हज़रत जुनैद बग़दादी
जुनैद बग़दादी प्रसिध्द सूफ़ी संत हैं. वे संत हज़रत सक्ती क़े भांजे और शिष्य थे. उन्हें शिक्षा और अमल का उद्गम माना जाता है. ईश्वर भक्ति और त्याग के प्रतीक संत जुनैद बग़दादी ने लोगों को कर्तव्य पालन और लोककल्याण का संदेश दिया. इसके बावजूद उनके विरोधी उन्हें अधर्मी और काफ़िर कहकर पुकारते थे.
बचपन में जब एक दिन वे मदरसे से आ रहे थे तो उन्होंने रास्ते में अपने पिता को रोते हुए देखा. उन्होंने इसका कारण पूछा तो उनके पिता ने बताया कि आज मैंने कुछ दिरहम (मुद्रा) तुम्हारे मामा हज़रत सक्ती को भेजे थे, लेकिन उन्होंने इन्हें लेने से साफ़ इंकार कर दिया. जब ईश्वर के भक्तों को मेरे कडे परिश्रम की कमाई पसंद नहीं तो फिर मेरा जीवन भी व्यर्थ है. जुनैद बग़दादी पिता से दिरहम लेकर अपने मामा की कुटिया पर पहुंचे. हज़रत सक्ती ने पूछा कौन है? उन्होंने जवाब दिया कि मैं जुनैद हूं और अपने पिता की ओर से भेंट लेकर आया हूं, इसे स्वीकार कर कृतार्थ कीजिए. मगर जब जुनैद ने इसे लेने से साफ़ इंकार कर दिया तो उन्होंने कहा कि आपको उस ईश्वर का वास्ता जिसने आप को संत बनाया और मेरे पिता को सांसारिक व्यक्ति बनाकर दोनों के साथ ही न्याय किया है. मेरे पिता ने अपना कर्तव्य पूरा किया और अब आप अपने नैतिक दायित्व का पालन करें. उनकी यह बात सुनकर हज़रत सक्ती ने दरवाज़ा खोल दिया और उन्हें गले से लगा लिया. उसी दिन हज़रत सक्ती ने जुनैद को अपना शिष्य बना लिया.
सात साल की छोटी उम्र में वे अपने पीर हज़रत सक्ती के साथ मक्का की यात्रा पर गए थे. तभी वहां सूफियों में आभार की परिभाषा पर चर्चा हो रही थी. सबने अपने-अपने विचार रखे. हज़रत सक्ती ने उनसे भी अपने विचार व्यक्त करने को कहा. गुरु की आज्ञा का पालन करते हुए उन्होंने कहा कि आभार की परिभाषा यह है, जब ईश्वर सुख-एश्वर्य दे तो इसे लेने वाला इसके कारण अल्लाह की अवज्ञा न करे. मक्का से वापस आकर उन्होंने शीशों की दुकान खोली, मगर दुकानदारी में उनका ज़रा भी मन नहीं लगा. वे कहते हैं कि मनुष्य को नैतिक शिक्षा अपने आसपास के वातावरण से ही मिल जाती है. निष्ठा की शिक्षा उन्होंने एक हज्जाम से प्राप्त की थी. एक बार मक्का में वे एक हज्जाम के पास गए तो देखा कि वे किसी धनवान की हजामत बना रहा है. उन्होंने उससे आग्रह किया कि वह ईश्वर के लिए उनकी भी हजामत बना दे. यह सुनकर हज्जाम ने धनवान की हजामत छोड़कर उनके बाल काटने शुरू कर दिए. बाल काटने के बाद हज्जाम ने उनके हाथ में एक पुडिया दी, जिसमें कुछ रेज़गारी लिपटी हुई थी और कहा कि इसे अपने काम में ख़र्च कर लेना. पुडिया लेकर उन्होंने संकल्प लिया कि उन्हें जो कुछ मिलेगा उसे वे इस हज्जाम को दे देंगे. कुछ समय बाद बसरा में एक व्यक्ति ने अशर्फियों से भरी थैली उन्हें भेंट की. वे उस थैली को लेकर हज्जाम के पास गए. थैली देखकर हज्जाम ने कहा कि उसने तो उनकी सेवा केवल अल्लाह के लिए की थी, इसलिए वह इसे स्वीकार नहीं कर सकता.
