment which prevails and dominates all the creation living beneath it. In other words each higher developmental stage descends with consciousness which supersedes conscious enlightenment of all the preceding stages. Since the development of universe is laid on higher and higher kind of conscious enlightenment, the nature of gulfs between the stages is not physical or mechanical which could be bridged.

The fact that simultaneously on appearance of higher stage, the values earned by the preceding stage become fixed establishes presence of the gulfs between the successive stages. It also establishes that certain creative hand has brought these gulfs for achieving certain purpose, as otherwise we cannot explain an abrupt culmination of activity in the preceding stage simultaneously on start of the higher stage. If we talk it that the universe has simply evolved as ac continuous unit order, we could never classify the various developmental stages of the universe as well as its creative processes. Being a part of the same system we would have remained immersed in the system as a fish in the sea. Our knowledge, our personality and Self-consciousness would have never found separate independent existence. However, it is a fact that we determine the universe, classify its developmental stages and investigate its processes, it implies that each of us lives outside the universe as an independent Self-conscious entity. Similar is the case with all the preceding stages each of which exists as an independent creative order with higher and different kind of conscious enlightenment over the creation living beneath it. Hence it is the conscious enlightenment of each higher stage, which determines the creation living beneath it. These facts establish that the gulfs are a creative necessity. Nevertheless despite these gulfs which reveals infinite vacuum of intellect and consciousness between the stages, the Creator of the universe has devised remarkable medium which help bridge these gulfs and because of which the universe lives as a continuum whole. We shall discuss these remarkable mediums developed by each higher stage in the next pages. Needless to say that the mediums which bridge the gulfs between the two worlds are essentially laid on spiritual and intellectual values relevant to the conscious level of the higher stage.

Universe- A Continuum Whole

The Great Faculties

We shall discuss in this chapter three great faculty inherent each higher creative stage, which appears, simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage.

The Great Faculty – I

We may call the first great faculty with the name of “analytic faculty” – the faculty through which each higher stage investigates the values lived in the external world. We have learnt that each higher creative stage which appears simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage cannot come down from its higher conscious plan. Since no higher stage can ever remain cut off spiritually from the preceding stages and develop as an island, this faculty serves as a medium for each higher stage to establish its link with the external world and investigate the values lived in them under its higher conscious enlightenment. This remarkable faculty under which each higher stage establishes link with the preceding stages not only helps the higher stage in developing values of the stage but it also helps in bridging the gulfs between the stages and through that gives rational order to the different stages, we call it the universe.

The Great Faculty – II

This remarkable faculty helps each creative stage in preserving and developing values of the stage from within. We may name this great faculty as the “faculty of procreation”. Through this faculty, each creative stage strictly preserves the values of the stage from within through complementary division of values at spiritual level of the stage. While living in polarity, the relative values through mutual spiritual action continue to maintain and reproduce them.

The Great Faculty –III

This great faculty which is inherent in each creative stage may be called the “rational faculty”. Through this faculty nature provides laws, determines values and gives direction to each developing stage from within the stage for accomplishment of values in the right direction. No developing stage can ever reach completion until it strictly follows the laws, values and direction imparted to it from within through this faculty.

All of these remarkable faculties which are laid on spiritual basis and have been active in different forms throughout the development of the universe, right from the elementary stages of Cosmos up to the present creative stage of Man stand as basic pillars of the Creative Process of universe in stages. We shall first discuss the need of faculty we called “analytical faculty” its role and imperatives in developing each higher creative stage.

Universe – A Continuum Whole

The Great Faculty – I

The Analytical Faculty

“Under this remarkable faculty each higher stage establishes its link with the preceding stages; determines values lived in them under its higher conscious enlightenment and by bridging the gulfs existing between them gives rational order to the universe”

The faculty we shall briefly discuss here is multifarious in nature and is laid on spiritual values. It exists throughout the universe in different forms relevant to the rational plan of each higher stage. The scientists are yet learning to understand this great faculty functioning at the High and Low Energy developmental process of Cosmos. We are, however, aware of this faculty working at the creative stage of Earth. Particularly, we know this faculty active at the organic stages of Vegetables and Animals as well as at the present Self-conscious Stage of Man. At the Vegetable and Animal stages of development, we call this faculty as the “faculty of digestion” or ” digestive system” and at the Self-conscious Stage of man, we call it as the “faculty of reason” or “analytic faculty” of Human Self. We shall now discuss the need, role and imperatives of this faculty, we call it the “analytic faculty” and which come along and is developed by each higher stage.

Analytic Faculty – The Need and Imperatives for Its Development by Higher Stage.

Each higher stage, which starts from insignificant values of the stage simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage, has to confront tremendous difficulties for its development. Unless, therefore, it appears with a special rational faculty with which it could, while living at its higher conscious plan, investigate the values in the external world as well as face the obstacles standing in its way, it can neither maintain itself nor can it develop values of the stage. The following factors establishes the need for such a medium or faculty:

  1. Under one of the cardinal principles of creation, simultaneously on start of the higher creative stage, the values earned in the preceding stage become fixed. The preceding stage, which lives at an infinite low intellectual level, remains ignorant of the higher stage living on it. Since the preceding stages stubbornly continue to preserve their values and never relax or change them in favour of the higher stage, they remain constant threat to the very existence of the higher stage. The fixed behaviour of the preceding stages living at an infinite low and different kind of rational order also becomes a stumbling block in the way of development of the higher stage. In-order, therefore, as well as help it in developing values of the stage under the higher plan of consciousness, it is imperative for the higher stage to investigate the values of the preceding stages living outside it and without overthrowing them (as these can never be overthrown because they remain fixed and immutable) overcome their resistance. The higher is apt to bring along a medium which could have access to the external world and help analyse the behaviour lived in the whole creation living beneath it under higher conscious light of the stage. It may be mentioned that the potential threat to the higher creative stage from the fixed behaviour of the external world is not without wisdom. This hostile situation which continues to lurk on the higher stage keeps the higher stage alert and prevents it slumbering or going tardy for the very sake of its existence. Hence to keep itself abreast with the situation, the higher stage has to come with a medium which could help probe the behaviour of the external world which remains fixed and help it overcoming its resistance.
  2. The universe though raised in successive stages, yet as it is being under an overall purpose of creation; it spiritually exists as a continuum whole. Therefore, the higher stage, which appears at unprecedented higher plan of consciousness though, lives and develops as an independent stage, yet it cannot cut off spiritually from all the preceding stages and live as an island. Each higher stage descends from the overall purpose of the creation. Unless, therefore, the higher stage spiritually remains attached with all the creation and satisfies its innate urge of knowing and exploring the values lived in the preceding stages under the higher plan of its consciousness, it can never develop as an independent higher stage. The need for coming up with a faculty with which the higher stage, while living at an infinitely higher kind of consciousness, could maintain link with the external world exists as indispensable for developing it as an independent stage.
  3. The urge to know itself, its identification and purpose of existence is the very characteristics of consciousness. However, the universe being in the process of creation, there does not exist any absolute, stationary frame of reference with which the higher stage could identify its values and its place. It is therefore, imperative that the higher stage must come along with an analytic faculty as a medium, which could probe the whole nature living beneath it, and determine its place and the very purpose of its existence. It should be noted that such a medium does not investigate the values lived in the immediate preceding stage. It probes the whole nature living beneath the higher stage.

The principal law of the creative process that higher stage cannot come down to the level of the creative stages living beneath it and at the same time the innate urge from within the creative stage for probing the world living outside it and through that determining the values under its own conscious enlightenment establishes that each higher stage which starts from insignificant values of the stage comes along with a medium or a faculty which could have direct access to all the preceding stages and understand the values lived in them under higher conscious enlightenment of the stage. The end products of such “knowledge” serve as vitality to the higher stage for satisfying its spiritual urge of self-identification as well as for satisfying its sense of attachment with the external world. It also helps to survive it by intelligently overcoming the threat made by the fixed behaviour of the external world vis-à-vis developing the values as an independent higher stage.

When we study the links established by the higher stages, we find that the nature of these links and the vitality received varied from stage to stage corresponding to the conscious enlightenment of each stage. Although, we are not aware of the form of links established at the Cosmos, we are aware of the form of link established by the Earth as an independent stage with the solar system and through that the Cosmos. Similarly, we know the forms of links developed at the biological stages and the present Self-conscious Stage of Man with the stages living beneath them. It may be mentioned that though, we cannot lay technicalities the way these faculties function as it is a very intricate process which may be investigated and studied by the scientists, we shall briefly generalise here the links and their forms established by each higher creative stage relevant to its conscious enlightenment.

Analytic Faculty Developed By the Earth.

The planet Earth as an independent creative stage outside the Cosmos maintains its link with the Cosmos through the Solar System by extracting energy (vitality) from the sun as “food” for its living processes. In this connection we produce a passage from Frederick Engels’ work titled “Dialectics of Nature”. Although the passage is written in the context that force and energy are aspects of attraction and repulsion, nevertheless it throws light on the fixed position of Earth and its link with the Cosmos through the Solar System. Engels writes:

“For we are concerned here, first of all, not with the universe, but with the phenomena occurring on the earth and conditioned by the exactly fixed position of the earth in the solar system, and of the solar system in the universe. At every moment, however, our solar system gives out enormous quantities of motion into space, and motion of a very definite quality, viz., the sun’s heat, i.e., and repulsion. But our earth itself allows of the existence of life on it only owing to the sun’s heat, and the earth in turn finally radiates into space the sun’s heat received, after it has converted a portion of this heat into other forms of motion. Consequently, in the solar system and above all on the earth, attraction already considerably preponderates over repulsion. Without the repulsive motion radiated to us from the sun, all motion on the earth would cease.”

Engels’ observation supports the fact that the Planet earth maintains its link with the Cosmos through the solar system by absorbing the sun contents strictly in accordance with its living requirements. Planet earth as an independent creative stage has developed its own shell of magneto-sphere around it – a sort of screening system – which allows only that sort of sun’s radiation which is needed for its living purposes as a vitality (food) and after absorbing the necessary contents flushes away the rest of it as a waste. All the physical laws developed by the Planet Earth were strictly built under the higher conscious plan of Planet Earth. The magneto-sphere and other allied apparatus serve the Planet Earth as an analytic faculty through which it maintains its link with the solar system and through that the whole Cosmos. Earth ‘s magneto-sphere is a kind of an armour protecting it from a flux of super-fast charged particles radiated from the sun and takes in only that sort of radiation which is useful for it. Earth’s magnetic field remains considerably flattened on the illuminated side.

If we look at the earth, which shaped itself in the form of hills, streams, valleys, rivers, seas etc., we find remarkable proportions in these formations because of which they look beautiful and attractive. Now these values and measurements in the physical form of earth we call them physical laws have been created through the higher rational plan of earth. These laws, as revealed by the classic physics, do not exist in a unified order anywhere else in the whole Cosmos. Since these laws without overthrowing the values fixed in the Cosmic dominate them, hence these laws have not been laid by Cosmic Order; these have been fixed through the “Analytic” or if we prefer call it the “Sublimation Process” of the Earth under its higher rational plan.

Analytic Faculty Developed By the Vegetables.

The Vegetable Stage simultaneously on completion of the creative stage of Earth took its start in a microscopically plastic cell of plant. The Vegetable Stage maintains its link with the physical Earth through its roots and stems and with the Solar System through its chlorophyll, which acts as a “rational faculty” or a “digestive system” of the plant. Through roots and stems, the plant sucks water, minerals etc. from the Earth and through the cell’s chlorophyll, the plant traps sunlight in the regions of violet, blue, orange and red wavelengths for synthesising energy-rich compounds. The whole process is known as the process of photosynthesis. The key factor in photosynthesis is water, carbon dioxide and sunlight. The photons of light excite chlorophyll molecule within a plant cell causing it to give off an electron. The chlorophyll molecule, which becomes positively, charged extracts a replacement electron from water; the water is split in the process, producing oxygen and positively charged hydrogen ions. The positive ions and negative electrons are transported to alternate sides of a chloroplast membrane, creating an electrochemical potential similar to that inside a battery. The energy of this natural battery is then used to synthesise ATP molecule-biological activators that are used to convert carbon dioxide into carbohydrates. This description is by no means complete than saying that the brain is an Electro-chemical computer to learn the intricacies involved. Our purpose for laying these descriptions is to establish that each higher creative stage develops its link with all the preceding stages living outside it as without the spiritual vitality received through such links, no higher stage can survive and develop as an island.

Now when we look at the Vegetable Stage, we find that the analytic faculty of Vegetables recast the rational values fixed by the physical Earth as well as the whole nature in the form of various species of vegetables in proportions as determined by the new conscious enlightenment of the Vegetable Stage. If we take the physical laws as the elementary measurements with which the planet Earth fashioned itself and its atmosphere, we could see these measurements recast with greater intelligence at the higher Vegetable Stage in the form of beautiful flowers and their various delightful colours, in the size and shape of plants and trees, in the proportion of tender branches and their leaves as well as in the various kinds of fruits and their juices. All these artistic manifestations are based on complete mathematical equations – a priori consciousness – in so harmonious proportions that they decorate the Earth like the paradise.

Life is not the appellation of consciousness only. Beauty and attraction are also the characteristics of consciousness. As life or consciousness advances step by step to higher stages its form and materiality in which it appears continue to soften and rise in harmonious proportions as compared to the crude forms and materiality it lived in the preceding stages. The characteristics in life to maintain discipline, attract harmony and observe proportions in its manifestation shows that the Creator of the universe is not merely a Universal Consciousness, but He is also a Universal Beauty.

Looking at the various kinds of colourful flowers and the artistic cuts of their leaves as well as different kinds of plants living side by side, we cannot say that these values have evolved from the unified order of physical earth which never knew even the existence of Vegetable Stage on it. We can never imagine that various kinds of juices developed by Vegetables were secreted by stones and minerals or that the various beautiful colours in the form of plastic petals laid artistically by the plants were sublimated by the sun rays on their own by transforming and changing their original characteristics. As a matter of fact this higher sublime work has been made possible by the Vegetable Stage through the medium of its analytic faculty under the light of higher conscious plan.

Analytic Faculty Developed By the Animals.

The Animal Stage took its start in the unicellular amoeba – a microscopic organism. The animal maintained its link with the vegetables and physical world through the analytic faculty we call it the “digestive system”. At its initial stage, the animal cell of amoeba which appears with insignificant sense proportions had an equally insignificant digestive system such as it extracted its food “vitality” from a drop of water by absorbing carbohydrates and oxygen and then as it continued to develop from a single cell to multi-cellular animal, it improved the faculty of digestion and thereby widened the scope of improving sense perceptions. The biologists are well aware about the complicated digestive system of the animal which though functions as an independent laboratory or as an analytic faculty, yet indirectly it remains attached with the perceptual brain of the animal which supports it. It may be noted that the digestive system developed by the organism receives raw contents direct from the world living outside it for processing them strictly in accordance with the wishes of the organism. It establishes that the digestive faculty remains in close proximity of the outer world as well as in indirect touch of the brain, which in the form of different secretions conveys messages for deducing end products with particular characteristics of sensations. Hence whatever the contents are received by the digestive system as food, it honestly analyses them as a rational medium and helps the organism by lifting the end products of the raw material to the sensory level (sublimated form) for absorption as a vitality for improving and maintaining the characteristics of sense perceptions.

At the Animal Stage, the animal determined the world living outside it, the vegetables, the unified physical behaviour of earth and the cosmos under the higher rational plan of senses. The animal, through its analytic faculty (digestive system) analysed and modified the whole nature of the external world in the form of sense perceptions under the higher plan of consciousness. The great task for animal life was to complete its sense perceptions on a universal scale. It is important to note that it was due to the higher conscious enlightenment with which it differentiated the physical characteristics such as darkness and light, remoteness and vicinity, as well as the properties of matter as a liquid or solid, soft or hard, cold or warm. The sense perceptions were not sublimated by the external world, which never knew even the existence of animal life on it. If the sun shown, it was its own way of living, for its life involves shinning and burning. The heat and brightness of the sun are its real characteristics through which it derives satisfaction. As against this, the animal could not just afford to go near the sun. The sun being ignorant of the higher life would simply burn it. Similarly if a certain plant had developed a certain taste in its fruit, bitter or sweet, it was its own characteristic. The meaning given to various tastes by the animal were determined by the higher conscious level of the animal which plants never knew.

Analytic Faculty Developed By the Self-Conscious Man.

Simultaneously on accomplishment of sense perceptions by the Animal in the physical form of its brain, the life took another big leap and appeared as Self-conscious Entity in man. It should be noted that according to one of the fundamental laws of the Creative Process, simultaneously on appearance of Human Self as Self-conscious Entity, all the values accomplished by the Animal Stage in the physical form of man, that is, its instincts, sense perceptions as well as its form became fixed. Hence Human Self having appeared as an independent higher stage outside the physical body as well as its perceptual brain as a non-material Self-conscious Entity probes the external world through the “faculty of reason” an equally non-material faculty. Up to the Animal Stage, the life was not aware of itself as a Self-conscious Entity as it remained immersed in material forms. Hence upto these stages, all the analytic activities were made through the physical means of motion under space-time barrier. At the Self-conscious Stage, Human self which appeared as a non-material entity, its “faculty of reason”, equally non-material, functions through the thought processes laid on pure conscious contents outside the whole material universe.

The Human Self established its link with all the preceding stages through its analytic faculty of reason which lives in close proximity of the sensory area of the physical brain and which also indirectly remains attached with the Human Self which has developed it for processing data of the external physical world as demanded by the Self. The human physical brain is in fact the perfect animal brain in which the animal accomplished uniformity of the sense in all proportions. Hence by living in close proximity of the physical brain, the analytic faculty of reason brought by the Human Self remains in direct touch with the external world through the sense perceptions developed by the physical brain. Man has to take care of the physical needs of its physical body in turn so that it may live to serve him through the physical brain. The Human Self-being non-material and living outside the space-time physical world remains in unconscious state. (We shall discuss it in one of the next chapters).

The animal digestive faculty at the physical stage is a skin to the analytic faculty of reason at the mental stage of Man. We do not find any change in the analytic faculties developed by the preceding stages, as those have since become immutable along with the relevant life stage. However, since at the present creative stage of Man, the Human Self is still in the making and it continues to remain under constant pressure to realise all the latent values of self-cognition, the human analytic faculty has to rise in its deliberations along with self-cognition of self. We shall discuss more of it also in another chapter.

At the present Self-conscious plan of Man, the Human Self, which has directly become conscious of its Creator, wants to know the reality of the external world for satisfying its inherent urge of seeking the Creator. The Human analytic faculty serves the human self by recommending overall reality of the universe as demand by the Self. Accordingly the Human analytic faculty (ego) while investigating the material universe does not see it as the animal perceptions determine it. It looks at it under its infinite higher and wider concept given to it by the Human Self in the form of intuitions. Such as when it finds great harmony and discipline in the development of universe in one direction it makes it aware of certain purpose underlying development of the universe. Or when it sees staggering vastness of heavens and the huge celestial bodies manifesting great energy and grandeur, it convinces it that the purpose underlying development of the universe is equally great. Similarly when the man looks at the fixed character of the universe living outside him it gives him the feeling of superiority over the whole nature and hence he is convinced that his creation is the sole purpose behind the creation of the universe. These and other uncountable concepts which the Human being derives through its analytic faculty are never known to the whole universe. These appeared only in the Human Self, which probed the universe under his higher and exalted conscious enlightenment.

If we look back at the different stages laid in succession, we call it the universe, we will find that all these stages are linked through the medium we have called analytic faculty. Thus the great gulfs existing between the stages are bridged through the analytic faculty of each higher stage. – The faculty which serves as a medium between the two worlds. Through this remarkable faculty the universe despite its development in divergent stages lives as a continuum whole. Such as the Human Self is linked with the instinctive life of plants and the instinctive life of plants is linked with the system of earth and the system of earth is linked with the celestial system we call it the Cosmos. It is because of this faculty that the Human Self lives as an independent whole in the universe. Its whole past though spread over million of years, yet it is reflected in the Human self just as a fleeting moment. All life, inspite of its divergent tendencies, ultimately submerges in the Human Self or Soul. Similarly, all the attributes of the Creator, which He manifested in the creation of the universe, appear in micro-miniaturised form in the unit of Human Self.

The remarkable process of development through links has revealed new truths, which remained, obscure and hidden from us. The fact that it is always the higher stage which develops its link with the whole nature living outside it and not the external world, which remains fixed and never knows the higher stage developed on it establishing that:

  1. The universe and its developmental processes are living processes; they are not dead or mechanical in nature;
  2. It supports the scientific discovery that the developmental processes of the universe proceed in one direction only; they are irreversible. These processes are irreversible because they are laid on successive plans of consciousness, which because of the very characteristics of consciousness cannot be reversed.

Universe – A Continuum Whole

The Great Faculty – II

The Faculty Of Procreation

“Each creative stage maintains its values distinctly from within and preserves them through a remarkable faculty raised on spiritual values we call it the faculty of procreation.”

The other great faculty, which exists as an indispensable part of the creative process, is known as the “faculty of procreation”. The development of the universe in different successive stages has shown that each stage which starts simultaneously at the close of the preceding stage being different in the scale of consciousness over all the preceding stages which become immutable on their succession develops its values as a distinct stage living out of all the preceding stages. It is prerequisite, therefore, for each developing stage to reproduce and maintain values of the stage by acting and reacting at its own conscious level from within. The process through which each higher stage preserved and developed its values from within is known as the process of procreation.

Although the procreative process is a medium for continuing and preserving the flow of values at each creative stage but when we study this remarkable process in depth, we find that preservation and continuity of values is not the end in itself; it is a mean to developing the creation step by step to its maturity and perfection through satisfaction of the inherent spiritual love of the Creator. In other words the faculty of procreation is solely laid on satisfaction of spiritual urge from within the creation. We can understand this ingenious process if we take the whole universe as a creation and explain the creative process in the light of inherent spiritual relationship between the Creator and the creation.

The creation, which emerges as an art of the Creator, does not exist independently on its own. It owes its entire existence to its Creator. Hence it’s inherent love and attraction for the Creator keeps it restless to seek union with the Creator Who lives as the only attraction or gaol for it. However, since the creation while in the making is unable to conceive the Creator directly at its low and immature conscious level, the only way to satisfy its inherent love for the Creator is to seek Him from within by an instinctive division of its own attributes into two complementary units of attraction. Loving its own beauty and values is in a way loving the Creator because the beauty and charm manifested in creation belong to the Creator only. Through this process each of the infinite unit-values which appear at each stage continue to live by dividing its attributes from within in such complementary units in which the values retained potentially by one unit remain dormant or in unconscious state in the other unit and the values retained potentially by the other unit remain dormant or in unconscious state in the first unit. Thus each complementary unit while living as a unit-whole continues to attract the other complementary unit on spiritual level. We call this mutual attraction between the complementary units as “polarity” in the inorganic stages and “sex” in the organic stages. At the inorganic stages the polarity acted under the external causes while at the organic or mental stages it acted from within the life-units.

The mutual attraction from within each unit-value when on its height draws both the complementary units together as one and through disseminating the values they continue to reproduce and develop values of the stage. It may be noted that the drive behind mutual attraction both at inorganic and organic stages is to get spiritual satisfaction by fusing into a unit whole. However, the union lasts only for a short duration for the reasons that:

  1. If the polarity or sex-units on their union fuse permanently as a unit-whole, the procreative process would stop; and
  2. In that case it would imply that life has met its ultimate source, hence it has no urge to go beyond.

The separation of complementary units soon after their union establishes, therefore, that life can find full satisfaction only by attaining permanent union with its Creator. This remarkable process which affords temporary spiritual satisfaction by fusing into one also helps the stage for developing values of its own kind.

In the elementary Cosmic Order, we find procreative process in the polarity of particles and in the huge celestial bodies consisting of the particles. The study of cosmologists has revealed that galaxies behave as living “beast”. The polarity between the galaxies of a given class drives them to join together and live in pairs. These galaxies interact each other which results in their merger (a sort of mating) and consequently through disseminating their physical characteristics they continue to preserve their hierarchical system as well as chemical composition, physical morphology etc. At the next higher stage of Earth, the earth has divided itself in complementary poles; we call them the north pole and the south pole. All the physical laws developed by earth in fact reflect the behaviour of infinite substances, which act and react under polarity in the form of pull and push. At the Animal Stage, life started in the unit cell of amoeba, which lived in polarity from within, and then through mutual action and reaction of polarity from within, it continued to develop by splitting in independent units. Later the animal permanently divided itself into two units of complementary attractions in the form of opposite sex. In other words, the polarity instead of living from within the unit cell now separated it in the form of unit organism; each organism living in opposite sex. At the Human stage, we find this complementary division in the physiques of a man and a woman who while living at the same spiritual and conscious plan attract each other because of complementary division of their attributes in physical forms. With the complementary division in attributes, each unit continues to live as a complete whole and at the same time remains divided in attributes! Because of complementary division, both of the units attract each other and through the act of mutual approximation and separation (we call it mating) they continue the flow of human “physical” life, as do the other animal species.

Although at the “physical” level a man and a woman remain in complementary division in the form of opposite sex as the other animal species live, yet we should know that Man as a Self-conscious Entity lives out of the physical body in his mental state at a universal higher order of consciousness where direct spiritual cognition of his Creator has made him conscious of himself. Self-consciousness or self-awareness implies that Human Self has become aware of Entity Whom he consciously or unconsciously, attracts as his Creator. Human Self-being a non-material entity, he seeks his Creator in the non-material form of ideals. Thus very Human Self lives in complementary “spiritual” polarity from within in the form of “Self” and the “Ideal of the Self”. Both, that is the Ideal and the Self-Love and mutually lives as a seeker and a sought and as a lover and a loved.

The Procreative Process is thus a spiritual process for developing the creation step by step to its ultimate union with its Source, the Creator. The search for source or we may say the search for affinities is characteristics of all life. The urge for search of affinities is present in matter, in the animal and in man. It is due to this inherent urge of seeking its source that life processes did not stop at a certain stage. After its long journey, the creative process of life is now active at the present Self-conscious stage of Man where for the first time; life has begun to find direct cognition of its Creator. Since, however, it is not yet fit to conceive Him, it seeks its Creator in its mental state in the form of Ideals. The fact that love of Ideals is inherent urge of Man supports the fact that human being consciously or unconsciously is seeking his Creator – his ultimate Love and Source.

