Hazrat Imam Muhammad bin Sulaiman Al Jazuli r.a

16th-rabi-al-awwal-muhammad-ibn-sulayman-al-jazuli-al-hasani-writer-of-dalail-al-khayrat

Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Sulayman ibn Abu Bakr al-Jazuli al-Simlali (Arabic:ابو عبدالله محمد ابن سليمان ابن ابوبكر الجزولي السّملالي الحسني) (died 1465), often known as Imam al-Jazuli or Sheikh Jazuli, was a Moroccan Sufi leader of the Berber tribe of the Jazulah. He is best known for compiling the Dala’il al-Khayrat, an extremely popular Muslim prayer book. This book is usually divided into 7 sections for each day of the week.Al-Jazuli is one of the seven saints of Marrakesh.

Biography:
Al-Jazuli lived in the historic Sous area of Morocco, situated between the Atlantic Ocean and the Atlas Mountains. He studied locally and then went to the Madrasat As-Saffarîn in Fez where his room is still pointed out to visitors today. In Fez he memorized works of usul al-fiqh and Maliki law, such as Ibn al-Hajib’s Mukhtasr al-Far’i and Sahnun’s Al-Mudawwana al-Kubra. He also met the famous jurist and mystic Ahmad Zarruq. After settling a tribal feud he left the area and spent the next forty years in Makkah, Medina and Jerusalem. After his long journey, he returned to Fez where he completed the prayer book Dala’il al-Khayrat.

He was initiated into the Shadhili Tariqa, a Sufi order, by a descendant of Abu Abdallah Mohammed Amghar, the sheikh of the Banu Amghar. He spent fourteen years in Khalwa (seclusion) and then went to Safi where he gathered around him many followers. The governor of Safi felt obliged to expel him and later poisoned him which led to his death in 1465. He is said to have died during prayer. His tomb in Afoughal became the center of the Saadi dynasty Saadian resistance against the Portuguese. His deep respect for al-Jazouli was the reason that Abu Abdallah al-Qaim chose Afoughal as his residence.

It is claimed that in 1541, seventy-seven years after his death, his body was exhumed to be transferred to Marrakesh and found to be uncorrupted. In the northern part of the Medina of Marrakesh the Saadi sultan Ahmad al-Araj (1517–1544) had a mausoleum built for al-Jazouli. The mausoleum was enlarged and partly rebuilt during the reign of the sultans Moulay Ismael and Mohammed Ben Abdallah.

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Hazrat Imaam Sayyed Muhammad al-Jazuli rahmatullāhi alaihi :

Laqab :
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Qutb-ul-kaamil.

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Aap ki wilaadat Jazula, Sous (Morocco) me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Sulaimān ibn Abu Bakr hai.

Aap Hasani saadaat hain.
Aur Sanhaja ke Simlala qabeele se ta’alluq rakhte hain.

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Aap ne Sous me ibtidaai ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir Fez jaakar Madrasa as-Saffarin me ta’aleem haasil ki.

Aap ne Ibne Hajib ki ‘Mukhtasar al-Far’i’ aur Sahnun ki ‘Al-Mudawwana al-Kubra’ kitaabe hifz ki.

Fez me Aap ne Hazrat Shaikh Ahmad Zarruq rahmatullāhi alaihi se bhi mulaaqaat ki.

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Aap Hazrat Shaikh Sayyed Abu Abdallāh Mohammad ibn Amghar as-Sagheer rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed hue.

Phir fasaad ki wajah se Fez chhodkar 40 saal tak Makka mukarrama, Madeena munawwara aur Jerusalem me muqeem rahe.

Ek martaba safar ke dauraan raat ko Aap ne ek maqaam par qayaam kiya. Subah ko namaaz ke liye wuzu ke liye paani nahi tha. Bahot talaash karne ke baad ek kunva mila magar kunve se paani nikaalne ke liye dol ya rassi nahi thi. Aap soch rahe the ke kunve se paani kaise nikaala jaaye tabhi ek chhoti ladki waha aai aur jab us ne jaana ke Hazrat ko paani ki zaroorat hai tab us ne kuchh padhkar kunve ke paani me thoonk diya. ALLĀH ke fazl se kunve ka paani upar tak aa gaya. Aap ne us paani se wuzu kiya aur namaaz ada karne ke baad us ladki se puchha ‘Beta! Tum ne kya padha jo thoonkne se paani upar aa gaya?’ Us ladki ne kaha ‘Maine Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam par Durood shareef padha tha.’ Aap ne daryaaft kiya ke ‘Wo kaun sa durood shareef hai?’ Us ladki ne kaha ‘Pehle Aap ko job hi durood shareef yaad hai wo mujhe sunnaiye.’ Aap ne jab durood shareef sunaaye to us ne kaha ‘In me wo durood shareef nahi hai.’ Aap ne jab phir se guzarish ki to us ne kaha ke ‘Behtar hai ke Aap aur durood shareef jama karen. Shaayad un me ye durood shareef mil jaaye.’
Aap ne kai saal tak bahot saare durood shareef jama kiye aur phir us ladki se wo durood jaankar use bhi saamil kiya aur ‘Dalaa’il-ul-Khairaat’ naami ek kitaab tayyaar ki jis me tamaam duroos shareef aur un ki fazeelat ka bayaan hai.

Jab Aap Madeena munawwara me muqeem the tab roz Roza e Rasool sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam par haazir hokar 2 martaba ‘Dalaa’il-ul-Khairaat’ padhte.

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Aap ne 14 saal Khalwat me riyaazat o mujaahida me guzaare.

Phir Afwiral me khaanqaah taamir ki aur talba ko aur logo ko ta’aleem aur faiz ata farmaate rahe.

Aap Maaliki mazhab ke Muqallid the.

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Qaul :
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Aap farmaate hain :
‘Gunaahgaaro ki majlis se door raho. Jo shakhs faajiro ki sohbat ikhtiyaar karta hai us ka dil sakht ho jaata hai aur jo neko ki sohbat me rehta hai us ka dil roshan ho jaata hai aur jis ka dil munawwar ho jaaye us ki rooh paakeezah ho jaati hai.’

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Aap Hazrat Shaikh Sayyed Abu Abdallāh Mohammad ibn Amghar as-Sagheer rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap se ‘Shaazili Jazuliya’ silsila jaari hai.

Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Azeez rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(2) Hazrat Shaikh Muhammad al-Taba rahmatullāhi alaihi.

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Safi ke governor ne pehle Aap ko takleef dena shuru kiya. Phir Aap ko zeher diya jis se Aap ka intiqaal hua.

Aap ka wisaal 4 Zil Qa’ada 869 Hijri (June 1465 A.D.) ko haalaat e namaaz me hua.
Aap ko Afwiral me Aap ki khaanqaah me dafn kiya gaya.

Aap ke wisaal ke 77 saal baad Aap ki qabr kholkar Aap ke jism e at’har ko baahar nikaala gaya to Aap ka kafan aur badan bilkul mehfooz tha. Phir Aap ko Marrakesh le jaakar dafn kiya gaya.

Aap ka mazaar Marrakesh (Morocco) me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Imaam Sayyed Muhammad al-Jazuli rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh aur Ahle bait ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.