Hazrat Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqaas radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu :
Aap ki wilaadat 595 A.D. me Makka me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Abi Waqqaas Maalik bin Wuhayb aur waalida ka naam Hamnah bint Sufyaan bin Umayya hai.
Aap Quraish ke Banu Zuhrah khaandaan se hain.
Bachpan se Aap ko tirandaaji ka shauq tha. Jawaan hone ke baad Aap akṡar waqt teer aur kamaan banaane me aur use theek karne me aur tirandaaji ke riyaaz me guzaarte.
Aap ko but-parasti aur galat rasm o riwaaj pasand nahi the.
Aap as-Saabiqoon al-Awwaloon me shaamil hain.
1 Nabawi (609 A.D.) me ailaane nabuwwat ke baad Aap 17 saal ki umr me Hazrate Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki daawat par eimaan laaye.
Aap eimaan laane waale pehle 8 ashaaba me shaamil hain.
Jab Aap ki waalida ko Aap ke musalman hone ki khabar mili to unho ne kaha “Tum ne aisa deen apnaaya jis ke liye apne maa-baap ka mazhab chhodna pada. Jab tak tum islaam ko chhodkar phir se hamara mazhab nahi apnaate main khaana peena band kar dungi aur log is ke liye tumhari malaamat karenge.” Aap ne farmaaya “Aap aisa mat karo kyun ki main deene haq ko nahi chhod sakta.” Aap ki waalida ne kai dino tak khaana peena band kar diya. Woh kamzor ho gai. Aap roz un se puchhte ke “Aap ke khaane peene ke liye kuchh laaun.” Aap ki waalida inkaar kar deti. Aakhirkaar aap ne kaha “Aye maa! Mujhe Aap se bahot mohabbat hai lekin us se zyada mujhe ALLĀH ta’ala aur uske Rasool sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam se mohabbat hai. Aap agar dunya se ho jaayen aur phir se zinda ho aur phir rukhsat ho jaaye, agar aisa hazaar baar bhi ho tab bhi main Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki pairwi karna nahi chhod sakta.” Is ke baad aap ki waalida ne thakkar phir se khaana peena shuru kar diya.
Is ke baare me ALLĀH ta’ala ne Aayat naazil farmai
“Aur hum ne insaan ke waalidain ke baare me taaqeed karke hukm farmaaya ke, Jise us ki maa (dauraane hamal) takleef par takleef ki haalat me bardaasht karti rahi aur jis ka doodh chhodna bhi do saal (ke baad) me hai, (is liye) Tu mera shukr ada karo aur apne waalidain ka bhi.
Aur agar wo dono [waalidain] tujh par is baat ki koshish karen ke tu mere saath us cheez ko shareek thehraaye jis (ka haq hone ka) tujhe kuchh ilm nahi hai to un ki ita’at na karna, Aur dunya (ke kaamo) me un ka achhe tareeqe se saath dena, Aur (deen ke muamale me) us shakhs ki pairwi karna jis ne meri taraf tauba wa ta’at ka raasta ikhtiyaar kiya, Phir meri hi taraf tumhe laut kar aana hai to main tumhe un kaamo (ki haqeeqat) se ba-khabar kar dunga jo tum karte rahe the.”
(31 Soorah Luqmaan, Aayat 14-15)
Aap Ashra e mubashara me se hain.
Ek martaba Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam Masjide Nabawi me tashreef farma the. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya “Aye ALLĀH! Aise shakhs ko bhej de jo tujh se mohabbat karta hai aur jis se tu mohabbat karta hai.” Kuchh hi lamho me Hazrat Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqaas masjid me daakhil hue.
5 Nabawi (614 A.D.) me Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam chand musalman ke saath Makka me Waadi e Abu Lub me ek pahaadi par namaaz ke liye jaa rahe the. Kaafiro ke ek giroh ne unhe dekhkar gaaliya dena aur jhagda karna shuru kiya. Aap ne un me se ek kaafir ko oont ki haddi se maarkar jakhmi kar diya. Is tarah Aap Islaam ke liye kaafir ka khoon bahaane waale pehle muslim bane.
Aap kuchh waqt pehle hijrat karke Madeena aa gaye the. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam jab hijrat karke Madeena tashreef laaye to Aap talwaar haath me lekar un se milne gaye. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne puchha “Sa’ad! Kya muamla hai?” Aap ne arz kiya “Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Mujhe andesha tha ke koi yahudi aap par hamla kar dega. Is liye main jaldi se aap ki hifazat ke liye aa gaya.”
