Hazrat Qatada (RadiAllahu Anh)

Hazrat Qatada (R.A) was amongst the great Companions of the Beloved Prophet (S.A.W), who sacrificed everything for the cause of Islam.

Once Hazrat Qatada (R.A) was participating in battle, where He (R.A) was  shooting arrows. Suddenly he saw the Beloved Prophet (S.A.W) in his rear. Seeing this, Hazrat Qatada (R.A) changed his view and was trying to defend Rasoolullah (S.A.W), so that no arrow may reach the Holy Prophet (S.A.W).

Ultimately an arrow hit Hazrat Qatada’s (R.A) eye. The eye socket was badly damaged. It was damaged to such extent that the eyeball was hanging loose.

When the battle was over, Hazrat Qatada’s (R.A) Companions advised him to get the muscle with which the eyeball was hanging and cut off the eye, to have some relief from pain.

Hearing this Hazrat Qatada (R.A) said. “No, why should I get it cut?” and holding his eye he went to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W). The Prophet of compassion (S.A.W)affirmed: “O Qatada, if you have patience there is paradise for you, but if you so wish, I may pray for you.”

Hazrat Qatada (R.A) answered: “O Prophet of Allah (S.W.T) no doubt paradise is a very great blessing and a very great bounty but I do not want to be called a one-eyed person. Therefore kindly restore my eye and pray for the paradise.”

Hearing this, the Master of the Universe (S.A.W) placed the eyeball in the socket of the eye and prayed to Allah (S.W.T): “O Allah grant Qatada beauty because he has been sacrificing his face for the face of your Prophet.”

When the Beloved Prophet (S.A.W) removed His blessed hand, the injured eye had become more handsome than the other eye and even its eyesight had improved.

More over the other eye did at times become sick or sore but the eye touched by the compassionate hand never ever suffered.(Dalail-un-Nabuwah P:484/2), (Madaraj-un-Nabuwah P: 198/1), , (AI-Khasais-ul-Kubra P:205/1)(Seerat-e-Halbia P:44/2), (Hujjatullah Alal Alimeen P:424), (Majam’a-ul-Zawaid P:116/6), (Zarqani Alal Mowahib P: 186/1)

He was the son of al-Nu’man ibn Zayd, of the Zafar branch of the Nabit clan of the Aws tribe, and of Unaysa bint Qays, who was from the Najjar clan of the Khazraj tribe. His wives were: Hind bint Aws, from the Qawaqil allies; al-Khansa’ bint Khunayd, who was from the Ghassan tribe; and A’isha bint Jurayy, also from the Zafar sub-clan. His children by Hind were Abdullah and Umm ‘Amr. Both al-Khansa’ and A’isha are variously said to be the mother of his other two children, ‘Amr and Hafsa.[1]:354-355

According to Al-Waqidi, Qatada was present at the second pledge at al-Aqabah; but his name does not appear on Ibn Ishaq’s list.[1]:355

Qatada is listed among Muhammad’s archers.[1]:355 He fought at Badr,[2]:330 Uhud,[2]:381 the Ditch “and all the battles with the Messenger of Allah.”[1]:355 When Qatada ibn al-Nu‘man was wounded in the eye by an arrow on the day of Uhud, his eyeball was dislodged and hung on his cheek. His companions wanted to cut it off, but decided to consult Muhammad first. He said, “No!” then ordered Qatada to be brought to him, he pushed his eyeball back into place with his hand, blew some of his spittle on it then said, “O God, give him beauty!” It became Qatada’s best eye and when the other eye suffered from infection, that one never did. Source: Mustadrak[1]:355 At the conquest of Mecca, Qatada carried the banner of the Zafar clan.[1]:355

He died in 23 AH (643-644 AD) at the age of 65 (lunar) years, and Umar conducted his funeral prayers.[1]:355

One of his grandsons, Asim ibn Umar ibn Qatada (died 120 or 129 AH (738 or 747)),[3] was a notable narrator of hadith and was a major source for the historian Ibn Ishaq.[4]:xv Qatada had no further male-line descendants after Asim.[1]:355

The first companion to be mentioned is Hazrat Qatadahra bin Numan Ansari. Hazrat Qatadahra belonged to the Banu Zafar clan of the Khazraj tribe of the Ansar. His father was Numan bin Zaid and his mother was Unaisah bint Qais.

Hazrat Qatadah’sra title is reported as Abu Umar as well as Abu Amr and Abu Abdillah. Hazrat Qatadahra was the half-brother of Hazrat Abu Saeed Khudrira; they were both born to the same mother.

Hazrat Qatadahra had the opportunity to participate in the Bai‘at-e-Aqabah along with 70 Ansari companions. However, according to another narration by Allamah Ibn Ishaaq, he was not part of those Ansari companions who participated in the Bai‘at-e-Aqabah or perhaps he has simply not mentioned him.

Hazrat Qatadahra was one of the archers appointed by the Holy Prophetsa. He participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and all the subsequent battles along with the Holy Prophetsa. Hazrat Qatadah’sra eye was struck by an arrow during the Battle of Uhud due to which his eye came out of its socket.

He came to the Holy Prophetsa and said, “O Messengersa of Allah! I have been struck by an arrow and my eye has come out. I love my wife very much, however if she were to see me like this, I fear that she may start to resent me.” The Holy Prophetsa placed the eye back in the socket with his hand and it was set in its place again and he regained his sight in that eye.