It is interesting to note that Sigmund Freud who wrote Theory of sexuality and is considered, as the father of psychoanalysis did not know the very nature of complementary division of man in male and female physical forms. He writes:

“When you meet a human being, the first distinction you make is “male or female”? And you are accustomed to make the distinction with unhesitating certainty. Anatomical science shares your certainty at one point and not much further. The male sexual product, the spermatozoon, and its vehicle are male; the ovum and the organism that harbours it are female. In both sexes organs have been formed which serve exclusively for the sexual functions; they were probably developed from the same (innate) disposition into two different forms. Besides this, in both sexes the other organs, the bodily shapes and tissues, show the influence of the individual’s sex, but this is inconstant and its amount variable; these are what are known as the secondary sexual characters. Science next tells you something that runs counter to your expectation and probably calculated to confuse your feelings. It draws your attention to the fact that portions of the male sexual apparatus also appear in women’s bodies, though in an atrophied state, and vice versa in the alternate case. It regards their occurrence as indications of bisexuality, as though an individual is not a man or a woman but always both – merely a certain amount more the one than the other.

And now you are already prepared to hear that psychology too is unable to solve the riddle of femininity. The explanation must no doubt come from elsewhere, and cannot come till we have learnt how in general the differentiation of living organism into sexes came about. We know nothing about it, yet the existence of two sexes is a most striking characteristic of organic life which distinguishes it sharply from inanimate nature.”

We find similar surprise when we study the work of Fredrick Engels who constructed ” Dialectics of nature” without knowing the very cause of polarity, which he regarded as mechanical in nature. Had he known the nature of polarity at the inorganic stages as complementary laid strictly on spiritual grounds, his whole dialectics would have given the true interpretation of the development of rational universe. Similarly had Freud known that the nature of division in sexes is complementary and that it is laid on spiritual values, his conclusion that gratification of sex instinct is the sole aim of human life would have proved absurd. We regret to say that the two big names who wrote two big works the very bias of which they confessed knew not misled the western nations to disastrous consequences.

Universe – A Continuum Whole.

The Great Faculty – III.

The Rational Faculty.

“Through this faculty nature gives laws, determines values and lays direction for developing each higher stage which succeed simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage”

We have learnt that as established by the classic physics, all forms of matter and their motion (energy) are strictly disciplined under laws and that the development of universe proceeds in one direction only. The most important question is that who determines the laws and values of a particular stage and gives direction for its development. The question is important because as we know the creation at whatever stage of development it may be, it cannot while in the making determine laws, values and direction on its own without prior understanding. Particularly in view of the fact that simultaneously on reaching its completion, the preceding stage is closed on it and, therefore, it can neither jump into a higher creative stage nor its fixed values can give law or determine direction of the higher stage which simultaneously starts as an independent stage at an infinite higher plan of consciousness. And if in spite of development of the universe in different stages (succeeded by different kind of consciousness) the universe behaves as a perfect rational order we are sure that certain Absolute all-pervading Self-conscious Entity exists which computerises the values, give laws and determines the succession for attaining certain overall purpose under His free Will.

When we study the discoveries made by the natural sciences in all the three major fields of development of universe, that is, the Physics, the Biology and the Psychology, we find that whenever in a particular creative stage, development retarded or went astray, nature brought forward new Laws in the Physical stages, Model Species at vegetable and Animal Stages and Prophets and Messengers at the Psychological Stage of man through the medium scientists call it the “Emergent Evolution” or “Emergent creation”. For example, if we study the laws of matter as established on the Planet earth, we find that these laws have been designed consciously or unconsciously, in order to make possible the appearance and the development of life on Earth in the form and manner in which it did, because we find that exceptions to the general laws whenever they were of a vital importance have not been ignored. It is a general principle, for example, that all fluids contracts when cooled but water expands when cooled below 4° C with the result that ice is lighter than water and floats on its surface. But for this apparently insignificant fact, which is a departure from a general rule, organic life on earth would have been impossible, as all the oceans and lakes on this planet would have frozen from top to bottom. Such examples which can be multiplied reveal that creative processes remain active from within every stage and wherever so desired, the Nature remains too ready to lay direction and bring forward laws and values as suited for receiving higher creative orders determined by the Nature under overall purpose of creation. At the Vegetable and Animal Stages, we find laying of direction and creation of new laws and values in the form of different model species. At these stages whenever life slumbered or went astray Nature had bought new vegetable and animal species as model guides by creating sudden variations in them at each respective creative stage. The aim of the creation of species at the Animal stage was to accomplish perfect sense perceptions which the stage after passing through millions of different species ultimately perfected in the species which served as a physical organism of Man. Thus each species was a step towards attaining perfection of sense perceptions.

At the Psychological or Self-conscious Stage of man, Human Self came to know itself as distinct from all other creations. Self-consciousness grows in man through the knowledge of what is other than the Self. When a child comes into the world he has but a vague knowledge of himself and his surroundings. Gradually he begins to feel around him objects and persons who come most into contact with him. It is then that he knows of his own existence and can say “I”. The knowledge of “I” id the beginning of Self-consciousness. As he gains in his knowledge of things other than himself, he gains in fact the knowledge of his own Self. In the beginning, the child’s urge of self finds an expression in his attachment to objects capable of satisfying his instinctive desires of which the most important is the desire for eating. This is the first stage in the growth of his Self-consciousness. After some time – and this marks the beginning of the second stage in the growth of his Self-consciousness – he begins to appreciate, at first unconsciously and later on consciously, the greatness and goodness of some people around him, who are at the outset his parents and teachers. These people become the ideal of his Self. He loves to become like them. He is happy when he is able to win their approval and love and unhappy when he unable to do so. As he grows in years, the circle of his acquaintance is enlarged and he is able to get a more general notion of greatness and goodness based on the opinions of those people in the extended circle of his society, whom he admires or loves. With every extension of social relations his idea of beauty is refined, improved and enlarged a little more and Self-consciousness is correspondingly developed. This process of the growth of self-consciousness, with an improved knowledge of social relations, goes on forever. An ideal takes many forms. It may be one of our instinctive desires, that is, eating, drinking, or sexual pleasures. It may be a son, wife, friends, a boss, riches, fame, honour, property, profession, position, power or title. It may be narrowly altruistic, that is, the love of a tribe, a caste, a guild, a community, a race, a colour, or a nation. It may be of the nature of an ideology also. But no ideal is able to meet the full requirements of the urge of Self. Every ideal, therefore, yields place to another one after some time. The individual really loves something the beauty of, which excels that of every one of the ideals chosen by him from time to time. This means that a person’s idea of beauty continues to develop forever.

The Self has the tendency to discard all ideals except one. When the child grows in years, he feels that there are other persons besides his parents, that is, his teachers, whom he can admire or love. A grown up person too remains under influence of many ideals for some time. In the beginning, these ideals are conflicting and inharmonious with one another. Gradually, they come into comparison with each other in the light of his internal desire for beauty with the ultimate result that they are more and more superseded and controlled by a single all-powerful idea, which becomes the ideal of the Self.

The ideal shifts from the concrete to the abstract. The Self yearns for something of which the beauty is permanent and unlimited. A man whose ideal is his child, for example, must feel that he is sure to be miserable in case he should die. Therefore, in his saner moments he tries to fix his attention on something more permanent as source of joy or consolation for him. This joy or consolation can never be complete unless the ideal becomes completely abstract. It is so because; the Human Self being a non-material, and living beyond space-time barriers knows no death. His ideal, therefore, must be abstract beauty like his own Self-living forever. No ideal except the Right Ideal is completely abstract. Every ideal prescribes laws, which become the effective moral code of the individual. Every person has to observe a code of do’s and don’ts in order to achieve the ideal chosen by him.

The human society has developed the ideals more or less in the same way in which the individual does. The primitive man followed his own instinctive desires. Later on his desires became complicated and modified by his sympathies for the family. Subsequently, he learnt to sacrifice some of his personal and family interests for the general good of the tribe, which became his ideal in common with other members of the tribe. The tribes were many and they fought with one another till they discovered the truth that tribal warfare was suicidal and felt the need of combining under a king who, thereby, come to have a piece of land to rule. The king became the ideal of the subjects and was invested with a “divine right”. But shortly the greed and tyranny of the king drew attention to the fact that no ideal could be good enough which neglected the welfare of the common people, which, of course, meant the people in the country. This shifted the ideal from king to the country and to the people in the country. It changed from the idea of the divine right of one person to the idea of the sanctity of the nation or to nationalism. The good of the nation required that it should rule itself; therefore, the ideal rose higher and came to be expressed by the words democracy, liberty, fraternity, equality and freedom, which terms, however, had still a limited sense because they were applicable to the members of a limited group of people, a nation, living within definite geographical limits. Till the end of First World War societies were at this stage of development throughout the world. But since that war, the ideals of the human society have taken an important step forward in their progress. From ideals they become ideologies or philosophies of life, that is, Fascism and Communism, each of which professed to be a complete explanation of existence. Thus we have come a step nearer the final ideology which will be a complete philosophy of life with universal sympathies. Like the ideals of the individuals, the ideals of human societies have advanced from the concrete to the abstract and from less perfect and less universal to the more perfect and the more universal.

The ideal group in which humanity is divided at present takes the place of species in which the animal was divided before the appearance of man. An ideal group behaves like a living organism and is subject to laws, which are similar to the laws of Biology. Every ideal group has the will to live and to grow indefinitely. Like an organism it has a purpose which is the ideal, meets with resistance in its efforts to achieve that purpose, exerts itself to overcome resistance, increases and enlarges its powers through exertion and becomes weak when it fails to exert itself or give up effort.

Every ideal is a challenge to every ideal and aims at getting power, extending the sphere of its influence and increasing the number of its helpers and adherents at the expense of all other ideals. Thus, ever since man has become conscious of himself, there has proceeded an unending war of ideal groups in the human society just as at the Animal Stage, species of different kind lived as ideal groups and continued to live through struggle until the stage accomplished its perfection in the model species in the physical form of Man. Thus the whole history of Man is nothing but a record of the struggle of ideals.

Just as in the case of physical stages of development, Nature continued to guide and correct the path by bringing forward new laws and values and at the biological stages whenever life slumbered or went astray. Nature was bringing new species as model guides through what the evolutionists call emergent variations, similarly at the Self-conscious Stage of Man, the Creator did not leave the man to satisfy the urge of Self for seeking perfect ideal through his own whims and caprices. It is inconceivable that the Creator may have left inherent urge in the Human Self for seeking and loving Him in the form of ideals and at the same time He may not have provided the laws, values and direction with which to identify his love. The medium or the faculty through which mankind has from time to time been provided guidance is what is historically known as the institution of prophet-hood. The history stands witness that whenever communities went astray, the Creator through the process of Emergent Creation brought forward such men who rose to the highest level of Self-consciousness with special favour of the Creator and became inspired teacher and revealer of the Will of the Creator. While certain communities who took gratification of animal instincts as the only urge of the Self and sought pleasure through perversion of natural processes were removed from the face of the earth, the other communities who took heed to the teachings of the prophets continued to march towards right direction.

In the animal world, phenomenon of sudden variations of species came to an end with the appearance of the first man, that is, the first animal that was biologically complete enough to make possible the continuation of the process of development without the creation of any more species. One can assume that in the human world the corresponding phenomenon of prophet-hood must similarly come to an end with the appearance of the last prophet whose practical life is an application of the Right Ideal to all the fundamental aspects (that is, to the spiritual, social, ethical, legal, economic, military and political aspects) of natural human activity. Indeed the life example of such a prophet will embody all the essentials of that process by means of which life will actually be able to unfold and develop itself to realise its aspiration and actualise its potentialities in the future.

Man lives with his ideals. Even those who deny this inner psychic urge to their Self’s, already live with the ideal; although their ideal may be low or based on negative values because of sheer ignorance of their own Self’s. The Self can, however, attain permanent satisfaction only if its ideal is based on the attributes of the very Self. It is because real satisfaction cannot be achieved if the ideal lacks in the qualities and attributes as are embedded in the Self or Soul. For instance, Human Self enjoys freedom, it exists as a unit entity, it gives decisions, it is conscious of itself, it has the attributes of love and attraction, it is aware of eternity, etc. Accordingly the Right Ideal must have similar attributes as manifested by the Soul. It follows therefore, that only such Ideal or Ideology, which is based on the attributes of Human Self, can satisfy the Self to identify with. The ideal is half of the Human Self and it lives in Soul just like the two complementary parts, which live in the unit-seed. If we take away the ideal, the Human Self cannot exist, that is, it can never know of itself as a Self-conscious Entity.

Although the human urge is to love and seek its Creator whose reflection he finds in his Self, yet as he is in the making, he may misuse the gift of freedom and adopt some wrong ideal. Mankind has been provided guidance by the Creator through the Prophets and Messengers created by Him through the law of Emergent Creation. Those people who follow different ideologies in fact live as different species of Human Self. According to the creative process, there is only one Right Ideology as the truth is only one but the forms of wrong are many. Therefore, the next stage of conscious light must build or start on the spiritual values attained by the followers of the Right Ideology. All the other species have to suffer as a natural consequence. In other words, those who remained blind in the present stage of creation cannot see the light that will appear at the next higher stage. Such people will have to pass through great mental and spiritual agony to make them fit for reaching that conscious light. This is similar to the various species of animals in this world, which are consciously blind compared to the conscious light bestowed on man. The wrong ideologies, which negate the spiritual values of the Human Self, keep the Human Self-blind. The followers of such ideologies believe in the reverse order of creation. That is, they think themselves as the product of material forces. These people are prone to annihilate their Self’s or Souls for ever and thus they may never attain the spiritual light in the next stage which has to build on the Human Self’s only. This is the fundamental law of the creative process that life start and advance on right conscious values. The conscious light at the next higher stage is spiritual light of glory of the Creator and as such, only that part of humanity that had faith in the Creator and developed their Self’s in the right direction can see the glory of the Creator at the next higher stage. It is high time, therefore, for those who have the gifts of worldly life to choose the Right Ideology for their smooth journey in the next tier of their life – the universe beyond. Let us remember that no man other than the men created under the natural process of Emergent Creation can give laws and determine ideologies for the mankind.

Revelation Is Indispensable.

The classic physics has shown that there does not exist absolute stationary frame of reference in the universe with which we can determine the absolute laws. In the absence of absolute reference, our reason, the main instrument of knowledge we possess, can tell us only about relative values. It cannot, therefore, give a definite answer as to whether there are absolute values, and if so, how can these be known. It tends to define values in subjective terms, only in relation to the particular experience of the individual. It amounts to denial of an objective system of values, valid for all men at all times. The laws, values and direction must come through the natural medium laid by Creator. We cannot deny such a medium, as without such a medium the universe, which follows laws and has developed in successive orders, could never be as it is.

The Immortal Soul

Self-Conscious Stage of Man

Under the creative process, the Self-conscious Stage of Man could start only on accomplishment of universal perceptual values in the physical organism of animal species. Since it is the human physical organism, which is bestowed with Self or Soul, it implies that the human organism was the only species, which first of all accomplished universality of the perceptions. Accordingly the next higher creative stage took its start in the Self or Soul of Man (a non-material entity) simultaneously on completion of sense organs during the development of human foetus. The creation of the new stage of life simultaneously the sense organs of the human foetus are fashioned is thus revealed in the Holy Qur’an:

“And (remember) when thy Lord said unto the angels; Lo! I am creating a mortal out of potter’s clay of black mud altered; So when I have made him and have breathed unto him of My spirit, do ye fall down, prostrating yourselves unto him.”—15(28-29)

“Verily We created man from a product of wet earth. Then placed him as a drop (of seed) in a safe lodging. Then fashioned We the drop a clot, then fashioned We the clot a little lump, then clothed the bones with flesh and then produced it as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best of the Creators.”———–23(12-14)

The revelation that after a drop is safely lodged in the womb and then after going through the creative process of lump and bones, the bones are clothed with flesh establishes that at this phase of development, the foetus is almost complete, that is, its sense organs are fully fashioned. It is only on completion of sense organs that the Creator bestows on it His Soul and thus a new Creative Order emerges. It may be noted from the aforementioned Qur’anic verses that the angels were made to prostrate only when the Soul or Spirit was breathed into the organism and it emerged another creation. In other words the angels prostrated or submitted to the Soul and not to the body. This new creation, that is, Human Soul because of having the attributes of the Soul of the Creator becomes aware of the spiritual attraction of the Creator and establishes itself as a Self-conscious Entity distinct from its mortal organism raised up of the earthen substance.

The fact that the Human Soul or Self by virtue of having the attributes of the Soul of its Creator emerged as a new creation over the preceding sensuous stage is also reflected in verse 32(7-9) of the Holy Qur’an as under:

“Who made all things good which He created, and He began the creation of man from clay; Then He made his seed from a draught of despised fluid; Then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His spirit; and appointed for you hearing and sight and hearts. Small thanks give ye.” ———-32(7-9)

The revelation that after fashioning the human organism (a creative phase of foetus when sense organs are completed) and then breathing into it of His spirit He appointed for man “hearing”, “sight” and “hearts” makes sharp distinction between the physical senses bestowed on organism and the spiritual light conferred on Human Soul. Accordingly the words “sight”, “hearing” and “hearts” revealed in the verse stand for “fikr” (thought), “tadabbar” (deliberation) and “taaqqul” (Patience with perseverance) which are the attributes of Human Soul only. The revelation thus confirms that “another creation” was in fact the creation of Self-conscious Stage of Man. Animals have sure guide in instincts and Human Self can rely on its intellect. Thus human physical organism and Human Self are two distinct stages of life. The term ” another creation” revealed in the verse 23(12-14) is significant. It implies that at this stage man is born a new and emerges as a responsible and fully self-determining individual. It also establishes that while the physical body is mortal, the Human Soul being the reflection of the Soul of its Creator becomes immortal.

Modern Research on Human Foetus.

As to when the human embryo after passing through different phases of its creation receives the Soul of its Creator and thereby becomes a new creation must be the phase when embryo’s sense organs have been fashioned. It is because, as we have stressed already, new creation or creative stage starts only on completion of the values determined for the preceding stage. As a result of intensive study made by the psychologists, they have discovered that sense organs of the embryo are completely fashioned in four months. Here we produce an extract from the article titled “Pre-school” published in the scientific journal OMNI of August 1989 written by Psychiatrist Thomas R. Verny:

“Much of the research gathered by Verny concerned the sensory capabilities of the foetus in the womb. By the fourth month after conception, Verny learned; the foetus had a well-developed sense of touch and taste. He would suck if his lips were stroked. And if a bitter substance like iodine were introduced in the amniotic fluid, the unborn child would grimace and refuse to swallow any liquid at all. At the same age, the baby could perceive a bright light shinning on the mother’s abdomen; if the light was particularly bright, the foetus would even lift his hands to shield his eyes.”

Intellectual Response on Completion of Four Months.

” At five months the same child would react to loud sounds by raising his hands and covering his ears. In a series of remarkable studies conducted during the early Eighties, moreover University of North Carolina psychologist Anthony DeCasper showed that the human new born recognises his own mother voice.

In one of the study, DeCasper asked 16 pregnant women to tape-record their reading of three different children’s stories: “The King, The Mice, and the Cheese” and two different versions of “The Cat in the Hat”. During the last six and a half weeks of pregnancy, a third of the women read the first story aloud three times a day; a third read the second story aloud three times a day; and a third read the last story aloud three times a day. When the babies were born DeCasper and colleagues offered each infant a choice between the story its mother had repeatedly read and one of the two other stories.

To enable the babies to cast their votes, DeCasper invented the “suck-O-meter” – a nipple hooked up to a sound system in such a way that a baby can switch between two taped voices simply by changing the rhythm of its sucking. The finding? Shortly after birth, when the babies were tested, 13 of the 16 adjusted their sucking rhythm to hear the familiar story as opposed to the novel one. These data provided the first direct evidence that new-borns remembered something about speech sounds during the last six and a half weeks of gestation. In yet another study, DeCasper showed that the newborn recognised its own mother’s voice. In addition to these sensory abilities, Verny discovered, the baby in the womb had the neurological potential for a rudimentary form of consciousness.”

The scientific research made by the psychiatrists establishes that:

  1. The sense organs of human foetus are completely fashioned in four months; and
  2. On completion of sense organs in four months, the foetus begins to give intellectual response, which is strong indication that the foetus is bestowed with Self or Soul at this stage.

Keeping in view the fundamental law of the creative process according to which simultaneously on completion of values of the preceding creative order, new creation starts, we must take it that after four months, the Creator bestows His spirit which continues to develop along with the organism as a separate entity. (Incidentally it may be pointed out that calling of the words of “Azan” to the new-born is not merely a “sermon” in Islam.) Conscious tape of life, which according to the scientific research is bestowed on the baby after four months of his conception fully records the message delivered to him on his birth.

Revelation Made In Hadith

(Sahih Muslim)

The fact that the human foetus attains its full sense organs on completion of four months – a stage when according to the Holy Qur’an it receives the soul and become a new creation is not only confirmed by the modern research but, to the astonishment of many, this fact has also been revealed in a hadith for more than fourteen hundred years ago. The hadith, which has been narrated by Abu Abdur Rehman bin Masood, is produced here:

“Every one of you is created in the womb of your mother where you remain forty days in the creative phase of seed; then the same number of days in the creative phase of a clot; and then the same number of days remain in the creative phase of lump. Then an angel is sent who breathes the soul.”

Thus according to the hadith, the period of different developmental phases of the foetus, on completion of which the Soul is breathed, comes to four months.

  1. The cardinal principle of creative process that simultaneously on completion of values of the preceding stage , new and higher creative order starts as a universal independent stage;
  2. The modern scientific discovery that on completion of four months, the human foetus not only accomplishes perfect sensuous values determined for the animal stage of life but that it also responds to intellectual gestures;
  3. The revelation made in the Holy Qur’an that after the foetus is developed and fashioned ( a stage which according to the modern research takes four months) the Creator breathes His soul and it emerges as a new creation, and
  4. The revelation made in hadith that the human foetus remains in the process of development for four months in the womb and then an angel is sent who breathes the spirit – all these facts which have their import in physical and natural sciences as well as revelations made in Holy Qur’an and Hadith establish that the Human Self or Soul exist at the top of the creative orders of the universe and that because of having the attributes of the Soul of its Creator it has become immortal.

Human Soul being the reflection of the Soul of its Creator further establishes that it has inherent love and attraction for its Creator, which continues to inspire it to seek the Creator.

Life means inherent attraction in creation for its Creator. The whole universe being the art of its Creator is thus a living universe. Right from electron to the Self-conscious man every thing is alive relevant to the stage of its creation. Accordingly the germ which is planted in the womb has also the attribute of life. Nevertheless, on attainment of senses by the embryonic life, the Human Soul or Self appears as a new stage of life where life become aware of itself as an individuality and so transverses all the material tiers of life, that is, the Cosmos, the Earth, the Vegetables, and the Animals which are subject to natural laws. Thus human physical body and Human Self are two distinct stages of life. Human Soul being the reflection of the Creator’s soul, it becomes immortal and is preserved by its Creator’s on its worldly death. This fact has thus been revealed in the Holy Qur’an:

“Allah receiveth (men’s) souls at the time of their death, and that (soul) which dieth not yet in sleep. He keepeth that (soul) for which He hath ordained death and dismisseth the rest till an appointed term. Lo! Herein verily are portents for people who take thought.” ——39(42)

The above verse establishes that in the event of death and during sleep, the souls remain with Allah. It also reveals that Souls are distinct from human body. In other words, death comes to the physical body which is raised under physical laws and not to the Soul which lives in its mental state – the state of an illumination – and already exists as a non-material entity or personality outside the physical body. Soul is thus an illumination – the highest form of life – which appears as a distinct entity apart from all the rest of the universe. By virtue of its enlightenment as being, every Soul comes with intellectual enlightenment and moral exaltation. This fact has been revealed in verse 32(9) as already mentioned.

Although the baby comes along with the Soul or Self, it takes two or three years when he begins to learn the language and identifies his individuality by using the word “I”. Language is a system of symbols, which are substituted for facts. Before the baby expresses himself in words, the mental processes of the Self continue to pass through the laborious mental faculty of knowing, feeling and wishing. It is possible only if the Soul or Self, which has inherent urge of knowing himself, is already present in the baby. Until the baby, because of his inherent urge of knowing and feeling the things around him, becomes aware of the objects, he cannot express himself in words. We may call this period the period of incubation during which the baby remains under constant labour to identify as an individuality or a being outside the things around him.

The fact that the human baby comes along with Self or Rooh is scientifically established by Cognitive Theory currently accepted as one of the latest theory of mind developed by the Swiss epistemologist Jean Piaget. It is theoretical framework for understanding intellectual (cognitive) development from birth through adolescence and maturity. According to the analytic work of this theory, an infant is born with two inherent reflexes. The first one-year and a half of life are divided into six periods of sub-stages. These sub-stages occur in an invariable and logical progression. During the period from five to nine months, intentional activity and interest takes place and the infant gradually learns the difference between an action and the object so that objects begin to have a separate existence. At the age of nine months to one year, the infant demonstrates the capacity to keep in mind a sense (or representation) of an object even is it is not directly providing a sensory stimulus. Objects now acquire an independent existence and independent properties. During the period of one year to eighteen months, the infant, along with progressive differentiation of objects as independent, begins to evolve concepts – thinking “about” an action and then acting. The image or idea of an object or behaviour can be held in mind. This is the period when language begins. Words represent things. During eighteen months to two years the infant develops capacity for true representation of objects. A clear separation of external events and objects from the Self is achieved. There is now a sense or an image of the Self. The stage is set for intelligent, conceptual Thought. At this stage, thinking now serves the purpose instead of direct action on objects as did in an earlier stage. Learning now occurs by considering an action and its consequences rather than by action itself. In other words action is replaced by thoughts and here the Self stands outside the things apart and even from his physical body. No animal can ever so project itself, as it is never aware of itself as a separate entity. It remains immersed in its simple consciousness as a fish in the sea. It cannot, even in imagination, get outside of it for one moment so as to realise it a separate independent being as does the human being from his very birth.

That the Soul or Self comes along with the infant as a distinct entity is further witnessed by the fact that while the offspring’s of animals are strictly disciplined by the instincts from their very birth, the human infant is free in its behaviour. A duckling because of its inborn instinct soon after hatching is attracted to the water pond but the human baby is free to put his hands into fire or crawl into water the water pond. His freedom of action shows his curiosity to know himself and the things around him. These facts reveal that the Soul or Self which exists as an entity in the form of illumination remains distinct from the physical body which is subject to physical laws. It further establishes that death comes to the physical body and not to the Soul:

“And they say: When we are bones and fragments, shall we, forsooth, be raised up as a new creation? Say: Be ye stones or iron. Or some created thing that is yet greater in your thoughts! Then they will say: Who shall bring us back (to life)? Say: He Who created you at the first. Then will they shake their heads at thee, and say: When will it be? Say it will perhaps be soon.” ——-17(49-51)

As laid by the fundamental law of the creative process, with the completion of the physical form and simultaneously appearance of Human Self as a higher stage of life, all the instincts as well as the sensuous values along with the physical form became fixed and continued to live as a base for serving the Human Self. It was now the human Self or “Rooh” which continued to develop by living in close proximity with the physical brain of his organism which became his seat. The Human Self has, however, to take care of the physical needs of the organism with which the Self remains attached so that it may enable him to receive and process the sensuous data readily available to him by remaining attached with the physical brain and through that the Self may, under its inherent urge to know more and more of himself, investigate the properties and the behaviour of the universe as well as the world around him.