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Aap ko Sa’ad bin Mu’az ka deeni bhai banaaya.
Aap Junge Badr, Junge Uhad, Junge Khandaq, Junge Khaibr, Fatah Makka aur deegar jung me shareek hue.
Junge Badr ke mauqe par Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam jab Badr ke qareeb pahunche to shaam ke waqt Hazrate Ali, Hazrate Zubair bin Awwaam aur Hazrate Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqaas radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ko Kuffaar e Quraish ke baare me khabar laane ke liye Badr ki taraf bheja. Unho ne Quraish ke do ghulaamo ko pakad liya jo Lashkare Quraish ke liye paani bharne par muqarrar the aur Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke paas laaye. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne daryaaft farmaaya ki “Bataao, is fauz me Quraish ke sardaaro me se kaun kaun hain?” Jab unho ne naam bataaye to Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne apne ashaaba ki taraf mutawajjeh hokar farmaaya “Sun lo, Makka ne apne jigar ke tukdo ko tumhari taraf daal diya hai.”
Phir jab jung shuru hui aur kaafiro ki fauj hamle ek liye aage badhi to Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne teerandajo ko muqaabale ke liye aage kiya. Is se bahot saare kaafir halaak ho gaye. Hazrate Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqaas radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne musalmano ki taraf se sab se pehla teer chalaaya.
Junge Uhad me shuruat me ghaalib hone ke baad Jable Rumah par theharkar nigraani karne ke liye muqarrar ashaaba ki ghaflat ki wajah se kuffaar jab phir se ghaalib ho gaye to Aap ne Hazrate Talha bin Ubaidullāh radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur 7 ansaar ashaaba ke saath bahot bahaaduri se kaafiro ka muqaabala kiya aur Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki hifaazat ki.
Jab Aap teer chala rahe the Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam khud apne daste mubarak se teer utha utha kar Aap ko dete the aur farmaate the “Sa’ad! Teer barsaate jaao, Tum par mere maa baap qurbaan.” Aur Aap ke liye dua farmai “ Aye ALLĀH! Sa’ad ke teer ko hamesha sahi nishaane par pahuncha aur us ki duao ko qubool farma.”
Junge Uhad me aap ke bhai Utba kuffaar ke saath the. Us ne jab Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko jakhmi kar diya to Aap chillaaye “Aye Utba! Agar tu mere haath lag gaya to main paani ki tarah tera khoon bahaunga.”
Fatah Makka ke mauqe par Aap un 3 sahaaba me se the jin ke haath me Muhaajireen ka jhanda tha.
Hajjatul Wida ke mauqe par Aap beemaar ho gaye. Aap ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam se puchha “Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Meri sirf ek beti hai. Main apne maal me se do tihaai maal sadqa karu?” Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne mana farmaaya. Aap ne puchha “Kya main aadha maal saqda karun?” Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne mana farmaaya. Aap ne puchha “Kya ek tihaai maal sadqa karun?” Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya “Haan, itna kaafi hai.” Phir farmaaya “Behtar ke apne waariṡ ke liye itna maal chhodo ke unhe logo se maangne ki zaroorat na pade. Agar tum ALLĀH ta’ala ki raza ke liye koi bhi nek amal karoge to us ka ajr tumhe ataa farmaega yaha tak ke tum apni biwi ke munh me khaane ka niwaala rakho (to us ka bhi ajr milega).”
Phir Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki dua se Aap sehtyaab ho gaye.
Junge Jisr me 4000 musalman shaheed hone ki khabar milne ke baad Hazrate Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu khud jung ke liye jaana chaahte the lekin Hazrat Abdur Rahmān ibn Awf radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne mashwara diya “Ameer-ul-Mo’mineen ka Madeena munawwara chhodkar jaana munaasib nahi hai.”
Phir Hazrat Abdur Rahmān ibn Awf radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke mashware par Hazrate Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne Rabi-uṡ-ṡaani 15 Hijri (May 636 A.D.) me Aap ko 4000 musalmano ki fauj ke saath Iraq bheja.