This eye was sharper and stronger than his other eye even during old age. According to another narration, the Holy Prophetsa had applied his saliva on that eye as a result of which it became even better than the other eye. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra li ibn Saad, Vol. 3, p. 239, Wa min Bani Zafar…, Dar Ihyaa Al-Turath Al-Arabi, Beirut, 1996) (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 4, pp. 370-371, Qatadahra, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2008)

Hazrat Qatadahra himself has also mentioned this incident and states, “The Messengersa of Allah was given a bow as a gift. The Holy Prophetsa gave it to me on the occasion of Uhud. I shot arrows with it in front of the Holy Prophetsa until its string broke. Despite this, I remained in front of the blessed face of the Messengersa of Allah.”

Usually we mention Hazrat Talhara in this regard but his name is also mentioned. He further states:

“I continued to stand in front of the Holy Prophetsa. Whenever, an arrow came in the direction of the Messengersa of Allah, I would move my head in front of it so that I would serve as a shield for the blessed countenance of the Messengersa of Allah. I did not have any more arrows left at that point which I could shoot. At that moment, an arrow struck one of my eyes, due to which my eye came out of its socket and onto my cheek. Thereafter, the attacking army dispersed and I held my eye in my own hand and went to the Holy Prophetsa. I was not far from him when the Messengersa of Allah saw it in my hand, and tears started to flow from the Holy Prophetsa eyes and prayed, ‘O Allah! Qatadahra has saved the face of Your Prophet with his own face. Pray, make this eye of his, the more beautiful and observant of the two.’ Thus, that eye was more beautiful and the visually more perceptive of the two.” (Al-Mu‘jam Al-Kabir Li Al-Tabarani, Vol. 19, p. 8, Umar bin Qatadah bin Al-Numan, Dar Ihyaa Al-Turath Al-Arabi, 2002)

In the tradition which he has narrated himself, there is no mention of the fact that his wife will not love him because of this and will begin to resent him. The earlier account which I related was what the historians have written in order to perhaps arouse more interest, or perhaps just for the sake of it.  However, in his own narration of the account, there is no mention of his wife.

Nevertheless, his eye fell out of the socket during the battle. The Holy Prophetsa placed it back in its socket and his eyesight was immediately restored. As a matter of fact, it improved greatly and for this very reason, Hazrat Qatadahra later became known by the title of Dhul-Ain, that is, the possessor of the eye. (Al-Isaba Fi Tamyeez Al-Sahaba, Vol. 2, p. 345, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon, 2005)

Hazrat Qatadahra participated alongside the Holy Prophetsa in all the battles, including the Battle of Khandaq [the Ditch].

On the occasion of the Conquest of Mecca, the flag of the tribe of Banu Zafar was in the hands of Hazrat Qatadahra. He passed away at the age of 65, in 23 AH. Hazrat Umarra led his funeral prayer in Medina. His half-brother, Hazrat Abu Saeed Khudrira, Muhammadra bin Maslama and Harithra bin Khuzma came down into his grave and according to one narration, Hazrat Umarra was also among those who came down into the grave [during his burial]. The name of one of the grandsons of Hazrat Qatadahra was Asim bin Umar, who was an expert in the field of genealogy – that is the knowledge of families, ancestries and tribes – and Allama Ibn Ishaaq has related many of his narrations. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra li ibn Saad, Vol. 3, p. 239, Wa min Bani Zafar,…, Dar Ihyaa Al-Turath Al-Arabi, Beirut, 1996) (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 4, p. 372, Qatadahra, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2008) (Siyar Al-Sahabah Az Saeed Ansari, Vol. 3, p. 474, Darul Ishaat, Karachi, 2004)

In one of the narrations it states that the Holy Prophetsa had a bow that was called Qutoom. This was made from Naba, a tree from which arrows are made. This was the bow that broke during the Battle of Uhud by Hazrat Qatadahra due to its excessive use. (Tarikh Dimashq Li Ibn Akir, Vol. 4, p. 148, Bab Dhikr Silahah Wa Markubah, Dar Ihyaa Al-Turath Al-Arabi, 2001) (Lughaat Al-Hadith, Vol. 4, p. 293, Ali Asif Printers, Lahore, 2005)

Hazrat Qatada (RadiAllahu Anh) Say Marvi Hy Jab Yahoodi Kufaar Arab Ki Jangoun Mein Fatah O Kaamyabi Ki Dua Mangtay Tou Apni Duaon Mein Kehtay Thay Aye Khuda Us Nabi E Ummi Ka Zahoor Farma Jin Ka Zikr Torait Mein Paatay Hain Ta Kay In Kafiroun Ko Saza Dein Aur Un Kay Sath Ho Kar In Ko Qatal Karain,In Ki Yeh Rawish Is Bina Per Thi
Keh In Ka Guman Tha Wo Nabi In Kay Jins Yani Bani Israel Mein Zahir Hoga Aur Jab In Ki Jins Kay Siwa Yani Bani Ismail Mein Maboos Huay Tou Hasad Karnay Lagay Aur Kufr O Inkar Kay Darr’pay Hogaye.”(Seerat E Mustafa Jaan e Rehmat, Vol 1,Page # 160)