ACCOUNT OF THE DEATH OF ‘AMINAH AlahisSalam THE MOTHER OF THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH (MAY ALLAH BLESS HIM)

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medina

He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami informed us, Muhammad Ibn `Abd Allah informed us on the authority of al-Zuhri; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said Muhammad Ibn Salih related to us on the authority of ‘Asim Ibn ‘Umar Ibn Qatadah; (third chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Rahmŕn Ibn `Abd al-Aziz related to us on the authority of `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Bakr Ibn Muhammad Ibn ‘Amr Ibn Hazm; (fourth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Háshim Ibn ‘Asim al-Aslami related to us on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; the consolidated narrations are:

The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, was with his mother ‘Aminah Bint Wahb. When he was six years old, she took him on a visit to his maternal uncles in Banu ‘Adi Ibn al-Najjar at Madinah and with him was his nurse Umm Ayman. They were riding two camels and they lodged in the house of al-Nábighah and sojourned there for a month. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, used to relate several incidents associated with them. When he noticed the stone buildings of Banu `Adi Ibn al-Najjar, he recognised them. He (the Prophet) said: I used to play with Unaysah a hand-maid of the Ansŕr near these stone buildings and I used to fly pigeons with the boys of my maternal uncles. They used to sit on these buildings. He saw a house and said: My mother lodged in this house, and in this house is the grave of my father `Abd Allah Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib. I obtained proficiency in swimming in a pond of Banu `Adi Ibn al-Najjar. A party of the Jews used to see him, and Umm Ayman said: I heard one of them saying: He is the Prophet of this nation, and this is the place of his refuge; I fully understood these words. Then his mother started back for Makkah with him. When they were at al-Abwá, she died, and her grave is there. Then Umm Ayman brought him to Makkah on the two camels which were with them. She nursed him along with his mother (when she was alive). After his mother’s death the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, passed by the site of al-Abwá during his `Umrah al-Hudaybiyah. He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Verily Allah permitted Muhammad to visit his mother’s grave and the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, came there, got (the grave) repaired and wept by its side and the Muslims wept because of the weeping of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him. He was questioned about it and he replied: (Recollection of) her affection overpowered me and I wept for her.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Abu Ghassán Malik Ibn Ismŕ`il al-Nandi informed us: Sharik Ibn `Abd Allah informed us on the authority of Simák Ibn Harb, he on the authority of al-Qasim; he said:

The Prophet, may Allah bless him, sought (Allah’s) permission [P. 74; to visit his mother’s grave which was granted; and he prayed for her salvation, but it was rejected.

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He (lbn Sa`d) said: Abu ‘Amir Qabisah Ibn ‘Uqbah al-Suwá’i informed us: Sufyŕn Ibn Sa’id al-Thawri informed us on the authority of `Alqamah Ibn Marthad, he on the authority of Ibn Buraydah, he on the authority of his father; he said:

When the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, conquered Makkah, he came to a ruined grave and sat there and the people also sat round him. He sat like a person attending to a speech. Then he stood up weeping. `Umar, who was the boldest of those before him, came forward and said: May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, 0 Apostle of Allah! What makes you weep? He said: This is the grave of my mother, to visit which I sought my Lord’s permission, which was granted; I asked for her salvation but He did not grant it. So I recalled her and was overpowered (by grief) so I wept. He was never seen weeping more than on this occasion. Ibn Sa`d said: This is an error, her grave is not at Makkah but it is at al-Abwa,

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