Aap ne pehle Hazrat Nomaan bin Muqrrin ke saath wafd bhejkar baadshaah Yezdergerd ko Islaam apnaane ki daawat di aur jab woh nahi maana to Sassani lashkar ke saath Junge Qaadisiyyah hui. Jung ke dusre din Hazrat Abu Ubaida bin Jarrah radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne Yarmouk se 5000 musalmno ko madad ke liye bheja aur musalmano ko fatah haasil hui.
21 Hijri (642 A.D.) me Aap Junge Nahaawand me shareek hue.
Jung ke safar ke dauraan ek martaba Aap Darya e Dajla [Tigris] par pahunche. Koi kashti maujood nahi thi. ne Aap lashkar ko apne saath me aage badhne ke liye farmaaya. Aap yeh dua padhte hue dariya par chalte hue aage badhe “Nastaeenu billāhi wa natawakkalu alaihi wa hasbunallāhu wa ni’amal wakeelu wa laa hawl wa laa quwwata illa billāhil aliyyil azeem.”
Saare log apne saamaan ke saath dariya par is tarah chalkar guzar gaye jise zameen par chalte hain.
Aap Mustajaab-ul-Daawaat the.
Ek martaba ek shakhs Ali Murtaza, Talha ibn Ubaidullāh aur Zubair ibn Awwaam, radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ki tauheen kar raha tha. Unho ne use muaf kar diya. Lekin woh shakhs ne apni zabaan band nahi ki. Aap ne jab suna to us shakhs se farmaaya “Rook jaao warna main baargaahe Rabbul aalameen me dua karunga.” Woh shakhs kehne laga “Tum nabi nahi ho ke mujhe dara rahe ho.”
Aap ne jaakar wuzu kiya aur 2 rak’at namaaz padhi aur haath uthakar dua karne lage “Aye ALLĀH! Yeh shakhs un ki buraai kar raha hai jo teri baargaah me maqbool aur muqarrab hain. Tu ise ibrat nishaan bana de.” Kuchh hi lamho me ek oont daudta hua aaya aur logo ki maujoodgi me us shakhs par hamla kiya. Woh shakhs zameen par gir pada. Oont apne pairo se use maarne laga yaha tak ke woh shakhs mar gaya.
Jung me fatah ke baad jab Kufa shaher ko basaaya gaya to Hazrate Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne Aap ko Kufa ka governor banaaya.
21 Hijri me ek shakhs ne Ameer-ul-Mo’mineen Hazrat Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se shikaayat ki ke “Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqaas sahi tareeqe se namaaz nahi padha rahe hai.” Hazrat Umar Faarooq hansne lage aur farmaaya “Tum kaisi bekaar ki baat kar rahe ho. Maine un ke pichhe namaaz ada ki hai. Woh bilkul waisi hi namaaz padhaate hain jaise Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam namaaz padhaate the.
Lekin koi fitna paida na ho is liye Hazrat Umar Faarooq ne Aap ko Madeena waapas bula liya.
26 Zil Hijjah 23 Hijri (644 A.D.) ke roz Hazrat Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko Abu Luhu Firoz ne hamla karke jakhmi kar diya to unho ne Hazrat Abdur Rahmān ibn Awf, Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqaas, Talha ibn Ubaidullāh, Zubair ibn Awwaam, Uṡmaan ibn Affaan, aur Ali ibn Abu Taalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ki shura (committee) banaakar unhe naya Khalifa muqarrar karne zimmedaari de di. In hazraat ne mashwara karke Hazrat Uṡmaan Ghani ibn Affaan ko Khalifa muqarrar kiya.
Hazrat Uṡmaan Ghani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhuma ke zamaane me 30 Hijri (651 A.D.) me baadshaah Gaozong ke daur me Aap chand ashaaba ke saath Islaam ki isha’at ke liye China tashreef laaye.
Aur Baadshaah ki ijaazat se Canton [Guangzhou] me China ki sab se pehli masjid ta’ameer ki aur ta’aleeme deen karte rahe.
Hazrat Ali ke zamaane me 36 Hijri me Junge Jamaal aur Junge Siffin hui us ke baare me Aap ne farmaaya ke “Ye musalmano ki aapasi jung thi.”
Aap se 271 ahaadeeṡ marwi hai.
Aap ke 4 biwiya, 14 saahabzaade aur 4 saahabzaadiya hain.
(1) binte Shihaab bin Abdullāh,
(2) Maaria binte Qays,
(3) Umm Aamir,
(4) Umm Hakim bint Qariz bin Khalid.
