36- Glory be to the One, who created in pairs all things
that the earth produces, as well as themselves, and other
things they do not know.
36-Ya-Seen, 36

The Arabic word “azvaj” is the plural of “zavj” meaning “pairs,”
“matches,” “partners.” There are three sorts of pairs in the Creation
as described in the verse:
a- Pairs that grow from the earth, i.e., plants that have species
of differentiated sex;
b- Human pairs, males and females. Also some included human
characteristics like bravery / cowardice; love / hate; generosity /
stinginess, etc.
c- Pairs unknown: men did not know anything about the creation in pairs at the time of the descent of the Quran. In this
section we shall be dealing with the latter in particular.


The atom lies at the basis of all matter in the universe. A study of this
smallest piece of matter may give an idea about the creation of everything in pairs (partners). As research conducted on the structure of
the atom gained momentum, it became clear that the constituents of
elementary particles were not limited to protons, neutrons and electrons and that their compositions were of a more complex nature and
an unerring precision. Creation in pairs is also valid for elementary
A proton has its anti-proton, an electron is coupled with a
positron, and a neutron possesses an anti-neutron. The creation of
matter in pairs is one of the discoveries of towering importance of
physics. Paul Dirac, a British scientist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in
1933 for his discovery in this field. His discovery (Parity) led to the
discovery of the fact that matter has an anti-matter.
God’s ingenious calculation is also seen in the numbers of protons,
electrons, and neutrons, and of their respective pairs. Let us take as an
example the electron and its counterpart, the positron. When these
two get together, energy is generated. If there were 15 units of
positron versus 10 units of electrons, 10 units of electrons and 10
units of positrons would be eliminated leaving behind 5 units of
positron. If their numbers were equal, there would emerge only energy, leaving behind no electrons or positrons. The survival of protons,
electrons and neutrons depends on the quantities higher than their
respective pairs, while the numerical balance between electrons, protons and neutrons is also important. For example, if the number of
electrons were less than the number of protons, there would be no life
in the universe. All the fine calculations in our existence are based on
this fact. Had one single formation of thousands of phenomena been
left to chance, we would not have been on our planet today. We exist
thanks to the omniscience of our Creator Who controls everything
through His omnipotence.


As I have already pointed out, the fact that the description of scientific phenomena in the Quran could not be accounted for by the
knowledge acquired at the time of the Prophet is not the only outstanding point. This fact is certainly very important. However, our
wonder becomes even greater when we examine the scientific data
provided in the verses of the Quran which reflect God’s omnipotence,
art, science and design.
For instance, the statement in sura 21, verse 30 that the universe
was created from an integrated mass, as the raw material of the heavens and the earth were closed up before God split them, could not possibly be the word of a mortal at the time of the Prophet. This also
proved that God had created the matter, the universe and that He had
preset objectives in His mind. Therefore, as we proceed, I shall try to
point to the scientific miracles in the verses of the Quran as well as to
the fact that these things testified to His existence and the splendor of
His art. In brief, as important as the existence of the miracles themselves is the inspiration displayed by the miracles.
This also holds true of course for the verses announcing that the
material world was created in pairs. At the time of the descent of the
Quran the creation of the universe in pairs and the significant role of
this phenomenon could not possibly have been known. Important as
this is, the gamut of wonders ranging from the forces to the balance
between the protons and anti-protons, between neutrons and antineutrons are also important. The Quran’s concern is not merely to
stress the miracle as such, but also to draw attention to the creation in
pairs so that we may have a better insight into the wonders of the creation.
The importance of creation in pairs in the universe gained momentum with the discovery of quarks within the protons and neutrons as
well. Laboratory research has made it clear that quarks and leptons
(another subatomic particle) emerged in pairs. When the quark called
“Bottom” was discovered after such quarks as “Up,” “Down,”
“Charm” and “Strange,” the consciousness of creation in pairs was so
widespread among scientists that the name “Top” was given to a
quark before even it was discovered. In the year 1994, the discovery
of the quark “Top” was announced. The research carried out in the
Fermi labs in the USA resulted in the discovery of “Top,” that paired
up with the quark called “Bottom.”
All paired creations contribute to the integral order of the universe.
The quarks “Up” and “Down,” the protons and antiprotons, the positive and negative electricity charges in the universe have no consciousness. All these well-ordered and predetermined formations are
created in a microcosm that, in turn, renders possible the formation of
galaxies, stars, planets, plants, the animal kingdom and humankind.
Opposite pairs of forces and opposite pairs of particles owe their existence to an Omnipotent Power. The colourful and marvellous universe
based on the formation of opposite pairs of force bars the possibility
of chaos. Whoever the author of the creation and the designer of ultimate ends may have been, it was He who generated the pairs of particles and forces and set these opposite particles and forces to operate
in a harmonious unity until the targets are reached. For those who
take heed the evidence is clear.

49- And We created pairs of everything that you may contemplate.
51-The Dispersing, 49

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