जुनैद बग़दादी कहते हैं कि अल्लाह के मार्ग पर चलने वाला व्यक्ति कभी भी किसी पर उपकार करके अहसान नहीं जताता और न ही उसके बदले में उससे कुछ चाहता है. वे लोगों को नेकी और सच्चाई के रास्ते पर चलने की सीख देते हुए कहते हैं कि व्यक्ति को सीमित साधनों में ही प्रसन्न रहना चाहिए. सुख-दुख जीवन के दो पहलू हैं. जिस अल्लाह ने सुख दिया है, दुख भी उसी की देन है. इसलिए मनुष्य को दुखों से घबराने की बजाय सदा अपने कर्तव्यों का पालन करते रहना चाहिए. वे स्वयं भी रूखी-सूखी रोटी खाकर गुज़ारा करते थे. अमीर उन्हें बहुमूल्य रत्न और वस्तुएं भेंट करते थे, लेकिन वे इन्हें लेने से साफ इंकार कर देते थे. वे कहते थे कि सूफियों को धन की ज़रूरत नहीं है. अगर कोई उन्हें कुछ देना ही चाहता है तो वे ज़रूरतमंदों की मदद करे, जिससे ईश्वर भी उससे प्रसन्न रहे. वे अपने साथ बुरा बर्ताव करने वाले लोगों को उनकी गलती के लिए माफ करके उनकी भी मदद करते थे. एक बार चोर ने उनका कुर्ता चुरा लिया और दूसरे दिन जब बाज़ार में उन्होंने चोर को कुर्ता बेचते देखा. ख़रीदने वाला चोर से कह रहा था कि अगर कोई गवाही दे दे कि यह माल तेरा ही है तो मैं ख़रीद सकता हूं. उन्होंने कहा कि मैं वाकिफ़ हूं. यह सुनकर ख़रीदार ने कुर्ता ख़रीद लिया.
उनका कहना था कि तकलीफ़ पर शिकायत न करते हुए सब्र करना बंदगी की बेहतर अलामत है. सच्चा बंदा वही है जो न तो हाथ फैलाए और न ही झगड़े. तवक्कुल सब्र का नाम है जैसा कि अल्लाह फ़रमाता है कि वे लोग जो सब्र करते हैं और अपने मालिक पर भरोसा करते हैं. सब्र की परिभाषा यह है कि जो लोगों से दूर करके अल्लाह के करीब कर दे. तवक्कुल का मतलब यह है कि तुम अल्लाह के ऐसे बंदे बन जाओ जैसे आदिकाल में थे. फ़रमाया कि यकीन नाम है इल्म का, दिल में इस तरह बस जाने का जिसमें बदलाव न हो सके. यकीन का मतलब यह है कि गुरूर को छोड़कर दुनिया से बे नियाज़ हो जाओ. उनका यह भी कहना था कि जिसकी ज़िन्दगी रूह पर निर्भर हो वह रूह निकलते ही मर जाता है और जिसकी ज़िन्दगी का आधार ख़ुदा पर हो वह कभी नहीं मरता, बल्कि भौतिक जिन्दगी से वास्तविक ज़िन्दगी हासिल कर लेता है. फरमाया अल्लाह की रचना से प्रेरणा हासिल न करने वाली आंख का अंधा होना ही अच्छा है और जो जबान अल्लाह के गुणगान से महरूम हो उसका बंद होना ही बेहतर है. जो कान हक़ की बात सुनने से मजबूर हो उसका बहरा होना अच्छा है और जो जिस्म इबादत से महरूम हो उसका मुर्दा होना ही बेहतर है.
वे भाईचारे और आपसी सद्भाव में विश्वास रखते थे. एक बार किसी ने उनसे कहा कि आज के दौर में दीनी भाइयों की कमी है. इस पर उन्होंने जवाब दिया कि तुम्हारे विचार में दीनी भाई केवल वे हैं जो तुम्हारी परेशानियों को हल कर सकें तब तो निश्चित ही वे कम हैं और अगर तुम वास्तविक दीनी भाइयों की कमी समझते हो तो तुम झूठे हो, क्योंकि दीनी भाई का वास्तविक अर्थ यह है कि जिनकी मुश्किलों का हल तुम्हारे पास हो और सारे मामलों को हल करने में तुम्हारी मदद शामिल हो जाए और ऐसे दीनी भाइयों की कमी नहीं है. जुनैद बग़दादी की यह बात आज भी समाज के लिए बेहद प्रासंगिक है.
Sayyed-ut-Taa’ifa, Qutb-ul-Istihqaaq, Sultaan-e-Taree
qat, Shaikh alal-Itlaaq, Ta’oos-ul-Ulama, Mamba-e-Israar.
Aap ki wilaadat 218 Hijri (830 A.D.) Baghdad me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naaam Muhammad bin Junaid al-Khazzaaz al-Nehawandi hai.
