Abu’l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī

His full name is Abu Barakat Hibat Allah bin Malka al-Baghdadi al-Balad. He was born around 470 H / 1077 AD in Balad and died in 560H / 1164 AD Al-Baladi is a brilliant medical scientist and philosopher. He was even mentioned as a physician “second to none in his day.” In addition to opening his own clinic he also worked for caliphs and state dignitaries in Baghdad, including Sultan Seljuk as a family doctor.

His most famous work is Kitab al-Mu’tabar which contains his thoughts on mathematics, logic, natural science and divinity. This book also contains a number of discussions about philosophy relating to nature and soul. In addition, he also wrote a number of more “minor” treatises such as the Zakur al-Kawakib Sabab Zabur Layabah Khafaiha Naharan which was translated by E. Weideman in Eden Jahrhbuch in 1909 AD

In the book of al-Mu’tabar, Abu Barakat took over a number of theses from Ibn Sina’s Shifa book and quoted them literally. But on the other hand, he also criticized a number of Ibn Sina’s most essential theses, especially in the field of physics.

Together with John Philopurus, he refuted and was able to prove a fallacy. The proportion that made possible the movement in a vacuum. Namu, one thing that is clear is that the method and the discussion he applied in his great work is very philosophical.

Together with John Philopurus, he refuted and was able to prove ‘a misunderstanding of the proportions that made possible the movement in a vacuum. After demonstrating false ideas and convoluted arguments, and rectifying them, he then proves the infinity of space through the impossibility of a person in understanding a finite space.

His interest in the mystery of the human mind also encouraged Abu Barakat to decipher an idea of ​​”time”. According to him, the completion of this is more related to the concept of metaphysics, not just physics. Thus time is a measure of “exist” not a measure of movement, it does not recognize the divergent divergences of time levels, stages, and other such things as Ibn Sina and other great philosophers have suggested. , time is a proof of the creator (al-Khaliq) and the created (al-makhluq).