Hazrat Sayyidi Maolay `Abd al-Salam Ibn Mashish al-Hasani al-Idirisi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ

He was `Abd al-Salam ibn Sulayman, known as Ibn Mashish, whose lineage goes back to
Sayyiduna Idris, the founder of the city of Fas and descended of Sayyiduna al-Hasan,
…(grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (sallAllah aleihi wa sallam)

Sayyidi Mawlaya `Abd al-Salam Ibn Mashish al-Hasani al-Idirisi

He was `Abd al-Salam ibn Sulayman, known as Ibn Mashish, whose lineage goes back to
Sayyiduna Idris, the founder of the city of Fas and descended of Sayyiduna al-Hasan,
grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (sallAllah aleihi wa sallam). He was was born
around 559 or 563 H. in a village on the `Alam mountain near Titwan, an ancient city in
the region of Habt (Ghumara) in northern Maghrib, where one of his forefathers came to
settle among the Berbers. He studied the Quran and Maliki law under the Idrisite sharifs
of Banu Arus, in addition to prominent Sufi scholars such as Sidi Salem of Qabilat Bani
Yusuf and sharif Sidi al-Hajj Ahmed Aqatran Asalani of Qabilat Bani Abraj, near modern
Taza. He supported himself by the work of his own hands, tillign the earth. For some
time he lived for some time in Sabta, teaching Quranic recitation to children. He and
waged jihad , fighting with the Almohad army in al-Andalus.

His Lineage

He was `Abd al-Salam b. Sulayman ibn Abi Bakr b. `Ali al-`Alami b. Buharma b. `Isa b.
Salam al.-`Arus b. Ahmad Mazwâr b. `Ali Haydara b. Muhammad b. Idris al-Thani b. Idris al-Awwal b. `Abd Allah al-Kamil b. al-Hasan al.Muthanna b. al-Hasan al-Sibt b. `Ali b. Abi Talib and Fatima al-Zhara daughter of the Messenger of Allah Muhammad b. `Abd Allah .– salllAllah `aleihi wa sallam
سيدي عبد السلام بن سليمان المعروف بمشيش بن أبي بكر بن علي العلمي الإدريسي بن بو حرمة بن
عيسى بن سلام العروس بن أحمد مزوار الإدريسي بن علي حيدرة بن محمد بن إدريس الثاني بن إدريس
الأول بن عبد الله الكامل بن الحسن المثنى بن الحسن السبط بن علي بن أبي طالب و فاطمة الزهراء
بنت الرسول محمد بن عبد الله صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم

His Spiritual Path
He took the spiritual sciences from `Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Husayn al-`Attar, a spice
merchant from the city of Sabta, who was called “az-Zayyat” or “al-Madani” because he
resided in the oil sellers’ quarter of Medina (where his tomb is still found). His first
encounter with Sheikh `Abd al-Rahman al-`Attar took place when he was at the age of
seven. He was in a state of jadhb (spriritual attraction) when the Sheikh came to him,
dsiplaying the signs of the people of Allah, and said to him: “I am your Sheikh”. He fortold him of his rank, his spiritual states, and mentioned each of his maqams one by one.
Then he said: “I am your intermediary (wâsita) in every state and maqam”.
The last twenty years of his life Sayyidi Ibn Mashish devoted to worship and
contemplation on the heights of Jabal al-`Alam (Flag Mountain), a period which
culminated in his encounter with his only disciple, the fellow Idrisite Imam Abul Hasan
(.Shadhili (d. 656 H From him the al-Salat al-Mashishiyya, on which the Wazhifa of Imam Abul Hasan al- .Shadhili is based

His Passing
He died as a martyr year 622 H., when he Spanish, led by their missionary Ibn Abi Tawajin
Laktami, headed to Jabal al-Alam and killed the Shaykh in the very place where he
.initiated Imam Abul Hassan Shadhili. He was buried on the moutain