Aap ke waalid Zajjaj ya’ni sheesha (aa’ina) bechne wale the.
7 saal ki umr me Aap apne khaalu Hazrat Sirri al-Saqati rahmatullāhi alaihi ke saath Haram shareef gaye tab 400 ulama jama hokar Shukr ke mauzu par guftago kar rahe the. Har aalim ne baari baari apni baat batai. Aakhir me Hazrat Sirri al-Saqati ne aap ki taraf dekhkar farmaaya ‘Junaid! tum bhi is ke baare me kuchh batao.’ Aap ne kuchh lamho ke liye nazar jhuka li. Phir farmaaya ‘Shukr ye hai ke tum ALLĀH ta’ala ki ata ki hui kisi bhi ne’amat ke zariye us ki na-farmaani na karo aur na hi un ne’amato ko ALLĀH ki na-farmaani me ya kisi ko takleef dene me istemaal karo.’
Ye sunkar waha maujood tamaam ulama kehne lage ‘Aye hamari aankho ki thandak, Tum ne jo bhi kaha wo sab sach hai aur tum apne alfaaz me imaandaar ho. Hum is ke baare me behtar nhi keh sakte jo tum ne kaha hai.’
Hazrat Sirri al-Saqati ne Aap se puchha ‘Beta! Aise achhi baat tum ne kaha se sikhi?’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Ye sab maine aap ki sohbat ke faiz se sikha hai.’
Aap ne Hazrat Abu Ali Soori rahmatullāhi alaihi se Fiq’h ki ta’aleem haasil ki (jo Imaam Shafi’i ke shaagird hain) aur 20 saal ki umr me Fatawa dena shuru kiya.
Aap ne Hazrat Shaikh Sirri al-Saqati rahmatullāhi alaihi se Tasawwuf ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Apni jawaani me Aap kushti kiya karte the aur baadshaah ke khaas pehalwaan me se ek the.
Shaher e Baghdad me ek aale rasool saadaat rehte the. Un ke haalaat aise the ke khaane aur pehanne ke liye bhi saamaan nahi tha. Wo baadshaah ke paas aaye aur un se kaha ke ‘Main aap ke pehlwaan se kushti ladna chaahta hu.’ Baadshaah ne socha ke Ye shakhs dubla patla hai kaise kushti ladega. Lekin jab sayyedzaade ne zor dekar kaha ke ‘Main aap ke sab se ache pehlwaan se kushti ladna chahta hu.’ Tab baadhshaah ne Hazrate Junaid ko bulaaya aur in se kushti ladne ke kaha.
Baghdad shaher ke saare log kushti dekhne ke liye jama ho gaye. Jab pehlwaan Junaid aur Sayyedzaada dono maidaan me aa gaye tab Sayyedzade ne Juned ko dhire se kaha ke ‘Main aale rasool hu aur bahot ghareeb hu aur mere gharwale bahot takleef me hain. Agar aaj aap mujhe kushti me jitne de to mumkin hai ke baadshaah mujhe kuchh in’aam de jis se main apna guzraan kar saku.’
Jab dono ke bich kushti shuru hui to thodi hi der me sayyedzaade ne Junaid ko pachhad diya. Sab log hairaan hue. Phir se kushti shuru hui to phir se us hazrat ne Junaid ko pachhad diya aur teesri baar bhi aisa hi hua.
Baadshaah ne sayyedzaade ko in’aam me bahot maal diya aur wo khush hokar apne ghar aaye.
Us raat Hazrat Junaid ke qismat jaagi aur Khwaab me Huzoor Rehmate aalam pyare aaqa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam tashreef laaye aur farmaaya ke ‘Aye Junaid tum ne meri aal ki madad ki hai aur main tum se bahot khush hu aur Rab ta’ala ne tumhe wilaayat ata farmai hai.’
Jab aankh khuli to aap baadshaah ke paas gaye aur sab qissa sunaakar us ki ijaazat lekar waha se nikal gaye aur puri zindagi ALLĀH aur us ke Rasool sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki ita’at me guzaari.
Is ke baad Aap ne apne waalid ka sheeshe (aa’ina) ka kaarobaar karna shuru kiya. Aap roz apni dukaan me aakar kaarobaar shuru karne se pehle 400 rak’at nafl namaaz padhte.
Kuchh saal baad aap ne apna kaarobaar chhod diya. Aur apne peer Hazrat Sirri al-Saqati rahmatullāhi alaihi ke makaan me ek kamre me rehne lage. Aap zyada waqt Peer ki khidmat me aur ibaadat, riyaazat aur muraaqaba me guzaarte.