The fact that the Human Self lives as an independent entity in close proximity of physical or perceptual brain is laid in an article titled ” Mapping the Brain” in Newsweek dated 20th April 1992 by Haier. According to the article, investigation has yielded that there are areas such as parietal lobes, which receive and process data from the senses. The article says:

” This year, Haier found that people used lots of mental energy while learning Tetris, but after practising for several weeks, their brain burned much less energy – even though their scores had improved 700 percent. Watching someone play Tetris at an advanced level, you might think “that person’s brain must really be active”, says Haier. However, their brains were actually not really working as hard as when they played for the first time. Even more intriguing, the greater a volunteer’s drop in the energy his brain needs, the higher his IQ.”

“Intelligence, then, may be a matter of efficiency – neural efficiency. Smart brains may get away with less work because they use fewer neurones or circuits, or both. Conversely, when a less smart brain thinks, lots of extraneous or inefficient neural circuits crackle. Intelligence, in this model, is a function not of effort but of efficiency. Intelligence may involve learning what brain areas not to use, says Haier.”

“One key to intelligence may be “pruning”. At birth, a baby’s brain is a rat’s nest of jumbled neurones. It uses up more and more glucose until the child is about 5, when it is roughly twice as active as an adult’s is. Then glucose use and the number of circuits plummet until the early teen years. This is called neural pruning, and Haier speculates it’s likely to neural efficiency. More intelligent people may get that way more pruning, which leaves remaining circuits much more efficient. Might pruning explain the link between genius and madness? Over-pruning may result in the high intelligence often associated with creativity, but hyper-pruning may result in psychopathology, suggests Haier. No one has a clue as to why some brains prune their circuits like prize bonsai and others let them proliferate like out-of-control wisteria.”

The question is who is it that receives and processes data from the senses? There must be an overall Self-conscious Entity, which outlives the physical sensuous area and utilises them for seeking vast and higher knowledge under its higher conscious enlightenment compared to what the senses normally determine the material world as seen by animal kingdom through its sense perceptions.

The investigation that strenuous effort or mental energy is involved during the first phase of learning and knowing and then without little depending on the brain activity, the person is able to improve his score as much as 700 percent reveals capability of Human self living independent of the perceptual brain. This fact is supported by the research made on the activity of the brain of child. Up to the age of 5 years the period when the child exerts much pressure on the brain to learn about himself and the new world around him, the child’s brain is roughly twice as active as an adult’s/ In other words, as the Self gains knowledge through processing data from the sense perceptions, it continues to drop its dependence on the brain by absorbing the knowledge in himself and to that extent skipping neural dependency called neural pruning. That more intelligent people get more pruning establishes gradual independence of the Self from the perceptual brain. The investigation establishes that:

  1. The physical brain is an instrument and not a being in itself: and
  2. That the Self appears as an independent entity simultaneously with the completion of sensuous brain (perceptual brain) during the development of foetus and takes possession of the brain as an instrument before his birth. (Human Self as a dynamic independent entity is discussed in the chapter titled “The Theory of Unconscious”.)

The Concept of Reincarnation of Soul Has No Scientific Import.

Scientific study of the various developmental stages of the universe has revealed that the developing processes of the universe are irreversible; they proceed only in one direction. It has further revealed that each developing stage continues to stick to its own values, as a separate and independent unit within the overall creation. This is evident from the fact that life at each stage can neither step down to the preceding stage nor can it jump to the higher stage until completion of the whole stage. If man likes to revert to the Animal Stage and become an animal, it is simply impossible. If he does, he must lose his Self-consciousness or Soul. The same is true of other stages of life. Once having completed the Vegetable Stage, no plant can jump into the Animal Stage to become an animal or step down to the stage of physical Cosmos. This establishes that each stage of the universe is a complete independent unit within the overall creative purpose of the Creator and exists as a basis through the procreative process for serving the higher stages. This scientific study categorically rejects the theory of reincarnation of Soul. The following verses reveal that after separation of Souls from their mortal bodies, these remain suspended under a barrier until the whole present creative order of Humanity is wound up on its completion and simultaneously the new Order begins. Only those Souls would enter the new Order, which would be found fir for continuing the journey onward. The Day of Reckoning is the day for judging the fitness of every Soul according to his faith and deeds were not in accordance with the Divine guidance during their worldly life they would be debarred from entering the new higher Creative Order:

“Until, when death cometh unto one of them, he saith: Mt Lord! Send me back. That I may do right in that which I have left behind! But nay! It is but a word that he speaketh; and behind them is a barrier until the day when they are raised. And when the Trumpet is blown there will be no kinship among them that day, nor will they ask of one another. Then those, whose scales are heavy, they are the successful. And those whose scales are light are those who lose their souls, in hell abiding.” —–23(99-103)

Physical Brain and Memory.

Some people believe that since with the death, the physical body and the brain are destroyed, the memory, which links our experience and serves as the basis of our Self-identity also, disappears. Accordingly if memory does not exist, the question of life after death does not arise as the Human Self with the destruction of physical brain loses its Self-identification also. This is farfetched conclusion, which has no scientific import.

Memory is strictly related with the process of thinking and reason we call them the mental processes of the Human Self. Freud named this mental process of the Self as “Conscious mind” or “ego”. This process or faculty is not physical in nature while the perceptual brain of human body in which the Animal Stage perfected sense perceptions is material and lives subject to the spatial time-motion laws. One of the fundamental laws of the creative process has shown that simultaneously on start of the higher stage, the form and values earned in the preceding stage become fixed. The fact that ever since the appearance of man, no new animal species has ever registered and the sensations as perfected by the physical perceptual brain of human body remains fixed establishes that Human Self lives at a higher and different kind of conscious plan outside the physical brain and body. Human Self and its mental processes cannot be regarded as the function of physical body and its perceptual brain. Human Self and the physical brain live as distinct wholes.

Our perceptual mind (physical brain) is capable of simple consciousness only, that is, it is conscious of the object which it sees, but it does not know it is conscious of it; neither is the animal conscious of itself as a distinct entity or personality. It then is a simple consciousness: to be conscious of the things about one, but not to be conscious of one’s Self. Accordingly it cannot hold the impression and properties of the objects without sense stimulus. As against it, the Human Self, as established by the Cognitive Theory, keeps in it a sense of an object, even if it is not directly providing a sensory stimulus. In other words objects acquire an independent existence and independent properties outside the Self. That the Human Self has the capability for true mental representation of images of objects and their properties without sense stimulus establishes that memory, thoughts, reason and concepts which are non-material stand outside the domain of perceptual brain which simply serves the Analytic Faculty (Conscious mind or what Freud called it is Ego) of the Human Self as an instrument or yardstick for analysing the values and properties of the material universe as well as the physical body under its higher conscious enlightenment. It shows that the physical body and its sense perceptions are duly represented in the Self, as the Human Self is capable of keeping in it a sense of objects and their properties even if they do not provide a sensory stimulus. If a germ cell when delivered out of the physical body and planted in the womb could act in the form of a “physical brain” to construct it to the system of DNA chemicals, we can be sure that the Human Self which remains attached through its mental processes (Conscious mind) with the physical body and its perceptual brain would also construct its whole physical life which already lives fully preserved in it.

The fact that under the laws of the creative process perceptual mind cannot rise above its physical state and cannot hold the sense impressions without stimulus establishes that the thoughts, language, reason and concepts which are non-material cannot be developed by the perceptual brain. It is possible only if a sense of object even if it is not directly providing a sensory stimulus is held by the perceptual mind. The thoughts, language, concepts etc can be developed only by an entity or a personality, which could live outside the objects, differentiate and hold their properties in itself without stimulus. In other words, it must have their true mental representation (we call it memory) without regard to direct sensory stimulus under spatial time and motion. Such an entity is apt to be non-material, Self-conscious and living beyond the spatial laws of matter and motion. These facts establish that memory is not a physical phenomenon; it is directly related with the understanding. It can operate only if it exists out of the spatial time matter and motion. As against it, the perceptual mind being material in nature cannot hold nonmaterial characters in it.

Hence it can neither retrace the events nor can it jump into the future. Even DNA system – a sort of ” physical memory” laid in chemicals strictly follows the process through physical motion in spatial time. These scientific facts establish that it is not the perceptual mind which perceives psychic life lived by the Human Self as an independent entity outside it; these are the mental processes of the Self or Soul which keep in it the whole psychic life and are capable of reproducing the same sense stimulus of the physical body or brain.

Journey Beyond

According to the Holy Qur’an, life has manifested itself in the form of Human Self or Soul after passing through various stages of creation. This is the final link in the development of life in this world. But life is not limited to this world; it continues beyond death. The higher life that the individual with a developed personality is capable of leading after life in this material world is called a heavenly life, or the life of paradise (Jannah). On the other hand, the onward march of the personalities who could not fully develop in the present world is bound to be thwarted: this kind of life is called an infernal life or the life of hell (Jahannam). Hell and paradise do not stand for places or localities; they denote different conditions of Human Self, which have been described metaphorically in the Holy Qur’an.

The Holy Qur’an envisages the Human Self as a developing entity. When the Self has successfully completed the present journey of life, death opens the door to the fresh and more glorious possibilities. Joy at the accomplishments made is blended with prospectus of fresh opportunities. Having realised a certain quantum of potentialities during its earthly career, the Self becomes aware of what is still left to be actualised. This state of mind, blend of joy and zest at higher plane of existence cannot be described, but it can be symbolised. That is why the Holy Qur’an has resource to metaphorical language in regard to paradise:

“A similitude of the Garden which is promised unto those who keep their duty (to Allah): Underneath it rivers flow; its food is everlasting, and its shade; this is the reward of those who keep their duty, while the reward of disbeliever’s is the Fire.” —————-13(35)

” A similitude of the Garden which those who keep their duty (to Allah) are promised: Therein are rivers of water unpolluted, and rivers of milk whereof the flavour changeth not, and rivers of wine delicious to the drinkers, and rivers of clear-run honey; therein for them is every kind of fruit, with pardon from their Lord.” ————————-47(15)

“Similitude” is the key word in the above verses. It is significant and highly suggestive. We are clearly warned against insisting on the literal meaning of the words in which the pleasures and comforts of the paradise are described. We must heed the admonition that they are merely metaphors, which hint at but do not convey an exact idea of the state of consciousness, which is termed “Jannah” (paradise). In fact the paradise cannot be described; it can only be symbolised. The higher plane of existence can neither be visualised nor imagined. This fact has thus been revealed in the Holy Qur’an:

“No one knows what joy of the eye is reserved for them as a reward for what they do.” —— 32(17)

Another verse of the Holy Qur’an guides us to the true conception of the paradise. We are told that the paradise is not to be regarded as a strictly circumscribed region. The Holy Qur’an thus described the paradise (Jannah):

“The paradise is as wide as the heavens and the earth.” —–3(133), 57(21)

Here the Holy Qur’an depicts the paradise as the universe endowed with beauty and charm beyond the charm of the material universe. The similitude clearly shows the spiritual and mental state of the Human Self (Soul) which outlives the present material universe.

That the Holy Qur’an has depicted the paradise in sensuous terms reveals great wisdom of the Creator. In the first place, a state of existence so dissimilar to our present one can only be suggested with the help of objects and experiences familiar to us. Of these, only those are selected which bear some, even though very slight, resemblance to the accompaniments of the higher plane. Terms borrowed from our present experience are employed to suggest, but only to suggest the other plane. The second consideration, to be borne in mind, is that the Arabs had little liking for abstract thinking and metaphorical speculation. Perceptible objects alone were real to them. Hence they paid heed only to that which appealed to their senses. They lived in a barren country. All around them was wide expanse of the arid desert-life was hard, comforts were ver few. Above all things, they valued cool springs, green shady trees laden with fruit, running streams of milk and honey. By means of these familiar and concrete objects, the Holy Qur’an evokes a sense of the richness of existence of the higher plane. While making use of sensuous terms, the Holy Qur’an never misses an opportunity of putting people on their guard by hinting that the words are not to be taken in the literal sense. It tells them that they will not only get the garden they want but also something much more desirable. Moreover the Arabs were a poor people and were surrounded by rich nations. They naturally cast envious glances at the wealth and luxury of their more fortunate neighbours. The Holy Qur’an assured them that if they were good, they would get all these things and even beyond their expectation. It is obvious that the Holy Qur’an is humouring crude and simple man wherever they may be so that they may be induced to turn to the right path as they are impervious to any other kind of appeal.

The Theory Of Unconscious.

We shall discuss in this chapter briefly the Theory put forward by Sigmund Freud regarding the nature of human mind. Freud made an excellent analysis of the human mental apparatus in various regions, which he called Unconscious, the Conscious and the Super ego. He also assigned different names to “Unconscious” and “Conscious” regions of mind. He called Unconscious as “id” and Conscious as “ego”. Freud regarded Unconscious (id) the real human mind which is inaccessible part of human personality and has access to the external world only through the Conscious mind (ego) while Super ego stands for conscience or an ideal of conduct. Although Freud is sadly mistaken about the nature of the urge in the Unconscious (id), which he regards as sexual, yet his general theory about the supreme importance of the Unconscious as the dynamic power of human action, has laid the foundation of far-reaching progress in the knowledge of human nature. From our point of view, the Unconscious is the same as we call Human Self or Soul and the nature of the urge in the Unconscious mind is actually the spiritual urge of Human Self. When Freud’s theory is purged of its principle error, it will be in accord with our work as outlined in this book.

According to Freud, human personality, or human mind, consists of Unconscious mind and Conscious mind. The greater part of “personality” is Unconscious mind. Conscious mind is a small part of the Unconscious mind and is wholly dependent on it. All the contents of the Conscious mind are derived from the Unconscious, and they are to the Unconscious as foam is to the ocean. The Unconscious mind, which is non-material and lives out of the space-time material universe, is uncivilised and full of seething excitements. Its chief concern is to gratify its desires which are sexual in nature and which are tremendously powerful. It cannot satisfy its desires except through the Conscious mind, which it has put at the outer surface of the mental apparatus and remains under the influence of the external world through the perceptual mind of the physical body. The Unconscious mind forces the Conscious mind with the full pressure of its desires to strive for their satisfaction.

The Conscious mind, which is a creature of the Unconscious, feels the necessity of meeting the needs of the Unconscious but it is often helpless because of the fear and pressure of the society which requires it to behave in a respectable, law-abiding and orderly manner. Since the bawdy and unruly desires of the Unconscious interface with the respectability and rational approach of the Conscious mind, the latter tries to check them and keep them below the level of consciousness. This function of the Conscious mind is called the censor. Unconscious desires, which suffer continuous discouragement and repression from the censor, are finally disappointed and no longer insist on rising into consciousness, that is, they are forgotten. They, however, avenge themselves, so to say, for the rough treatment meted out to them by creating a diseased condition of the Conscious mind, known as a complex, of which the symptoms are hysteria, nervousness, obsession and neurosis. In order, however, to save the people from such a situation, society has fabricated religious ethics, philosophies, arts, etc. to divert this powerful urge of sex!

Oedipus Complex

Since the Unconscious comes along with the birth of the baby and the necessity of sexual urge arises after reaching the normal age of puberty, therefore, in order to support his theory, Freud had to prove that irrespective of age, even a baby has an inclination towards sex. Accordingly, Freud attributes such simple activities of the child as swallowing, excreting, and sucking the nipple or the thumb, as sexual in character through which the baby gets sexual satisfaction. As the child grows, it develops a strong sex love for the parent of the opposite sex accompanied by rivalry of dislike towards the other parent and regards them as perfect models of beauty.

The sexual urge of the child results in his intense love for the parents who dominate him by showing affection and by threats of punishment which create anxiety in the child because they suggest to him loss of parental love and because the parents must be feared on their own account. The parents keep the personality of the child under their complete control and the child because of the fear of losing it lives in two different emotions. Freud has given this parental function, that is, child’s intense sex attachment to and respect for parents and his constant fear of losing it, the name of Oedipus Complex – a complex which continues to maintain its separate identity (norms and character of love and fear) apart from Conscious mind throughout a person’s life whose prime urge is sex only.

Super Ego

As the child grows in years he begins to identify his parents with better objects or persons whom he regards as more perfect. Later on, with the improvement of his knowledge, he selects still better ideal of love, which goes on developing abstract qualities. This ideal which a person later on loves is actually derived form of parental love, beauty and respect. He observes all moral restriction out of fear for winning the love of the ideal, which he regards as perfect beauty just as he behaved as a child according to the wishes of his parents whom he regarded as perfect model of beauty. Freud calls this derivation of child from parental functions (Oedipus Complex) to love of ideals with the name of “Super Ego”. In other words, the Super Ego is the heir to the parental love and beauty which emerges when the child in later years find more perfect objects and ideals for compensating the loss of parental functions. These imprints of the child (that is the sexual attraction of the child to his parents, his conviction to love them as perfect beauty models, and his constant anxiety and fear to show good manners which make the child conscientious) shift toward ideals and influence a person as a matter of conscience throughout his life. Instead of parents, the person now sees perfection in ideals. He follows morals out of love and fear of the ideals as he observed good manner out of love and fear of his parents. In other words Super Ego stands for conscience or ideal of conduct.

Super Ego cannot function completely as long as the child does not overcome the Oedipus Complex; that is, he shifts his love from parents and identifies them with better objects or ideals. The Super Ego appears to demand an ever-increasing perfection of ideals because the child’s idea of perfection improves as he grows in years and develops his powers of comparison and thought. In other words, both the love of parents and, later, the love of ideals, are the result of the urge for perfection in the Unconscious. On the other hand, the main task of Conscious mind is to put ideals before the Super Ego, which stands for conscience. However, in doing so, the Conscious mind has to face the realities and demands of the outer world and thus it stand for reason. Super Ego (conscience) which is the advocate of perfection and moral restrictions, watches the Conscious mind strictly to observe the morals as demanded by the ideal and always expects that the ideal so selected by the Conscious mind is perfect in its beauty. Thus Super Ego, which according to Freud, is the heir to Oedipus Complex, maintains its separate identity from the Conscious mind throughout a person’s life and the Conscious mind remains under its influence. Just like parents, the Super ego (conscience) dictates and frightens the Conscious mind that once having selected an ideal, it should strictly observe all the attendant morals and that the ideal so selected by the Conscious mind must conform to the norms of Super Ego, which in a way, are the representative of the Unconscious mind. Freud writes:

” The Super Ego’s relation to the later alteration of Conscious is roughly to that of the primary sexual phase of childhood to later sexual life after puberty. Although Super Ego is accessible to all the later influences, it nevertheless preserves throughout life the character given to it by its derivation from the father complex – namely the capacity to stand apart from the Conscious and to master it. It is memorial of the former weakness and dependence of the Conscious, and the mature Conscious remains subject to its domination. As the child was once under a compulsion to obey its parents, so the Conscious submits to the categorical imperatives of its Super Ego.”

Oedipus Complex And Super Ego Are Not Two Different functions, They Reveal Only The strong Spiritual Urge Of The Unconscious For Seeking And Loving The Creator In The Form Of Ideals.

It would be seen that in-order to show that human conscience for moral observation is not spiritual in nature; it has its origin in sex instincts. Freud had to invent the terms of “Oedipus Complex” and “Super Ego” in support of his claim that conscience has sprung from child’s intense sex love for opposite parents and as a consequence observing the discipline for satisfying it. Before we proceed further, let us, therefore, consider some of the most important points relating to “Oedipus Complex” and “Super Ego”. Freud says that as the child advances in years and his knowledge increases, his sex love for the parents turns into the love for more and more perfect ideals. The question is why the sex desires which has nothing to do with ideals, turns into the love for ideals which continue to rise in more and more abstract values. Also why the Oedipus Complex, in spite of its alleged sexual origin, takes such a turn in later life that it emerges in the form of conscience or an ideal conduct. The urge for sex gratification and the love for ideals are two different tendencies of life and cannot be regarded as one. This confirms that the child’s urge is not sexual in nature, it is rather for perfection of ideals. Freud tells us that the Super Ego has the tendency to diverge more and more from the Oedipus Complex as time goes on. Why is it so? If it had been a successor to the Oedipus Complex, we should have expected it to conform as much as possible to the character of its origin, that is, mere sex urge. These facts are inexplicable if we assume that the love of ideals is not an independent natural urge in a person but it is the resulting substitute of the so-called Oedipus Complex. Freud himself writes:

“I cannot tell you much as I could wish about the change from the parental function to the Super Ego… partly because we ourselves do not feel we have fully understood it.”

The change from the parental function (Oedipus Complex) to the Super Ego is not clear to Freud because of his persistence, at all costs, in the belief that the desires in the Unconscious are of a sexual nature. He could not ascribe a sexual basis to the urge for the ideals without asserting that Super Ego is the result of Oedipus Complex, which has a sexual character. This is no doubt a far-fetched idea and one of the weakest links in the theory of Freud.

According to our view, Unconscious, which Freud has called the untamed reservoir of passions and desires and the greater personality of man, is not the reservoir of the passions of sex but rather it is the reservoir of spiritual attraction for Perfect Beauty. Oedipus Complex and Super Ego are not two different functions. They reveal only the strong spiritual urge of the Unconscious for seeking and loving the creator in the form of ideals based on such attributes as are already vaguely reflected in the Unconscious. The fact that child loves his parents as splendid figures, that he feels an admiration for his parents and ascribes a perfection to them, that he loves his teachers because they are ideal models, that the Super Ego (successor of Oedipus Complex) is the advocate of the impulse towards perfection, and the fact that Super Ego demands an ever-increasing perfection shows that the individual is under the powerful influence of a desire for the perfect, the admirable and the splendid, throughout his life. In childhood, this desire finds an outlet in the persons of the parents and teachers because nothing the child knows more perfect and more desirable than these personalities. As his knowledge increase, a person finds better objects and ideas worthy of love and devotion and he is naturally attracted by them, being compelled by the urge of his nature. Super Ego appears to demand an ever-increasing perfection of ideals because the child’s idea of perfection improves as he grows in years and develops his powers of comparison and thought. His idea of what is perfect grows with the knowledge and shifts to better and better objects continuously. This explains why, as the child grows, the parents lose a good deal of their prestige, why the Super Ego becomes more and more remote from the parents, and why the child loves and respects his parents differently at different periods of his life. Super Ego is not the result of the child’s love of parents. On the other hand, both the love for parents and the Super Ego (Conscience) are the result of the urge for perfection in the Unconscious. The terms used by Freud, viz. Oedipus Complex and Super Ego are nothing but to place greater emphasis on the urge of the Unconscious for perfection.

Nature of Unconscious Mind

We shall now discuss briefly the nature of the Unconscious mind to which Freud has given the name “id”. About the Unconscious mind he writes:

“The Unconscious or the “id” is a cauldron of seething excitement. It has no organisation and no unified will, only an impulsion to obtain satisfaction for the instinctual needs in accordance with the pleasure principle. The laws of logic above all, the laws of contradiction do not hold for processes in the “id”. Contradictory impulses exist side by side without neutralising each other… There is nothing in the id (Unconscious) that could be compared with negation; and we perceive with surprise an exception to the philosophical theorem that space and time are necessary forms of our mental acts. There is nothing in the id that corresponds to the idea of time; there is no recognition of passage of time and – a thing that is most remarkable and awaits consideration in philosophical thought – no alteration in its mental processes is produced by the passage of time. Wishful impulses, which have never passed beyond the id (Unconscious), but impressions, too which have been sunk into the id by repression, are virtually immortal; after the passage of decades they behave as though they had just occurred. They can only be recognised as belonging to the past, deprived of their significance and robbed of their charge of energy after they have been made Conscious by work of analysis and no small part of the therapeutic effect of analytic treatment rests upon this effect.

Again and again I have had the impression that we have made too little theoretical use of this fact, established beyond any doubt, of the inalterability by time of the repressed. This seems to offer an approach to the most profound discoveries. Nor unfortunately, have I myself made any progress here.”

The nature of Unconscious mind as explained above, is based on the facts, which Freud obtained during his experiments. When we study the nature of Unconscious, we find that it is not clear as to how he took the urge of Unconscious as the urge of gratification of sex instincts. In our view, Freud made a great error in understanding the urge of Unconscious. Had he known that the urge of Unconscious is strong passion of spiritual love, he would not have invited the philosophers to interpret the nature of the Unconscious. As a matter of fact with the right interpretation of the Unconscious urge, the whole theory of Freud would have scientifically established that the urge of Human Self is spiritual in nature and that the Self can be satisfied only by seeking and loving its Creator in the form of perfect beauty ideals. We shall examine this fact in some detail.

In the first place, the nature of Unconscious as defined by Freud doe not give any impression whatsoever that it has any relation with sexual desire. Secondly, sex instincts belong to the animal stage where life is confined to the material state of consciousness. The main function of sex instincts is to continue the physical life through the process of procreation. But as against it, when Freud talks about “id” and “ego”, he means human personality. As we know, the conscious values of human being are not only different in degree but also those are different in kind as compared to the conscious values of animal life. It is witnessed by the fact that while animal remains immersed in the material state of its perceptual mind and cannot, even in imagination, get outside of it to realise itself as a distinct entity, man as a Self-conscious Entity outlives the perceptual mind of his body. He can never come down from the state of Self-consciousness to the narrow physical world as determined by the animal’s perceptual mind. The fact that Unconscious (id) remains as a dynamic entity outside the physical world is admitted by Freud himself. He says:

“Id is the dark, inaccessible part of our personality…. It has intercourse with the external world only through the ego…. There is nothing in the “id” that corresponds to the idea of time. The ego controls the approaches to motility under the id’s orders; but between a need and an action it has interposed a postponement in the form of activity of thought during which it makes use of the mnemonic residues of experience… the relation to time which is so hard to describe, is also introduced into the ego by the perceptual system; it can scarcely be doubted that the mode of operation of that system is what provides the origin of the idea of time.”

The nature of Unconscious (id) as explained by Freud establishes that Unconscious lives as a sole dynamic entity outside the material universe as well as the perceptual mind of human physical body, which remains, confined under space-time physical laws. Its only contact with the external world is through its Conscious mind (ego-. These discoveries establish that the urge of Unconscious as a dynamic non-material entity living outside the material universe cannot be the gratification of physical sex instincts.

