ACCOUNT OF THOSE WHO SUCKLED THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH (MAY ALLAH BLESS HIM) AND NAMES OF HIS FOSTER-BROTHERS AND SISTERS

img-20211101-wa00152459342862473672464.jpg

medina
He (lbn Said) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami informed us; he said: Musa lbn Shaybah related to me on the authority of ‘Umayrah Bint `Ubayd Allah Ibn Ka`b Ibn Malik, she on the authority of Barrah Bint Abi Tajrah; she said: The first (woman) who suckled the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, was Thuwaybah (who nursed him) with the milk of her son who was called Masruh, several days before the arrival of Halimah. She had suckled Hamzah Ibn `Abd al-Muttlib before and Abu Salamah Ibn `Abd al-As’ad al-Makhzumi after him Prophet.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us on the authority of Ma`mar, he on the authority of al-Zuhri, he on the authority of `Ubayd Allah Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Thawr, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; he said:Thuwaybah was the slave girl of Abu Lahab who suckled the Apostle of Allah many days before Halimah arrived and she suckled Abu Salamah Ibn `Abd al-As’ad with him, so he was his foster-brother.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us on the authority of Ma`mar, he on the authority of al-Zuhri, he on the authority of `Urwah Ibn al-Zubayr; (he said): Verily Thuwaybah was one whom Abu Lahab had freed. She suckled the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, so when Abu Lahab died, some members of his family saw him in a dream in the worst torments, and asked him: How do you do? He replied: We experienced so comfort after (being separated from) you; I was rewarded for freeing Thuwaybah and pointed to the place between his thumb and first finger.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us on the authority of more then one scholar; the said: The Apostle of Allah treated her (Thuwaybah) well while at Makkah and Khadijah honoured her, but in those days she was in bondage. She (Khadijah) proposed to Abu Lahab to sell her, so that she could free her but he refused. When the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, migrated to [P. 68] Madinah, Abu Lahab freed her: and the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, continued sending money and clothes to her till he received the information of her death, in the seventh year, on his return from Khaybar. Then he asked: What about her son Masruh? He was told: He predeceased her and none of her relatives survived her.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar informed us on the authority of Ibrahim Ibn `Abbas, he on the authority of al-Qasim Ibn `Abbas al-Lahabi, he said:The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, used to inquire about Thuwaybah after he had migrated and sent money and clothes to her till the news of her death reached him. Then he inquired about her survivors and was told there was none.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Ma`mar informed us on the authority of Yahya Ibn Abi Kathir, he on the authority of `Ikrimah, he on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas; he said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: Hamzah 1bn ,Abd al-Muttalib is my foster-brother.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn Umar informed us: `Umar Ibn Sa’id Ibn Abi Husayn related to me on the authority of Abu Mulaykah; he said: Hamzah Ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib was the foster-brother of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him. An Arab woman had suckled both of them. Hamzah was being suckled by (a woman) of the tribe of Banu Sa`d Ibn Bakr and the (foster-) mother of Hamzah had suckled the Apostle of Allah one day when he was with his (foster-) mother Halimah.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Khalid Ibn Khidash informed us: ‘Abd Allah Ibn Wahb al-Misri informed us on the authority of Makhramah Ibn Bukayr, he on the authority of his father; he said: I heard `Abd Allah Ibn Muslim saying: I heared Muhammad Ibn Muslim, i.e., his brother al-Zuhri saying: I heard Humayd Ibn `Abd al-Rahman Ibn `Awf saying: I heard Umm Salamah the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him; she said: He (Prophet) was asked why he did not take notice of the daughter of Hamzah? Or he was asked: Why he did not propose marriage to Hamzah’s daughter. He said: Hamzah was my foster-brother.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: ‘Afán Ibn Muslim informed us: Hammam 1bn Yahya informed us: Qatadah informed us on the authority of Jabir Ibn Zayd, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; (he said):Verily the Apostle of Allah received a hint about the daughter of Hamzah. Thereupon he said: Sheds the daugther of my foster-brother, and that she is not lawful for me (in marriage), and that foster-relationship makes unlawful what kinship makes unlawful.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: lsmŕ’il Ibn Ibrahim al-Asadi informed us on the authority of ‘Ali Ibn Zayd Ibn Jud`ŕn, he on the authority of Sa’id Ibn al-Musayyib; (he said): Verily `Ali Ibn Abi Talib, may peace be on him, said: I talked to the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, about Hamzah’s daughter and mentioned about her beauty. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him said: Verily, she is the daughter of my foster-brother, and do you not know that Allah has made unlawful marriages which are unlawful by kinship.