Is’hāq, Umar, Muhammad, Aamir, Ismāeel, Mus’ab, Ibrāheem, Ya’aqoob, Yahyā, Saalih, Abdullāh, Abdur Rahmān, Umair, Amr.
Umme Hakam, Umme Qaasim, Umme Kulṡum, Aa’isha.
Aap ka wisaal 25 Zil Qa’ada 54 Hijri (31 October 674 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Guangzhou (China) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqaas radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur tamaam Auliya Allāh aur Ashaaba ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Saʿad ibn Abī Waqqās (Arabic: سعد بن أبي وقاص) was an early convert to Islam in 610–611 and was one of the important companions of the Rasulullah ﷺ. Sa’ad was the 17th person to embrace Islam at the age of 17. He was one of those ten men who were given the good news of Jannat.
The full name of Abi Waqqas was Abu Ishak Saad. His father’s name was Abi Waqqas Malik. The name of his mother is Amna. Hazrat Saad ibn Abi Waqqas was one of them who turned into a Muslim in the beginning of Islam. His brother was Hazrat Umair. He was martyred in the battle of Badar. His son was Umar ibn Sa’ad who played an active and important role in Battle Of Karbala.
Hazrat Sa’ad was a very close friend of Abu Bakar (RA). He got the news of Islam from that great man. He turned into Muslim by Abu Bakar’s impression. According to Saad, he was the 3rd man of Islam. He did Hijrat to Madina with all other Muslims. He participated in all the battles of Islam. He was the fighter of Allah and the fighter of the ideology of Rasulullah ﷺ.
He fought in Badr valiantly. He fought at the battle of Badr with his young brother Umayr. Being only in his early teens, Umayr was denied access to battle, but after struggling and crying, he was later given permission by Rasulullah ﷺ to fight in battle. Saʿd returned to Madina alone; Umayr was one of the 14 Muslims who died in the battle.
Hazrat Sa’ad also contributed in Uhud battle. In fact, he was an instinctive worrier. At the battle of Uhud, Saʿd was chosen as an archer together with Zayd, Sa`īb (the son of Uthmān ibn Mazūn) and others. Saʿd was among those who fought in defense of Rasulullah ﷺ after some Muslims had deserted their positions. Rasulullah ﷺ honoured him by declaring him one of the best archers of that time. During the battle, Rasulullah ﷺ gathered some arrows for him.
Abi Waqqas was a wise man as well. He was one of the major weapons of Islam. In the battle of Khondok, he uprooted an eye of a kafir and Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) suddenly laughed at the scene. He was in many important charges during the khelafat of Abu Bakar. He brought a lot of subjugation for Islam during the khelafat of Omar. Hazrat Sa’ad also contributed in the khelafat of Usman (RA). After the martyr of Usman, he didn’t participate in the works of khelafat any more. After the martyr of Usman (RadiAllahu Anhu), Muslims were divided into many groups. They couldn’t uphold the instruction of Quran and Hadith perfectly about unity. At that time, Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas remained neutral. He didn’t take any side. Hazrat Sa’ad (RadiAllahu Anhu) was very much worried about the situation of Muslims. He followed the belief that hurting a Muslim is always forbidden.
He was always busy with the thought of a Muslim world, and he always thought of the way to Allah and His Rasul. He always was busy doing welfare for Islam and Muslim. Hazrat Sa’ad was the worrier who never left. He always kept himself busy in the works of Islam. He was a true worrier of Rasulullah. He should be an origin of inspiration for us. May Allah dignify him hereafter as he dignified him in the earth.
The 3rd Caliph of Islam – Hazrat Usman (RadiAllahu Anhu) sent a deputation headed by Hazrat Sa’ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (RA) to China in 29 AH (650 CE, eighteen years after the death of the Rasulullah ﷺ. Saad ibn Waqqas, was a maternal uncle of the Rasulullah ﷺ.
After entering into China on 650, Saad Ibn Waaqas invited the Chinese Emperor Tung (Yung-Wei) to embrace Islam. To show his admiration for Islam the Emperor Tung ordered him for the establishment of a Mosque in Canton, China. According to the Islamic history in China, Huaisheng Mosque is the first mosque in China which was built by Sa’ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (RA). During his preaching Islam in China, he was died and buried in the province of Guangzhou (Early Canton).
Tomb of Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas
According to Hadith, “To urge him on [during Uhud], Rasulullah ﷺ said: “Shoot, Saʿd …may my mother and father be your ransom.”. This is was also reported by Ali ibn Abi Talib who said that he had not yet heard Rasulullah ﷺ promising such a ransom to anyone except Sa’ad Bin Malik. Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 389.