Again, if we compare the nature of the universe of Unconscious with the Conscious mind as explained by Freud, we do not find ideal situation here too as both Unconscious and Conscious, which Freud says make the human personality, cannot go together because of their different nature. Freud says, ” Unconscious (id) is a cauldron of seething excitement. It has no organisation and no unified will, only and impulsion to obtain satisfaction for the instinctual needs in accordance with the pleasure principle. The laws of logic above all, the laws of contradiction do not hold for processes in the id”. As against this Freud describes Conscious mind (ego) ” as that part of the id which has been modified by its proximity to the external world and it has taken over the task of representing the external world for the id. From a dynamic point of view it is weak, it borrows its energy from the id. It stands for reason and by identifying itself with the object it recommends itself to the id in place of the object and seeks to attract the libido of the id on to itself”. The question is how it could be possible that while the most important and dominating part of human personality, rather the whole of it, that is the Unconscious is sex stricken, uncivilised and untamed, its insignificant part, that is, Conscious mind, which is solely dependent on Unconscious stands for reason and rationality and has no sexual desires at all. If Unconscious and Conscious both make the human mind or personality, then how is it that the nature of both parts of the personality is different and wide apart. The nature of Conscious mind, as an agent, could not differ from its dominant part. We take it, therefore, that the urge of Unconscious is spiritual in nature and not sexual, as Freud has put it.

Sex Instinct Is Carved Out Of Love and Beauty.

If we look back at the creative process of universe, we will find that sex instinct is also spiritual in nature as it has been carved out of the spiritual love of the Creator. We have explained this in detail while discussing the creative process of the universe. If we glance through that discussion, we will find that since prior to the creative stage of human being, life existed at the material level of consciousness; it was not mature or capable of having direct cognition of its Creator. However, at whatever stage life may be, it must have consciously or unconsciously spiritual love for its Creator. At inorganic and organic stages, life satisfied this love by dividing itself into two complementary units of attraction from within. We call it polarity at inorganic stages and sex at organic stages. We should know that life is the art of the Creator and, therefore, insofar as it was not yet directly aware of its Creator, its love for itself from within through dividing its conscious attributes in two sex attraction, in fact, amounted to loving the attributes of the Creator. It is evident from the fact that it is aesthetic appreciation and love of beauty of its “own kind” which is ultimately replaced by the inferior kind of pleasure derived from the sexual act. This can be seen in the behaviour of birds and insects who are at first attracted by the beauty of colour, song, or plumage of their opposite sex. This indicates that sex instinct has been carved out of spiritual love. Had it not been carved out of spiritual love, life would not have procreated itself at all. After passing through the various creative stages, when life embarked upon the Self-conscious stage of Man, it found direct spiritual feeling of its Creator in its Self or Soul and began to seek its Creator in the form of ideals from within. In other words, at the material stages, life having no direct feeling of the Creator, was satisfying its love through complementary division of its attributes in opposite sex, but at Human Self-conscious Stage, Human Soul being not material, it does not satisfy its passion of love for the Creator by dividing it in opposite sex in the physical forms. The Human Soul, which lives as a dynamic non-material entity, seeks its Creator direct from within in the form of ideals. Human Soul thus lives in complementary division as the ideal and object of the ideal, as the seeker and the sought, as the lover and the beloved. When it seeks its ideal, it in fact seeks and loves its Creator in the form of ideal. Likewise, the ideal, which potentially lives as a complementary unit equally, bestows its love to the object lover – the complementary unit from within the Soul, which seeks it.

Our discussion has shown that sex is carved out of spiritual love and that the purpose of sexual act is to continue physical life through the process of procreation at the material stages. After passing through its material stage, when life became conscious of itself and through that its Creator, a tremendous upsurge of spiritual love appeared in Human soul. Since, however, the Human Self or Soul is still in the making and cannot comprehend its Creator, it lives in a great cauldron of spiritual passion for the Creator and wants to satisfy this urge by loving Him in ideals at its psychic level. Freud could not understand as to how child’s Oedipus Complex, that is, so called sexual love for parents, shifts to love of ideals as the child advances in age. It is because Freud was not aware of the real urge of Unconscious. At the Human Stage, the Unconscious urge of man is the urge of spiritual love of the Creator, and not the physical passion of sex. The love of the Creator is inherent in every human soul, which lives as the best art of the Creator. We feel that the Unconscious is the same, which we call Human Self or Human Soul. Freud says:

” There is nothing in the id that corresponds to the idea of time; there is no recognition of the passage of time and – thing that is most remarkable and awaits consideration in philosophical thought – no alteration in its mental processes is produced by the passage of time. Wishful impulses which have never passed beyond the id (Unconscious), but impressions, too which have been sunk into the id by repression, are virtually immortal; after the passage of decades they behave as though they had just occurred.”

This definition further supports our view that Unconscious and Human Self or Soul is the same. At the Self-conscious Stage of Human being, the Human Soul lives in non-material state. It implies, therefore, that Human Soul already lives beyond time and space barriers. The fact that each and every human act virtually lives immortal proves that the Human Self never meets with death or destruction.

The more we examine the theory of Freud, regarding the Unconscious, the more we are surprised as to how this theory has been based on the impulse of sex pleasure which does not stand its own test. On the contrary, it shows that basically the love of a child towards his parents is of spiritual nature and not sexual. It is fantastic to build a sex story around the child. It is in fact an allegation against the infant. Further, the frightening idioms used by Freud to support his theory such as Oedipus Complex, super Ego, and Id, confuse the human mind. We feel that if the theory of Freud is purged of the principle error that the nature of Unconscious urge is the urge of sex gratification, the definition of the nature of Unconscious given by Freud would in fact explain the nature of the Human Self (Soul) as outlined in this work. The main attributes of the Human Self-given below compare with the nature of Unconscious as defined by Freud:

  1. According to our work, the source of all human activities is man’s strong love for perfect beauty (Creator). This love of attraction appears in the form of ideals. (According to Freud at the bottom of all human activities it is the unconscious passion of sex desires, which push for their satisfaction).
  2. This urge, that is, the love for the Creator, which takes the form of ideals, is unconscious because even without knowing or realising the presence of the Creator, man is compelled to seek the perfect ideal. In other words, man is driven by it to satisfy its urge by seeking universal truth or beauty. (Freud believes that this urge is of sexual character and, therefore, man can achieve real and lasting satisfaction only by freely satisfying the instinct of sex).
  3. In childhood the urge of Unconscious finds its satisfaction in the love of parents, teachers or elders whom the child regards as perfect beauty models and then later on when child’s knowledge improves and he feels that the objects loved by him are not so perfect as it thought, it shifts to better ideals which go on developing abstract qualities in them. (Freud believes that child’s love for parents is of sexual character and that later when he shifts to the ideals, man pursues the morals out of the fear, which he nourished as a child to win the love of his parents. Freud is unable to explain the diversion of child’s sexual love for parents to that of ideals which have nothing to do with sex).
  4. Man cannot suppress the urge of Unconscious, which exists as a strong passion of love for the Creator. Man may, by sheer ignorance, take gratification of sex instinct as his ideal and seek satisfaction through this powerful diversion. But it should be remembered that such a low ideal could never give permanent satisfaction to the Unconscious. The Unconscious urge, which exists as a great passion of spiritual love and attraction for the Creator, cannot be deceived indefinitely. Man may suffer mental sickness like anxiety, neurosis etc. as a result of misplacement of his spiritual love. (Freud ascribes mental sickness due to non-fulfilment of sexual desires though he has admitted that the therapeutic efforts of psychoanalysis have chosen the way of mystical practices for curing the patients).
  5. Man derives satisfaction from higher activities like religion, ethics, arts, sciences, etc. because these activities are of the nature of Unconscious. (Freud believes that when a man because of the fear of society cannot satisfy the urge of sex, he tries to seek satisfaction of this urge by diverting it to activities of art, knowledge, religion, morals etc! In other words he believes that these higher human activities are sublimated form of sexual instincts!

Scientific Acknowledgement of Life after Death.

According to Freud, every human action, whether big or small, good or bad, is permanently recorded in Unconscious and remains in tact whether one may remember it in life time or not. Freud knew the above facts through the experiments and he expressed great surprise that each human act virtually lives immortal in Unconscious, and the passage of time does not affect it. He was sure that further research on this aspect might reveal astonishing facts about human nature. The discovery that each human action is recorded in his Unconscious mind which cannot be wiped out is a startling finding as it establishes that Human Self continues to live after the physical death of the body. Unfortunately, Freud did not know that this very aspect of man has already been revealed in the Holy Qur’an which lays down that every human action is persevered in Human Soul till the Day of Judgement. The revelation reads:

“On the day when Allah will raise them all together then inform them of what they did. Allah records it, while they forget it. And Allah is witness over all things.” —————58(6)

” And every man’s augury have We fastened to his own neck, and We shall bring forth for him on the Day of Resurrection a book which he will find wide open. (And it will be said unto him): Read thy book. Thy soul sufficeth as reckoner thee this day.” —————17(13-14)

The verse tells three things: –

  1. That every human action clings to his neck;
  2. That on the Day of Judgement when he will read this record he will be surprised that there is not a single action of his which has not been written in that record;
  3. That this record remains attached with each man after his death and he will get reward or punishment according to his deeds.

Unless we accept the third factor mentioned above that this record goes with the man even after his physical death, the first two factors found by Freud carry no meaning. As a matter of fact the first two factors lead to the third factor. As we know, the laws of time and space apply in this world only and if there is any other world after death, that would be free from the barriers of time and space. In the present life, each of our conscious actions is confined within the time and barriers but according to Freud’s results if man has any Unconscious life which is free from time and space then it clearly establishes that man’s present life will continue even after his physical death. The end of man’s physical life itself the result of time and space and since Unconscious (the highest form of mental life) is free from limitations of time and space, we have perforce to believe that death does not come on the Unconscious. Death comes only on the physical frame of Human being. That Unconscious keeps the records in tact shows that the Unconscious exists as a separate entity apart from the physical body. As a matter of fact the external processes of material universe laid in space-time, matter and motion have since yielded into inward mental processes of Human Self which has already a sense of immortality.

Nature of Conscious Mind (Ego)

We shall now discuss the nature of Conscious mind (Ego) and its true function in the light of our work, as we expect some very far-reaching conclusions. About the nature of the Conscious (Ego), Freud writes:

“We can best arrive at the characteristic of the actual ego, in so far as it can be distinguished from the id and from the Super-ego, by examining its relation to the outermost superficial portion of the mental apparatus, which we describe as the system perceptual conscious. This system is turned towards the external world, it is the medium for the perceptions arising thence, and during its functioning the phenomenon of consciousness arises in it. It is the sense organ of the entire apparatus; moreover it is receptive not only to excitation from outside but also those arising from the interior of the mind. We need scarcely look for a justification of the view that the ego is that portion of the id which was modified by the proximity and influence of the external world, which is adapted for the reception of the stimuli and as a protective shield against stimuli, comparable to the cortical layer by which a small piece of living substance is surrounded. The relation to the external world has become the decisive factor for the ego; it has taken on the task of representing the external world to the id…. In accomplishing this function, the ego must observe the external world, must lay down an accurate picture of it in the memory-traces of its perceptions, and by its exercise of the function of “reality testing” must put aside whatever in this picture of the external world is an addition derived from internal sources of excitation. The ego controls the approaches to motility under the id’s orders; but between a need and an action it has interposed a postponement in the form of the activity of thought, during which it makes use of mnemonic residues of experience.

The relation to time, which is so hard to describe, is also introduced into the ego by the perceptual system; it can scarcely be doubted that the mode of operation of that system is what provides the origin of the idea of time. But what distinguishes the ego from the id quite especially is a tendency to synthesise in its contents, to a combination and unification in its mental processes, which are totally lacking in the id…. To adopt a popular mode of speaking, we might say that the ego stands for reason and good sense while the id stands for the untamed passions.

So far we have allowed ourselves to be impressed by the merits and capabilities of the ego; it is now time to consider the other side as well. The ego is after all only a portion of the id, a portion that has been expediently modified by the proximity of the external world with its threat of danger. From a dynamic point of view it is weak, it has borrowed its energies from the id…. The ego must on the whole carry out the id’s intentions; it fulfils its task by finding out the circumstances in which those intentions can best be achieved. The ego’s relation to the id might be compared with that of a rider to his horse. The horse supplies the locomotive energy, while the rider has the privilege of deciding on the goal and of guiding the powerful animal’s movement. But only too often there arises between the ego and the id not precisely ideal situation of the rider being obliged to guide the horse along the path which it itself wants to go.”

We gather from the above that:

  1. Conscious mind (ego) is a part of the Unconscious (id) which has been modified by its proximity to the external world and the influence it has had on it;
  2. From a dynamic point of view it is weak; it borrows all of its energy from the Unconscious and has no desire of its own, except to serve the Unconscious;
  3. Conscious mind stands for reason and circumspection while Unconscious stands for the untamed and uncivilised passions;
  4. Its duty is to represent the outside world to the Unconscious for the satisfaction of its desires.

The Unconscious demands satisfaction of its desires but being out of the contact with the external physical world, it does not know how these desires can be fulfilled. The Conscious mind interprets these desires can be fulfilled. The Conscious mind interprets these desires and tries to satisfy them as best as it can. The important thing to be noted from Freud’s observation is that Conscious mind also lives beyond space-time as the concept of time is introduced to it by the perceptual system of the physical body, which lives subject to space-time laws.

As we have said, if we purge the theory of Freud of the principal error he made in understanding nature of Unconscious and examine it in the light of the creative process, as discussed in this work, it would reveal a new truth about the nature of Conscious mind – a discovery which hithertofore remained unexplained. Let us, therefore, have a look again at the creative process active both at inorganic and organic stages of life. We have learnt in one of the preceding chapters that simultaneously on closing of the preceding stage whatever the higher creative stage starts it comes along with a medium which could live in close proximity with the external world for:

  1. Knowing the behaviour of the external world for living in co-ordination;
  2. Determining the values of the stage in the light of higher conscious enlightenment; and
  3. Satisfying its spiritual urge of belonging to the creation lived beneath.

Keeping in view these fundamental laws, simultaneously on appearance of Human Self or what Freud has named it “Unconscious” or “id”, human physical form as well as its instincts and perceptual brain became fixed. Hence Human Self which appeared at an infinite higher plan of consciousness lives as an independent Self-conscious Entity out of the perceptual brain as well as the whole material universe in its non-material state with unprecedented spiritual passion for loving and seeking its Creator for which it has vague but direct reflection in it. Since Human Self appeared at the top of all the creative stages we call it universe, it must for the reason as explained above maintain its link with the whole universe through a medium which could have access to the external world. Such a medium is inherent need of every stage because according to the fundamental principle of creative process, life once having descended as a new plan can never leave the higher conscious light and come down to the values of the preceding stages which close on them simultaneously on their completion. The Conscious mind which as described by Freud lives in close proximity to the perceptual brain is the same we have called it “analytic faculty” or the medium which each higher stage relative to the rational level of the stage brings along for knowing the reality lived in the external world. At the Animal Stage we find that the animal had brought this medium in the physical form we call it “digestive system”. Just as the digestive system of animal serves the perceptual mind of the animal, the Conscious mind akin to the digestive system of the animal serves as “analytic faculty” to the Unconscious. In other words, the Conscious mind to the Unconscious is just as the digestive system is to the perceptual mind of the animal. With a view to elaborate our point, we shall briefly discuss here the medium of “digestive system” as acquired by life at the Animal Stage.

At the Animal Stage, life from its very birth appeared with the medium or faculty known as the “digestive system” of animal. The digestive system is the creature of animal organism at the material state of life. It has no independent desire of its own. It completely functions under the wishes of the organism. The animal establishes its link with the external world through the digestive system by absorbing the raw contents of life living in the preceding stages. The digestive system brought by the organism for this purpose starts right from the oral cavity of mouth and then by passing through various phases, the system converts the raw material into different kinds of amino acids, a few kinds of simple sugars, water dissolved salts and vitamins which turn into blood and molecules and are ultimately absorbed by the animal to get vitality and keep its sensuous values in perfect order. The most important thing to be remembered here is that the digestive system serves as a medium between the external world and the organism whose creature it is. It is indeed a very intricate function, requiring a serious and strenuous intellectual exercise because as a medium it first breaks the contents of the food to its smallest particles and then it lifts those values to the level or wishes of the organism by applying various chemicals supplied to it by the organism in the form of enzymes, etc. For this, it has to select those values for absorption, which are in accord with the conscious values of the organism. The material contents not absorbed by the organism are excreted as waste. It should be noted that it is not the digestive system, which selects and takes in the food at its own will. Food is in fact taken by the organism at its own sweet will. It is properly tasted and smelled by the organism before it is taken in.

The digestive system has no urge of its own; it just functions as a laboratory. Whatever food is provided to it for analysis, it honestly does its analytic work and returns the results to the organism for absorption in the blood stream. Although the digestive system lives as an independent system, it remains in touch with the wishes of the animal organism through its brain processes. Secretion of various enzymes is an indication to the digestive system that the organism needs such and such substance of amino acids. In other words, at the material level of animal, these secretions convey, in symbols, the sensuous norms and character of the animal on whose basis the end products are drawn from the raw food supplied to the digestive system. The fact that the animal absorbs only those proteins, which are needed by its organism, has been biologically proven. Whatever the proteins of food may be, after having been digested to about twenty different kinds of amino acids, the structure of each type of amino acid remains the same. Incidentally, since the digestive system of the animal is now complete and fixed, we may not realise the difficulties which animal had to face for developing this system at the initial level of the Animal Stage when the development of animal senses had just started from insignificant level and so was its digestive system, which improved steadily along with the development of sense. The digestive system reached its perfection only when the animal has achieved its sense perceptions in perfect order in the physical form of human body. The digestive system in other animals is also complete according to the development of their senses.

On the analogy of the analytic system of digestion provided by nature at material stages, we can understand the relation of the Unconscious with the Conscious mind at the Self-conscious Stage of Man which outlives the whole material universe. Conscious mind (ego) to Unconscious mind (id) is just as a digestive faculty is to perceptual mind at the Animal Stage. The Unconscious whom Freud calls the real personality of man is the same as Human Self or Soul. Having embarked upon the Human plan of life, the Human Soul for the first time gets a direct feeling or reflection of its Creator, but being in the creative process, it cannot comprehend the Creator yet. The inherent feeling of the Creator lives in Unconscious in the form of a great passion of love for the Creator. Accordingly it has no organisation and no unified will; only an impulsion to obtain satisfaction of its spiritual urge. The only way for the Human Self to know its Creator is to perceive Him through the process of intuition. Intuition is the feeling by which Human Self perceives the truth of the universe as a whole. For analysing the contents of its intuition, Unconscious must establish its link with the external world. Since, according to the creative process, the higher conscious life cannot come down from its own level even for one moment, therefore, Unconscious has come along with an analytic faculty of reason or what Freud calls it the faculty of Conscious mind (ego) as a medium which has access to external world through the perceptual brain of the physical body with which it remains attached. The main task of the Conscious mind is interpretation of the intuition of Unconscious mind in the light of the reality lived in the external world and through the analytic work recommend the ideal object to Unconscious mind (id) appropriate to the norms as laid by intuition.

It may be kept in mind that at the animal plan, life was in its material stage and, therefore, its faculty of “reason” – digestive system – also consisted of material contents. Unconscious mind (Self) which has inherent feeling and love of the Creator in it does not live in a material state. This is evident from the nature of the Unconscious as explained by Freud. Hence Unconscious cannot seek its Creator something as material. It must seek Him in the non-material form of ideals.

The Conscious mind developed by Unconscious for establishing its link with the external world probes the reality of the world living outside it through the process of thoughts. The Conscious mind transforms all the material objects, their behaviours and character in conscious contents we call them thought. The thought processes being non-material live out of the space-time barrier and enable the Conscious mind to instantly reach or scan the whole material universe. All the values, experience and events remain fully preserved as living contents in Conscious mind like a super highway on which every kind of traffic continues to flow unhindered, they can instantly be recalled by the Conscious mind relevant to the situation.

The Unconscious continues to feed its Conscious mind with whatsoever intuition it may have felt and the function of the Conscious mind is to analyse the intuition in the light of the external realities of which it keeps sufficient accumulated knowledge in the form of concepts. Conscious mind makes this probe with the help of sensory system (perceptual brain) of the physical organism with which it remains attached. As a result of analysis of the intuition through its faculty of reason, the Conscious mind feeds back the results to the Unconscious. The faculty of Conscious mind thus serves as a medium between the Unconscious and through the perceptual brain the external world. On receipt of the result if they satisfy the Unconscious or tally with the norms, for which it has unconscious feeling, the Unconscious puts another intuition before the Conscious mind and this process continues. In case the results do not tally with the norms of intuition of the Unconscious or the ideal recommended by the Conscious mind does not come up with the expectation of the Unconscious, the Unconscious is disappointed and withdraws its libido (vitality) from the Conscious mind. This result in severe mental shocks and disorders. Since the Conscious mind (faculty of reason) draws all its strength from the Unconscious for its function, therefore, it always remain loyal and honest in its analytic work as it expects great rewards of happiness in case its results bring satisfaction to the Unconscious. In other words, it pulse for the ideal (which it does quite sincerely) or whether it is assisting the impulse feeling) or whether it is guiding it towards a higher beauty or higher ideal, The Unconscious always look around for intuition in wholes, because its innate desire is always for universal beauty which is a whole unit and which can only be felt or intuited in a non-sensory way. Conscious mind independent of Unconscious can give us no knowledge. All of our knowledge is derived from Unconscious, that is, from our Self or Soul in the form of feeling or emotion. While reason can give us no knowledge without calling in the aid of reason. There are occasions when we acquire knowledge with the help of feeling alone and make no use of reason whatsoever, for example, when we have feeling of admiration for a picture or a symphony, without arguing or proving its beauty. This shows that the faculty of reason derives its strength and food for thought from the Unconscious only.

Values Appearing At Each Higher Plan Of Creation Are Never Sublimated Version Of The Values Of The Preceding Stage.

From our discussion, we can understand the nature of Conscious mind which helps Unconscious in the pursuit of its spiritual feeling for the Creator. Freud says that higher human activities such as, art, science, religion, ethics, etc. are nothing but the sublimated form of sexual instincts! According to him when man fails to fully satisfy the sexual instincts, he diverts the libido (vitality) of sex urge towards these activities. Unfortunately Freud misinterpreted the word “sublimation”. Freud’s view that values rise from lower stages to higher and different plan of consciousness is absurd and against the very process of development of universe in rational orders. In the first place, we know that simultaneously on appearance of higher creative stage, the values living in the preceding stage become immutable. These values can neither jump to the higher creative stage nor can these step down to the preceding stages. Therefore, the question is how the sex instincts, which relate to the physical process of creation jump into the Unconscious which Freud has admitted lives out of the space-time and physical barrier. Moreover scientific study has shown that instinctive desires can neither change their particular function nor can these transform from their original character to entirely a different form. If we accept that the instincts have changed their nature, then how could they give us any pleasure when they have lost their original character? The real purpose of instincts is to preserve life and race of animal. We cannot add the instincts to perform a unit function nor can these be transformed. We cannot sublimate even our physical instinct of the desire of food into a desire of sex. Our higher activities are, therefore, not the sublimated version of the Unconscious which are arrived at by the Conscious mind under the intuition of the Unconscious.

Hence our higher activities like all our natural desires press for satisfaction and give happiness when satisfied. Unfortunately Freud has reversed the reality. He regards the normal and real desires of the Unconscious as unreal and the desires, which are mistaken by Conscious, mind as real.

The faculty of reason (ego) is the creature of the Unconscious, which serves it to satisfy its great spiritual passion through analytic work of its intuition. We must repeat here that life has followed similar process at every new creative plan. It is because life at every new stage starts from the lowest values of the stage and as such it cannot comprehend its overall goal which remains obscure and unconscious until life has achieved the full values of the stage. At the Human Stage, Unconscious (Self) tries to discover the reality (for which it has already innate pressure) through the process of intuitions. The Self-conscious Stage of Man is still in the making and so is its Conscious mind (reason faculty) which is incomplete. As the Unconscious (Self) will continue to realise more and more attributes of its Creator so will the Conscious mind continue to become more and more perfect and dependable. It is just like the digestive system of the animal, which continued to perfect itself along with the sensuous perfection of the animal. The ideal situation becomes only when both Unconscious (id) and the Conscious (ego) rise in close harmony. If the Conscious mind succeeds in making the right choice in analysing the norms supplied to it by the Unconscious, it gives satisfaction to the Unconscious and draws the libido (vitality) of the Unconscious on it. The Conscious mind (ego) when thus complete in harmony with the Unconscious, the Human Self or Personality which Freud believes consists of both Unconscious and Conscious becomes a highly dynamic individuality possessing powers not known to other people. Freud says, “the laws of space-time do not operate on the id”. When Conscious mind (ego) is in complete harmony with Unconscious, the individuality rises above space-time, so that for a moment the present and the future, far and near become alike to it. This explains why certain people are able to give information to future events at particular occasions. But the most important question is how this ideal harmony of the personality can be achieved in view of the fact that Unconscious (Self) which according to Freud, is merely a cauldron of seething excitement and which lives beyond that material state where there is no recognition even of the passage of time and which only stands for blind untamed passion succeed in realising its objective merely by intuitions especially when at its present conscious level it is unable to comprehend its Creator. Again, since the analytic work done by the Conscious mind remains open to external influence and its reasoning rests on the perceptual brain or senses which in certain cases fail to grasp the reality, the results made by the Conscious mind may not be wholly correct. In the circumstances, how can Conscious mind ever satisfy the Unconscious (Self) by recommending objects or ideals by mere conjectures and live in harmony as a complete personality. This is indeed a very important question as without solving this question the whole theory of Unconscious; we call it Self or Id, remains defective and incomplete.

Reason Alone Can Never Guide And Lay Values. Laws, Values And Direction Are Provided By The Nature At Each Creative Stage Relative To The Rational Plan. At Self-conscious Stage Man Received Laws, Values And Direction Through The Natural Institutional we Call It The Institution Of Prophethood.