medina
Abu al-Walid Hisham Ibn `Abd al-Malik al-Tayálisi related to us: Shu`bah related on the authority of Muhammad Ibn `Ubayd Allah; he said: I heard Abu Sŕlih (relating) on the authority of ‘Ali; he said: I made a proposal concerning Hamzah’s daughter to the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him. Thereupon he said: She is the daughter of my foster-brother.

medina
[P. 69] He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Said Ibn Sulayman al-Wasiti informed us: Layth Ibn Sa’d informed us on the authority of Yazid lbn Abi Habib, he on the authority of `Irŕk Ibn Malik that Zaynab bint Abi Salamah informed him: Verily Umm Habibah said to the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him: We have been informed that you are to marry Durrah Bint Abi Salamah. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: shall I (marry) her after (marrying) Umm Salamah? He added: If I had not married Umm Salamah even then she would not have been lawful since her father is my foster-brother.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami informed us: Zakariyya Ibn Yahyá Ibn Yazid al-Sa`di informed us on the authority of his father; he said:

Ten women belonging to the tribe of Banu Sa`d 1bn Bakr came to Makkah seeking foster-children. All of them got except Halimah Bint ‘Abd Allah Ibn al-Harith 1bn Shijnah Ibn Jabir Ibn Rizám Ibn Nasirah Ibn Fusayyah Ibn Nasr lbn Sa’d Ibn Bakr Ibn Hawazin Ibn Mansur Ibn `Ikrimah Ibn Khasafah lbn Qays lbn ‘Aylan lbn Mudar, and in her company was her husband al-Harith Ibn `Abd al-‘Uzzŕ Ibn Rifa`ah Ibn Millan Ibn Nasirah Ibn Fusayyah 1bn Nasr Ibn Sa’d Ibn Bakr Ibn Hawazin and his patronymic was Abu Dhuwayb. To him she bore `Abd Allah Ibn al-Harith whom she was suckling, Unaysah Bint al-Harith and Judŕmah Bint al-Hárith, who was known as al-Shaymŕ and who attended the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, along with her mother, and she used to carry him in her arms. When the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, was presented to them, they remarked: He is an orphan and has no money, and I am afraid as to how his mother will manage. Then the women departed, leaving Halimah behind them. Thereupon Halimah said to her husband: What is your opinion, all my fellow women have left and now in Makkah there is no boy except, this orphan to be nursed? I think we should take him because I do not like to return to our place without taking one. Thereupon her husband said: Take him. I hope Allah will confer blessings on us for his sake. Then she approached his mother and took him from her. She placed him in her lap and gave her breast to him which was too full of milk to leak out. The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, sucked milk to satisfaction and his foster-brother also sucked, till then he could not sleep because milk was inadequate. His (Prophet’s) mother said: 0 noble and compassionate nurse ! be careful of your child who is destined to attain prominence. Then she related what she had seen and what she had been told at the time of his birth. She also said: I was also told to get him suckled for three nights in the tribe of Banu Sa`d lbn Bakr, then in the family of Abu Dhuwayb. Halimah said: Verily the father of the child that is in my lap is Abu Dhuwayb and he is my husband. Halimah was pleased and she was overjoyed on what she heard. Then she returned to the place where she was staying; and they put saddle on their she-ass on which Halimah rode and bore the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, before her and al-Hárith before him. They overtook their comrades in the valley of al-Sirar where their beasts were pasturing, and they (Halimah and al-Hárith) were struggling to reach there. They said: 0 Halimah ! What did you do? She said: By Allah! [P. 70] I took the best child that I have ever seen, and he is a blessing. They said: Is he the child of `Abd al-Muttalib? She said: Yes. She said: We had not yet departed from this place when I perceived jealousy in certain women.

