Syed Ahmad Sultan
سلطان سخی سرور
The shrine of Syed Ahmad Sultan in Jalandhar district, Punjab (India)
|Died||Sakhi Sarwar, modern-day Pakistan|
|Venerated in||Sufism, Sikhism, Punjabi folk religion|
|Major shrine||Tomb of Syed Ahmad Sultan|
Tomb of Hazarat Sakhi Sarwar
• Hazrat Syed Ahmad, also known as Sultan Sakhi Sarwar
• Son of Hazrat Zainul Abedin, who migrated from Baghdad and settled in Shahkot, near Multan in 1220 C.E.
• Died in the age of 53
• His shrine was built in the 13th century in Sulaiman Mountains, 35 kilometres from Dera Ghazi Khan city.
• Later, Mughal king Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur amended his tomb
• Annual Celebrations of Birth of Sakhi Sarwar in March every year.
Hazrat Syed Ahmad Sultan, popularly known as Sakhi Sarwar, was a 12th-century Sufi saint of the Punjab region. He is also known by various other appellations such as Sultan (king), Lakhdata (bestower of millions), Lalanvala (master of rubies), Nigahia Pir (the saint of Nigaha) and Rohianvala (lord of the forests). His followers are known as Sultanias or Sarwarias.
Sakhi Sarwar the Great Sufi Saints Born on 1130 OR 11 Century,his father Name Jain ul Abdin and mother Name is Ayesha.Sakhi Sarwar’s Has One Brother name Khan DhohDha.
When Sakhi Sarwar’s Father Syed Janel Abidin, along with his wife and survivors, left Baghdad Sharif in the year 1126, leaving Baghdad Sharif in Shahkot, near Multan in India. After some time, Amina was killed and her two-year year-old son Ayerahan of Shahkot There were two daughters, of whom Ayesha was married to Sayyad Janel Abidin according to the 5th 20th Hijri, and according to the five sons of Ayesha, according to the 5th Chauvi Hijrī, 1130 is the birth of Sayyad Ahmad. After two years Abdul Ghani Khan Dhaohadha was born. All this family worked as farmer in Shahkot. In addition to doing work in Pir Peg’s work as well as working with them, the people of the time, and married with the elderly and worshiped them, these two brothers, Pir Lakh donor Seeing the great popularity of Jee and Khan, the four Bhai Deshpande made a vow to kill them. An intra-gifted giver gave to each of his brothers and his family, including his four elder friends, from Multan 60 KOs sohalemana mountain in the distance on the uninhabited area at the time received martyrdom in the years 1181.on Baghdad where he was blessed with the gift of khilafat by three illustrious saints: Gawth-ul-Azam, Shaikh Shahab-ud-Din Suhrawardi and Khwaja Maudood Chishti.
The saint selected the town of Nigaha this place as his abode. It is known as the ‘last place’ because of the hostile geographical and climatic condition. According to Rose (1970), the buildings of the shrine consist of Sakhi Sarwar’s tomb on the west and a shrine associated with Guru Nanak Dev Ji on the north-west. On the east is an apartment containing the stool and spinning wheel of Mai Aeshan, Sakhi Sarwar’s mother. Near there is a Thakurdwara, and in another apartment is an image of Bhairon.
Within the enclosures of the shrine are the tombs of Sakhi Sarwar, his wife, known as Bibi Bai, and of the jinn whom he had held in his power and who brought many miracles for him.
Near the shrine at Nigaha there are two other holy spots called Chom and Moza, both associated with Murtaza, the son in law of Sakhi Sarwar. At Chom, an impression of the former`s hand was said to have been imprinted when he prevented a mountain from collapsing over the cave in which he had taken shelter.
To the west of the outhouses and within the shrine enclosure are two dead trees said to have sprung from the pegs which were used for the head and heel ropes of Kaki, the saint’s mare.
Shrines are situated at Dhaunkal in Wazirabad district, and also in Peshawar and Lahore.