Aap Taqwa aur Ibaadat me bemisaal the.
Aap hamesha Sunnat e Rasool par amal karte aur shariat ki paabandi karte.
Puri raat aap ibaadat e ilāhi me guzaarte. 30 saal tak Aap ne isha ke wuzu se fajr ki namaaz ada ki.
20 saal tak Aap namaaz me Takbeer e ula ke saath saamil hua.
Agar namaaz me aap ko dunya ki isi cheez ka khayaal aata to aap namaaz ko dohra lete. Agar namaaz me Jannat ka khayaal aata to aap sajda e sahaw karte.
Aap akṡar roza rakha karte the.
Ek baar ek majoosi andar zanaar (dhaaga) pehankar aur upar islaami kurta pehankar aap ke paas aaya aur kaha ‘Huzoor , main aap ke paas is hadees ka mafhoom jaanne ke liye aaya hu – Itaqu bi firaasatil mo’min fa innahu yanzuroo bi Noorillaahi (ya’ni Kaamil Mo’min ki firaasat se daro beshak wo ALLĀH ke noor se dekhta hai.)’ Aap ne farmaaya is ka matlab ye hai ke ‘Tum zanaar nikaal do aur kufr ko chhodkar Islaam ko apna lo.
Ye sunkar majoosi ko ta’ajjub hua aur wo foran kallima padhkar musalman ho gaya.
Aap ke bahot saare mureedo me ek mureed aap ka khaas aur pasandeeda tha. Dusre mureedo ne is par aitraaz kiya. Aap ne farmaaya ke ‘Wo tum sab me zyada ilm waala aur daana hai. Is liye main us par khaas tawajjoh deta hu.’ Phir aap ne farmaaya ‘Main is baat ka saboot paish karta hu.’ Aap ne sab ko ek ek murgi aur chhoori dekar farmaaya ‘Ise aisi jagah le jaakar zubah karo jaha par koi dekh na raha ho.’ Sab mureed tanhai me jaakar murgi ko zubah karke aaye. Aakhir me wo mureed zinda murgi ko lekar waapas aaya. Aap ne us se puchha ‘Tum ne murgi ko zubah kyun nahi kiya?’ Us ne arz kiya ‘Huzoor! Main jaha bhi bhi gaya maine ALLĀH ki qudrat ko maujood paaya aur main jaanta hu ke wo kaainaat ki har cheez ko dekh raha hai. Is liye mere paas koi raasta nahi the aur main ise zubah nahi kar saka.’ Aap ne tamaam mureedo se farmaaya ‘Aap sab ne is ka jawaab sun liya. Yehi wajah hai ke ye mera khaas aur pasandeeda hai.’
Ek martaba ek Ameer Shakhs ne aap ko 500 deenaar nazr pesh ki. Aap ne farmaaya ‘In 500 deenaaro ke siwa tumhare paas aur bhi kuchh hai?’ Us ne kaha ‘Bahot kuchh hai.’ Aap ne farmaaya ke ‘Bahot kuchh ke hote hue tujhe aur kuchh ki bhi haajat hai?’ Us ne kaha ‘Haan hai.’
Aap ne farmaaya ‘In deenaaro ko tum hi le jaao. Kyun ki mujh se zyada to tu is ka mustahiq hai. Is liye ke mere paas kuchh nahi aur kuchh bhi haajat nahi aur tere paas bahot kuchh hai aur phir bhi tujhe aur kuchh ki haajat hai. Goya asl me Mohtaaj tum ho na ke main.’
Aap ne ‘Fana fillāh’ ki haqeeqat samjhai.
Aap farmaate hain
(1) Qalb ko dunyaawi khwaahishaat se paak saaf karne ka naam hi Tasawwuf hai. Aur ALLĀH ki mohabbat me hamesha nafs ki khwaahishaat ko mukhaalifat karna Fana fillāh hai. Ye Zohad se shuru hokar Ibaadat aur Zikr ki kasrat, aur Ikhlaas ke zariye Muraqaba par mukammal hota hai.’
(2) Nafs ki taabedaari barbaadi ki bunyaad hai.
(3) Jo aankh ALLĀH ta’ala ki qudrat wa khalqat ka nazaazra dekhkar naseehat haasil na kare us se na-bina hona behtar hai;
Jis kaan ko haq baat sunne ki aadat nahi us se behra hona behtar hai;
Jis zabaan ko zikr e ilaahi ki aadat nahi us se gunga hona behtar hai;
Aur jis jism ALLĀH ki ibaadat karne ki aadaat nahi us se maut aa jaana behtar hai.
