Saʿad ibn Abī Waqqās (Arabic: سعد بن أبي وقاص) was an early convert to Islam in 610–611 and was one of the important companions of the Rasulullah ﷺ. Sa’ad was the 17th person to embrace Islam at the age of 17. He was one of those ten men who were given the good news of Jannat.
The full name of Abi Waqqas was Abu Ishak Saad. His father’s name was Abi Waqqas Malik. The name of his mother is Amna. Hazrat Saad ibn Abi Waqqas was one of them who turned into a Muslim in the beginning of Islam. His brother was Hazrat Umair. He was martyred in the battle of Badar. His son was Umar ibn Sa’ad who played an active and important role in Battle Of Karbala.
Hazrat Sa’ad was a very close friend of Abu Bakar (RA). He got the news of Islam from that great man. He turned into Muslim by Abu Bakar’s impression. According to Saad, he was the 3rd man of Islam. He did Hijrat to Madina with all other Muslims. He participated in all the battles of Islam. He was the fighter of Allah and the fighter of the ideology of Rasulullah ﷺ.
He fought in Badr valiantly. He fought at the battle of Badr with his young brother Umayr. Being only in his early teens, Umayr was denied access to battle, but after struggling and crying, he was later given permission by Rasulullah ﷺ to fight in battle. Saʿd returned to Madina alone; Umayr was one of the 14 Muslims who died in the battle.
Hazrat Sa’ad also contributed in Uhud battle. In fact, he was an instinctive worrier. At the battle of Uhud, Saʿd was chosen as an archer together with Zayd, Sa`īb (the son of Uthmān ibn Mazūn) and others. Saʿd was among those who fought in defense of Rasulullah ﷺ after some Muslims had deserted their positions. Rasulullah ﷺ honoured him by declaring him one of the best archers of that time. During the battle, Rasulullah ﷺ gathered some arrows for him.
Abi Waqqas was a wise man as well. He was one of the major weapons of Islam. In the battle of Khondok, he uprooted an eye of a kafir and Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) suddenly laughed at the scene. He was in many important charges during the khelafat of Abu Bakar. He brought a lot of subjugation for Islam during the khelafat of Omar. Hazrat Sa’ad also contributed in the khelafat of Usman (RA). After the martyr of Usman, he didn’t participate in the works of khelafat any more. After the martyr of Usman (RadiAllahu Anhu), Muslims were divided into many groups. They couldn’t uphold the instruction of Quran and Hadith perfectly about unity. At that time, Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas remained neutral. He didn’t take any side. Hazrat Sa’ad (RadiAllahu Anhu) was very much worried about the situation of Muslims. He followed the belief that hurting a Muslim is always forbidden.
He was always busy with the thought of a Muslim world, and he always thought of the way to Allah and His Rasul. He always was busy doing welfare for Islam and Muslim. Hazrat Sa’ad was the worrier who never left. He always kept himself busy in the works of Islam. He was a true worrier of Rasulullah. He should be an origin of inspiration for us. May Allah dignify him hereafter as he dignified him in the earth.
The 3rd Caliph of Islam – Hazrat Usman (RadiAllahu Anhu) sent a deputation headed by Hazrat Sa’ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (RA) to China in 29 AH (650 CE, eighteen years after the death of the Rasulullah ﷺ. Saad ibn Waqqas, was a maternal uncle of the Rasulullah ﷺ.
After entering into China on 650, Saad Ibn Waaqas invited the Chinese Emperor Tung (Yung-Wei) to embrace Islam. To show his admiration for Islam the Emperor Tung ordered him for the establishment of a Mosque in Canton, China. According to the Islamic history in China, Huaisheng Mosque is the first mosque in China which was built by Sa’ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (RA). During his preaching Islam in China, he was died and buried in the province of Guangzhou (Early Canton).
Tomb of Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas
According to Hadith, “To urge him on [during Uhud], Rasulullah ﷺ said: “Shoot, Saʿd …may my mother and father be your ransom.”. This is was also reported by Ali ibn Abi Talib who said that he had not yet heard Rasulullah ﷺ promising such a ransom to anyone except Sa’ad Bin Malik. Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 389.
It should be noted that Sa’ad bin Malik and Sa’ad bin abi Waqqas are the same person.
Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas – Sahaba of the Prophet, known as the spreader of Islam in China. Born and raised in the city of Mecca, he was known as a devout and intelligent young man. Described his posture is not too high, but well-built with short hair. People always compare it with the “young lions”.
One day he approached Abu Bakar Companion of the Prophet was very friendly. He asked her to meet Rasulullah ﷺ on a hill near Mecca. The meeting was very impressive in the life of Sa’ad who was just 20 years old. He hastened came the invitation to accept Islam as a religion.
Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas came from a respectable family of Quraish who had received a rejection from his own mother when he embraced Islam. Her mother opposed the various ways he did to be able to do a hunger strike in hopes of changing his lover child of the establishment. But Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas insisted.
“O my mother, for Allah’s sake, if the mother has a hundred lives and the lives of the lost one by one, I will not abandon this my religion.”
Hearing courage Saad, Saad’s mother eventually gave up and ready to eat back. This fact provides evidence of the strength and firmness of faith Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas. Refer to discover another advanced through daughter of The Prophet is Ummu Kulthum bint Rasulullah ﷺ
Guaranteed to get to Heaven
One day when the Messenger of Allah ( peace upon to be him ) was sitting with sahaba, suddenly he stared into the horizon and said, “A heavenly host will appear.” When the friends are looking around who can be called by the Prophet, suddenly appearing Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas.
During the Battle of Badr, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas fought bravely. Likewise, in the Battle of Uhud who was always on the side of the Messenger of Allah and protect them.
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas also became sahaba and the first Islamic fighters who shot an arrow in the effort to defend Islam.
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas fought tenaciously in defense of Rasulullah Saw after some Muslim fighters abandoned their positions.
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas is also one of the companions who was given great wealth and used for the sake of propaganda. He is also known for his courage and generosity. Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas lives until the age of 80-year-old ahead.
Where Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas buried?
Sourced Official records from the Tang Dynasty who ruled in 618-905 AD and is based on a similar note in the book A Brief Study of the Introduction of Islam to China works of Chen Yuen, Islam first came to China around the year 30 H or 651 AD.
Mentioned, Islam entered China through a messenger sent by Caliph Uthman (23-35 H / 644-656 AD). According to records Tschih Lui, Chinese Muslim writers in the 18th century in his work Chee Chea Sheehuzoo (About the Life of the Prophet), Islam was brought to China by a delegation led by Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas.
For the first time, Islam came to China brought by the sahaba of the Prophet that Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas, along with other sahaba in the year 616 AD. After her first visit. Sa’d then back to Saudi. He returned to China 21 years later or during the reign of Uthman, and came with a copy of the Quran.
Uthman during his caliphate was copying the Quran and spread to various places, in order to maintain the purity of this holy book. At his second coming in the year 650, currently sailing through the ocean Hindi China Sea to the seaport in Guangzhou.
Then he sailed to Chang’an or now known as Xi’an through the route that became known as the Silk Road. The entourage of sahaba, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqash arrived with gifts and well received by the emperor of the Tang Dynasty, Kao-Tsung (650-683). But Islam as a religion is not directly received by the emperor.
After a thorough investigation, the emperor gave him permission for the development of Islam which he felt in accordance with the teachings of Confucius. However, the emperor felt that the obligation to pray five times a day and fasting the whole month too much for him until he does not embrace Islam.
However, he allowed Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas and his Companions to teach Islam to the people in Guangzhou. By the Chinese, Islam as the lan Jiao Yi or genuine religion. Makkah is referred to as the birthplace of Buddha Ma-hia-wu or the Messenger of Allah ( peace upon to be Him).
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas later settled in Guangzhou and he founded Huaisheng which became one of the most valuable milestones in the history of Islam in China. This mosque became the oldest existing mosque in mainland China and he already exceeded 1300 years is located in Ta Lu Guang road.
Chinese Mosques – source by Islamic Architecture
Tourists who arrive in Guangzhou feel incomplete if it did not set foot into the tomb of Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas. However, some say, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas died in Baqi ‘, near Medina, and is buried tombs of the companions region.
Although it is not known exactly where Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas died and was buried, but certainly it has an important role in the development of Islam in China.