We know today with all certainty that the whole nature in its minutest details exists as a perfect harmonious order. We do not find any vacuum in rational processes of its creation. If nature has endowed life with a great urge for seeking the truth, there must already be existing a foolproof arrangement under which the Conscious mind may freely and perfectly choose and recommend the right ideal to the Unconscious. The humanity has not been left in this score on its own mercy. The Creator has laid an equally parallel rational institution for providing external guidance to man relative to its conscious development. We know this institution as the institution of Prophethood. We can never overlook the need for such an institution – the need that is inherent in every Soul. The recorded history of mankind witness that highly conscious men have appeared from time to time through what the evolutionist call it ” emergent evolution” as perfect models to give right interpretation of the urge of the Unconscious as well as the laws under which the Conscious mind may freely deliberate on the external world for determining right values and ideal for satisfaction of the urge of Unconscious. Similar guidance has been provided to life even at its material stages through the same process we call it emergent evolution. Sudden appearance of laws at the inorganic stages and higher species at the organic stages of Vegetables and Animals acted as model guides whenever and wherever the creative process so demanded. The only difference between the two model institutions of guidance is that at the material stages while life being not yet free to choose its guidance under its own free will, it corrected its path through emergent creation in the form of built-up models while at the Human Stage, by virtue of attainment of Self-consciousness, it was essential that Man must choose his ideal under complete freedom as a Self-conscious Entity. It is in the very nature of free consciousness that it should choose and love its ideal as a free individuality befitting to its Self-conscious Enlightenment. Had it been made compulsion on it, it would have impaired its freedom and so also its development as a free personality responsible for its own cause of love. Even the guidance through prophets in due regard to the free will of Man was never thrust upon as a compulsion. It was left open to every individual either to accept it or to reject it. Nevertheless Human Self or what Freud calls it the Unconscious can satisfy its urge of love for its Creator through its Conscious mind only if Conscious mind (ego) interprets the intuition of the Unconscious by following the Divine guidance provided to mankind and in no other way at all. Through correct interpretation of the intuitions, the conscious mind continues to become strong and strong by winning the libido (spiritual vitality) of the Unconscious which according to Freud knows nothing except looking for great pleasure and unprecedented happiness. Flow of feelings and intuitions from Unconscious coupled with correct analysis lead the man steadily to higher reaches of Self-consciousness and with that he continues to find bliss and satisfaction from within. Human devotion to seek its Creator by loving Him in prayers and acting morals as laid in Divine guidance saves the Unconscious of perils, which can prove disastrous for it. It should be noted that it is not we who have reached this conclusion. It may be surprising to know that Freud has openly admitted that therapeutic efforts of psychoanalysis have chosen much the same method of approach to cure the patients! He writes:

“It is easy to imagine, too, that certain mystical practices may succeed in upsetting the normal relations between the different regions of the mind, so that, for instance, perception may be able to grasp happenings in the depths of the ego and in the id which were otherwise inaccessible to it. It may safely be doubted, however, whether this road will lead us to the ultimate truths from which salvation is to be expected. Nevertheless it may be admitted that the therapeutic efforts of psychoanalysis have chosen a similar line of approach. Its intention is, indeed, to strengthen the ego, to make it more independent of the Super-ego, to widen its field of perception and enlarge its organisation, so that it can appropriate fresh portions of the id. Where id was, there ego shall be. “

Unconscious or Self whom Freud also calls “id” exists as a dynamic entity beyond the space-time barriers of the material universe. It is full of passion for seeking certain beauty unparalleled in the whole universe. The beauty whose norms have vaguely appeared in Unconscious is unprecedented and everlasting. It is potentially present in the Unconscious but it lives in latent state. We find similar case with each higher creative stage. Ever-higher rational stage took its start from insignificant values of the stage; nevertheless, it has potential to realise all the values of the stage. Similarly, the Unconscious in which the reflection of the beauty of its Creator is potentially present has to rise tremendously by unveiling the total beauty and living with it forever as the realised ideal of its Creator. Thus seen every Human Soul is alive relative to its nearness with its Creator.

While our Unconscious or Self lives the universe beyond, it also remains linked with the material universe through our Conscious mind (ego). The Conscious mind interprets the intuitions of Unconscious by studying the external world through the perceptual mind (physical brain). The Conscious mind does not watch the universe with the material senses, as do the animals. Just as the digestive system of the animal by taking in the raw material contents of the external world (vegetables, minerals, air, water, etc.) lifts them under the norms of perceptual mind of the organism to its sensory level similarly when the Conscious mind studies the material universe through these senses, these perceptions which remain confined within space-time barriers duly stand processed in the non-material form of thoughts. It is certain that the universe determined by animal through its senses is insignificant as determined by the Conscious mind under the norms of Unconscious. The Conscious mind (ego), as observed by Freud remains attached with the living piece of the perceptual brain extended in proximity to the external world. It, however, withdraws it as an intermediary in case of even slightest irrational condition of the perceptual brain such as:

  1. Damage caused by injury or disease to perceptual brain;
  2. In the state of intoxication;
  3. In the state of sleep;
  4. In the state of unconsciousness; and
  5. In the state of death of the brain.

The moment the perceptual brain recovers from these states, the Conscious mind remains too ready to join it instantly. Being living out of space-time barriers, it knows no discontinuity. Its thought processes not withstanding the intervening lapse of time live in continuity with its past and so is the Unconscious, which remains as a dynamic entity without regard to the state of physical perceptual system. It as usual remains in the universe beyond and cannot come down to the material universe. However, while living in its earthly life, it continues to press upon the Conscious mind to recommend to it the best ideal for its satisfaction. To the extent, the Conscious mind has been able to recommend to Unconscious the right ideal; the Conscious mind gets immeasurable happiness by winning the libido (spiritual vitality) of Unconscious on it. In cases, however, the ideal loved and recommended by the Conscious mind to Unconscious is lost or it proved to be defective, the Unconscious withdraws its libido from the Conscious mind (ego). As a result the Conscious mind (ego) suffers a severe spell of shock by losing the libido of Unconscious. We call such spells as hysteria, madness, melancholia, etc. relative to the error made by the Conscious mind. Such defective ideals may be wealth, wife, son, fame, position, wish, desire, etc. Unless the Conscious mind is able to recover from the shock and recommend another ideal to the satisfaction of the Unconscious, the Unconscious being disappointed continues to withdraw its libido from it. In such cases, though the Conscious mind remains in touch with the perceptual brain but it cannot function properly. We call this state of mind as madness. While living in this world, there is always a possibility for the Conscious mind to choose another ideal and come out of the state of its perils, but in cases the individual passed away while loving and praying wrong ideals, he will have to live in a state of hell, perhaps for ever. The present universe would continue to live so long as the mankind has earned maximum values of the stage, that is, the Unconscious or Self has become more and more alive of the true Ideal of its Creator – and so also the Divine guidance has prevailed the humanity at its best. Simultaneously on winding of the present material universe and appearance of overall higher rational order wedded in greater glory and higher norms of beauty within each Unconscious (Self or Soul) every Self being in its real state would identify the beauty of its ideal with the glory of the Creator now fully reflected in it. In case, the ideal recommended and loved by the Conscious mind to the Unconscious tallies with the norms and glory now appeared in it, then both the Unconscious and the Conscious, that is, the whole personality would find it in an unprecedented state of happiness – we call it paradise. As against it, those Self’s which failed to choose and love the right ideal of Self in this world would remain blind of the glory of their Creator. We call it the hell for such unfortunate Souls, which took gratification of instinctual pleasures and desires in different forms as the ideal of the Self. Such Souls would not be able to find reflection of the Creator in them.

Our discussion has shown that without seeking Divine guidance we can never know the urge of the Unconscious by the help of reason alone. Had Freud been aware of this fact, it would have saved him from committing such a great error in understanding the passion and urge of the Unconscious. Life lives as a unit whole. We cannot define it with the gratification of animal sex instincts as the sole purpose of human being who has appeared as a Self-conscious Entity at the top of the whole creation and freely seeks its Creator direct from within. Because of Freud’s monumental error, mankind has grievously suffered both mentally and spiritually as is never known in history. Since the twenties of this century, no one knows how many families have been destroyed because of wrong interpretation of the urge of Human Self. Modesty, virtue and chastity, considered to be the invaluable pride of man have been shattered and a sizeable mankind who were led by such man-made theories were deprived of their spiritual bliss and happiness, so much so that the man of today has refused to identify his own self. The pursuit of sex to its highest perversion has even damaged the spiritual vitality of the physical body which kept it immune from the death instinct, Freud mentioned so often as anti-sex instinct. About sex, Mr Durant, the author of “The Story of Civilisation” in a beautiful article published in the Reader’s Digest says:

“Sex after hunger is man’s stronger instinct and greatest problem. Nature is infatuated with continuance and dolls up the woman with beauty and the man with money to lure them into continuing the species; and so it gives to us males such sensitivity to the charms of woman that we can go quite made in their pursuit. Sex then becomes a fire and flame in the blood and burns up the whole personality – which should be hierarchy and harmony of desires. Our ancestors played this sexual impulse down, knowing that it was strong enough without encouragement; we have blown it up with a thousand forms of initiation, advertisement, emphasis and display and have armed it with the doctrine that inhibition is dangerous. Whereas inhibition – the control of impulse – is the first principle of civilisation.”

The Physical Body And The Human Self Live As Two Distinct Stages.

 

At the Human Stage of creation, man does not live in the body of flesh and blood commonly known as human body. This body in fact belongs to the Animal Stage because its rational values are same as those of the animal organism. For instance, the instincts found in the human body are the same as are in the animal organism. The cells of the animal organism continue to die and rebuild and the organism passes from infancy to youth and from youth to old age. Similarly the cells of the human body continue to die and rebuild. Once in a decade these are completely replaced by the new ones. As regards rational values, the same senses determine the animal organism as are found in the human body. The basic needs such as shelter, food, living in right environment and immunity from diseases are similar in both the organisms. The animal lives as a sensuous organisation procreates by means of germ and then with the breaking of cells, the organism disintegrates and with that the physical life controlling the organism disappears with its death. Similar is the case with the physical organism of the man. It procreates by means of germ, develops to a full organism and then with its organic disintegration, its physical activities comes to an end. Thus the rational values which determine the physical organism of man are similar to those of the animal organism. In spite of the fact that man lives at a different and higher plan of consciousness, the similarity found in both kind of organisms gives the impression that, man is just an animal who is born of germ, develops into an organism and then with the disintegration of its physical body, ceases to live just as the other animals do.

No doubt under the creative process, the Animal Stage culminated in the best animal form we call it the human body. The physical body of man is the masterpiece of creation in the whole of the animal world because the Animal Stage accomplished its sense perceptions in best proportions in the physical body of man only. The very fact that human body is the most beautiful of all the animal species supports our view that the sensuous values as accomplished by the human organism in universal proportions were never accomplished by any other species throughout the animal world. But the man is not the physical body. This has been established under one of the fundamental laws of the creative process which lays that simultaneously on completion of the stage, a higher creative stage with different kind of rational values starts on it as an independent stage. The criterion with which we can determine completion of the stage is also laid under the same law. According to this law whenever a stage accomplishes the values of the stage to its affinity, the values so earned in the stage become fixed, that is, no new laws, values and species are created in the stage. Accordingly at the Animal Stage, ever since the Human Self has appeared no higher species has not ever registered nor do we find any change in the sense perceptions as well as in the instincts and form of the human physical body. Whatever development has proceeded since, it is the development of the mental processes of Human Self in the form of higher and higher Self-enlightenment. These facts establish that the values earned by the Animal Stage simultaneously with the appearance of Human Self became fixed. The Human Self, therefore , lives as an independent Self-conscious Entity outside the physical body. In the following pages we shall discuss some other facts to show that physical body and the Human Self live as distinct wholes and that Human Self outlives the physical body as the whole spatial universe.

When we ponder over the rational values manifested at the Animal Stage and the Self-conscious Stage of Man, we find that the animal remains fully immersed in the material state of life like a fish in the sea. It is not aware of the ultimate reality as it is not aware of itself. As against this, Human Self lives in such a state of conscious enlightenment where the heavy material wall has torn apart and gives him a direct vision of the ultimate reality because of which he has become to know of himself. This can be witnessed by the fact that while an animal is conscious of its own limbs and body and knows its immediate surroundings, man because of his Self-consciousness, not only know his limbs and immediate surroundings but his knowledge encompasses the whole universe. Besides, by virtue of his Self-consciousness, man becomes conscious of himself as a distinct entity from all the rest of the universe. It is certain that no animal can realise itself in that way. Further , by means of Self-consciousness, man becomes capable of treating his own mental states as objects of consciousness. The animal who lives merely at an organisational level remains immersed in its material state of consciousness; it cannot in imagination get out of that state even for a moment. This shows that the rational values of man are not only superior and distinct to those of the animal stage but these are different in kind.

BY the virtue of his Self-consciousness, whatever man builds is distinctively human. Language is the objective of which Self-consciousness is the subjective. Self-consciousness and language are indispensable for human social life, for conduct, for institution, for art. If any animal would have possessed Self-consciousness it would have build on that faculty (as man has done) a super-structure of language, of reasoned-out customs, industries, art. But no animal has done this. Therefore, we infer that no animal is conscious of itself. This shows that the human conscious values are not only different in kind but these supersede the conscious values manifested by life and order throughout the universe.

The animal acts under the pressure of instincts. It is similar to the physical stages, preceding the animal stage, where life acted in semi-conscious state in series of causes and effects. In other words, the animal remains the prisoner of the instincts because the animal does not possess Self or Personality. Absence of personality means that the organism is still in the making and , therefore, being incomplete, it has no direct feeling of the source of its making. It is with reference to the direct feeling of the source of its Maker that life can know itself. In the absence of this direct feeling life exists in its material or embryonic state in which it acts unconsciously through model symbols. As against it, man refuses where necessary, to yield to the instinctual pressure of his physical or animal organism. This shows that man lives in a separate state independent of the physical body.

Animal never resorts to over-satisfying any of its instincts. It satisfies the instincts according to their natural requirement. At the Human Stage, however , the attraction for satisfying the instincts supersedes normal requirements which reflects upon the independent free will of man.

The human physical brain develops from childhood onwards up to a certain limit beyond which it is not the brain but the individual’s knowledge that develops. Similarly in the animal stage, with the appearance of new species the brain continued to develop up to a certain limit- which is the human form of physical life – and beyond this limit it is not the species or the brain that we can expect to develop but it is rather the human Self-consciousness which develops. That man has become Self-conscious is an indication that the physical instrument of consciousness, the perceptual brain, has reached its perfection in him. The future creation of man will, therefore, manifest itself in the development of his Self-knowledge and not in a still greater development of his brain or physical body. It is clear, therefore, that man exists at a separate independent stage of his own, distinct from the creative stage of animal.

Prior to the Self-conscious Stage of Man since life was in “embryonic” state, it was not yet mentally aware of itself. At those stages the activity of organism was triggered through a series of causes and effects. The working of cause and effect may better be understood as if life was sleeping and the cause gave it a stimulus or urge for action. At the Human Stage, however, man can refuse to be led by any cause if he so willed. If any cause stimulates him for action he can either reject it or he may put it off to some other occasion. The choice of man to reject or postpone one cause and become the subject of another cause shows that if man wants to become subject of a certain cause he does according to his own free will. For example, if an animal is hungry, it cannot resist its feeding instinct and would, therefore, not rest until it has fed it. But in the case of man, if he wants, he can suppress the instinct and put it off to some other occasion. Here again, the choice for some “other occasion” rests with the free will of man. Thus in the first place man refuses to yield to the pressure of the feeding instinct and if at all he wants to yield to the instinct he does it so according to his own free will. Also in this case it is the man himself who selects the time that suits him. It may be said that if the man puts off his feeding to some other occasion, it would imply that here he has been led by another cause which prompted him to postpone the urge in favour of some more benefit which he could derive in future. The answer would be that man has made the selection between the two causes independently on his own. This is a unique phenomenon in the whole universe where life has the free will to select one cause out of two or many causes. Another important point which cannot be ignored is that the choice of the appropriate occasion has been made by man for future, foregoing the present. The choice of time falling in future could be visualised only by an entity that outlives the physical body and is distinctly aware of itself as a Self-conscious Entity. Also the benefit envisaged by man to be derived in future could become a cause only if Human Self is mindful of the benefits hidden in future and here the subject is creating the cause himself. This, as we said, is a unique phenomenon. We do not find any precedence in the whole universe where a subject may have created a cause for action independently on his own free will. In other words, it is the Self-conscious man who, being a subject, selects his own cause and then he accepts the effect of the cause only at his free will. The fact that the Human Self transcends the laws of nature establishes that the self remains untouched by the processes of decay and decomposition, which culminate in the dissolution of the body. The Self, therefore, survives death as it had survived many changes the physical body passes through during its life. The usual objections to survival after death are based on the fact of physical decomposition. The Holy Qur’an points out that this is not applicable to the Self:

“And they say: What! When we shall have become bones and decayed particles, shall we, forsooth, be raised up as a new creation? Say: Be ye stones or iron. Or some created thing that is yet greater in your thought! Then they say: Who shall bring us back (to life)? Say: He Who created you at the first. Then will they shake their heads at thee, and say: When will it be? Say: It will perhaps be soon.” —–17(49-51)

Will and Action.

Will and action are of paramount importance for the development of the Self. Will and action are really aspects of the same process. Action is “will actualised” and will is latent action. Only a free Self possesses “Will” in this sense, and a Self, which can perform actions independently at its free will, has relevance to survival. Animals act under the compulsion of instincts and without foresight of the results of their actions. They, therefore, cannot be credited with will, as we understand it. In the same way, the activities of the animal are not actions. An action is that which has been deliberately chosen by a free Self and has been voluntarily performed by it.

Pain And Pleasure Versus Joy And Happiness.

Animal organism develops to a certain limit and then on reaching completion, its function is to satisfy the instincts. The purpose of all the instincts is to preserve and continue the life at that stage. Each instinct has a separate function and also a separate pressure for driving the animal to such actions, which relate to the continuity of life of the organism. Each instinct puts its pressure direct on the organism and the organism as a subject yields to the instinct until the instinct has been satisfied. The instincts and the organism live as a balanced organisation. If the organism has been able to satisfy certain instinct, it gets the reward in the form of sensuous pleasure at the material state of life. In case, however, the organism fails to satisfy any of the instincts, the instinct continues to build its pressure and the organism remains under constant agitation. In other words, the “paradise” or “hell” of the organism is limited to the pleasure or pain up to the material level of the organism. The pleasure derived by the organism by feeding or indulging in sex, lasts only during the activity of the organism in satisfying these instincts.

Pain and pleasure are thus closely related to the material state of the body. The kind and level of pleasure is different with each instinct according to its usefulness in the continuation and reservation of life. For example, the instincts of sex and feeding are directly concerned with the preservation and continuation of life and accordingly great pleasure and attraction is attached to these instincts. The rich reward, which the organism derives by way of instinctual pleasure, helps the organism to make greater effort to satisfy these instincts. In case the organisms fails to satisfy any of its instincts because of famine or abnormal living conditions, the organism suffers physical pains and stresses. The organism faces a more serious situation when there is immediate danger to its life such as internal or external injury to its physical body. In such a serious situation the signal of warning is more material and is directly related to the physical body of the organism. It appears in severe pain and agony. Such a signal, which appears in pain and agony, is meant to enable the organism to seek immediate remedial measures for self-preservation. The instinctual pleasure or physical pains and sufferings are material in nature. As against this, the happiness and joy as well as mental pains such as worry and grief etc. are closely related to the Human Self. The feelings of happiness as well as the mental pains are spiritual in nature because the self or personality emerges with the cognition of its source. Since Human Self is in the making, it seeks its source in the form of ideals. If the Self meets with success in realising its ideal, it feels happiness and if it meets with failure, it struck with grief and sorrow.

Now if we compare the joy and happiness of Human Self with the instinctual pleasure and similarly human grief and worry with the physical pains and injuries, we find that the instinctual pleasures are inferior and sort-lived as compared to the happiness and joy of the Human Self. The former is related to the material or physical level of life and the latter is related to spiritual state of life. Similarly the physical pains or injuries are inferior to mental or spiritual agony. In other words, the scale of pain and happiness of animal organism and that of the Human Self is not different in degree but it is different in kind according to the different kind of conscious values. While the level of one is low, short-lived and limited to the activity and function of the body, the level of the other is high, unlimited and lasting. The most important thing is that while Human Self is aware of the pains and pleasures of the organism as it is aware of other phenomena of nature in the external world, the organism is never aware of the “feeling” of joy and happiness of the Human Self nor is it aware of the emotions which have exclusively appeared in man. Feelings and emotions as well as will and reasons are the attributes of the Human Self only. The physical organism cannot experience them even in imagination.

That the Human Self and the Perceptual mind of the organism live as separate wholes could be understood by the fact that as against the physical analytic system of digestion developed by the Perceptual mind of the organism, the Human Self has developed its own independent analytic system we know it as the “faculty of reason” or what Freud called it the “Conscious mind”. While the analytic system of digestion is a physical system of analysis, the Conscious mind of the Human Self is a mental system living outside the Perceptual mind of the organism. These facts establish that while the human organism lives and functions as a unit whole under the spatial laws of matter and motion, the Human Self lives as a non-material Self-conscious entity outside the laws of space-time and motion.

The purpose of our whole discussion was to establish that the Self-conscious Stage of human being, although attached to the animal organism, yet because of its unique conscious values and higher tendencies of life, lives in a separate stage in an independent mental body acquired by it. This makes us easy to understand the question of continuation of human life after the death of its physical organism. For this purpose, let us take a look at the creative process of the different stages of the universe. We find that under one of the fundamental laws of creation once a higher life stage simultaneously on completion of the preceding stage starts on it, the preceding stage continues to preserve the values of the stage. For example, at the physical stage of Earth, all the rational values of the stage were closed on it. At the Creative Stage of Vegetables, each species preserved its rational values in kind in the form of a seed. At this stage life preserved its physical form and conscious values to ensure distinctly the continuity of life in all of its rich and vast varieties to serve as a base for the higher creative stage. At the next higher stage, the animal life also preserved its values in kind in the form of the germ. At the higher creative stage of Man, the Human Self preserves its values in the “seed ” or ” germ” of its Self or Soul. The most important point to be noted is that in all the creative stages preceding the Self-conscious Stage of Man, the conscious values were preserved and passed on by each species in kind and not in “Person” or “Self”.

It is because at those stages life was not aware of itself. Hence it could preserve its values only in kind by passing the same through organism to organism. For example, at the Vegetable Stage, the individual distinction of a mango tree is in its kind or species and not in its “Person”. The reason is that whether it may be a mango tree or a wheat plant, the life in plants is never aware of itself and hence it can live under the values as preserved in seed by each species in the form of chemical laid in series, we call it “DNA”. Similar is the case with the creative stage of animal life. The animal stage is also a material state and it preserved the values of its species in kind. It may be a horse or a lamb; each preserved its values as a kind. As compared to the values preserved in kind at these stages, the values preserved at the human stage are “Personal” as implied in the words “Conscious Self”. If we take away the “Conscious Self” no conscious values pertaining to the self or person can exists or survive. It is obligatory, therefore, that the conscious values earned by each Self must remain “Personal” with the individual or “Conscious Self”. Our discussion has shown that:

  1. The Human Self lives independently in its mental “body” or mental state because of the non-material values of the Self;
  2. The “Personal” values of the Self cannot be transferred from Self to Self like the organic life of plants and animals as each Human Self lives as a unique Self-conscious Entity; and
  3. The Human Self cannot die as nature must protect each Self as its precious gain for onward creation.

Hence at the Human Stage, these are only the physical forms and values, which are transferred from germ to germ and which under the physical laws, remain subject to death and disintegration. But the Human Self, which lives in a separate non-material state, cannot simply die as it is against the fundamental principle of the creative process according to which life can never come down from the level it has achieved nor can it lose its conscious values. Life must protect those hard earned values in its minutest detail, as otherwise the process of creation cannot proceed.

All the spatial stages preceding Self-conscious Stage were in fact the preparatory stages of the Self-conscious Stage of Man. Since the conscious values created prior to the creative stage of Self-consciousness were in elementary stages and were meant to prepare the ground for the appearance of Self-conscious Man, they were living in an unconscious state or the material state of life – the state in which bodies played “consciousness” under the stimulus of attraction and repulsion caused by external processes. In this state life being not aware of itself continued to develop and transfer the values through the process of procreation. On reaching the Human Stage, life became directly aware of its Creator and with the cognition of its source it came to its own. All human activities were now triggered under the inherent urge of seeking and loving its Creator.

Like a single organism each stage lives as a unit and has a particular goal to reach. Since the values to be achieved at a certain stage are unlimited and divergent and cannot be achieved in a single unit body or organism, therefore, uncountable numbers of “Self’s” are created. It is natural, therefore, that each Self after having lived its maximum time of physical life must make way for the next Self. At Human Stage, each Self has a natural urge to discover more and more of the ultimate reality and impart whatever knowledge it may have gained to other fellow human beings so that mankind may succeed reaching its common goal in a united way. As a matter of fact each Conscious Self remains incomplete without the other complementary and supplementary ” Self’s”. This attachment is so strong that it always remains the urge of every soul to win the approval and appreciation of the other human beings for such actions or deeds, which are admired by the humanity. It is the dominating urge of each Self to live unitedly with fellow human beings. This urge is found at all the creative stages of life subject to the conscious level of the stage. The urge behind man’s social life is to share the thoughts, ideas and actions of each other. Various Research Centres, Academies, Educational Institutions, Seminars and other exploratory activities of man vis-à-vis dissemination of knowledge through pen and paper help mankind to know each other, of their aims and goals. It should, however, be born in mind that such human activities do not suggest that by disseminating knowledge or providing mental nourishment to other Self’s, the man transfers his own Self or personality with the transfer of knowledge. On the contrary Self’s develop by giving and helping the other Self’s because the goal of all the Self’s is common. It should be understood, therefore, that like the plants and animals, the Human Self or Personality does not transfer either through germ or by disseminating knowledge to each other. It is the Conscious Self, which is the real living value at the Human Stage and whose development is the sole purpose of the present creative stage. If we believe that each Self is mortal, in that case the whole creative process will prove useless exercise because nothing would survive at the close of the Self-conscious Stage of Man. This amount negation of one’s own Self as well as the negation of the creative process. Therefore, those who think that Self’s continue to meet with death and destruction, they cannot contribute to the cause of humanity because in that case those Self’s must already be dead. Such Self’s remain ignorant of the living process of humanity as well as their eternal spiritual bliss; hence their contribution, if any, can only block the righteous cause of the humanity. If we believe in the creative process we will have to believe that Human Self can never die with the death of its physical organism.

Man does not die from another point of view. With the reflection of reality from within, the Human Self begins to recognise its own Self. Thus once having recognised his Self, Human Self or Soul cannot accept any change. Even death or destruction cannot occur to the Soul. Death of Self would imply the death of the Ultimate Reality or the Source because of which Self is born and comes to know itself as an independent entity. These facts bring us to the conclusion that the Human Self is such a reality which once having recognised its Source, the “Other Reality” can never be destroyed.

Before we close this chapter we would like to leave an important note for our readers. There is a significant difference between the way the physical body develops and the manner the Human Self develops. The body grows by receiving substances from outside and incorporating them, that is, by taking in. The Self grows stronger by sharing its knowledge, wisdom and possessions with others. Its happiness lies in helping others. It is cramped when it keeps its riches to itself. Generosity of any kind enriches it and niggardliness impoverishes it. Therefore, if we want real happiness and spiritual bliss in this world and get out of all kinds of depression, we must give out and refrain from taking in.