The origin of Banu ‘Arus

Upon the death of Sidna al-Imam Moulay Idriss II, he left twelve sons, who were sent
throughout Morocco by their grandmother Kanza to proliferate the Idrissi-Hassanid
sharifism. One Idrissite imam, however, became through his descendents an important
figure in the development of the sharifian paradigm of sainthood. Moulay Ali ‘Haydara, a
grandson of Moulay Idriss II, received the bay’a as Imam and ruler of Fez in 221/836.
When he failed to designate his infant son Moulay Ahmed Mizwar as his successor before
his own death in 234/849, the Idrissite imamate passed into the hands of his cousins, the
descendents of Moulay Omar ibn Moulay Idriss II, who lived in the regions of Habt and
.Ghumara in northern Morocco
After being passed over for the imamate, Moulay Ahmed Mizwar became disenchanted
with politics and devoted himself to a life of worship and asceticism. Sometime before
the turn of the tenth century, or just before the Idrissite state became a bone of
connection between the Fatimids of Ifriqiya and the Umayyads of Spain, he moved from
Fez to northern Morocco and established himself at Hajar an-Nasr (Escarpment of the
Eagle), a fortes situated in the Habt region among the Sanhaja Berber tribes of Ahl Sarif,
Banu Yusuf, and Sumata. As his nickname, Mizwar (Berber. lion or leader) implies, this
great grandson of Moulay Idriss II was adopted as a spiritual leader by the tribes who
lived near his mountaintop stronghold. According to local tradition, when the chiefs of
these tribes asked Moulay Ahmed Mizwar to delegate a member of his family to join
them and favour them with the baraka of the Prophet Sidna Mohammed (peace and
blessing be upon him) he chose his son Abdessalam (known locally as “Sidi Sellam”). As a
means of honouring the young sharif, who had recently married, the tribesman renamed
themselves “Banu Arus” (Sons of the Bridegroom), the appellation by which they are
known today. For the next seven generations, the descendents of Sidi Sellam established
themselves among the Berbers of Banu Arus while maintaining a reputation for holiness
.that was based almost exclusively on their Hassanid descent

Birth and childhood Moulaya Abdus-Salam Ibn Mashish
Around the year 530/1135-6, a child named Sulayman, but later named “Mashish” (Ber.
Little Cat”), was born to a sharif of the Bani Arus known as Abu Bakr ibn Ali. Upon
reaching maturity, Sulayman Mashish withdrew from the world as an ascetic and built a
.hermitage that still stands among the ruins of his natal village of Aghyul
In either 559/1146 or 563/1148, he sired a son named Moulay Abdessalam, who would
become the patron saint of Moroccan Sufism. According to sources, Moulay Abdessalam
became a Fool of God (Majdoub) at the age of 7, when a man, with righteousness on his
.”(face, entered on him to a cave and said: “I am your master who initiate you (amudduka
His life
Mawlana Abu Mohammed Moulay Abdessalam Ibn Mashish lived for sixty-three years,
the same lifespan as of the prophet Sidna Mohammed, peace and blessing be upon him.

During this period, his career passed through three distinct faces. First, he was a scholar
and studied the Quran and Maliki jurisprudence under the Idrissite sharifs of Banu Arus
in addition to prominent Sufi-scholars such as Sidi Salem of Qabilat Bani Yusuf and sharif
Sidi al-Hajj Ahmed Aqatran Asalani of Qabilat Bani Abraj, near modern Taza. Later, he
was a mujahid, a defender of the faith, and lived in Sabta, where he supported himself
by teaching Quranic recitation to children and fought with the Almohad army in al-
Andalus. Finally, after embracing Sufism, he devoted the last twenty years of his life to
worship and contemplation on the heights of Jabal al-Alam (Flag Mountain), a period
which culminated in his encounter with his only disciple, the fellow Idrissite and founder
of the Shadhiliya Sufi order, Sidi Abul Hassan Shadhili (d. 656/1241). Moulay Abdessalam
was martyred in 622/1207 after the Spanish, led by their missionary Ibn Abi Tawajin
Laktami, headed to Jabal al-Alam and killed the Shaykh in the very place where he
initiated Abul Hassan Shadhili. His tomb on Jabal al-Alam is the first visited shrine in
.Northern Morocco