medina
He (lbn Sa`d) said: Muhammad lbn `Umar informed us; he said:

Some people mentioned: When Halimah departed with the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him to her place, ‘Aminah Bint Wahb said:
1 entrust this child to Allah, the Glorious (for protection) from the evils that a body may suffer from.
(I entrust him) to the time, I would like to see him, doing noble deeds and showing generosity to the slaves.
And other lowly (needy) people”.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us on the authority of his teachers (Ashŕb); he said: He (Prophet) lived with them for two years, then he was weaned, and he appeared to be of four years. Then they brought him back to his mother whom they came to visit and Halimah informed her about him and the blessings they had received. Thereupon ‘Aminah said: Go back with my son, because I fear of Makkan epidemic in his case; by Allah I have hopes of great distinction for him. Then she returned with him. When the child (Prophet) completed his fourth year he used to go out with his brother and sister with flocks of sheep to the neighbouring sites of the tribe. Here two angels came to him and cleft his chest and took out a black clot which they threw away and washed his heart in ice-water in a golden tray; then they weighed it against one thousand of his followers and he out-weighed them; one of them said to the other: Leave it, because he will out-weigh even if he is weighed against the whole ummah. (In the meantime) his brother went crying to his mother saying: Take care of my Qurayshite brother. The mother came out running along with her husband, and they found the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, pale. Then she took him to his mother, ‘Aminah Bint Wahb, and informed her of the incedent and said: We are not returning him without a feeling of shame. She took him back and kept him with her for a year or so, during which time she did not allow him to go far (from her house). Then she saw a cloud shadowing him; it stopped when he stopped and moved when he moved. This frightened her, and so she took him to his mother to return him, when he was five years old. On the way (she was lost in the crowd. (On her part) she made a search (for the Prophet) but failed to find him. She went to `Abd al-Muttalib who also searched for him but did not find him. Then he stood by the Ka`bah and said: “O my Lord ! send my rider, Muhammad Return him to me and make him my support.
Thou art one Who made him my supporter (lit. my arm). May he not be separated from me, otherwise he will be separated for ever.
Thou art One Who assigned him the name of Muhammad”

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Sa’id Ibn Sulayman al-Wasiti informed us: Khálid Ibn `Abd Allah informed us on the authority of Dawud Ibn Abi Hind, he on the authority of al-`Abbas Ibn `Abd al-Rahmŕn, he on the authority of Kindir Ibn Sa’id, he on the authority of his father; he said:

While I was circumambulating the Ka`bah I heard a man reciting:

[P. 71] “0 my Lord ! return to me my rider, Muhammad. Return him to me and make him my support”.

He (Sa’id) said: I said: Who is this man? They said: (He is) `Abd al-Muttalib Ibn Hŕshim who had sent his grandson in search of his camel. (The child is so blessed) that he succeeds in every work that he is commissioned with. We remained there till he came back and embraced him, and he (`Abd al-Muttalib) said: I shall not send you for any work.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Mu’ádh 1bn Mu`adh al-`Anbari informed us: Ibn `Awn informed us on the authority of Ibn al-Qibtiyyah; he said:

The Prophet, may Allah bless him, was a suckling in the tribe of Sa’d lbn Bakr.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: ‘Amr Ibn ‘Asim al-Kilábi informed us saying: Hammam Ibn Yahyŕ informed us on the authority of Ishaq Ibn ‘Abd Allah; (he said):