Man Does Not Exist Anywhere Except On The Planet Earth.

 

Keeping in view the modern scientific discoveries that:

  1. The developmental processes of universe proceed in one direction only and that ;
  2. These processes are irreversible, and in view of our discussion that Man is placed at the top of all the creative stages – the only stage where creative activity is in progress – we can be sure that Man exists at the Planet Earth only.

Nevertheless we shall in this chapter exclusively examine the idea of extraterrestrial life of modern sciences and the Holy Qur’an to establish that Man lives at the Planet Earth only at the top of all creation and that higher creative processes in one direction must proceed only on building and strengthening the Human Self’s in greater and greater Self-illumination.

The idea of extraterrestrial life is very old. With the introduction of the era of space exploration, scientists were hopeful that they would be able to find out the possible existence of extraterrestrial life. Nevertheless the space probes have so far ruled out chances of even the elementary form of life anywhere in our solar system except the Earth. The rest of solar system is now acknowledged as lifeless, dead and barren.

As regards the staggering vastness of Cosmos housing millions of galaxies and unimaginable numbers of stars, the currently accepted laws of physics reveal that even in the Low Energy Phase of the processing of matter only fifty kinds of organic molecules have been discovered in the planets and in the interstellar medium which are far remote and negligible even to conform a unified physical order necessary for sustaining organic life as on the Earth. Nevertheless, not contented with the scientific discovery there are some who believe that man is not unique on Earth and that human beings also exist in distant planets. Their argument is simple but it remains outside the range of scientific proof. They say:

“If we just consider the only form of life that we know of in the Solar System, let us try to estimate the number of other sites propitious for the appearance of life in other stars of our Galaxy. We can at once eliminate some stars since it is necessary for planetary system to have been formed about stars with sufficiently long life-times for the development and evolution of life…if all double and multiple star systems are rejected as well, because their radiation is not stable enough, there still remain about twenty billion stars in our Galaxy which are stable for long enough for life to emerge.”

If we multiply the number of stars considered stable for life in our galaxy with the million of galaxies stretched beyond, we are apt to assume that there exist uncountable worlds inhabited by life. Nevertheless, the currently accepted laws of physics do not support such a notion. Particularly the fact that the matter of Cosmos obeys only a very small number of unified physical laws as established on the earth rejects the presence of organic life anywhere in the universe except the earth.

Earth – The Only Planet Inhabited By Man.

Our study of the development of the universe has shown that it has developed in the following successive creative stages or orders:

  1. The Cosmos – Phase I and Phase II;
  2. The Planet Earth;
  3. The Vegetables;
  4. The Animals; and finally
  5. The present Self-conscious Stage of Man.

According to the modern physics, the Cosmos has developed in two successive phases of the processing of matter. The physicists say that the developmental process of matter is still very poorly understood in almost every case, except one, the development of the Earth. When we study the development of the Earth and start of organic life on it, we find that life did not appear on the Earth until the Earth as a unit order passed through a complete process of synthesis of various elements and developed its behaviour in a series of unified physical laws. Simultaneously on completion of physical laws and appearance of life, the physical laws became immutable. Had the physical laws accepted any change or modification on appearance of organic life, the successive life tiers built on them would have been destroyed. Similar is the case with the successive stages of life. The study of the development of Man has shown that simultaneously on appearance of higher life, the life values and forms in the preceding stages became immutable, that is, no new species were created in them. The same law applies to the elementary stage of Cosmos. With the completion of physical laws in one of its planets, that is, the Earth, further creative activity stopped in the whole Cosmic order. This is because simultaneously with the accomplishment of full values of the stage in any of its leading system, repetition of the same is neither admissible nor allowed under the creative process. Repetition of values finally achieved by a certain stage implies that no purpose exist behind creation. Whereas the processes of creation are duly disciplined, dynamic and purposive. They are heading in one direction towards achieving higher and higher goals as willed by the Creator of the universe.

We shall now explain briefly the fundamental laws of the creative process accepted by the modern physics. These laws would support the view that it is the earth only, which is inhabited by man.

I. The Universe Has Developed In Successive Stages And Is Governed By Laws.

The universe has developed in successive stages. Each developed stage of the universe exists as a unique system of behaviour disciplined from within. The developing process of universe is rational. It is controlled by laws such as:

  1. The higher stage starts only on completion of the preceding stage;
  2. The higher stage, without overthrowing the values achieved in the preceding stage(s) dominates them; and
  3. Simultaneously on completion of the preceding stage and start of a higher creative stage, the values earned in the preceding stage become immutable.

We give the name “nature ” to all these orders which were active at one time and which have since become immutable with the beginning of the higher order. At present the top Creative Order is the Self-conscious Stage of man. Accordingly, the creative activity is going on only at this stage.

II. The Creative Processes Of The Universe Are Irreversible; They Proceed Only In One Direction.

Scientifically study of the various developing stages as listed above shows that each stage continues to stick to its own values, as a separate and independent unit. This is evident from the fact that life at each stage can neither step down to the preceding stage nor can it jump to the higher stage. If man likes to revert to the Animal Stage and become an animal, it is simply impossible. If he does, he must lose his Self-consciousness. The same is true of other stages of life. Once having completed the Animal Stage, no animal can jump into the Self-conscious Stage of Man to become a human being or step down to the Vegetables. This shows that each stage of the universe is a complete plan of its own respective stage, which exists as a perfect independent unit within the overall creative purpose of the Creator.

Besides, as revealed by the natural sciences, the direction on which the creative process has proceeded from stage to stage is essentially mental, intellectual, volitional; and emotional – the fundamental attributes of consciousness or life. This is evident from the fact that what really concrete has emerged at the top creative stage, that is, the present Creative Stage of Man, it is attainment of Self-consciousness. It follows that basically all the system of the universe, right from particle to the thinking man, has the attributes of consciousness. In other words, everything is alive of its needs and purposes. As a matter of fact we can determine the direction or differentiate between the various developmental stages, of the universe only on the basis of succeeding consciousness expressed in behaviour relevant to each developed stage. This establishes that the only direction on which the development of the universe has proceeded is the direction towards achieving the greater and greater enlightenment, awareness and Self-consciousness. Thus seen, the future higher stage of man will consist in the development of his Self-knowledge in the form of Self-illumination and not in a still greater development and complication of his brain and body which have since become immutable.

III. On Completion Of Values At A Certain Creative Stage, Nature Does Not Repeat them. The Values So Completed Are Succeeded By The Next Creative Order.

Repetition of values accomplished at a certain stage is against the developmental processes of the universe. As a matter of fact no development was possible if Nature would have repeated its gains finally accomplished at a certain creative stage. Thus the fundamental law that Nature once having accomplished values at a certain stage never repeats them establishes that higher life process must proceed on the Planet earth which first of all accomplished the unified physical laws on it. If we assume that even after completion of unified physical laws on Earth, Nature still continued to develop physical laws on other planets, in that case the creative activity would have stopped. It would have implied that Nature has no higher aim or purpose behind the development of the Universe. Scientific discoveries rule out assumption as it amounts to negating the very fundamental laws of the creative process, which establish that:

  1. Creative processes proceed only in one direction; they are irreversible;
  2. The higher creative stage must start simultaneously on completion of the preceding stage;
  3. With the simultaneous start of a higher creative stage on closing of the preceding stage, the values of the preceding stage become immutable and continue to maintain them for serving as a base for the higher creative stages. We call the stages so completed as “living nature” or simply as nature. If the preceding stages continue to develop or accept changes or modifications in them, the higher creative stage built on them cannot stand. Hence no change in values is admissible on completion of a certain stage nor the same is repeated by Nature.

Had the Nature on succession of Vegetable Stage simultaneously on completion of the physical laws on the planet Earth continued to develop similar laws in other planets, it would have violated the great law according to which simultaneously on succession of a higher creative stage, the values earned in the preceding stage become fixed. We can understand this on the analogy of the creative stages of Vegetables and Animals. Once the Vegetable Stage is accomplished its values and simultaneously the higher stage of Animal took its start on it; no further vegetable species were created. Whatever and wherever the species had already been created they become fixed. Similarly, on completion of sense perceptions of Human body and appearance of higher creative stage of Self-consciousness, no more animal species were created. Here too whatever and wherever the animal species had already been created, they became fixed. Accordingly once the physical laws were accomplished on the Planet Earth and simultaneously the higher Vegetable Stage started on it, the laws says that whatever and wherever the physical laws had been developed in other planets simultaneously on completion of physical laws on Earth, they must stand fixed. Nature does not repeat its creative order once it has accomplished full values of the stage.

That ever since the organic life appeared on the Planet Earth it continued to develop in successive stages establishes our claim that it is the Planet Earth only, which first of all accomplished unified order of physical laws on it. These laws dominate the laws prevailing in the whole Cosmos. It should be noted that the creative activity has not yet stopped at the earth as it still in progress at the top (present) creative stage of man. It further supports the view that complete physical laws were first accomplished by Nature on our Earth.

Modern scientific discoveries give rational view of the universe. If we assume that different kinds of physical laws exist on different planets, it would imply that the developmental processes of the universe are not rational and as such the universe follows no laws, has no aim behind its development and does not exist as a unit order. It would also imply that the laws prevailing on our Earth are not universal and our claim that there is continuity of laws in the universe will prove false. It means that we try in vain to find out the reality of the universe, if different kinds of laws are prevailing in different parts of the universe. Hence such an assumption is rejected out-rightly as it against the rational development of the universe. Keeping in view the rational development of the universe and also the currently accepted laws of physics given below, we are led to believe that the unified physical laws were first accomplished only on the Planet earth:

  1. The matter of Cosmos appears to obey a very small number of physical laws, which can be expressed by a series of unified physical laws.
  2. As against the physical laws of Cosmic matter, the laws of physics and chemistry that are established in the laboratory on Earth hold good throughout the universe. In other words, the physical laws of the Earth dominate the laws of the whole Cosmos! This accepted law of physics further establishes that in spite of its development in higher stages, Single Overall Creative Law (Purpose) prevails the whole Cosmos.

Our discussion in the light of the scientific discoveries has shown that since physical laws have first been accomplished on the planet Earth and the Nature on completion of values in a certain creative stage does not repeat them, we can be sure that Man exists only on the planet Earth. We shall now examine this question in the light of the revelations made in the Holy Qur’an.

Extraterrestrial Life and Man

(Discussion in the light of Holy Qur’an)

When we study the Holy Qur’an, we find that Man is not only placed at the top of all creation but that whatsoever exists in the universe is made subservient to him. The following verses of the Holy Qur’an reflect on it:

“And Allah made of science unto you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatever is in the Earth; it is all from Him. Lo! Herein verily are portents for people who reflect.” ————45(13)

“See ye not how Allah hath made serviceable unto you whatever is in the skies and whatsoever is in the Earth and hath loaded you with His favours both without and within? Yet of mankind is he who disputeth concerning Allah, without knowledge or guidance or a Scripture giving light.” —–31(20)

These clear injunctions out-rightly reject the notion of those who advocate organic life in extraterrestrial planets. These verses explicitly display man as the master of the whole creation and so it places the Earth not only second higher Creative Order but also unique in the whole universe. And just for that matter, our Prophet (S.A.W) has been called by Allah:

“… Grace towards all mankind.” ——–21(107)

And the Holy Qur’an has been described:

“This (message) is no less than a reminder to all mankind.” —–81(27).

It follows from it that if human beings live in other worlds, they must live as subservient to the earthly man. The verses, as a matter of fact, place all universal phenomenon in the service of man. Also these establish that man is the best of the whole creation.

The Holy Qur’an further establishes the fact that we are the only civilisation in the whole universe in the following verse:

“Fir that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and who so saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind. Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs (of Allah’s sovereignty), but afterwards, Lo! Many of them became prodigals in the earth.” ——5(32)

The Qur’anic injunction that whosoever killeth a human being in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all man-kind, and who so saved the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind supports the fact that human beings are not only the best of all creation for whom the whole universe has been created but that they are inhabited only on the earth.

Some people misinterpret the meaning of “Rabul Allamin” as given in the Holy Qur’an to mean the existence of uncountable worlds inhabited by man elsewhere. It is not correct, as the interpretation of “Rabul Allamin” given by Allah in the Holy Qur’an is explicitly available in the form of a simple dialogue between Moses and Pharaoh as under:

“And come together unto Pharaoh and say: Lo! We bear a message of the Lord of the World.” —26(16)

“Pharaoh said: And what is the Lord of the Worlds.” —-26(23)

“(Moses) said: Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them; if ye had but sure belief.” —26(24)

This clear interpretation of “Rabul Allamin” from our Allah, the Creator and Nourisher of the universe should serve as a guidance to those who interpret these words up in the Cosmos inhabited by beings like man.

It may be stated that the word ” Rabul Allamin” which refers to the whole universe has been used in the Holy Qur’an at several places which carry different meanings as well. Its application is restricted according to the context for explaining particular nations, events or situations where stress is to be laid or where it is desired by Allah to mention distinctly His blessings bestowed by Him on His Messengers and Prophets. At certain places it is also used for the whole humanity as well. Some of the verses from the Holy Qur’an are given below:

“And verily, We gave the children of Israel the Scripture and the Command and the Prophethood, and provided them with good things and favoured them over all (peoples).” —-45(16)

“And when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! Allah hath chosen thee and made thee pure, and hath preferred thee above (all) the women of creation.” —-3(42)

“He said: Lo! They are my guest. Affront me not! And keep your duty to Allah, and shame me not. They said: Have we not forbidden you from (entertaining) any one?” —————15(68-70)

“And We rescued him and those with him in the ship, and made of it a portent for the peoples.” ——–29(15)

“Lo! The first Sanctuary appointed for mankind was that at Becca, a blessed place, a guidance to the peoples.” ——–3(96)

“Peace by unto Noah among the peoples!” —-37(79)

As stated above, the use of word “Rabil Allamin” in such verses is restricted for laying stress on the importance of certain events. Thus the word “Allamin” is never used for the existence of uncountable worlds inhabited by man.

Our discussion in the light of scientific discoveries and the Holy Qur’an has shown that since physical laws have first been completed on the Planet earth and the Nature on completion of values in a certain creative stage never repeats them, we can be sure that man exists only on the planet earth.

Conjectures regarding the existence of uncountable worlds beyond, made on the basis of fathomless distances in the space, have no scientific import. These conjectures simply reveal the state of mind of those who are mostly awed by the huge physical might of the Cosmos and are unaware of the greatness, beauty and might of their own beings as well as the Beauty, Might and Wisdom of that real Designer, Builder and Controller of this unprecedented universe. Man is the essence of the whole creation. He is the man who determines the behaviour of all the creative orders; we call them universe and classify them relative to their rational behaviour in succession. It is, therefore, not the mere awful vastness of the Cosmos; its wonderful hierarchical system possessed of great discipline, concord and harmony which inspire us but what really inspires and strengthens our souls is the mysterious sensation of the presence of certain limitless Superior Spirit which encompasses the incomprehensible universe. Einstein, who is sometimes called as materialist, says:

“The most beautiful and most profound emotion we can experience is the sensation of the mystical. It is the sower of all true science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead. To know that what is impenetrable to us really exists, manifesting itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant beauty which our dull faculties can comprehend only in their most primitive forms – this knowledge, this feeling is at the centre of true religiousness.”

On the other occasion he declared:

“The cosmic religious experience is the strongest and noblest main spring of a scientific research.” “My religion” he says. “Consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble minds. This deeply emotional conviction of the presence of a superior reasoning power, which is revealed in the incomprehensible universe, forms my idea of God.”

The Cosmos reminds us of the presence of the illimitable Superior Spirit. It is there also to remind us our own greatness. This fact has been made clear in the following beautiful verses of the Holy Qur’an;

“Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and (in) the difference of night and day are tokens (of His sovereignty) for men of understanding. Such as remember Allah, standing, sitting, and reclining and consider the creation of the heavens and the earth (and say): Our Lord! Thou createdst not this in vain. Glory to be Thee! Preserve us from the doom of Fire.” —-3(190-191)

We belittle the grand purpose of the Creator when we say that He only aims at mass production of human beings everywhere in the Cosmos. Human being is unique and rightfully the ruler of all that which exists. It is the Human Self or Soul, which is the real universe. Without it, the whole splendour, might concord and beauty of the Cosmos has no meaning.

Man stands at the top creative order of the whole universe and so is the Planet Earth, which exists at the top of Cosmos as a second higher creative order. Let scientists grope for human species elsewhere in the universe in vain. Our real object, besides reflecting on the wonderful creation and paying our humble admiration to our Allah, is to love, respect and help the destitute and forsaken amongst us. Thus inspired with fellow – human beings let us seek our Lord collectively to Whom we all belong.

Sceptics Lack Impetus

In an article which appeared in Sputnik, November, 1977 under the caption “Are We a Unique Civilisation”, Dr Iosif Shklovsky describes human beings as unique in the whole universe and demands that instead of evading our responsibilities, we should lend a powerful impetus to the creative activity of each individual and all humanity, colossal increasing its responsibility in the face of the formidable problems facing it. Dr. Shklovsky (though with usual caution as a scientist) thus winds up his article:

“The picture of the objectively existing universe with its underlying laws which is opening up to us excludes the presence of cosmic-scale intelligent activity; the present technical level of observational astronomy is too high to maintain that the activity of intelligence which transforms cosmic objects can remain “invisible ” to man.

It all suggests that the assumption that we are the only civilisation in our galaxy or even the local system of galaxies, if not in the whole Universe, is now much more – not less – valid than the traditional concept of the popularity of inhabited worlds.

Perhaps the conclusion that ours is the only civilisation in the Universe (at least practically, if not absolutely), is of major moral and ethical significance for mankind. It makes the value of man’s technological and, still more, humanistic achievements, the incomparably greater. The importance of the fact that mankind is something like vanguard of matter in at least a very large section of the cosmos if not in the whole Universe should lend a powerful impetus to the creative activity of each individual and all humanity, colossal increasing its responsibility in the face of the formidable problems facing it. The impermissibility of senseless, barbaric wars, of suicidal destruction of the environment is becoming abundantly clear.”

Notwithstanding the above scientific view, there has been all types of speculative hypothesis about visits of beings from other planets to the Earth both in the past and in our times (flying saucers). In its recent issue, December 1987, the Readers Digest under the caption ” What’s behind our UFO MANIA” has claimed that the tales and hypothesis about unidentified flying objects (UFOs) and alien intruders remain outside the range of scientific proof, and too often they seem to demonstrate public gullibility. These have, however, led production of several books in which old delusions dressed up in new garbs continue to make business.

The question arises as to why some scientists want to see man also in other worlds. The answer can be understood from the fact that if the human beings have been created in innumerable worlds in the Cosmos without any purpose, then we can reject this notion because the universe is not a machine, it is living and purposive. The creative process proceeds only in one direction without ever repeating its successes already achieved by it. Hence the Law of Nature does not support the concept of creation of innumerable identical human beings.

The development of the Cosmos in two successive phases and then creation of the Earth and raising on it different tiers of life, that is, the Vegetables, the Animals, and the Man, one above the other, support the fact that the creative processes of the universe are purposive and that the human being who lives at the top creative order of the universe has a laudable goal which he has been destined to achieve step by step. The following verses explain these facts:

“And We created not the Heaven and the Earth and all that between them in vain. That is the opinion of those who disbelieve. And woe unto those who disbelieve from the Fire!” —-38(27)

“That ye shall journey on from stage to stage. What aileth them, then, that they believe not.” —–84(19-20)

The Ultimate Goal of creation of Man is his Creator only:

“And that thy Lord, He is the goal” —-53(42)[translated from Marmaduke Pickthall]

Although the existence of numberless worlds inhabited by man elsewhere is not supported by the revelation as well as by the modern physics but for the sake of argument let us see as to how far it is justified.

We know that the creative process of man is active today on this Earth. The Divine Law of providing guidance to humanity and establishing its discipline through purge of communities which retard overall progress of humanity is a part of the creative process and it aims at helping humanity for its steady advance towards achieving full discipline as ordained by the Creator during its worldly life. As soon as the Creator has achieved this aim, Doomsday must follow so that human deeds may be judged and rewarded under the overall purpose of the creation of humanity. Thus once humanity has successfully achieved the values of the creative stage to its affinity as ordained by the Creator, the plea of raising numerous worlds and humanities for gaining the same discipline under the same guidance is uncalled for. The creative processes of the development of the universe reveal that they are dynamic and proceed only in one direction. Hence these processes rule out repetition of values once finally achieved in a system.

The idea of the creation of uncountable worlds and humanities further degrades the self-respect of human being who lives at the top of the creative orders of the universe. Human being is not only the best of all creation but as revealed by Allah in verse 45(13) all things created in the Heavens and the Earth have been made subservient to him. Man stands at the highest rung of life or consciousness. When he ponders over the earliest phases of creation and sees the vastness of heavens and the huge celestial bodies manifesting great energy and grandeur, he is convinced that its Maker is most Magnificent and Omnipotent. When he finds in them great discipline and uniformity, these make him aware of certain purpose behind their creation. Furthermore, being the essence of all creation, he feels that he is also unique in the whole universe. The various creative orders of the universe are nothing but the milestones of the journey through which he was raised.

Those who are not aware of human greatness, they are apt to be overawed by the grandeur of the Cosmos and forget their own reality. Such persons are as good as dead. On the other hand, those who have self-knowledge, they realise that the whole universe is indeed micro-miniaturised in their psychic deeps as Allama Muhammad Iqbal says:

“The identity of a non-believer is this that he is lost in the world, whereas countless worlds lie embedded within the very inner – self of a believer.)

Conclusions

If we are convinced that the Holy Qur’an and the modern physics have established that human being despite vastness of the Cosmos is unique in the whole universe. It leads us to far-reaching conclusions:

  1. It explicitly confirms that the universe is not a machine; it is purposive (spiritual). Accordingly man is apt to abhor all man-made ideals, concepts which are based on materialist thought and which aim at dividing and exploiting the humanity.
  2. Being the crown of all creation and living as vanguard of all created life, direct cognition of Allah in Human Self is natural. Thus craving for spiritual union with the Creator and loving Him in his ideals is psychic necessity of every human being. Direct spiritual cognition of Allah in Human Self-shows that Allah also lives as near to man as his life vein. This is how this fact has been revealed in the Holy Qur’an:“And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely I am nigh.” ————————2(186)
  3. It enhances the prestige of man in the eye of man and induces powerful impetus to the creative activity of each individual and all humanity for applying humanistic approach for solving the human problems.

Has Planet Earth Come As A Unique Planet Merely By Chance?

Had there been no external arrangement laid by Nature for the guidance of mankind, man would never have understood the reality merely on the basis of his intellect. This is evident from the fact that on the one hand when man compares the staggering vastness of the universe and presence of innumerable earth – like planets with that of the Planet Earth – a tiny speck – he is led to believe that there must be innumerable worlds like the Planet earth inhabited by man and on the other hand if he is convinced that Planet Earth is unique Planet in the whole Cosmos which supports life, he takes it as a mere chance! Although classic physics – the science of knowledge through measurements – has categorically accepted that nothing can move without law and even if we regard some event a mere chance, that chance must have already been laid in the system or else resulted under a long series of legal frame work as discipline and in-discipline can never go side by side. The universe is such a wonderfully balanced organisation disciplined under law that it is quite inconceivable that the order and balance could have emerged without unique typical characteristics in which the Earth is placed. The adjustment of the Earth to life and its diminutive size compared with the immensity of space are too numerous to be accounted for by chance. The following factors will show that how the infinite values of the Cosmos have micro-miniaturised in the form and shape of the Earth:

  1. The diminutive size of the earth compared with the immensity of space is sometimes disparagingly referred to. If the earth were as small as the moon, i.e. one fourth of its present diameter, the force of gravity (one sixth that of the earth) would fail to hold both atmosphere and water, and temperatures would be fatally extreme. If double its present diameter, the enlarged earth would have four times its present surface and twice its force of gravity, the atmosphere would be dangerously reduced in height, and its pressure would be increased from 15 to 30 ponds per square inch, with serious repercussion upon life. The winter areas would be greatly increased and the regions of habitability would be seriously diminished. Communities of people would be isolated, travel and communication rendered difficult or almost impossible.
  2. If our Earth were of the size of the sun, but retaining its density, gravity would be 150 times as great, the atmosphere diminished to about four miles in height, evaporation of water rendered impossible and pressure increased to over a ton per square inch. A one pound animal would weight 150 pounds and human beings would reduce in size to that of, say, a squirrel. Intellectual life would be impossible to such creatures.
  3. If the earth were removed to double its present distance from the sun, the heat received would be reduced to one fourth its present amount, the orbital velocity would be only one half, the winter season would be doubled in length and life would be frozen out. If its solar distance were halved, the heat received would be four times as great, the orbital velocity would be doubled, seasons would be halved in length and the planet would be too parched to sustain life. In size and distance from sun, and in orbital velocity, the earth is able to sustain life, so that mankind can enjoy physical, intellectual and spiritual life as it now prevails.
  4. The earth completes one rotation on its axis in twenty-four hours. In other words, it is rotating on its axis at a speed of one thousand miles per hour. Suppose its speed were reduced to 200 miles/hour – which is quite possible, our days and nights would then be prolonged to ten times their present duration. The heat of the summer would become scorching and would reduce the entire vegetation of the planet to ashes during the day time, and whatever survived the heat would be shrivelled up by the severe cold during the excessively long nights. Just one change in one set of conditions would bring total devastation in its wake. Other changes could do the same. The sun, which is now our source of life, could become the most terrible scourge if, for example, the distance between the earth and the sun – approximately 93,000,000 miles – were reduced by half, then its 12,000 degree Fahrenheit surface temperature would cause this paper to burst into flames. Conversely, if the distance were doubled, the earth’s surface would become too cold to allow any life to survive. A star 10,000 times bigger than the sun would keep the entire earth roasting hot, like an oven. The earth’s inclination in space at an angle of 23 degrees is one of the greatest marvels to man, because that is what causes our seasons, making the greater part of the earth habitable and providing a greater diversity of plant life. Had the earth’s axis been perpendicular, there would have been perpetual darkness at the North and the South Poles, the oceanic vapours would have travelled northwards and the earth’s surface would have been covered in either glaciers or deserts – to describe but a few of the adverse effects. This would have rendered the survival of life on earth impossible. One can go endlessly imagining different sets of physical circumstances which could have precluded or destroyed human existence. It is unthinkable then that the perfect conditions for man to come into existence on earth were simply self-generating and had no origin in divine inspiration.
  5. Currently, scientists are convinced that the earth and the other planets did not form from the sun, but were formed of particles coming together at the same time that the sun itself was being formed. The earth was never at sun temperature, but it did grow quite warm through the energies of collision of all the particles that formed it. It grew warm enough so that its relatively small mass could not hold an atmosphere or water vapour to begin with.
  • The solid body of the newly formed earth had, in other words, neither atmosphere nor ocean. Where then, did they come from? There existed water (and gases) in loose combination with the rocky substances making up the solid portion of the globe. As that solid portion packed together more and more tightly under the pull of gravity, its interior grew hotter and hotter. Water vapour and gas were forced out of combination with the rock and came fizzing from its substance. The gaseous bubbles, forming and collecting, racked the baby earth with enormous quakes, escaping heat produced violent volcanic eruptions. For unnumbered years, liquid water did not fall from the sky; rather water vapour whistled out of the crust and then condensed. The oceans formed from below, not from above.
  1. If the oceans had been deeper by just a few more feet, they would have absorbed all available Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen, and no vegetation of any kind could have survived upon the earth’s surface. If the air in the atmosphere had been less dense than it is present, the twenty million meteors that daily enter it at speeds, of about 30 miles/second, would be crashing down all over the earth, burning up all combustible matter and perforating the whole of the earth’s surface. The heat alone of a meteor travelling 90 times faster than a bullet would be enough to annihilate so vulnerable a creature as man. It is thanks to this atmospheric layer being of an appropriate density that mankind is safeguard against these fiery showers of celestial debris. This density is also exactly right for solar actinic rays to reach the earth in such proportions as will promote the growth of vegetation, destroy harmful bacteria, and make vitamins available which may be absorbed directly from the sunlight through the skin, or indirectly from edible matter through the digestive tract. How wonderful it is to have all these benefits in exact proportion to our requirements.
  2. Oxygen is the source of life and is not obtainable from any source other than atmosphere. But had it formed 50% of the atmosphere or more, instead of the present 21% combustibility of all matter on the earth’s surface would have been so high that even if just a single tree caught fire, whole forests would at once explode. Similarly, had the proportion of oxygen in the atmosphere been as low as 10% life might conceivably have adjusted to this over the centuries, but it is unlikely that human civilisation would have taken its present form. And if the matter present on the earth’s surface had absorbed all of the free oxygen instead of only a part, no animal life would have been possible at all.
  3. Along with oxygen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide and carbon gases in their free form as well as in the form of different compounds are the most important ingredients of life – the very foundations, in fact, on which our life rests. There being not even one chance in a 100 million that all those elements should have assembled in such favourable proportions on any other planet at any one given time, we have to ask ourselves how it came about that such freely moving gases formed themselves into a compound and remained suspended in the atmosphere in exactly the right proportions to sustain life. As the noted physicist, Morton White puts it, “Science has no explanation to offer for the facts, and to say it is accidental is to defy mathematics”.
  4. We have to concede that there is a formidable array of facts in this world, in the universe, which cannot be explained unless we admit the intervention of a superior mind. For instance, the density of ice is less than that of water, because, as it freezes, its volume increases in relation to its mass. It is because of this that ice floats instead of sinking to the bottom of lakes and rivers and gradually forming a solid mass. On the surface of the water, it forms a layer of insulation to maintain the water below at a temperature above freezing point. Fish and other forms of marine life are thus permitted to survive throughout the winter, and, when spring comes, the ice melts rapidly. If water did not behave in this way, all of us in general, and people in cold countries in particular, would face severe calamities. Clearly this property of water is tremendously important to life.