There are numerous shrines in Indian Punjab where they are known as Nigaha. At some places Sakhi Sarwar is worshiped along with Gugga and their common shrines along with other deities are known as Panj Pirs or Nigahas.
The shrine of Baba Lakhdata at district Una in Himachal Pradesh is known as chotta (minor/small) Nigaha where a large fair is organised every year.
His followers who visit the Pir’s shrine at Nigaha are known as sang who refer to each other as bharais. The drumbeating bards who act as professional guides and priests at local shrines are called pirkhanas. Members of a sang address each other as pirbhaior and pirbahin (brother or sister in faith respectively).
Their halting points on the routes are known as chaukis (posts) where the pilgrims traditionally slept on the ground. Devotees unable to undertake the pilgrimage to Nigaha would attend at least one of the chaukis. If they could not, they went to any other village on the route for a night. Those who could not go anywhere at all slept on the ground at home for at least one night in a year.
This ritual of sleeping on the ground instead of on a cot is called chauki bharna.
Various fairs are held in the Punjab region. The shrine at Nigaha holds a week-long Baisakhi fair in the month of April. Fairs are also held at Dhaunkal in Gujranwala district during June/July, at Jhanda Mela (fair of the flag) at Peshawar, and Qadamon ka Mela (fair of the feet) at Lahore.
A common ritual which is traditionally observed is to offer a raut, (a huge loaf prepared from 18 kilograms of wheat flour sweetened with jaggery weighing half that quantity) once a year on a Friday.
The raut is traditionally prepared by a Bharai, who took one fourth of the rotas offering, the remaining being consumed by the donor family and distributed among fellow Sultanias (followers of Sakhi Sarwar).
A famous fair known as “Chaunkian da Mela” is held in Mukandpur  to commemorate Sakhi Sarwar’s visit Balachaur, starting his journey from Rattewal and reaching Mukandpur where he stayed here for nine days. Since then this fair is held in Mukandpur and lasts for nine days. A “Saang” starts from Rattewal and reaches Mukandpur. The leader of the “Saang” holds a flag which is called a “Togh”.
Hazrat Sultan Sakhi Sarwar
Syed Ahmad Sultan (Urdu, Saraiki, Punjabi: سیداحمدسلطان), also known as Sakhi Sarwar, Lakh Data, Nigah wala Pir and Lalan Wali Sarkar, was the son of Hazrat Syed Zain ul Abiden, who migrated from Baghdad and settled in Shahkot, near Multan in 1126 A.D (unconfirmed). Which is now called Sarwar Shahkot.The Holy shrine of Hazrat Zainul Abiden is in Sarwar Shahkot with the tomb of his second wife Hazrat Bibi Aysha, the mother of Hazrat Sakhi Sarwar and Abdul Ghani . His first wife is Bibi Aimna, the mother of Hazrat Sultan Qaisar(Tomb in Bukhara), Hazrat Syed Mahmood(Tomb in Sarwar Shahkot), Hazrat Syed Sairra (Tomb in Bukhara). He studied from Syed Muhammad Ishaq, known as Miran Badshah who came from Iran and settled in Lahore during the time of the Tughlaq dynasty and is buried in the courtyard of Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore. Syed Ahmed later went to Dhaunkal, Wazirabad.
Tomb of Sakhi Sarwar:
The tomb of Hazrat Sakhi Sarwar was built in the 13th century in Sulaiman Mountains, 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Dera Ghazi Khan city. It is located in a small village named Muqam. Later, Mughal king Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur amended his tomb. It is a unique building of Mughal architecture. Thousands of people from all over the Subcontinentcome here on the Annual Celebrations of Birth of Sakhi Sarwar in March every year.