(4) Jo apne Qalb ki hifaazat karta hai us ne Deen ki hifaazat ki.
(5) Dunya ko tark karne se aur khalwat apnaane se Eimaan mehfooz rehta hai, badan tandurast rehta hai aur dil khush rehta hai.
Aap Hazrat Shaikh Sirri al-Saqati rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap se ‘Junaidi’ silsila jaari hai.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaikh Abu Bakr Shibli rahmatullāhi alaihi;
(2) Hazrat Shaikh Abu Ali Ahmad Rudbari rahmatullāhi alaihi;
(3) Hazrat Shaikh Mansoor Abraar rahmatullāhi alaihi;
(4) Hazrat Shaah Muhammad bin Aswad Dinawari rahmatullāhi alaihi;
(5) Hazrat Shaah Ismāeel-al-Azeez rahmatullāhi alaihi;
(6) Hazrat Khwaja Mumshaad Dinawari rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(7) Hazrat Shaikh Abu Muhammad Amwiya rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(8) Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Rumi rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ‘Sayyed-ut-Taa’ifa’ hain.
Maujooda tamaam Salaasil me Aap ka faiz jaari hai.
Jab Aap ka wisaal ka waqt qareeb tha tab Aap ne apne shaagirdo ko wuzu karaane ke liye farmaaya. Wuzu karaane me wo log daadhi me khilaal karaana bhul gaye to Aap ne unhe yaad karaaya. Phir Aap sajde me gaye aur rone lage. Logo ne Aap se arz kiya ‘Aap to ibaadat guzaar hain phir aap itna kyun ro rahe hain?’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Junaid ko is se zyada is ki zaroorat kabhi pesh nahi aai.’ Phir Aap ne tilaawat e Qur’an shuru kiya. Logo ne Aap se puchha ‘Hazrat aap ne Qur’an majeed ki tilaawat kyun shuru ki?’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Is ke baad mera naam e aamaal band hone waala hai. Main dekh raha hu ke mera aamaal naama ek baarik dhaage me baandhkar latkaaya gaya hai aur hawa chal rahi hai. Main nahi jaanta ke yeh hawa wisaal ki hai ya maghfirat ki hai. Main apni ek jaanib malik-ul-maut ko dekh raha hu aur ek jaanib pul siraat ko dekh raha hu.’
Aap ne pura Qur’an majeed mukammal karne ke baad Surah Baqarah ki 70 aayaten tilawaat ki.
Is ke baad Aap ne apni ungliyo par tasbeeh padhna shuru kiya. Jab Aap Shahaadat ki ungli par pahunche tab Aap ne ungli ko aasmaan ki taraf uthaaya aur ‘Bismillāhir Rahmānir Raheem’ padha. Phir apni aankhen band kar li aur intiqaal farmaaya.
Aap ka wisaal 27 Rajab 298 Hijri (910 A.D.) ko Jum’aa ke roz hua.
Aap ka mazaar Shaunizia, Baghdad (Iraq) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaikh Junaid al-Baghdadi rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA : Shaikh al Itlaaq, Mamba-e-Israar, Sultan-e-Tariqat, Hazrat Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) is the eleventh Imam and Shaikh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakaatiyah Razaviyah Nooriyah.
BIRTH: He was born around the year 218 Hijri in Baghdad Shareef.
NAME: His name is Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu). He was known as Abul Qasim and he was blessed with titles such as, Sayyidut Taaifa, Ta’oosul Ulama, Zujjaan and Lisaanul Qaum.
SHEIKH-E-TARIQAT: He is the mureed and Khalifa of Hazrat Sirri Saqti (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu).