Verily when the mother of the Prophet, may Allah bless him, entrusted him to al-Sa’diyah who nursed him, she said to her: Take care of my child. She then informed her what she had observed. Then (a party of) the Jews passed by her (al-Sa`diyah), and she said: Will you not relate any thing about this son of mine? Verily I conceived him in this way and was delivered of him in this way and perceived such phenomena. Thus she related what his (Prophets’s) mother had told her. He (Isháq) said: One of them said to the other: Kill him. Then they asked: Is he an orphan? She said: No! This is his father and I am his mother. Thereupon they said: Had he been an orphan, we would have killed him. He (Ishaq) said: Halimah took her and said: I was probably losing my trust. Ishaq said: He (Prophet) had a foster-brother who used to say to him: 0 brother! Is a Prophet going to rise? The Prophet, may Allah bless him, said: By Him in Whose possession is my life! I shall hold your hand on the day of resurrection and surely I shall recognize you. He (Ishaq) said: When he embraced Islam after the death of the Prophet, may Allah bless him, he used to sit and weep and say: I hope that the Prophet, may peace be on him, will hold me by my hand on the day of resurrection and I shall get salvation.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Zakariya Ibn Yahyŕ Ibn Yazid al-Sa’di informed us on the authority of his father; he said:

The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: I am the most eloquent of you because I come from the tribe of the Quraysh and my speech is that of Banu Sa’d Ibn Bakr.

medina
He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar informed us: Usamah Ibn Zayd al-Laythi informed us on the authority of an old man of Banu Sa’d; he said:

Halimah Bint ‘Abd Allah visited the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, after he had married Khadijah, at Makkah, and complained of the barrenness of her land and the starvation of the cattle, so the Apostle of Allah had a discourse with Khadijah who gave her forty heads of sheep and a loaded camel for riding and then she went back to her people.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: ‘Abd Allah Ibn Numayr al-Hamdani informed us: Yahya Ibn Sa’id al-Ansari informed us on the authority of Muhammad Ibn al-Munkadir; he said:

A woman who had nursed the Prophet, may Allah’s piece be on him, asked his permission (to enter). When she entered, he said! 0 my mother! He spread his sheet on which she sat.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ibrahim Ibn Shammás al-Samarqandi informed us: Al-Fadl Ibn Musa al-Sinai informed us on the authority of Isŕ Ibn Farqad, he on the authority of `Umar Ibn Sa`d; he said:

The foster-mother of the Prophet, may Allah bless him, came to him. He spread his sheet for her, placed his hand under her garment on her chest and her needs were fulfilled. [P. 72] He (Ibn Sa`d) said: She visited Abu Bakr who spread his sheet for her and asked her permission to touch her garment. He (Ibn Sa`d) said: He touched accordingly and her needs were fulfilled. Then she came to `Umar and he did likewise.

medina
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us on the authority of Ma`mar, he on the authority of al-Zuhri, `Abd Allah Ibn Ja`far and Ibn Abi Sabrah and others; they said:

A deputation of the tribe of the Hawazin attended on the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, at al-Ji`irranah after he had distributed the booty. There was Abu Tharwŕn the foster-uncle of the Prophet, may Allah bless him; he said: 0 Apostle of Allah ! in these enclosures there are your paternal aunts, maternal aunts and nurse-maids who nourished you and looked after you. We nursed you in our laps and you were a suckling than whom I have not seen a better one. I observed you as a weanling and none was better than you. Then I observed you as a young man and I have not come across a better one than you. All virtues have been perfected in you. Besides this, we are of your stock and we are of your tribe, so oblige us, may Allah recompense you. The Aposle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: I waited long for you, till I thought that you would not come. Before this the Prophet, may Allah bless him, had distributed the slaves and they were already allotted. In the meantime fourteen Muslims of the Hawazin entered and brought the news of the others left behind having embraced Islam. The head of the deputation was Abu Surad Zubayr Ibn Surad; he said: 0 Apostle of Allah! We are of your stock and tribe and what trouble we are suffering from, must not be hidden from you. 0 Apostle of Allah ! in these litters are your paternal aunts, maternal aunts and nursemaids who looked after you. If we had treated al-Harith Ibn Abi Shamir (Ghassanid prince of Syria) or al-Nu`man Ibn al-Mundhiir (king of Hirah), and they had attained a position like yours, then we would have hoped to receive from them gifts and rewards, but you are the best of those who have been looked after.