Sangh Mela, is a Vaisakhi fair during March and April, is celebrated in Sakhi Sarwar by people coming from Jhang and Faisalabad since centuries. This festival is celebrated by Hindus and Muslims especially at the time of wheat harvesting and at some places it is called as Basant. Throughout history, a large number of followers coming from different religions became the followers of Sakhi Sarwar. Max Arthur Macauliffe, a colonial office appointed in Punjab, observed in 1875 that not only Muslims but Hindus also visited the shrines during the [urs]. In the 1911 census of India, 79,085 Sikhs reported to be the follower of Sakhi Sarwar. The annual Dhaunkal fair, Jhanda fair in Peshawar and Kadmon fair in Anarkali, Lahore are also connected with Sakhi Sarwar. Many villages in Punjab, India have shrines of Sakhi Sarwar who is more popularly referred to as Lakha Data Pir
Hazrat Sakhi Sultaan Muhammad Baahū rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Sultaan-ul-Aarifeen, Faani fillāh, Sultaan-ul-Faqr.
Aap ki wilaadat 1 Jamadi-uṡ-ṡaani 1039 Hijri (17 January 1630 A.D.) ko Sakesar, Punjab (Pakistan) me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Baazid Mohammad bin Fateh Muhammad hai aur waalida ka naam Bibi Raasti hai.
Aap ‘Awaan’ qabeele se ta’alluq rakhte hain aur Hazrat Abbaas bin Hazart Ali al-Murtaza radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.
Aap ka pariwar Sakesar (Khushab, Punjab) me rehte the.
Aap ke waalid mughal lashkar me sipaahi the. Aur Baadshaah Shaah Jahaan ne unhe Shorkot me Jaagir ata farmai. Is ke baad aap ka pariwar Shorkot aa gaya.
Aap ki waalida bahot parhezgaar aur ibaadat guzar thi.
Aap ke waalid ka inteqaal aap ke bachpan me hi ho gaya aur 40 saal ki umr me aap ki waalida ka inteqaal hua.
Aap 30 saal ki umr tak Peer e kaamil ki talaash karte rahe. Ek baar aap Shorkot ke baahar sair kar rahe the ki Hazrat Ali al-Murtaza radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aaye aur Aap ko Huzoor Rasool-Allāh Mohammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki baargaah me le gaye. Waha Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath Khulfa e raashideen, Ahle bait aur Sayyed ul Auliya Ghauṡ e aazam Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma tashreef farma the. Aap ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam se Bai’at ki aur phir Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Ghauṡ e aazam Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko Tareeqat ki ta’aleem ata karne ke liye farmaaya. Aur phir Ghauṡ e aazam Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke farmaan par Aap Hazrat Shaikh Abdur Rahmān Qaadri rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed hue.
Aap 11wi sadi ke Mujaddide Islaam hain.
Aap isha’at e Islaam aur ta’aleem e deen ke liye safar karte rehte the.
Aap akṡar waqt ibaadat, riyaazat aur mujaahida wa muraqaba me guzaarte.
Aap ke chehre par ALLĀH ne aisa noor ata farmaaya tha ki kai kaafir sirf aap ko dekhkar hi eimaan laaye.
Sindh ke Moza Ghotki me rehne waala ek kalaal may farosh (sharaab bechne waala) tha. Ek baar wo Shorkot, Punjab Aap ki baargaah me haazir hua. Aap ne use dekhkar farmaaya ‘Kalaal ! Ab tak to tu dusro ko Sharaab pilaata tha, Lekin aaj hum tujhe Sharaab pilaayenge.’ Phir Aap ne apne faiz ki nazar us par daali. Aur ALLĀH ke fazl se Kalaal ki dunya badal gai. Jab wo Ghotki waapas aaya to us ke Mutalliqeen bhi use pehchaan na sake. Kyun ki pehle ka Faasiq wa faajir ab Aabid o zaahid ban gaya tha.
Aap ne taqreeban 40 kitaaben likhi hain.