Hazrat Muhammad Sallallaho alaihe wasallam
Imam zainul abedin
Imam Zafer sadiq
Imam Moosa kazim
Imam Ali Moosa
Junayd of Baghdad
Abu Bakr Shibli
Mualana Abdur Rahman Jami
Abu Ayub Muhammad Saleh
Khawaja Allahdin Madni
Mualana AllahYar Khan
Muhammad Ahsan Baig
Syed Bunyad Hussain Naqvi
HIS CHILDHOOD: When he was seven years old, he went to Haramain Sharifain in the company of Hazrat Sirri Saqti (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu). When they reached the Haram Shareef, four hundred Ulama were seated there, discussing the topic of Shukr (Gratefulness). All of the Ulama presented their views during this sitting. Hazrat Sirri Saqti (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) then turned to Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) and said, “O Junaid, you too should say something.” He lowered his sight for a few moments, and then said, “Shukr is this, that you should not be disobedient through whatever bounties Allah has blessed you with, and you should not use it as a means of disobedience and causing distress.” On hearing this, all the Ulama said together, “O coolness of our eyes, whatever you have said is the truth, and you are honest in your words, we cannot say better than what you have said.” Hazrat Sirri Saqti (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) said, “O my dear son, from where did you learn such exemplary words?” Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) said, “This is through the blessing of your esteem companionship.” [Masaalikus Saalikeen]
HIS EXCELLENCE: He was a great Aalim and Mufti. He was ahead of all in wisdom and eloquence. The only people who could not see the station of Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) were those who were blind in faith. He was known as the voice of the people, but he always called himself Abdul Masha’ikh (the servant of the masters). Many of the Ulama also called him Sultanul Muhaqiqeen. He had reached very high levels in Shariat and Tariqat. Many great Shaikhs followed his silsila. He was the greatest Shaikh of his era. He spent time in the hidmat of Hazrat Muhaasibi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu). Once someone asked Hazrat Sirri Saqti (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu), “Can a mureed’s rank surpass the rank of his Shaikh?” Hazrat Sirri Saqti (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) said, “Yes, it is possible. The perfect example is right before you. I am the Peer of Junaid Baghdadi, but he is more exalted than me.” Once a Sayyid who lived in Jilan, left home with the intention of Hajj. On his journey, he passed through Baghdad Shareef. He thus presented himself in the Darbaar of Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu). Hazrat asked him where he had come from and he said that he was from Jilan, and was a descendant of Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu). Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) then said, “Your forefather Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) used to draw two swords. One against the kufaar and mushrikeen, and the other against his nafs. Which sword do you draw?” When the man heard this, he went into a spiritual state and began to roll on the ground. He then said, “This is my Hajj, put me onto the path of Allah.” Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) said, “Your heart, is the special Haram of Allah, thus you should try to the best of your ability no to allow any non-mahram to enter it.” [Kashful Mahjoob pg.119] HIS CHARACTER AND HABITS: Even though Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) was such a great Wali, he was very humble. He always showed great respect to others, even to those who were not as exalted as him. Once he said to his mureeds, “If only I knew that it was better to read two rakaats of nafl than being with you, then I would have not sat amongst you.” He kept fast for most of his life. Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) initially had a business, and used to sell mirrors. His manner was that he used to enter his shop and then read four hundred rakaats of nafil salaah. This, he continued for many years. He then left his shop and sat in the khidmat of his Peer-o-Murshid. He took a room in the house of his Peer and then spent his time there cleansing his heart. When he used to enter the state of Muraqiba (spiritual ecstasy), he would remove the musalla from under him as he did not wish to concentrate on anything. He only engrossed himself in the love of Allah and His Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He spent forty years in Muraqiba. For thirty years, he stood after esha until fajr and make Zikrullah. He used to make his fajr salaah with the wudhu of esha. He says, “For twenty years, I did not miss the Takbeer-e-Oola (First Takbeer of Namaaz in Jamaat), and if the thought of any worldly thing entered my mind during namaaz, then I would repeat my salaah, and if I thought of Jannat or the Hereafter in my salaah, then I used to make Sajdah-e-Sahw.”
HIS EXCELLENCE IN THE COURT OF RASOOLULLAH (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): A Buzroog narrates, that once he dreamt of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) was also seated in the Mehfil of the Holy Prophet (SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam). He then saw that a person came and resented a query to the Beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Hand it over to Junaid. He will write the answer.” The person then said, “Ya Rasoolallah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) may my parents be sacrificed at your feet. How can it be given to Junaid in your presence?” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Just as the Prophets are proud of their entire Ummah, I am proud of Junaid.” [Khazinatul Asfiyah vol.1 pg.86]
HIS LECTURES: Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) spent his entire life, serving the Deen of Allah and His Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Once his Peer-o-Murshid asked him to deliver a lecture and he said that he did not find it ethical to lecture in the presence of his Peer. One night, he dreamt of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) who commanded him to lecture. When morning came, he went to his Peer and found that his Peer was already awaiting his presence. As he entered the Khanqah, his Peer said, “We have all been asking you to lecture. Now the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has given you the command to speak.” He asked his Peer how he had known of his dream, and he said, “Last night I made Deedar of Allah Subhaanahu Wata’ala and I heard a voice which said that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had already commended Junaid to lecture.” He agreed to lecture on condition, that there were not more than forty people in his lectures. It was agreed and he delivered his first lecture. During his first lecture, eighteen people passed away. He then stopped his lecture and went back home. [Kashful Mahjoob pg 201]
A SINCERE MUREED: Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) had various mureeds, but there was one particular mureed, towards whom he paid special attention. A few disciples were not pleased with this and asked him why he gave preference to the mureed over others. Hazrat said that he is the most intelligent and wise amongst all of them, and it was for this reason that he gave preference to him. Hazrat then said, “Let me prove this to you.” He gave a chicken and a knife to each mureed, and asked them to sacrifice it where none would be able to see them. Each of the mureeds found a very quite and secluded area, and sacrificed the chicken. This one mureed, came back without slaughtering the chicken. Hazrat asked why he did not slaughter the chicken, and he said, “Huzoor, wherever I went, I found the Qudrat of Allah present there, and I knew that He is All Seeing. It is for this reason that I had no option but to return without success.” Hazrat then said, “Now, did you hear his answer? This is the reason he is so dear to me.”