It should be noted that Sa’ad bin Malik and Sa’ad bin abi Waqqas are the same person.
Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas – Sahaba of the Prophet, known as the spreader of Islam in China. Born and raised in the city of Mecca, he was known as a devout and intelligent young man. Described his posture is not too high, but well-built with short hair. People always compare it with the “young lions”.
One day he approached Abu Bakar Companion of the Prophet was very friendly. He asked her to meet Rasulullah ﷺ on a hill near Mecca. The meeting was very impressive in the life of Sa’ad who was just 20 years old. He hastened came the invitation to accept Islam as a religion.
Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas came from a respectable family of Quraish who had received a rejection from his own mother when he embraced Islam. Her mother opposed the various ways he did to be able to do a hunger strike in hopes of changing his lover child of the establishment. But Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas insisted.
“O my mother, for Allah’s sake, if the mother has a hundred lives and the lives of the lost one by one, I will not abandon this my religion.”
Hearing courage Saad, Saad’s mother eventually gave up and ready to eat back. This fact provides evidence of the strength and firmness of faith Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas. Refer to discover another advanced through daughter of The Prophet is Ummu Kulthum bint Rasulullah ﷺ
Guaranteed to get to Heaven
One day when the Messenger of Allah ( peace upon to be him ) was sitting with sahaba, suddenly he stared into the horizon and said, “A heavenly host will appear.” When the friends are looking around who can be called by the Prophet, suddenly appearing Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas.
During the Battle of Badr, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas fought bravely. Likewise, in the Battle of Uhud who was always on the side of the Messenger of Allah and protect them.
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas also became sahaba and the first Islamic fighters who shot an arrow in the effort to defend Islam.
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas fought tenaciously in defense of Rasulullah Saw after some Muslim fighters abandoned their positions.
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas is also one of the companions who was given great wealth and used for the sake of propaganda. He is also known for his courage and generosity. Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas lives until the age of 80-year-old ahead.
Where Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas buried?
Sourced Official records from the Tang Dynasty who ruled in 618-905 AD and is based on a similar note in the book A Brief Study of the Introduction of Islam to China works of Chen Yuen, Islam first came to China around the year 30 H or 651 AD.
Mentioned, Islam entered China through a messenger sent by Caliph Uthman (23-35 H / 644-656 AD). According to records Tschih Lui, Chinese Muslim writers in the 18th century in his work Chee Chea Sheehuzoo (About the Life of the Prophet), Islam was brought to China by a delegation led by Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas.
For the first time, Islam came to China brought by the sahaba of the Prophet that Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas, along with other sahaba in the year 616 AD. After her first visit. Sa’d then back to Saudi. He returned to China 21 years later or during the reign of Uthman, and came with a copy of the Quran.
Uthman during his caliphate was copying the Quran and spread to various places, in order to maintain the purity of this holy book. At his second coming in the year 650, currently sailing through the ocean Hindi China Sea to the seaport in Guangzhou.
Then he sailed to Chang’an or now known as Xi’an through the route that became known as the Silk Road. The entourage of sahaba, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqash arrived with gifts and well received by the emperor of the Tang Dynasty, Kao-Tsung (650-683). But Islam as a religion is not directly received by the emperor.
After a thorough investigation, the emperor gave him permission for the development of Islam which he felt in accordance with the teachings of Confucius. However, the emperor felt that the obligation to pray five times a day and fasting the whole month too much for him until he does not embrace Islam.
However, he allowed Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas and his Companions to teach Islam to the people in Guangzhou. By the Chinese, Islam as the lan Jiao Yi or genuine religion. Makkah is referred to as the birthplace of Buddha Ma-hia-wu or the Messenger of Allah ( peace upon to be Him).
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas later settled in Guangzhou and he founded Huaisheng which became one of the most valuable milestones in the history of Islam in China. This mosque became the oldest existing mosque in mainland China and he already exceeded 1300 years is located in Ta Lu Guang road.
Chinese Mosques – source by Islamic Architecture
Tourists who arrive in Guangzhou feel incomplete if it did not set foot into the tomb of Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas. However, some say, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas died in Baqi ‘, near Medina, and is buried tombs of the companions region.
Although it is not known exactly where Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas died and was buried, but certainly it has an important role in the development of Islam in China.