Aap ki likhi hui mash’hoor kitaaben :
(4) Aql Baidaar
(7) Qurb baidaar
(8) Aurang Shaahi
(10) Kaleed Tauheed
(11) Makhzan e Faiz
(13) Kaleed Jannat
(24) Jhook Sultaani
(26) Panj Ganj
(27) Deewaan e Bahū.
Aap farmaate hain ki ‘Maarifat e ilāhi sirf ALLĀH ta’ala ki rahmat aur karam se hi milti hai aur wo kisi ko bhi ata farmaata hai jo use chaahta hai. Ise Hasab o nasab se koi ta’alluq nahi. Magar sirf ikhlaas aur chaahat (ALLĀH se mohabbat) se ta’alluq hai.’
(1) Ek martaba Aap khet me kaam kar rahe the. Ek ghareeb saadat aap ke paas apni haajat lekar aaye. Magar Hazrat ko paiband lage hue kapdo me dekhkar unho ne socha ki ye faqeer meri kya madad karenge. Ye sochkar wo waapas jaane ke liye moode. Un ko waapas jaate dekhkar Hazrat Sultaan Baahū ne puchha ‘Sayyed saahab! Aap waapas kyun ja rahe hain? Jo chahte hain wo kahiye.’ Ye sunkar Sayyed saahab ne apni haajat batai. Aap ne farmaaya ‘Aap kuchh der rookiye main zara apni haajat se faarigh hokar aata hu.’ Aap jab peshaab karke waapas aaye to jis dhele se Aap ne istinja kiya tha us ko bhi apne saath lekar aaye. Sayyed saahab ke paas aakar Aap ne us dhele ko zameen par phenk diya. Jaise hi wo dhela zameen par gira to wo sone ka ban gaya. Aap ne use us hazrat ko de diya aur waha se jaldi chale jaane ke liye kaha taake kisi ko is baat ka pata na chale.
(2) Ek baar Aap beemaar ho gaye. Ek brahmin tabeeb ko aap ke ilaaj ke liye bulaaya to us ne aane se inkaar liya aur kaha ‘Aisa karo tum un ka peshaab ek botal me mere paas lekar aao.’ Aap ke khaadim Hazrat ka peshaab lekar gaye. Us ne wo botal jaanch ke liye haath me li to jaise hi us par us ki nazar padi wo foran kalma padhkar musalman go gaya.
Aap ki 4 biwiya, 8 saahabzaade aur 1 saahabzaadi hain.
Sultaan Noor Muhammad,
Sultaan Wali Muhammad,
Sultaan Lateef Muhammad,
Sultaan Shareef Muhammad,
Sultaan Hayaat Muhammad,
Sultaan Saaleh Muhammad,
Sultaan Fateh Muhammad,
Sultaan Muhammad Is’hāq.
Aap Hazrat Shaikh Abdur Rahmān Qaadri Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap se tareeqat ka ‘Sarwari Qaadri’ silsila jaari hai.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Sultaan Naurang Khetran
(2) Hazrat Laal Shaah Sanghari
(3) Hazrat Sultaan Tayyab
(4) Hazrat Sultaan Hameed
(5) Hazrat Syayed Moosā Shaah Jeelaani
(6) Hazrat Sayyed Ahmad Shaah
(7) Hazrat Sayyed Mahmood Shaah
(8) Hazrat Mulla Mua’ali
(9) Hazrat Aalam Shaah Qandhari
(10) Hazrat Mulla Misri
(11) Hazrat Shaikh Junaid Quraishi
(12) Hazrat Shaikh Kalu
(13) Hazrat Laal Shaah Hamdani.
Aap ka wisaal 1 Jamaadi-uṡ-ṡaani 1102 Hijri (1 March 1691 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Gadh Maharaja (Punjab / Pakistan) me hai.
Aap ka Urs 9-10 Muharram ko manaaya jaata hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Sakhi Sultaan Baahū rahmatullāhi alaihi aur Auliya Allāh aur Ahle bait ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.