KARAAMATS: Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) says, “The greatest Karaamat is to remain firm on the Shariat-e-Mustafa (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).” There is no doubt, that Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) was very firm on the Shariah, and his every action was the reflection of the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). A few of his karaamats are mentioned below. There was a mureed of Hazrat who used to live in Basra. He once intended to commit a sin. The moment this thought entered his heart, his entire face turned black. When he looked into the mirror, he was amazed to see his condition. He was very ashamed and stayed in doors. After three days, the blackness disappeared and his face returned to its original colour. On the same day, a person delivered a letter to him, which was from his Peer-o-Murshid, Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (RadiallahuTa’ala Anhu). When he opened the letter, he found the following written inside, “Keep your heart in control, and remain respectfully as a servant (of Allah). For three days and three nights, I had do to the job of a laundryman, so that I may wash away the blackness of your face.” [Masaalikus Saalikeen] Once a ajoosi (fire worshipper) put on a zanaar (a so-called sacred thread worn by fire (worshippers), and then disguised himself as a muslim by putting on the arabian garb. He then presented himself before Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) and said, “I have come to ask the meaning of a Hadith Shareef, which says, “Itaqu bi firaasatil Mo’min Fa Innahu yanzuroo bi Noorillaahi” (Beware of the spiritual sight of a true believer, for he sees with the Noor of Allah). Could you explain the meaning of this Hadith?” Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) heard his question and smiled. He said, “It means that you should break your zanaar, leave kufr and accept Islam.” When he heard Hazrat’s reply, he was astonished, and immediately recited the Kalima Shareef and accepted Islam. [Tazkiratul Awliyah pg.233] Once, there was a mureed of Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu), who felt that he had perfected himself (become Kaamil). He thus, began to live in total seclusion. At night, he used to dream of an angel, which used to present a camel before him. He used to then sit on the camel, and the angel would take him on a journey of Jannat. He used to enter a place that was very beautiful. He used to partake in delicious food and drinks, and he saw the most handsome people there. After a while, he would return to his home. He reached such a state, that he began to tell people, “I am amongst those who visits Jannat daily.” This message reached Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu). Hazrat then went to visit him, and found him sitting with great pomp and splendour. Hazrat asked him about his claims, and he explained everything in detail. Hazrat said, “Tonight, when you reach this place, you must read Laa Howla wa Laa Quwwata illa Billaa Hil Aliyil Azeem” That night, when he had the dream and he reached the so-called Jannat, he read as Hazrat instructed him to. The moment he read this, all those in his dream began to shriek and flee from him. He then saw that he was sitting on a donkey, and there were skeletons in front of him. On seeing this be became afraid, and realised his mistake. All that he was seeing was an illusion of shaitaan. He immediately rushed to Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) and repented for his behaviour. He also learnt, that for a mureed to be by himself is like taking poison.
HIS JALAAL: Due to his piety and knowledge, Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) became very famous in Iraq. There were however those, who were jealous of his fame. They continuously made accusations against him, and also complained against him to the Khalifa. The Khalifa said that they could not do anything to him as long as there was no evidence against him. The Khalifa then said that he had purchased a very beautiful slave girl, whose beauty outshone all the women of the city. He thus commanded that she be dressed in the most beautiful clothes and adorned with precious pearls and diamonds. Once she had been dressed, he called her and said, “I want you to go to where Junaid is and remove your veil from over your face and tell him that you want to be his, and that you have become weary of the world. All that you want is to live with him, and for him to help you to gain closeness to Allah.” The Khalifa then appointed a servant to go with her, so that he may be witness to whatever may transpire. The woman presented herself before Hazrat and removed her veil, saying what the
Khalifa had commanded. Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) looked up at her once and said something. The woman, could not bear the sight of the Jalaal of Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) and fell to the ground and died. When this message reached the Khalifa, he was very sad. He said, “Some people say things about the Masha’ikh which they should not say. The Shaikh has reached a level that he is able to see that which our sights cannot venture.” [Shajratul Kaamileen pg.153/154]
GEMS OF WISDOM: Some of his beautiful and wise sayings are being presented, so that we may read and make amal upon them.