Besides above factors which make earth as a unique planet, the following features peculiar on earth are imperative for sustaining life;

  • The tilt of earth 23.5 degree axial of orbit, or ecliptic, about the sun results in long winter nights and long summer days alternating between both polar regions and causing seasonal variations in climate. The habitable area of the earth in thus doubled and our earth sustains a greater diversity of plant life than would be possible on a stationary globe.
  • The atmosphere of life-supporting gasses is sufficient high (about 500 miles) and dense to blanket the earth against the deadly impact of 20 million meteors those daily enter it at speeds of about 330 miles/second. Among many other functions the atmosphere also maintains the temperature within safe limits for life, and carries the vital supply of fresh water vapour far inland from the oceans to irrigate the earth, without which it would become a lifeless desert. Thus the oceans, with the atmosphere, are the balance wheel of nature.
  • Four remarkable properties of water – its power of absorbing vast quantities of oxygen at low temperatures, its maximum density at 4 degree Centigrade, above freezing, whereby lakes and rivers remain liquid, the lesser density of ice than water so that it remains on the surface, and the power of releasing great quantities of heat as it freezes – preserves life in oceans, lakes and rivers throughout the long winters.
  • The dry land is a stable platform for much terrestrial life. The soil provides the minerals which plant life assimilates and transforms into needful foods for animals. The presence of metals near the surface renders the arts of civilisation possible.

The marvellous mathematical exactitude is found in making the earth. The behaviour even of inanimate matter is not in any way haphazard: on the contrary, it, “obeys” definite “natural laws”. No matter in which corner of the world at any given time the word “water” will invariably mean ” a compound consisting of 11.1% of hydrogen and 88.9% of oxygen”. As land animals, we tend to forget that the most extensive habitat for life is the world’s oceans. The oceans occupy about 70% of the earth’s surface. Even this figure does not give a true estimate of the space available for marine life. On land, organisms occupy a flat and narrow zone from several meters below the surface to rarely more than 30 meters above it. Nearly all-terrestrial life is restricted to this zone about 40 meters thick. The average depth of the oceans, on the other hand, is roughly 4,000 meters. Since organisms are found throughout the depths of the oceans, the actual space available for marine life is about 300 times greater as the space available for terrestrial life!

The fact that the planet Earth is the only planet in the whole Cosmos which has the “urge ” to strictly preserve its substance under its overall discipline shows that the Earth exists as some thing like a living organism. Lewis Thomas, a leading biologist in his book titled “The Lives of a Cell” thus writes about the Earth:

“I have been trying to think of the earth as a kind of organism, but it is no go. I cannot think of it this way. It is too big, too complex, with too many working parts lacking visible connections. The other night, driving through a hilly wooded part of southern New England, I wondered about this. If not like an organism, what is it like, what is it most like: Then, satisfactorily for that moment, it came to me: it is most like a single cell.”

The view of Lewis Thomas that the Planet Earth is most like a single cell is more near to the truth. The mathematical characteristics of the physical laws (a priori-consciousness) support the view that earth exits as kind of organism.

The Creation and The Purpose

We have briefly discussed the various stages of the creation of the universe in one of the preceding chapters. When we consider the creation of life in these stages we find that each new stage appeared with higher values of consciousness as compared to the consciousness of life created in the preceding stages. It gives the impression that the lower stage of consciousness gives birth to the higher stage of consciousness. This is not correct because a lower state of consciousness cannot without understanding jump to a higher state of consciousness, which starts with a different kind of conscious values. However, in spite of this clear factual position, the evolutionists believe that universe is not a creation but it has evolved from lower to higher stages. Apart from other things, they argue that the preceding stages provide the right environment to the higher stage without which the higher stage could not come into existence. For example, if we take the Vegetable Stage, we will find that the vegetable life could not develop without the soil, water and proper environment, which is provided by the preceding stage of Earth. Similarly, at the Animal Stage, the animal could not exist without the vegetable life and the environment, which kept it alive. Even at the Human Stage of Self-consciousness, the sense perceptions with the help of which man tries to understand the universe vis-à-vis the material conditions of life, have been made available to him by the animal. Evolutionists, therefore, believe that life has evolved as a result of evolutionary process.

We have already discussed this and many other questions in the preceding chapters wherein we have rejected outright such notions, as according to our study the lower stage of life always remains unaware of the higher life that starts on it. It is, therefore, not correct to think that the lower state of life, having different conscious values, “evolves” itself into a different and higher kind of life without prior understanding. On the contrary, we see clearly an overall mind working behind the wonderful creative process, which gives direction, and ensure continuity of life.

The natural sciences have revealed that there exist unbridgeable gulfs between each creative stage. The materialists and evolutionists took this fact disparagingly as it did not support the mechanical interpretation of the development of the universe and tried to mitigate it by arguing that the gulfs are narrow! The presence of gulfs in fact reveals that the universe has developed in diversity. When we study the great creative process of the universe, we find that each higher stage, which appears on the preceding stage, always takes its start from insignificant values of the stage. The reason for taking start from insignificant values indicates that the higher conscious stage appears with new and different kind of conscious values which otherwise could not be achieved in a single continuous creative stage. Thus the missing links point towards a purposive Being Who is creating the universe as desired and willed by Him.

The universe is a creation and, therefore, has a purpose. The fact that on appearance of each new creative stage, creation in the preceding stage comes to a close and no new species are created not it accepts any change except to preserve its achieved values, shows that the values of the higher creative stage are different in kind. Hence higher life stage starts only when the lower stage has completely exhausted and cannot struggle any longer to earn more of its stage.

Each higher stage, which appears on closing of the preceding stage, is completely cut off consciously from its preceding stages. The lower life, which remains firmly attached with its own values, cannot help- evolve the higher life at its conscious level. Instead, the lower life becomes a great obstacle in the progress of higher life. Unaware of the higher life, it rather lives as a potential threat for it. Since, however, the higher life cannot live as an ” island” by cutting it off from its preceding stages, therefore, in order to maintain continuity it has to establish its link with the preceding stages through a rational medium as discussed in our work. The higher life co-ordinates and lives so closely with the preceding stages of life that this gives the wrong impression as if the higher life is an extension of the lower life which has appeared as a result of evolution. It may be pointed out that although the higher life comes with new and divergent values yet as the life is being created in units under one purpose, therefore, the values of the lower; life as well as those appearing in the higher life spiritually remain unified. Had it not been so, the higher life could never establish its link with its preceding stages.

From the discussion, it is evident that the preceding stage can neither evolve nor can it give birth to higher life. In the circumstances, we cannot expect the higher life to gain conscious light from the life existing at the lower conscious level. Ignorance can never give anything to the learned. It is, therefore clear that the life in the lower stages cannot on its own, step up to a higher and different stage, where life in spite of ignorant and hostile conditions prevailing in the preceding stages has to start from an insignificant level and then successfully build its values as a separate and higher stage. These facts establish that the universe is a creation which is being raised according to the will or purpose of the Creator.

Our failure to understand the universe as a creation is that we think the lower stages are responsible for raising the universe. This is misleading concept. Man sees the action but not the Hand, which directs the action. There is always a purpose behind creation and if we do see the purpose working in the creation we could be sure of the Creator of the universe. Just as each soul or life lives in a unit, similarly the purpose lives in a unit. Also there is no beginning or end in the purpose. At the back of the beginning the whole purpose lives and strives to realise it freely step by step. In other words, it is the purpose, which starts and not the lower stages as such which determine the purpose. The lower stages, independent of the purpose, can lead nowhere. If these stages appear to have proceeded towards the purpose, it proves that the purpose itself is working in these stages. Being ignorant of the above fact, when we see the various creative stages rising to higher conscious values we take it that these creative stages are themselves determining their values. It is because of this misunderstanding that the materialists believe that it is only the matter which is real and eternal and which has “evolved” into higher stages of life. Regarding the appearance of life, the materialists think that a current of consciousness had permeated matter. Other believe that life appeared as a result of sheer accident by the mixture of certain substances and that it continued to evolve under the principle of natural selection and survival of the fittest; life is nothing but an evolutionary form of matter and it has no purpose accept to eat, drink, live and die.

We cannot analyse the creation of universe by isolating any of its creative stage from the purpose of the Creator. Just as we cannot divide the individually of a person into two, similarly we cannot fix the values of each creative stage separately from the overall values of the purpose to be achieved during each creative stage. Purpose, like the individuality of the being always lives as a unit. All the creative stages, therefore, in spite of the different and divergent values, when thus come near to the purpose, they seem to merge into a single order. In other words, the beginning and the end both live in the purpose and ultimately it is the whole purpose by which we can understand the creative stages of the universe. Although it seems that in the creation of the universe each new creative stage is evolving out of the preceding stage yet in fact when we study the creation of the universe we are convinced that certain overall purpose is realising itself step by step during all these stages. Let us, therefore, keep in mind and, this is very important point, that when we say that on completion of the preceding stage, the higher conscious values of life emerge, we mean that these new values are not determined by the lower conscious stages these values appear from above, that is, these follow from the Purpose. These values do not evolve rather these descend from the Purpose, which always lives with the Creator in unit. There is a lot of difference between the values that appear or become visible and those, which emerge from below as an outgrowth. If we ignore this difference it would imply that the lower stages are being created out of themselves, that is, they are their own creators and hence they are not guided by any purpose. In other words, only “blind forces” under the principle of survival of the fittest, determine the higher rational values!

The purpose of our discussion was to draw the attention of the reader to the fact that life lives as a unit and it has been created under the overall purpose which also lives as a unit in the Will of the Creator. Although it has been created through the various stages yet these stages never deviated from the purpose. The diversity in creation simply explains that the values to be achieved by the Creator as sought by Him as His Ideal are infinite and divergent and, therefore, had to be achieved in various stages. The creation of the universe in various stages vis-à-vis the purpose behind creation may perhaps be explained by quoting an example.

Let us suppose that our purpose is to construct a building. At the outset we will have to dig the foundation and then build it to the desired level. On completion of the foundation, the next stage will be the construction of walls on the foundation. Now for the construction of this new higher stage we cannot say that the foundation had itself known the purpose of this second phase of construction and, therefore, it is the foundation that has evolved the construction of walls. Similarly, in respect of the second phase of walls, we cannot say that the purpose for construction of the second phase of walls was the preceding stage of foundation. In fact, it is the overall purpose, which is the construction of the building that has brought about this second phase of construction. As the building continues to rise up step by step, the purpose continues to unfold itself. With the completion of the building the purpose stands completely unfolded and realised in the form of the building.

Another important point which should be borne in mind is that although the second phase of construction of walls on the foundation is determined by the overall purpose and not by the second phase as it is, yet the walls have to follow the pattern of the foundation exactly in accordance with the layout plan already completely. If the second phase does not follow the layout of foundation, it would amount to negation of the purpose. Similarly, on completion of the walls, when the third phase of laying the roof will start, that too will be laid as determined by the values of the purpose, yet the laying of the roof will not strictly observe the pattern of the walls but it will, in a way, also be observing the limitations as imposed by the first stage of the building, that is, the very layout of the foundation. Now if we take away the mason who is constructing the building and instead watch the building rising step by step, we will have the impression that each preceding stage is rising to a higher stage on its own as if these stages already knew their purpose.

On the analogy of the above example, we can study the various phases of the creation of the universe. Digging up the elements, which are said to be the elementary construction blocks of the universe, completed the first phase of the universe. Aligning the infinite properties of these elements into a complete physical system completed the second phase; we call them the physical laws of the Earth. In this connection the most important thing which needs our attention is that just as each higher phase of construction fully observes and respects the limitations as laid in the preceding constructive phase of the building, similarly in the case of the creation of the universe, each higher creative stage which appears simultaneously on completion of the preceding stage fully observes and respects the values so fixed in the stage and without overthrowing them builds higher and new values as an independent creative stage over it.

Now again if we take the example of the building, we shall note that during the construction of each stage it seems that everything is in disarray. We seed heaps of bricks and stones scattered at one place and at another place ditches are dug and the earth is piled along. And still at another place wood, cement and other construction materials are piled up loosely. All this shows that there is no order or discipline and that lawlessness prevails everywhere. But let us not forget that even in this state of lawlessness, the purpose continues to work and whatever the stage of construction it may be, purpose flows in each action. Accordingly, as the building continues to rise up step by step, we can see that lawlessness is replaced by order, in-discipline by discipline, and wear and tear by solid construction. Thus on completion of one phase, the second phase starts and passes through similar state of its construction and, then at the completion of the second phase, the third phase starts and so on. Now if someone takes the material and its constructive process as merely the activity of blind forces, and then as a result, when the construction appears in the shape of a beautiful building, he may consider it a mere chance or a “mechanics” we have no option but to doubt the sanity of such a person.

Creation, whether it is Divine or human, has to pass through various stages before its completion. During each of its creative stage, the state of in-discipline and lawlessness, which we see in the beginning, continues to turn into discipline and harmony as the creative stage nears its completion. The question is why the creation has to pass from chaos to discipline and disorder to order. To understand this we will have to study the relation between the Creator and the creation. Creation, as we know, is not the act of duplicating some thing, which already exists. Now, if the Creator is not free to seek his ideal that would imply that the Creator has no will or desire of His own, and hence any activity which is devoid of will and desire can never be called creative activity. The foremost and basic urge behind creation is to seek the love (ideal) as desired and willed by the Creator through free choice. The creative activity is; therefore, a free act of the creation- Creator will not accept any compulsion. Free act, as we know, can be exercised only if we have more than one choice before us to choose from. In other words, many avenues of attraction are always open before the creation to choose the one for reaching his ideal. Accordingly, during his creative activity, the Creator manifests his love in different angles and forms and then whichever is nearest to his love; he selects the same for his further creative activity. Thus, during his creative activity, the Creator continues to exercise his free choice and once having reached completion, he retains it permanently as his realised love (ideal). The urge of creation is also reflected in the creation, as it is conscious or aware of its Creator. Thus the creation also creates in the love of the Creator, according to the conscious level of its love. During creation, it exercises free choice in selecting the values determined by its love or desire. If we look at the cosmic stage, we find that it had developed its values under the principle of attraction and repulsion. Attraction and repulsion show free will. Although attraction is a constructive force yet during the creative activity of life its repulsive tendency indicates its free choice at the material stage of life. At the creative stage of animal, the instincts of flight and concealment and the instinct of pugnacity may be called the instincts of repulsion. As against these, there are those instincts and innate tendencies that cause the animal to attract or to be attracted by objects that are favourable to it. Among these may be mentioned the parental, the gregarious and sex instincts. These instincts may be called the instincts of attraction. Attraction and repulsion are the fundamental characteristics of consciousness for its activity. At the Human Stage, since man becomes conscious of himself and through that he no longer remains captive of instincts, as is the case with the lower life of animals and vegetables, therefore, his love takes the form of an ideal. The impulse of attraction and repulsion is likewise replaced by the impulse of love and hatred. Love and hatred reveal the attribute of freedom of the Human Self. He loves those values, which could satisfy his love for the ideal and hates those which may keep him astray from reaching his ideal. Thus all the morals observed by man are split up into do’s and don’ts. All his creative activities are guided by his love of the ideal. Those activities, which lead him towards his ideal, are moral values and those, which lead him astray, are immoral.

From the above discussion, it is evident that as in the case of building process, the apparent conditions of in-discipline and lawlessness through which the creation has to pass are natural for the creative activity. This may be further elaborated by the example of an artist. To realise the beauty that the artist feels is his ideal; he performs a set of activities in a certain sequence. The tide in his mind results in an outflow of a current of feeling or thought as water wells out of a fountain on account of its own pressure. The feeling realises itself gradually in the growing picture. The picture clears up bit by bit, coming nearer and nearer to the mental impression of the artist. The stages through which the picture develops are stages in the creative activity of the artist. As lines and shades begin to spread themselves on the paper or canvas, the desire of the artist pushes the lines, contours and colours forward to greater and greater complication and organisation so as to bring them nearer and nearer to realising the goal. In fact, it is the desire itself that takes the form of the lines and curves of the picture. The lines and curves have no meaning apart from the desire. In his effort to express himself, the artist goes on choosing certain lines and curves and rejecting certain others. He judges some of them to be suitable for his purpose and others as unsuitable. We may say that he follows a certain moral code or pattern in the preparation of his picture. His choice follows the principle of attraction and repulsion, causing him to prefer some lines and curves and to reject others, till the picture is completed. When the Self is realising its ideal, it may appear to us to be moving towards something, which is within the Self or Soul. The activity of Self is like an arrow which although shot from the bow appears to approaching the bow.

The artist’s attraction for his ideal of beauty, which is the picture, starts a creative activity, which brings him nearer and nearer to the ideal. But attraction cannot be imagined apart from repulsion. His activity involves at each step a choice for a judgement resulting in the preference of those lines and curves that are favourable to or consistent with the purpose. Attraction and repulsion both guide his creative activity. It is not only he who is attracted towards certain lines and curves and is repelled by certain others, but in a way, the lines and curves too have an attraction or an affinity for certain lines and curves which fit in with the mental pattern of the artist, and a repulsion from others which do not suit that pattern. Thus, the picture too participates in the activity of the artist. It collaborates with him in order to reach its own perfection. Its collaboration is, however, derived from the artist. It represents his living desire. The real existence of the picture is in the artist’s Self and not on the paper. The picture on the paper is a reflection or a projection of the living reality, which is in the mind of the artist. The picture is alive because it is a part of the artist’s Self, which is life. It is, moreover, alive in that proportion in which it is true to its source in the Self, in that part of the Self, which is creating the picture. The picture is feeling, it is consciousness, it is life.

From the above example, we can understand the creative process and the free activity of the creator. Creation, as we have already explained, is the activity of the creator through which the creator by manifesting his attributes witnesses his own beauty and charm. Thus the creator while living as a unit-whole remains in polarity of loving and seeking his own beauty. In other words both the actor and the spectator live in the creator as complimentary to one another.

In the light of the foregoing exposition, if we consider the creation of the universe, we will find that immediately on appearance of the charged matter in the Cosmic Stage, the great struggle, tension and chaos, which appeared in the shape of great energy or motion, continued to organise itself from particles to atoms and from atoms to elements through the system of galaxies, stars and planets. At last, at the creative stage of Earth the basic elements further went through a long creative process and, as a result, these were disciplined and harnessed in the form we call them the physical laws which live as a basic values for the higher stages of creation. On the completion of physical laws on Earth, creation continued to proceed at Vegetable and Animal Stages. At these stages, side by side with the great struggle for survival, we see life emerging out of death and decay. Various species of vegetables and animals, which continued to appear as a result of “emergent creation”, were in fact created whenever the creation went astray or became inert or tardy. For example, creation of various species at the Vegetable Stage and then creation of various animal species at Animal Stage, were necessary steps taken by the Creator to guide the creation from within according to the conscious level of the creation. The ” emergent creation” took place only when creation became the target of inertia. In such conditions, the Creator, through His own free will, created such organism, which could serve as guide to the creation. Similarly, at the Human Stage, the Creator has been guiding humanity according to its conscious level through such persons among mankind who were highly enlightened. Such persons, whom we know as prophets, were created at occasions when humanity faced decay and moral disruption. The prophets were created under the natural process of creation to guide the mankind according to the conscious level of man. The materialists, who argue as to why the Creator did not send angels or why He Himself did not appear to guide mankind, are ignorant of the creative process and the very purpose of creation. This guidance, as we have said, was provided to the creation according to the conscious level of the creation from within the creation. Besides, at every new stage, the appearance of new conscious light from within the creation provided the creation with necessary safeguard for marching towards the right direction. These safeguards from within and from without are sufficient measures to attract man towards his Creator Who is his real love and ideal. Thus, in whatever society man may live, the creative process of the Creator leaves no excuse for him that he has been deprived of the spiritual light, provided he cared to understand.

Summary of the Book “The Universe Beyond”.

Introduction.

We are all too familiar with the entrenched lines of creationists and evolutionists. Stated below for the first time is the Islamic view on this argument which you will find different from both the above stated viewpoints.

In the pages of glorious Holy Qur’an, we read:

“Moreover (tumma) God turned to heaven when it was smoke and said to it and to the earth: come willingly or unwillingly! They said: we come in willing obedience.” ——–41 (11)

We infer from this that the entire creation has come into being by the “free act of creation” explained below.

The creation creates itself for the love of the Creator under its own conscious enlightenment by “Free Act Of Creation” and the Creator uses His free will and selects from what creation has created an ideal that is closest to His ideal (will) and bestows upon it higher consciousness. To whom He bestows this consciousness is now ready for further creative activity and the cycle continues.

Following this cycle we have achieved this Self-conscious State starting from the moment of Big Bang in stages. The nucleus mass of the universe was a living substance and its creation was nothing but its inherent “feeling” of its separation from its source.

Free Act of Creation.

Creation, whether divine or human has to pass through various stages before its completion. During each of its creative stage, the state of in-discipline and lawlessness, which prevails in the beginning, continues to turn into discipline and harmony as the creative stage progresses towards completion. The question arises why the creation has to pass from chaos to discipline and disorder to order. To understand the significance of this, one has to study the relation between the Creator and the creation. Creation, is not the act of duplicating some thing, which already exists.

The foremost and basic urge behind creation is to seek the love (ideal) as desired and willed by the Creator through free choice. The creative activity is; therefore, a free act of the creation- Creator will not accept any compulsion. Free act; can only be exercised if we have more than one choice before us to choose from. In other words, many avenues of attraction are always open before the creation to choose the one for reaching his ideal. The urge of creation is also reflected in itself, as it is conscious or aware of its Creator. Thus the creation creates for the love of the Creator, according to the level of its consciousness and exercises free choice in selecting the values determined by its love or desire.

Now, if the Creator is not free to seek His ideal that would imply that the Creator has no will or desire of His own, and hence any activity which is devoid of will and desire can never be called creative activity. The Creator also manifests His love in different angles and forms and then whichever is nearest to His love from what the creation has produced by “free act of creation”, He selects that for His further creative activity and bestows upon it higher consciousness, and so the cycle continues.

For instance, if we look at the creation process at cosmic stage, we observe that it had developed its values under the principle of attraction and repulsion. Attraction and repulsion show free will. Although attraction is a constructive force yet during the creative activity of life its repulsive tendency indicates its free choice at the material stage of life. At the creative stage of animal, the instincts of flight and concealment and the instinct of pugnacity may be called the instincts of repulsion. As against these, there are those instincts and innate tendencies that cause the animal to attract or get attracted by objects that are favourable to it. Among these, are the parental, the gregarious and sex instincts etc. These instincts may be called the instincts of attraction. Attraction and repulsion are the fundamental characteristics of consciousness for its activity. At the Human Stage, man becomes conscious of himself and through that he then no longer remains captive of instincts, as is the case with lower life of animals and vegetables, therefore, his love takes the form of an ideal. The impulse of attraction and repulsion is likewise replaced by the impulse of love and hatred. Love and hatred reveal the attribute of freedom of the Human Self. He loves those values, which could satisfy his love for the ideal and hates those which may keep him astray from reaching his ideal. Thus all the morals observed by man are split up into do’s and don’ts. All his creative activities are guided by his love of the ideal. The activities, which lead him towards his ideal, are moral values and the ones, which lead him astray, are immoral.

