Astrolabes and Al-Ijliya
The making of astrolabes, a branch of applied science of great status, was practiced by many include one woman from Aleppo (Syria), Mariam* “Al-Astrolabiya” Al-Ijliya (Al-‘Ijliyah bint al-‘Ijli al-Asturlabi), who followed her father’s profession and was employed at the court of Sayf al-Dawlah (333 H/944 CE-357/967), one of the powerful Hamdanid rulers in northern Syria who guarded the frontier with the Byzantine empire in the tenth century CE.
Mariam al-Asturlabiyy (Arabic: مريم الأسطرلابي or al-ʻIjliyyah bint al-ʻIjliyy al-Asturlabiyy (Arabic: العجلية بنت العجلي الأسطرلابي), was a 10th-century female astronomer and maker of astrolabes in Aleppo, in what is now northern Syria.
She was the daughter of an astrolabist known as al-ʻIjliyy al-Asturlabī. According to ibn al-Nadim, she was an apprentice (tilmīthah) of Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh Nasṭūlus.
Al-‘Ijliyah developed and manufactured astrolabes, an astronomical and navigation instrument, during the 10th century. She was employed by the Emir of Aleppo, Sayf al-Dawla, who reigned from 944 to 967 AD.
The main-belt asteroid 7060 Al-‘Ijliya, discovered by Henry E. Holt at Palomar Observatory in 1990, was named in her honor. Naming citation was published on 14 November 2016 (M.P.C. 102252).
She inspired a character in 2015 award-winning book Binti. She was named an extraordinary woman from the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation by 1001 Inventions.