“A Sufi is like the earth, onto which all the dirt is thrown and yet it blossoms into a green asture.”
“Tasawwuf is that which kills you and lives by itself. The most powerful relationship is that of the servant to his Creator. When he tries to understand the secrets of Tauheed, all roads are sealed to the creation, except the road to the Beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).”
“Do not follow him, who follows the Quran and leaves the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam).”
“The evil thoughts (waswasah) of the nafs are worse than the waswasah of shaitaan. Shaitaani waswasah can be neutralized by reciting La Houla… but it requires struggle to overcome the waswasah of the nafs.” “A person becomes a human being by virtue of character, not by appearance.”
“Obedience to the nafs is the foundation of corruption.”
“One who considers his nafs to be evil is a good servant of Allah.”
“He who does not complain and patiently bears hardships is noble.”
“Blindness is better for the eye which does not derive lesson from the creation of Allah Ta’ala. Dumbness is better for the tongue which does not make the Zikr of Allah Ta’ala. Deafness is better for the ear which does not listen to the truth. Death is better for the body which does not worship Allah Ta’ala.”
“Ikhlaas (sincerity) demands that you deem your good deeds not worthy of acceptance in the Exalted Court of Allah Ta’ala.”
“By renouncing the world and adopting seclusion, Imaan remains safe, the body healthy and the heart happy.”
“One who guards his heart, guards the Deen.”
HIS KHULAFA: Some of his most respected Khulafa are: Hazrat Abu Bakr Shibli, Hazrat Mansoor Abraar, Hazrat Shah Muhammad bin Aswad Dinoori and Hazrat Shah Ismaeel Al Aziz (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een).
WISAAL: When Hazrat became aware of his passing away, he asked for those present to assist him in wudhu, which they did. They had forgotten to make khilaal of his beard, so he reminded them of this. He then went into Sajdah and began to weep profusely. Those present asked, “Hazrat, why do you weep so much inspite of having worshipped so much?” Hazrat replied, “Junaid has never been in so much need as he is now.” He then began to recite the Quran, so one mureed said, “Hazrat, are you reciting Quran Shareef ?” Hazrat said, “What better time is there than now, when my book of deeds will soon be closed. I am seeing my deeds before me, hanging in the air by a thin thread as it sways from the wind blowing against it. I am not sure if this wind is one of union, or one of absolution. On one hand, I am seeing the angel of death, and on the other hand I am seeing the Pul Siraat. There is the Most Supreme Judge, and the path is there. I am not sure of which path I will pass through.” After
saying this, he completed the recitation of the Quran. He read seventy verses of Surah Baqarah. He then began reading a tasbeeh on his fingers. When he reached the Shahaadat finger (index finger), he lifed his finger and said, “Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem”. He then closed his eyes, and the soul left his body, allowing him to travel from this mundane world into the glorious hereafter, on Friday, the 27th of Rajab, 297 or 298 Hijri.
After his wisaal, those giving him ghusl wished to put water on his eyes, when they heard an unseen voice saying, “Do not touch the eyes of My beloved, since those eyes that have closed in My remembrance, shall not open before they see Me.” They then tried to open his fingers, and the voice said, “Those fingers that have been closed in My name, shall only open on My command.” [Masaalikus Saalikeen vol.1 pg 308].
MAZAAR SHAREEF: His Mazaar Shareef is in a place called Shaunizia, which is in Baghdad Shareef. Once someone asked Hazrat Abu Bakr Shibli (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) a masla (religious query) whilst he was at the Mazaar of Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu). He said, I feel ashamed to answer in front of the Mazaar of Hazrat as I felt ashamed to answer in his presence, for I still feel that his sight is upon me.
AFTER HIS WISAAL: After his wisaal, a pious person dreamt of him and asked about the questions of the Angels Munkar and Nakeer. Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anhu) said, “The angels came to me and asked me who is my Lord, and I smiled and said, “My Lord is He, Who took the pledge from me on the first day, thus what need is there for me to answer to the servants, after I have already answered to the King.” The angels then left me and said, “He is still drowned in love and is resting in the same love.”