Stages Of Creation

I) Universe Its Origin

The scientific view that the universe did not exist as such from eternity, rather it was born and developed has further been strengthened by the Big Bang Theory. The layman tends to picture the Big Bang in terms of a very dense lump of matter located in an infinite void, suddenly exploding. Einstein, however, has shown that both “space and time” (space-time) and “matter” were inseparable. The Big Bang, therefore, created not just the matter but space-time as well. There was nothing, not even empty space, “outside” for the Big Bang to explode into. Besides the above scientific outlook of the universe, these discoveries provide us comprehensive discipline with which we can formulate the development process of the universe. The discoveries that in contrast to the present creative stage of Mankind, where creative activity is still in progress, the processes of the nature must have had a history not only of coexistence in space but also of succession in time reveal that the universe has developed in stages. On succession of each higher stage, the values so earned in the preceding stage became immutable. Since in contrast to the history of mankind, all the preceding stages have become immutable, establishes that the human being lives at the top of all the creative stages we call them universe. The man lives at the top of all creation is further strengthened by the fact that when we look into the universe and analyse the laws prevailing in it independently of any reference to nature, we find that the laws of mathematics formulated by us, “a product of our own minds”, do not only come completely in accord with the laws prevailing in the universe but it reveals that these laws are its ultimate nature. Man thus stands conqueror of all the preceding orders of the universe, which simply continue to maintain their values to serve as a basis for the top leading creative stage of Man. Since in the process of development of the universe what real has emerged at the top creative stage of Man, is the attainment of Self-consciousness – highest kind of awareness which has made the man conscious of himself, we can infer from it that all the creative stages of the universe (both inorganic and organic) preceding the present Self-conscious Stage of Man have the characteristics of consciousness also. Thus all the development stages right from particle to the present creative stage of Man are living and conscious relative to the conscious level of the stage. It further reveals that the development of universe in successive stages implies development of consciousness in steps or stages.

These discoveries support that inorganic matter is not dead. As blood runs through the veins of a living organism so a current of life runs through all matter although it may appear to us as dead. It is alive because it has properties on account of which it acts and behaves. It responds to outside situations and stimuli as the animal or the human being does. Its activity follows definite laws, which are studied by the physicists and the chemists. The activity of the animal and of man also proceeds in accordance with definite principles, which are studied by the behaviourists and the psychologists. Matter is life from another point of view as “there could have been no organic life without matter and its laws”. The laws of matter seem to have been designed in order to make possible the development of higher stages of life on Earth. Matter is primitive life and the laws governing it have fixed tendencies developed by it just as instincts have developed by the animal.

II. The Earth –Higher And Different Kind Of Rational Order outside the Cosmos.

About 4.5 thousand million years ago, the Earth took its start from a gaseous state which seems to have contained a unique combination of matter. From its gaseous state to the state of its solidification, it struggled hard to dig, develop and harmonise properties of various kinds of elements in a unified order. It was indeed a great task as it involved infinite series of action and reactions in the form of attraction and repulsion caused by infinite situations through which the elements had to discipline their behaviour under the unitary order of Earth. Attraction and repulsion of molecules of one element with the molecules of the other elements under definite conditions shows that each molecule knew precisely where to attract and where to repel. The unified response of these substances shows as if the Earth lives and functions like a physical brain in itself.

The manifold forms of behaviour which go on changing under the common expression of motion on the Earth such as conversion of heat into electricity; into magnetism; heat and electricity into chemical decomposition and chemical combinations developing heat and electricity etc which apparently seem occurring through the simple play of attraction and repulsion under the same medium of motion cannot be regarded as mechanical or dead nor can these be taken as separate values independent of the overall unit lived in the form of Earth. We can understand the unit function of the Earth on the analogy of a living organism, which uses chemical energy to build chemical compounds and mechanical energy to move about. Even an electric current may be detected in it. This is similar to the manifold forms of behaviour, which go on changing under the unified order of the Planet Earth under the same expression of motion. It establishes that Planet Earth is a living Planet. Like an egg it has developed a shell of atmosphere around it and within this closed system it has harnessed infinite forms of substances acting in a unified order.

The behaviour of these substances can be reduced to mathematical equations. It explains that all forms of physical and chemical motions, which strictly act under law, are nothing but played consciousness. Behaviour, however fixed or stereotyped, is a characteristic of life. The fact that the Planet earth has a response as well as urge to strictly preserve its substances under its overall unit discipline shows that the Earth lives like an organism.

III. The Vegetables: Creative Stage (Semi–Conscious Life)

Concurrently on completion of physical laws in the form of Earth, organic life took its start in an insignificant vegetable cell of algae. It was a momentous event in the history of creation as against the independent unified order of Planet Earth, life at Vegetable Stage appeared as independent system of its own which started at a conscious level that superseded the rational order of the “living Earth”. In other words, the conscious level of vegetable life as compared to the “living” Earth was not only higher in degree but also different in kind too.

The vegetable life recast the behaviour of matter processed at the physical Earth in the form of various species of vegetables under higher rational (conscious) plan of the Vegetable Stage. If we take the physical laws as the elementary measurements with which the Planet Earth fashioned itself and developed its atmosphere, we could see these measurements recast with greater intelligence at the higher Vegetable Stage in the form of beautiful flowers, their delightful colours, sizes and shapes of plants, proportion of tender branches and their leaves as well as in the kinds of fruits and their juices. All these artistic manifestations are based on complete mathematical equations in so harmonious proportions that they decorated the Earth like the paradise.

IV. The Animals: Creative Stage of Senses (Perceptual Life)

At this stage life started in an insignificant organism of amoeba and then making its way through uncountable species of animals, it reached its completion at the start of the Human Stage of creation. The animal life started with insignificant sensory perceptions. Appearance of senses at the Animal Stage was a great event in the history of rational orders as it brought the life nearer to the cognition of its Creator. The great task for animal life was to complete its sensory values in perfect proportions and in the light of its higher conscious awakening, give new meaning to the life that existed in the earlier stages. Higher life stage always tries to understand the tendencies and behaviour of life fixed in the preceding stages at its own conscious level. If the Vegetable life had achieved its conscious values in mathematical proportions relative to the behaviour (laws) of physical Earth, the Animal life developed new conscious measures in the form of senses of smell, taste, touch, sight and hearing. Each species of animal determined the external world according to the development of its sensory perceptions. Some species were low in developing the senses in their true proportions and the others were abnormal. The great task for animal life was, however, is to complete its sensations in perfect proportions on a universal scale, which could serve as a rational basis for the higher creative stages.

It is very important to note that it was due to the higher conscious enlightenment of animal with which it differentiated the characteristics of various objects, such as darkness and light, remoteness and vicinity, coldness and heat, solidity and liquidity etc. In other words, the new conscious values developed by Animal stage were not known to the preceding stages. The Animal as a higher creative stage relevant to its higher conscious enlightenment determined these. The Animal detected only those properties, which were useful and necessary for onward march of life stages. The Animal ultimately perfected its sense perceptions in one of its leading species which appeared immediately before the emergence of Human Stage and which served as the physical organism for Man. Even the physical organism of Man, which is a perfect animal species, and in whom the sense perceptions achieved universal standard, could not detect light in its various lengths. The human sense of smell is not as strong as found in some other animal species. The reason for this is that the values of sense perceptions have been fixed by nature under its overall purpose to be achieved. Therefore, the sense perceptions fixed in Human Organisms can perceive only those values, which are essential and useful for life on its onward march.

V. Man – The Creative Stage of Self-Conscious or “Self”

The Human Self appeared as a non-material Self-conscious entity simultaneously on accomplishment of sense perceptions by the Animal stage in one of its perfect animal species, which served as the physical organism of the Human Self or Soul. Creation of Self and its inherent awareness of itself as a self-conscious entity was a tremendous leap over all the creative stages we call it the universe. Up to the Animal stage, life or consciousness was not aware of its own “Self” as a distinct individuality and as such the animal world existed as determined by its sense perceptions.

However, on attaining Self-consciousness, the inward mental processes of the Human Self, in the non-material form of thought radiation’s, overshadowed the limited approach of animal sense perceptions by pervading the whole universe. Attaining of Self-consciousness by the Human Self implied that it has become aware of itself relative to a certain entity other than itself. It revealed that the Human Self has appeared as the greatest art of the creator bestowed with all such attributes, which the Creator wanted to accomplish as His Ideal. Being the highest form of creation perfected by the Creator as His Ideal, the Human Self found inherent reflection of its Creator in it. It is by virtue of this inherent spiritual feeling of the Creator in the Self, which made it conscious of its Creator as the sole aim and ideal of its existence and induced natural love to seek Him. Since the Self came to know of itself as an entity due to appearance of direct spiritual feeling of its Creator, the Self could develop and find real peace and satisfaction by loving and seeking its Creator only. Self as an accomplished art superseded all the material forms of art which being in the process of making could have no direct vision or feeling of its Creator. In those creative stages, the creation was alive of its Creator relative to the attributes bestowed on them by the Creator and loved its Creator indirectly by loving and attracting its own attributes, which in a way reflected the attributes of the Creator, through their complementary division from within. The procreative process through which the creation loved its attributes in their complementary division in the form of opposite attraction (sex) is in fact the spiritual way of loving the Creator.

Lower Stages Can Never Give Birth To Higher Stages.

The reason of our failure to understand the universe as a creation is that we think the lower stages are responsible for raising the universe. (A misleading concept). There is always a purpose behind creation and if we do see the purpose working in the creation we could be sure of the Creator of the universe. Just as each soul or life lives in a unit, similarly the purpose lives in a unit. Identical to the surface of the earth which cannot be expressed as from where it starts and where it ends, the purpose also has no beginning or end. It is the purpose, which starts and not the lower stages as such which determine the purpose. The lower stages, independent of the purpose, can lead nowhere. If these stages appear to have proceeded towards the purpose, it proves that the purpose itself is working in these stages. Being ignorant of the above fact, when we see the various creative stages rising to higher conscious values we take it that these creative stages are themselves determining their values. This misunderstanding leads the materialists to believe that it is only the matter, which is real and eternal and has “evolved” into higher stages of life. Regarding the appearance of life, the materialists think that a current of consciousness had permeated matter. Other believe that life appeared as a result of sheer accident by the mixture of certain substances and that it continued to evolve under the principle of natural selection and survival of the fittest; life is nothing but an evolutionary form of matter and it has no purpose accept to eat, drink, live and die.

We cannot analyse the creation of universe by isolating any of its creative stage from the purpose of the Creator. Just as we cannot divide the individuality of a person into two, similarly we cannot fix the values of each creative stage separately from the overall values of the purpose to be achieved during the respective stage. Purpose, like the individuality of the being always lives as a unit. All the creative stages, therefore, in spite of the different and divergent values, when thus come near to the purpose, they seem to merge into a single order. In other words, the beginning and the end both live in the purpose and ultimately it is the whole purpose by which we can understand the creative stages of the universe. Although it seems that in the creation of the universe each new creative stage is evolving out of the preceding stage yet in fact when we study the creation of the universe we are convinced that certain overall purpose is realising itself step by step during all these stages. Let us, therefore, keep in mind, that when we say that on completion of the preceding stage, the higher conscious values of life emerge, we mean that these new values are not determined by the lower conscious stages, but these values appear from above, that is, these follow from the Purpose. These values do not evolve rather these descend from the Purpose, which always lives with the Creator in unit.

The creation of the universe in various stages vis-à-vis the purpose behind creation may perhaps be explained by quoting a simple example of the construction of a building.

Let us suppose that our purpose is to construct a building. At the outset we will dig the foundation and then build it to the desired level. On completion of the foundation, the next stage will be the construction of walls on the foundation. Now for the construction of this new higher stage we cannot say that the foundation had itself known the purpose of this second phase of construction and, therefore, it is the foundation that has evolved the construction of walls. Similarly, in respect of the second phase of walls, we cannot say that the purpose for construction of the second phase of walls was the preceding stage of foundation. In fact, it is the overall purpose, which is the construction of the building that has brought about this second phase of construction. As the building continues to rise up step by step, the purpose continues to unfold itself. With the completion of the building the purpose stands completely unfolded and realised in the form of the building.

The important point is that although the second phase of construction of walls on the foundation is determined by the overall purpose and not by the second phase as it is, yet the walls have to follow the pattern of the foundation exactly in accordance with the layout plan already completely. If the second phase does not follow the layout of foundation, it would amount to negation of the purpose. Similarly, on completion of the walls, when the third phase of laying the roof will start, that too will be laid as determined by the values of the purpose, yet the laying of the roof will not strictly observe the pattern of the walls but it will, in a way, also be observing the limitations as imposed by the first stage of the building, that is, the very layout of the foundation. Now if we take away the mason who is constructing the building and instead watch the building rising step by step, we will have the impression that each preceding stage is rising to a higher stage on its own as if these stages already knew their purpose.

On the analogy of the above example, we can study the various phases of the creation of the universe. Digging up the elements, which are said to be the elementary construction blocks of the universe, completed the first phase of the universe. Aligning the infinite properties of these elements into a complete physical system completed the second phase; we call them the physical laws of the Earth. In this connection the most important thing which needs our attention is that just as each higher phase of construction fully observes and respects the limitations as laid in the preceding constructive phase of the building, similarly in the case of the creation of the universe, each higher creative stage which appears simultaneously on completion of the preceding stage fully observes and respects the values so fixed in the stage and without overthrowing them builds higher and new values as an independent creative stage over it.

Now again if we take the example of the building, we shall note that during the construction of each stage it seems that everything is in disarray. We see heaps of bricks and stones scattered at one place and at another place ditches are dug and the earth is piled along. And still at another place wood, cement and other construction materials are piled up loosely. All this shows that there is no order or discipline and that lawlessness prevails everywhere. But let us not forget that even in this state of lawlessness, the purpose continues to work and whatever the stage of construction it may be, purpose flows in each action. Accordingly, as the building continues to rise up step by step, we can see that lawlessness is replaced by order, in-discipline by discipline, and wear and tear by solid construction. Thus on completion of one phase, the second phase starts and passes through similar state of its construction and, then at the completion of the second phase, the third phase starts and so on. Now if someone takes the material and its constructive process as merely the activity of blind forces, and then as a result, when the construction appears in the shape of a beautiful building, he may consider it a mere chance or a “mechanics”, he is mistaken because the lower stages are not even aware of existence of higher conscious order above it and so ignorance can never give birth to something of higher order.

Despite Its Creation In Successive Stages, The Universe Behaves As A Unit Whole.

What we call universe in fact consists of built up rational orders raised one upon the other in one direction. These orders being laid in a series of higher and different kinds of conscious enlightenment and cannot be reversed. However, since the whole creation is raised under one unit purpose, each higher stage, which appears over the preceding stage remains qualitatively and spiritually, attached with them. The beauty and charm manifested in all the preceding stages, we call it nature, attracts each higher creative stage. At the Self-conscious Stage of Man, we admire and appreciate the great vastness of the Cosmos housing large celestial bodies floating in the form of huge galaxies showing pomp and strength as well as the charm and beauty manifested on earth in the form of fascinating valleys and hills, mighty rivers and seas, trees and gardens, birds and colourful flowers etc. Because qualitatively and spiritually all these attributes are inherent in us. Emotions expressed in the form of lyric poetry reveal spiritual attachment of the Self with the nature living beneath it.

Provision of Guidance for the Creation.

When we study the discoveries made by the natural sciences in all the three major fields of development of universe, the Physics, the Biology and the Psychology, we find that whenever in a particular creative stage, development retarded or went astray, nature brought forward new Laws in the Physical stages, Model Species at vegetable and Animal Stages and Prophets and Messengers at the Psychological Stage of man through the medium scientists call it the “Emergent Evolution” or “Emergent creation”. For example, if we study the laws of matter as established on the Planet earth, we find that these laws have been designed consciously or unconsciously, in order to make possible the appearance and the development of life on Earth in the form and manner in which it did, because we find that exceptions to the general laws whenever they were of a vital importance have not been ignored. It is a general principle, for example, that all fluids contracts when cooled but water expands when cooled below 4° C with the result that ice is lighter than water and floats on its surface. But for this apparently insignificant fact, which is a departure from a general rule, organic life on earth would have been impossible, as all the oceans and lakes on this planet would have frozen from top to bottom. Such examples which can be multiplied reveal that creative processes remain active from within every stage and wherever so desired, the Nature remains too ready to lay direction and bring forward laws and values as suited for receiving higher creative orders determined by the Nature under overall purpose of creation. At the Vegetable and Animal Stages, we find laying of direction and creation of new laws and values in the form of different model species. At these stages whenever life slumbered or went astray Nature had bought new vegetable and animal species as model guides by creating sudden variations in them at each respective creative stage. The aim of the creation of species at the Animal stage was to accomplish perfect sense perceptions which the stage after passing through millions of different species ultimately perfected in the species which served as a physical organism of Man. Thus each species was a step towards attaining perfection of sense perceptions.

At the Psychological or Self-conscious Stage of man, Human Self came to know itself as distinct from all other creations. If nature has endowed life with a great urge for seeking the truth, there must already be existing a foolproof arrangement under which the Conscious mind may freely and perfectly choose and recommend the right ideal to the Unconscious. The humanity has not been left in this score on its own mercy. The Creator has laid an equally parallel rational institution for providing external guidance to man relative to its conscious development. We know this institution as the institution of Prophet-hood. We can never overlook the need for such an institution – the need that is inherent in every Soul. The recorded history of mankind witness that highly conscious men have appeared from time to time through what the evolutionist call it ” emergent evolution” as perfect models to give right interpretation of the urge of the Unconscious as well as the laws under which the Conscious mind may freely deliberate on the external world for determining right values and ideal for satisfaction of the urge of Unconscious. Even the guidance through prophets in due regard to the free will of Man was never thrust upon as a compulsion. It was left open to every individual either to accept it or to reject it.

Sex Instinct Is Carved Out Of Love and Beauty.

If we look back at the creative process of universe, we will find that sex instinct is also spiritual in nature as it has been carved out of the spiritual love of the Creator. Prior to the creative stage of human being, life existed at the material level of consciousness; it was not mature or capable of having direct cognition of its Creator. However, at whatever stage life may be, it must have consciously or unconsciously spiritual love for its Creator. At inorganic and organic stages, life satisfied this love by dividing itself into two complementary units of attraction from within. We call it polarity at inorganic stages and sex at organic stages. We should know that life is the art of the Creator and, therefore, insofar as it was not yet directly aware of its Creator, its love for itself from within through dividing its conscious attributes in two sex attraction, in fact, amounted to loving the attributes of the Creator. It is evident from the fact that it is aesthetic appreciation and love of beauty of its “own kind” which is ultimately replaced by the inferior kind of pleasure derived from the sexual act. This can be seen in the behaviour of birds and insects who are at first attracted by the beauty of colour, song, or plumage of their opposite sex. This indicates that sex instinct has been carved out of spiritual love. Had it not been carved out of spiritual love, life would not have procreated itself at all. After passing through the various creative stages, when life embarked upon the Self-conscious stage of Man, it found direct spiritual feeling of its Creator in its Self or Soul and began to seek its Creator in the form of ideals from within. In other words, at the material stages, life having no direct feeling of the Creator, was satisfying its love through complementary division of its attributes in opposite sex, but at Human Self-conscious Stage, Human Soul being not material, it does not satisfy its passion of love for the Creator by dividing it in opposite sex in the physical forms. The Human Soul, which lives as a dynamic non-material entity, seeks its Creator direct from within in the form of ideals. Human Soul thus lives in complementary division as the ideal and object of the ideal, as the seeker and the sought, as the lover and the beloved. When it seeks its ideal, it in fact seeks and loves its Creator in the form of ideal. Likewise, the ideal, which potentially lives as a complementary unit equally, bestows its love to the object lover – the complementary unit from within the Soul, which seeks it.

Matter And Motion (Behaviour) Changed At Each Stage.

When we study the developmental stages which are differentiable subject to higher and different kind of conscious enlightenment, we find that the forms of bodies and their motions fixed in the space-time field of a certain creative stage continued to relax and dissipates at each higher stage relevant to appearance of conscious enlightenment which overshadowed and outlived the values fixed in the preceding stages. From simple motion of celestial bodies fixed in the space-time field of Cosmos to the chemical behaviour of substances fixed under the space-time field of Planet earth and then from chemical behaviour to the inward behaviour witnessed at the Vegetable and Animal Stages we find that relative to each higher conscious stage, the physical forms and motion (behaviour) along with space-time field continued to change and shrink from external physical processes to inward or mental processes at each higher conscious stage. At his Self-conscious Stage, Human Self has completely shed the mass and has come out of the physical space-time barriers. It is established by the fact that man can relate the events of the past as well as step out of the present to determine the occasion falling in the future. Human Self lives in its mental states – the states in which the Self lives changeless in changes as an eternal entity. Man lives in fact in the domain of “dahar” – the domain of eternal time.

The Historical Significance Of Adam.

“The creation of Adam is not his physical body but his attaining of the mental state of Self-consciousness, from there on, man exists in a non-material state, call it soul, in his mind and that where all new values will be earned.”

The significance of Adam being that he was the first human being to cross the barrier of Self-consciousness. However, in time all similar species achieved Self-consciousness in a universal way. We are informed that Adam had two sons and so we can safely assume that there must be people around for them to marry and the question of them marrying their sisters as put forward by some groups is preposterous – lying is a sin today as it was yesterday and so is incest, the law of the Creator never changes.

It is because of soul that we developed a language because it retains every image it sees; records every word it hears; and every thought that you might have had remains preserved from within. In short it is a microchip within us. Self-consciousness (soul) being an attribute of the Creator will not die; it already exists beyond the barrier of time and space. The most important point to be noted is that in all the creative stages preceding the Self-conscious Stage of Man, the conscious values were preserved and passed on by each species in kind and not in “Person” or “Self”. It is because at those stages life was not aware of itself. Hence it could preserve its values only in kind by passing the same through organism to organism. For example, at the Vegetable Stage, the individual distinction of a mango tree is in its kind or species and not in its “Person”. The reason is that whether it may be a mango tree or a wheat plant, the life in plants is never aware of itself and hence it can live under the values as preserved in seed by each species in the form of chemical laid in series, we call it “DNA”. Similar is the case with the creative stage of animal life. The animal stage is also a material state and it preserved the values of its species in kind. It may be a horse or a lamb; each preserved its values as a kind. As compared to the values preserved in kind at these stages, the values preserved at the human stage are “Personal” as implied in the words “Conscious Self”. If we take away the “Conscious Self” no conscious values pertaining to the self or person can exists or survive. It is obligatory, therefore, that the conscious values earned by each Self must remain “Personal” with the individual or “Conscious Self”. Our discussion has shown that:

  1. The Human Self lives independently in its mental “body” or mental state because of the non-material values of the Self;
  2. The “Personal” values of the Self cannot be transferred from Self to Self like the organic life of plants and animals as each Human Self lives as a unique Self-conscious Entity; and
  3. The Human Self cannot die, as nature must protect each Self as its precious gain for onward creation.

Hence at the Human Stage, these are only the physical forms and values, which are transferred from germ to germ and which under the physical laws, remain subject to death and disintegration. But the Human Self, which lives in a separate non-material state, cannot simply die as it is against the fundamental principle of the creative process according to which life can never come down from the level it has achieved nor can it lose its conscious values. Life must protect those hard earned values in its minutest detail, as otherwise the process of creation cannot proceed.

All the spatial stages preceding Self-conscious Stage were in fact the preparatory stages of the Self-conscious Stage of Man. Since the conscious values created prior to the creative stage of Self-consciousness were in elementary stages and were meant to prepare the ground for the appearance of Self-conscious Man, they were living in an unconscious state or the material state of life – the state in which bodies played “consciousness” under the stimulus of attraction and repulsion caused by external processes. In this state life being not aware of itself continued to develop and transfer the values through the process of procreation. On reaching the Human Stage, life became directly aware of its Creator and with the cognition of its source it came to its own. All human activities were now triggered under the inherent urge of seeking and loving its Creator.

Like a single organism each stage lives as a unit and has a particular goal to reach. Since the values to be achieved at a certain stage are unlimited and divergent and cannot be achieved in a single unit body or organism, therefore, uncountable numbers of “Self’s” are created. It is natural, therefore, that each Self after having lived its maximum time of physical life must make way for the next Self. At Human Stage, each Self has a natural urge to discover more and more of the ultimate reality and impart whatever knowledge it may have gained to other fellow human beings so that mankind may succeed reaching its common goal in a united way. As a matter of fact each Conscious Self remains incomplete without the other complementary and supplementary ” Self’s”. This attachment is so strong that it always remains the urge of every soul to win the approval and appreciation of the other human beings for such actions or deeds, which are admired by the humanity. It is the dominating urge of each Self to live unitedly with fellow human beings. This urge is found at all the creative stages of life subject to the conscious level of the stage. It is the Conscious Self, which is the real living value at the Human Stage and whose development is the sole purpose of the present creative stage. If we believe that each Self is mortal, in that case the whole creative process will prove useless exercise because nothing would survive at the close of the Self-conscious Stage of Man. This amount negation of one’s own Self as well as the negation of the creative process.

Development of Self.

There is a significant difference between the way the physical body develops and the manner the Human Self develops. The body grows by receiving substances from outside and incorporating them, that is, by taking in. The Self grows stronger by sharing its knowledge, wisdom and possessions with others. Its happiness lies in helping others. It is cramped when it keeps its riches to itself. Generosity of any kind enriches it and niggardliness impoverishes it. Therefore, if we want real happiness and spiritual bliss in this world and get out of all kinds of depression, we must give out and refrain from taking in.

Soul Continues To Live With Whatever Worldly Life It Had After Leaving The Physical Body. (Death)

The human physical organism exists as an independent unit whole as does the other animal species. The Human Self or Soul, which appeared simultaneously on fixation of the physical values of the body, that is, its form, instincts and perceptual brain also, lives as an independent unit whole. The physical organism preserves its values in minutest detail in the form of germ cell. The germ cell when its values in minutest detail in the form of germ cell. The germ cell when planted in the womb continues to reproduce the organism asexually (spiritually) through complementary division of cells. Similarly the Human Self which comes as a clean state continue to preserve all the values and events from within and when the Self-conscious Stage as a whole reaches completion and enters a higher tier of life, every Human Soul would construct its universe under the higher enlightenment vis-à-vis the values earned by it during its worldly life. If a germ cell under the physical laws can act as a physical mind to reproduce values in minutest detail, we can be sure that Human Self or Soul which has inherent reflection of the Creator would not simply reproduce but in fact instantly bring forth events and values it lived and watch them as if played on the screen. It could be imagined on the analogy of dreams watched by the physical body. The Self would equally realise wearing its physical body (usually known as astral body) and taste of pains and pleasures it lived in the worldly life.

Last but not the least, in whatever society man may live, what every culture he belongs to, the creative process of the Creator leaves no excuses for him that he has been deprived of the spiritual light, provided he cared to understand.