It is said that Abu Surad said that day: In these litters are your sisters, patérnal aunts, maternal aunts, daughters of your paternal uncles, daughters of your maternal aunts and the one most remote in relationship is close to you. By my father and mother ! they nursed you in their laps and sucked you with their breast and took you in their arms and you are the best of those who have been ever looked after. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said: The best speech is the truest one; with me you see the Muslims. Are your children and women dearer to you or your wealth? They said: 0 Apostle of Allah You have given us choice between our relatives and our possessions, and we do not consider our property equal to our relatives, so please return to us our children and women-folk. The Prophet, may Allah bless him, said: As to what is mine and what belongs to Banu `Abd al-Muttalib is yours, and as to others, I shall ask the people (to return to you). The procedure is that after Zuhr (afternoon) prayers you make an announcement saying: We seek intercession of the Prophet for the Muslims and the intercession of the Muslims for the Apostle of Allah. Thereupon I shall declare that my share and that of Banu `Abd al-Muttalib are yours and I shall appeal to the people for your sake.

When the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, offered the Zuhr prayers, they stood and said [P. 73] as the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, had directed them. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, returned his share and that of Banu `Abd al-Muttalib. The Muhajirs and the Ansar returned their shares. Then he requested the Arab tribes on their behalf; they offered submission to him and satisfying them by returning the slaves who were with them. Only a few persons abstained, to whom the Prophet gave camels in return (for redeeming the bondage of the people of the Hawazin).

THE KNOWLEDGE OF PROPHET ( SALLALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA-AALIHI WA-SALLAM) ON THE STATUS OF THE ENTIRE CREATION.

wp-16343616672187533272625132960817.jpg

medina
According to Amr b. Akhtab :
“Allah’s Messenger led us in the ritual prayer of dawn.
He ascended on the pulpit and addressed until the time of midday
ritual prayer arrived, so He descended from the pulpit and
performed the ritual prayer. Then He ascended on the pulpit and
addressed until the time of the afternoon prayer arrived, so He
descended from the pulpit and performed the ritual prayer. Then
He ascended on the pulpit and addressed until the sun set. He
thus informed us of whatever had taken place and what will take
place till the Day of Resurrection. The most knowledgeable
person among us is the one who retains in memory the most.”
Reported by al-Muslim and al-Tirmidhi.

Set forth by al-Muslim in al-Sahih, 4/ 2217, $ 2892. al-Tirmidhi in al￾Sunan, 4/ 483 $ 2191. Ibn Hibban in al-Sahih, 15/9, $ 6638. al-Hakim in al￾Mustadrak, 4/ 533, $ 8498. Abu Ya’la in al-Musnad, 12/ 237, 2844. al￾Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabir, 17/ 28, $ 46. al-Shybani, in al-A’had al￾Mathani, 4/ 199, $ 2183.

. According to Hudhayfa :
“Allah’s Messenger stood among us at a place (and
addressed us). He did not leave off anything to describe from his
era till the advent of the final hour. Whoever has remembered it
has remembered it, and whoever has forgotten it has forgotten it.”
Agreed upon by al-Bukhari and al-Muslim. These wording is
from Muslim.

Set forth by al-Bukhari in al-Sahih,6/2435, $ 62. al-Muslim in alSahih,4/2217,$ 289.al-Tirmidhi in al-Sunan,4/483,$ 2191. Abu Dawud in alSunan, 4/94,$ 4240. Ahmed b. Hanbal in al-Musnad, 5/385, $ 23322. alBazzar in Musnad 7/231, $ 8499.al-Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabir, 2/247, $
1278. al-Khateeb al-Tabrezi in Mishkat al-Masabeeh, 2/278, $ 5379.